An introduction to sustainable development by redouane boulguid

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  • 1. A short Introduction toSustainable Development Redouane Boulguid Faculté Polydisciplinaire de Safi Année Universitaire 2011/2012
  • 2. Sustainable Development• Sustainable development is a pattern of growth in which resource use aims to meet human needs while preserving the environment so that these needs can be met not only in the present, but also for generations to come (sometimes taught as ELF- Environment, Local people, Future).05/19/12 Redouane BOULGUID Faculté Polydisciplinaire safi Morocco 2
  • 3. Sustainable Development• 1987: The Brundtland Commission (Our Common Future) which coined what has become the most often-quoted definition of sustainable development as development that "meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs."05/19/12 Redouane BOULGUID Faculté Polydisciplinaire safi Morocco 3
  • 4. Sustainable DevelopmentIt contains within it two key concepts:• the concept of needs, in particular the essential needs of the worlds poor, to which overriding priority should be given; and• the idea of limitations imposed by the state of technology and social organization on the environments ability to meet present and future needs."05/19/12 Redouane BOULGUID Faculté Polydisciplinaire safi Morocco 4
  • 5. SD & EU• Sustainable development, as defined by the EU, stands for meeting the development needs of present generations without jeopardizing the ability of future generations to meet their own development needs.05/19/12 Redouane BOULGUID Faculté Polydisciplinaire safi Morocco 5
  • 6. SD & EU• Sustainable development does not focus solely on environmental issues, but broadly captures the different dimensions of development.05/19/12 Redouane BOULGUID Faculté Polydisciplinaire safi Morocco 6
  • 7. Environmental Economic Social05/19/12 Redouane BOULGUID Faculté Polydisciplinaire safi Morocco 7
  • 8. Scheme of sustainable development: at the confluence of three constituent parts. (Adams, W.M. IUCN 2006)05/19/12 Redouane BOULGUID Faculté Polydisciplinaire safi Morocco 8
  • 9. Sustainable DevelopmentTraditionally, sustainable development is conceptually considered in terms of three main pillars:• Environmental sustainability;• Economic sustainability; and• Social sustainability.05/19/12 Redouane BOULGUID Faculté Polydisciplinaire safi Morocco 9
  • 10. • It must be emphasized that these are interdependent and mutually reinforcing elements of the same integrated process of sustainable development.05/19/12 Redouane BOULGUID Faculté Polydisciplinaire safi Morocco 10
  • 11. Environmental sustainability• Environmental sustainability is defined as the ability of the environment to continue to function properly indefinitely.• The goal of environmental sustainability is to minimize environmental degradation and to stop and reverse the process that leads to environmental degradation.05/19/12 Redouane BOULGUID Faculté Polydisciplinaire safi Morocco 11
  • 12. • Selected thematic issues relating to the environmental pillar of sustainable development (The EU Sustainable Development Strategy (SDS) adopted in 2001):05/19/12 Redouane BOULGUID Faculté Polydisciplinaire safi Morocco 12
  • 13. • Climate change issues;• Reduction of greenhouse gas emissions (i.e. understanding the impacts of human activity in particular the burning of fossil fuels on climate change);• Biodiversity (i.e. stopping biodiversity loss by addressing the changes in natural habitats);• Energy efficiency (i.e. actions to save energy and developing energy-saving technology);05/19/12 Redouane BOULGUID Faculté Polydisciplinaire safi Morocco 13
  • 14. • Development of clean technology;• Conservation and management of natural resources;• Waste management;• Pollution (water, air, soil); and,• Sustainable transport.05/19/12 Redouane BOULGUID Faculté Polydisciplinaire safi Morocco 14
  • 15. Economic sustainability• Economic sustainability is defined as the way to achieving economic growth whilst respecting environmental limits, finding ways to minimize damage to the natural world and making use of the earths resources in a sustainable way.05/19/12 Redouane BOULGUID Faculté Polydisciplinaire safi Morocco 15
  • 16. • The economic dimension of sustainable development was developed by Agenda 21 (Ch.2), the United Nations programme.• Agenda 21 states that:• “Economic policies of individual countries and international economic relations both have great relevance to sustainable development”.05/19/12 Redouane BOULGUID Faculté Polydisciplinaire safi Morocco 16
  • 17. • Another relevant concept for the economic pillar is “sustainable business”: A business is sustainable if it has adapted its practices to the use of renewable resources and holds itself accountable for the environmental and social impacts of its activities.• This includes a business that may want to operate in a socially responsible manner as well as to protect the environment.05/19/12 Redouane BOULGUID Faculté Polydisciplinaire safi Morocco 17
  • 18. • Selected thematic issues relating to the economic pillar of sustainable development (The EU Sustainable Development Strategy (SDS) adopted in 2001):05/19/12 Redouane BOULGUID Faculté Polydisciplinaire safi Morocco 18
  • 19. • Sustainable consumption;• Sustainable production;• Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) practices;• Urban and local development;• Sustainable tourism;• Integration of environmental concerns in business decision-making (Green Business); and,• Sustainable trade.05/19/12 Redouane BOULGUID Faculté Polydisciplinaire safi Morocco 19
  • 20. Social Sustainability• The social pillar of sustainable development is defined as a compilation of actions and efforts to promote development that does not deplete the stock of social and human resources but rather contributes to the enhancement of their potential.05/19/12 Redouane BOULGUID Faculté Polydisciplinaire safi Morocco 20
  • 21. • The social pillar also refers to the concept of “building sustainable and harmonious communities”.05/19/12 Redouane BOULGUID Faculté Polydisciplinaire safi Morocco 21
  • 22. • Selected thematic issues relating to the social pillar of sustainable development (The EU Sustainable Development Strategy (SDS) adopted in 2001):05/19/12 Redouane BOULGUID Faculté Polydisciplinaire safi Morocco 22
  • 23. • Health;• Community cohesion;• Social equity;• Demography;• Management of migration and cultural diversity;• Equal opportunities;• Flexicurity; and,• Development of human capital and skills.05/19/12 Redouane BOULGUID Faculté Polydisciplinaire safi Morocco 23
  • 24. References Used• Inventory of innovative practices in education for sustainable development Order 31 DG EDUCATION AND CULTURE, Final Report submitted by GHK in association with: Danish Technology Institute, Technopolis, 14 October 2008 http://ec.europa.eu• Wikipedia05/19/12 Redouane BOULGUID Faculté Polydisciplinaire safi Morocco 24