Technical english (ic ts) for development ensa safi_redouane boulguid_2013 2014

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Technical english (ic ts) for development ensa safi_redouane boulguid_2013 2014

  1. 1. Information and communications technologies (ICTs) for Development A course prepared for students of Engineering & Conception of Information Systems National School of Applied Sciences – Safi School-Year 2013/2014 - By Redouane BOULGUID
  2. 2.  Years ago, a broad international consensus has emerged that information and communications technologies (ICTs) offer a potentially powerful mechanism for promoting social and economic growth. 10/12/13 ICT&Development_Redouane Boulguid_ENSA_Safi_2 2
  3. 3. ICTs For Development    Generally, ICTs promote development across many dimensions. ICTs enable organizations to be more productive. thereby spurring economic growth and helping firms be more competitive. 10/12/13 ICT&Development_Redouane Boulguid_ENSA_Safi_2 3
  4. 4.  ICTs can also expand the reach and effectiveness of social development projects and have already yielded important benefits in such areas as healthcare, education, and environmental preservation. 10/12/13 ICT&Development_Redouane Boulguid_ENSA_Safi_2 4
  5. 5.  Public-sector uptake of ICTs is also making governments more efficient and their decision-making more transparent. 10/12/13 ICT&Development_Redouane Boulguid_ENSA_Safi_2 5
  6. 6.  Several recent studies have described remarkable success in using ICTs to help underserved communities and to create new opportunities in developing countries. 10/12/13 ICT&Development_Redouane Boulguid_ENSA_Safi_2 6
  7. 7.  As an example, Microsoft , is dedicated to working closely with underserved peoples, developing countries, and the broader international development community to realize the full potential of ICTs for human development. 10/12/13 ICT&Development_Redouane Boulguid_ENSA_Safi_2 7
  8. 8.  Because ICTs can be applied to a tremendously diverse range of human experience, they are transforming virtually every sector of society and the economy. Digital breakthroughs are creating new possibilities for improving health and nutrition, expanding knowledge, stimulating economic growth and empowering people to participate in their communities. 10/12/13 ICT&Development_Redouane Boulguid_ENSA_Safi_2 8
  9. 9.  As many developing nations have recognized, ICTs have the potential to spur local economic growth and to expand the reach and effectiveness of development initiatives. 10/12/13 ICT&Development_Redouane Boulguid_ENSA_Safi_2 9
  10. 10.   the information age: the rich get their information almost free, while the poor have to pay dearly for it, (in the case for instance of the price poor people have to pay to make a simple telephone call). 10/12/13 ICT&Development_Redouane Boulguid_ENSA_Safi_2 10
  11. 11.   The system has a concurrent capacity to include and exclude people based upon a capacity to network, and this is where the poor in developing countries suffer from exclusion. ( Digital Divide) 10/12/13 ICT&Development_Redouane Boulguid_ENSA_Safi_2 11
  12. 12.  Human Development is the process of expanding human capabilities and access to opportunities in social, economic and political arenas and therefore the overall improvement in the quality of life. (UNDP 2002: Kenya Human Development Report: 2001:2 ) 10/12/13 ICT&Development_Redouane Boulguid_ENSA_Safi_2 12
  13. 13.  There is a connection between ICTs and the human development dimensions of agriculture, culture, governance, education, health and gender. 10/12/13 ICT&Development_Redouane Boulguid_ENSA_Safi_2 13
  14. 14.  Poverty is widely recognised as multidimensional, encompassing food security, health, education, rights, security and dignity, among other elements. 10/12/13 ICT&Development_Redouane Boulguid_ENSA_Safi_2 14
  15. 15. ICT & POVERTY  By definition, ICTs include electronic networks – embodying complex hardware and software - linked by a vast array of technical protocols (Mansell and Silverstone, 1996). 10/12/13 ICT&Development_Redouane Boulguid_ENSA_Safi_2 15
  16. 16.  ICTs are embedded in networks and services that affect the local and global accumulation and flows of public and private knowledge. 10/12/13 ICT&Development_Redouane Boulguid_ENSA_Safi_2 16
  17. 17.  According to the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa, ICTs cover Internet service provision, telecommunications equipment and services, information technology equipment and services, media and broadcasting, libraries and documentation centres, commercial information providers, network-based information services, and other related information and communication activities. (ECA, 1999). 10/12/13 ICT&Development_Redouane Boulguid_ENSA_Safi_2 17
  18. 18.  Most arguments related to poverty focus on insufficient nutrition, inadequate shelter and so on. It is only recently that some have started to argue that lack of access to information and communications technologies (ICTs) is an element of poverty. (Kenny, 2001) 10/12/13 ICT&Development_Redouane Boulguid_ENSA_Safi_2 18
  19. 19.  Therefore, if properly deployed, ICTs have enormous potential as tools for increasing information flows and for empowering poor people. 10/12/13 ICT&Development_Redouane Boulguid_ENSA_Safi_2 19
  20. 20.   ICTs are a means or mechanism that can make a significant contribution to the fight for poverty reduction. ICTs cannot solve poverty on their own, but they can make a contribution to the processes that lead to achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). 10/12/13 ICT&Development_Redouane Boulguid_ENSA_Safi_2 20
  21. 21. What are the MDGs  The Millennium Development Goals are 8 International development goals that were established following the Millennium Summit of the United Nations in 2000.(Adoption of the UN Millennium Declaration). 10/12/13 ICT&Development_Redouane Boulguid_ENSA_Safi_2 21
  22. 22.  All 189 UN member states at that time (there are currently 193) & at least 23 International Organizations committed to help achieve these Goals by 2015: 10/12/13 ICT&Development_Redouane Boulguid_ENSA_Safi_2 22
  23. 23. 1. To eradicate extreme poverty & hunger; 2. To achieve universal primary education; 3. To promote gender equality & empowering women; 4. To reduce child mortality rates; 10/12/13 ICT&Development_Redouane Boulguid_ENSA_Safi_2 23
  24. 24. 5. To improve maternal health; 6. To combat HIV/AIDS, Malaria & other Diseases; 7. To ensure environmental sustainability; 8. To develop a global partnership for development. 10/12/13 ICT&Development_Redouane Boulguid_ENSA_Safi_2 24
  25. 25.  (To Be Continued) 10/12/13 ICT&Development_Redouane Boulguid_ENSA_Safi_2 25
  26. 26. References Used   ICTs and Poverty: A Literature Review, by C. Nyaki Adeya, PhD. ( http://kambing.ui.ac.id/onnopurbo/library/library-ref-eng/r ) GOOD PRACTICE PAPER ON ICTs FOR ECONOMIC GROWTH AND POVERTY REDUCTION – OECD 2005 10/12/13 ICT&Development_Redouane Boulguid_ENSA_Safi_2 26

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