European cities

238 views
214 views

Published on

Published in: Education, Business, Technology
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
238
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

European cities

  1. 1. European Cities:Changing Framework, challenged Future Frank Eckardt Bauhaus-Universität Weimar
  2. 2. Content1. Urban Dynamics in Europe2. Contradictionsof Contemporary Urban Life3. The Double Challenge ofNeighborhood4. Living theUncertain City
  3. 3. 1. Urban Dynamics in EuropeChangingEconomicLogics:• DeclineofMassProduction Economy• Growth of Service Sectors• Predominanceof „SymbolicEconomies“• Increasingimportanceof real estatetrade
  4. 4. For example Oberhausen• 1861. 5,000 1961 1990inhabitants Miners 16,000 700• Boom withtheestablishmentofthe„Guthoffnungshütte“ Steal 14,000 200 workers• Constant decline Industrial 63,000 20,000since 50 years workers
  5. 5. 1. Urban Dynamics in EuropeIncreasing Urban Competition:• „Cluster“ tendencies• Higher degreeofexternalorientation• Shiftingtheinternalagenda• Higher mobility• Relevanceof „social“ and „creative“ capital
  6. 6. Example LondonInternational ArchitecturalFirms
  7. 7. 1. Urban Dynamics in EuropeUneven regional geographies:• Stablecities: Cities with a longhistory in particularservicecanupholdtheirposition (like Amsterdam, London, Frankfurt)• Comeback cities: After industrialdecline, somecitiesaresuccesful in finding a niche in theworldeconomy (like Leipzig, Manchester, Rotterdam)• Unsuccesfulcities: Still, the post-industrial turn did not take off ground.
  8. 8. 1. Urban Dynamics in EuropeDifferent National Role:• Welfarestatereformsput extra weight on thesocialcostsofcities• Political autonomyofcitieshoweverhas not grown• Strongerinternational competition
  9. 9. 2. Contradictions of Contemporary Urban Life„Urban Rennaissance“Living in thecityhasbecomemoreattractiveThe suburban dreamhowevercontinues(andthussuburbanisation)
  10. 10. 2. Contradictions of Contemporary Urban LifeChangingMeaningof „Public Spaces“• „DomesticationbyCappuchino“• Higher degreeofsafety• More visibleminorities• More privatisedpublicspaces
  11. 11. 2. Contradictions of Contemporary Urban LifeChallenged Generation Cycle Family, Suburbia, Own House First Socialisation Couple, Mixed neighbourhood Single, Inner city Shared appartment Rented room Third Socialisation Second Socialisation
  12. 12. 2. Contradictions of Contemporary Urban LifeChallenged Generation Cycle:• Upwardsocialmobilityisnolongerautomatically pursued• Demographicchange (Wherearethe golden agers?)• Higher demandfor flexible lifeandworkstyles• Challengedconceptof „family“
  13. 13. 3. The Double Challenge of NeighborhoodChangedMeaningof „Neighborhood“• Degreeofintegrationintothe total urban developmentdiffersstronger• Neighborhoodsarelessoffering a feelingofbeingathome• Dependency on „near“ offersincreases in general
  14. 14. 3. The Double Challenge of NeighborhoodNew LogicofNeighborhood Development:Seekingatthe same time:• (Livedby-)Homogenisationofnear-byspace• Celebratingof (tamed) visualdiversity
  15. 15. 3. The Double Challenge of NeighborhoodTwo end ofneighborhooddevelopment:1. The Gentrified Area
  16. 16. 3. The Double Challenge of NeighborhoodTwo end ofneighborhooddevelopment:1. The De-Linked Area
  17. 17. 4. Living theUncertain CityNew Patterns of Segregation:• More segregationoftheelderly• Lesssegregationaccordingtoethnicity• Invisible segregation: block not neighbourhoodlevel• Stableeffectsofsegregation
  18. 18. 4. Living theUncertain City
  19. 19. 4. Living theUncertain City
  20. 20. 4. Living theUncertain CityStableeffectsofsegregation:
  21. 21. 4. Living theUncertain CityStableeffectsofsegregation:
  22. 22. 4. Living theUncertain CitySocialExclusion:• Wide spreadfearofsocialdecline• Fear acrossricherandpoorerneighborhoods• Feeling ofgeneraluncertainty
  23. 23. 4. Living theUncertain CityForms ofSocialExclusion:• Perceivedorthreateningexclusion in onemajorlifesector (Work, Relationship, Housing, Education)• Real exclusion in oneofthesector• Multiple exclusion• Experiencedpowerlessness
  24. 24. 4. Living theUncertain CityPersistencetoSocialExclusion:• Availabiltyof Internal andexternalressources• Significant „Others“• „Meaningfulplaces“

×