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Three modes

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  • 1. Three modes of material nature Foolishness / illusion greed Knowledge Leads to 3 Hellish planets/ animal kingdom Earthly planets Pure higher planets Passing away 2 Madness and sleep Unlimited desires and fruitive actions Happiness and Knowledge Conditioned by 1 Ignorance/Tamo Passion/Rajo Goodness/Satva Aspect S. No
  • 2. Three modes of material nature out of ignorance Out of trouble some or fear of bodily discomfort Perform prescribed duties & no expectation of results Renunciation 7 Tasteless, decomposed, Putrid Too bitter, too sour, salty, hot, Pungent Jucy, Faty, Wholesome Food items 6 Distress, misery and disease Increases the duration of life Food 5 Ghosts and sprits demons Demigods Worshiping 4 Ignorance/Tamo Passion/Rajo Goodness/Satva Aspect S. No
  • 3. Three modes of material natue Impure place, improper time, unworthy person Expecting some return, desire for furtive results Without returns, given at proper time and place, to a worthy person Charity 10 Self torture, destroy or injury others Performed out of pride, gaining respect, honor Transcendental Faith, not expecting material benefits, Austerity 9 Not following scriptures, not distributing prasadam, no chanting, no faith Material benefit, sake of pride According to scriptures, no reward Sacrifices 8 Ignorance/Tamo Passion/Rajo Goodness/Satva Aspect S. No
  • 4. Three modes of material nature
    • Austerity of body – worship of the supreme lord, the brahmanas, spiritual master, superiors like father and mother
    • Austerity of speech – truthful, pleasing, beneficial and not agitating to others, regularly reciting vedic literature
    • Austerity of mind – satisfaction, simplicity, gravity, self control and purification of one’s existence
  • 5. Three modes of material natue Against the injunctions of scriptures, materialistic, cheating Attached to work and the fruits of work, greedy, envious, impure Performing duty with out attachment to modes, no false ego, great determination, enthusiasm, Worker 13 Performed with illusion in disregard of spiritual injunctions Seeking to gratify the desires and performed with false ego Regulated activities with out attachment, love, hatred, fugitive results Actions 12 Attached to one kind of work without knowledge of the truth Different body there is a different living entity Undivided spiritual nature is seen in all living entities though they are divided into innumerable forms Knowledge 11 Ignorance/Tamo Passion/Rajo Goodness/Satva Aspect SNo
  • 6. Three modes of material nature
    • Renunciation - acts of sacrifice, charity and penance are not to be given up. They must be performed which will purify even the great souls. All these activities should be performed as a matter of duty without attachment or any expectation of results. (18-5,6)
    Prescribed duties should never be renounced. If one gives up his prescribed duties because of illusion, such renunciation is said to be in the mode of ignorance
  • 7. Three modes of material natue Arises from sleep, laziness and illusion Nectar at first but poison later Beginning like poison and end nectar Happiness 16 Which can not go beyond dreaming, fearfulness, illusion Holding furtive results, economic development, sense gratification Unbreakable, sustained by yoga practice, controlling mind, life and senses Determination 15 Religion to be irreligion and vice versa, strives always in the wrong direction Not able to distinguish between religion and irreligion, action to be done and not to be done Knowing what is to be done and what not to be done, what is to be feared and not feared, what is binding and liberating Understanding 14 Ignorance/Tamo Passion/Rajo Goodness/Satva Aspect SNo
  • 8. Three modes of material nature
    • sannyāsa
    • Giving up of activities that are based on material desires
    • tyāga
    • And giving up the results of all activities