2012 Reenergize the Americas 1B: Craig Mataczynski

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2012 Reenergize the Americas 1B: Craig Mataczynski

  1. 1. ReEnergize the Americas Las Cruces, New Mexico October 17, 2012Gradient Resources Inc. | RETI Presentation | Confidential 1
  2. 2. We Live in A World of “Nexus” Science Information Environment Finance ECONOMY Government Energy Education WaterGradient Resources Inc. | RETI Presentation | Confidential 2
  3. 3. US Energy & Water Consumption vs GDP (1950 – 1975)5.004.50 Growth Relationship4.00 GDP 3.6% Total Energy 3.0% 0.833.50 Electric Energy 6.0% 1.603.00 Water 3.4% 0.952.502.001.501.000.500.00 1951 1953 1955 1957 1959 1950 1952 1954 1956 1958 1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975Gradient Resources Inc. | RETI Presentation | Confidential 3
  4. 4. US Energy & Water Consumption vs GDP (1970 – 2008)5.004.50 Growth Relationship GDP 2.8%4.00 Total Energy 0.9% 0.313.50 Electric Energy 2.2% 0.773.00 Water 0.3% 0.102.502.001.501.000.500.00 1972 1998 1970 1974 1976 1978 1980 1982 1984 1986 1988 1990 1992 1994 1996 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010Gradient Resources Inc. | RETI Presentation | Confidential 4
  5. 5. Water Consumption For Energy Production Gallons/Unit Gallons/MMBTUPetroleum Production Primary Production ~ 0.20 gallons 1.75 (one gallon of Crude) (Oil Sands - ~ 4 gallons) (OS = 35.1) Secondary Production ~ 8.0 gallons 70 (2.1 to 5.4 when recycled water are (18.4 to 47.4) considered) Refining ~ 1.5 gallons 13.2 (one gallon of Gasoline) (1.0 to 1.9) (8.8 to 16.7)Natural Gas (per million BTUs) 0.6 gallons to 1.8 gallonsEthanol Corn Based (one gallon), 2.5 to 4 gallons 32.8 to 52.6 non-irrigated (Classic Cellulosic, up to 6 to 10) (Cel =78.8 to 131.4) Corn Based w/irrigation 7 gallons, up to 320 gallons 92 to 4,205Gradient Resources Inc. | RETI Presentation | Confidential 5
  6. 6. Lifetime Water Consumption For Electric Generation Sources: Adee and Moore (2010), Maulbetsch and DiFilippo (2006), Frick et al. (2010), Gleick (1994), Goldstein and Smith (2002), Harto et al. (2010), NETL (2005), NETL (2008).Gradient Resources Inc. | RETI Presentation | Confidential 6
  7. 7. Lifetime Water Consumption For Electric Energy Gallons H2O / kWh Gallons/MMBTUElectricity (per kWhr) Coal 0.26 to 1.46 76 to 428 Coal w/Carbon Capture 0.57 to 1.53 167 to 449 Nuclear 0.28 to 0.99 82 to 290 Gas Combined Cycle 0.24 to 0.72 70 to 211 Biomass 0.3 to 0.61 88 to 179 Concentrated Solar Power 0.87 to 1.12 255 to 328 Solar PV 0.07 to 0.19 20 to 56 Geothermal, Binary 0.08 to 0.27 23 to 79 Geothermal, Flash 0.005 to 0.015 1.5 to 4.4 Wind >0 Greater than ZeroGradient Resources Inc. | RETI Presentation | Confidential 7
  8. 8. Minimizing Water Use ImpactsSmart - Dry Cooling 3% to 8% Decrease in Efficiency Up to 40% decrease in OutputSmarter – Conserve / Recycle Maintain / Replace Antiquated Infrastructure “Produced” Water “Brown Water”Smartest – Incorporate Water as part of Design Combine Desalination w/ Energy Capture Nexus with InformationGradient Resources Inc. | RETI Presentation | Confidential 8
  9. 9. Right Problem + Right Thing + Right Way = Right ResultGradient Resources Inc. | RETI Presentation | Confidential 9

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