Buro Happold Higher Education Capability Statement

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Buro Happold Higher Education Capability Statement

  1. 1. Higher Education Capability Statement October 2009
  2. 2. Buro Happold Contents Higher Education Capability Statement Introduction 3 Introduction 1 Adding Value 4 Buro Happold is a multi-disciplinary global engineering and strategic consultancy for the built Design optimisation 6 Reducing energy costs 8 environment. Guided by the principle that good engineering influences better design, we offer an Refurbishment 10 integrated service that enables us to respond effectively to the specific challenges presented by ICT infrastructure 12 Post occupancy evaluation 14 each education project. With an unrivalled track record in the provision of education project enables us to continuously improve Front cover: Queen Margaret University, Edinburgh, UK. Image: Buro Happold / Alan McAteer. Back cover: Exeter University Forum, UK. Image: Wilkinson Eyre Architects. 2 Sustainable Design 16 innovative and effective building and infrastructure our systems and approach, identify new ways of adding Sustainable masterplanning 18 solutions in the higher education sector, we are uniquely value, and provide our design partners and clients with Meeting carbon targets 20 positioned to help universities face the ever changing relevant advice on best use of materials and energy in Passive and low energy design 22 demands that are made of their buildings and facilities. order to provide better value for money. BREEAM and LEED assessment 24 Our team provides a broad range of engineering Recycling and water conservation 26 consultancy and advisory services ranging from We draw on our wealth of project experience to Sustainable materials 28 flexible building solutions, sustainable technologies create modern, flexible, user-friendly environments and the refurbishment of existing buildings to campus that enhance learning and research and benefit the 3 Creating Optimal Learning Environments 30 masterplanning and strategic advice. We have a class university community. By maintaining an awareness of Lighting and ventilation 32 leading reputation for creating award winning designs, all the aspects of a project - and not just those for which Acoustics 34 evidenced by the impressive number of top design we have been commissioned to provide our services Facades and external shading 36 awards that the practice has won over the years. - we can add value to the building design as a whole. This multi-disciplinary approach enables us to deliver 4 Developing the Education Estate 38 Buro Happold has over 30 years’ experience in the an effective response at the all-important early stages Student accommodation 40 education sector, having worked on projects ranging of design, through to the final implementation and Sports and leisure facilities 41 from primary schools to universities, and academies subsequent operation of the building. Faculty buildings 42 to research laboratories, across the world. Over that Libraries 43 time, we have built many long-term relationships with Research laboratories 44 universities, architects, contractors and other clients, and have developed an appreciation and understanding 5 Working In Partnership 46 of the particular issues that face educators and their Working with stakeholders and clients 48 project partners. The insight we gain from each new Multi-disciplinary approach 49 Locations 50 Our Services 52 Industry Recognition 53 2 3
  3. 3. Buro Happold 1 Adding Value Getting more from your investment in the long term “Delivering value is all about Operating in a competitive international market, universities are acutely aware of rising costs and budgetary constraints. With pressure increasing on central funding in the next few years, the need to control construction and operational costs is vital on every new development. Together with doing the simple things well.” sustainability, getting more value from capital investment has become one of the key issues driving the sector. Buro Happold is in a unique position to help universities from strategic estates review to the use of money- Neil Billett face the future with confidence: our design solutions are saving flexible construction methods and low energy Regional Director, Buro Happold easily constructed, environmentally responsible, efficient technologies. After completion, we offer post occupancy in their use of energy and deliver exceptional value advice on the most economical way to run and maintain throughout the project life cycle. Our aim is always to be the building. innovative and responsive to client needs, identifying 1 engineering challenges early on to minimise risk and We understand the budgetary and legislative challenges future costs. facing educators and can provide expert advice on vital issues such as energy efficiency, carbon reduction, There are many ways in which we are able to use our passive design, sustainability and building management. experience and technical skills to help universities save Our expertise in both new build and refurbishment money. We apply a wide range of strategies during both gives university estates more options for managing and the development and operational phases to add value maintaining their building stock, vital in the current and promote the best commercial interests of our clients, economic climate. Higher Education Capability Statement Image: Buro Happold / Alan McAteer Queen Margaret University, Edinburgh, UK 4 5
  4. 4. Buro Happold Adding Value Design optimisation Drawing on a blend of experience and technical know- how, Buro Happold delivers fully integrated, safe, CASE STUDY 1: reliable and sustainable design solutions that satisfy the specified performance criteria while providing maximum One of the key features of the value for money. To achieve a high level of occupant structural design at Queen comfort – without a corresponding high energy usage Margaret University is the use of – we analyse all aspects of a building’s design to ensure minimal finishes with exposed thermal mass. The concrete mass, with exposed columns and Image: Wilkinson Eyre Architects that the structure works in harmony with other elements in the design, from the building services and passive soffits, provides a natural method of controlling strategies to the acoustic requirements. seasonal heat fluctuations, while allowing the architect to achieve the aesthetics they require. The type, thickness and composition of the construction materials play a major role in ensuring the design is The minimal use of cement in the concrete both economical and sustainable. Exposed concrete added value to the construction - cement is the Exeter University Forum, UK mass and more energy-efficient cladding materials are most costly and carbon intensive part of the mix increasingly used to improve performance and thermal used, as its production process is expensive and stability, and these also become an integral part of the uses a lot of energy. Our concrete mix reduced structural aesthetic of a building. To maximise passive the high level of cement required for this type of CASE STUDY 2: environmental control and save on energy costs, our structure, but we were still able to achieve a high “It is very flexible and will meet the needs low energy facades incorporate external shading and quality finish. Additionally, the exposed soffits of the university going forward. We can The restricted site and the close ventilation systems to provide natural light, warmth saved on ceiling material and installation costs. proximity to other faculty buildings and airflow. adapt the building very simply.” at the Open University Jennie Lee Exposed thermal mass was also a significant Mike Rhodes Head of Projects, Open University Estates Building required in a structural form that aspect of the structural design at Exeter could be constructed with little site storage and University Forum, providing the architectural minimal noise and dust. Consequently a pre- finish to rooms. This solution helps to stabilise fabricated precast concrete frame was selected temperatures with less need for mechanical to reduce the noise and waste produced on heating and cooling, whilst also offering the site; provide a structural form that was self client considerable savings on ceiling finishes. finished and would require little ongoing This strategy has been complemented by the maintenance. Crucial to the successful delivery use of earth tubes to precool/preheat fresh air of a precast concrete framed building is the by maximising contact with the ground, further early involvement of the supply chain and the reducing the heating and mechanical cooling modularisation of the building into a minimum load, and facades which respond to the different number of components. This whole project, orientations of the building. including the feature entrance, was delivered using just three column profiles and two beam Higher Education Capability Statement profiles. “By reducing the amount of concrete Image: Buro Happold / Robert Greshoff Image: Buro Happold / Alan McAteer at Queen Margaret University we are producing a project that has less embodied energy, therefore providing a sustainable solution with economic Queen Margaret University, Edinburgh, UK benefits.” Open University Jennie Lee Building, Milton Keynes, UK 6 Neil Dely Associate Director, Buro Happold 7
  5. 5. Buro Happold Adding Value Reducing energy costs “By optimising the building’s planning grid we provided added value in terms of future flexibility, ease of modification and cost saving.” Mike Entwisle Associate Director, Buro Happold Design features that reduce the consumption of (CCHP) units. The use of presence detectors alone – energy and water have both environmental and cost- defaulting to ‘off’ when a room is empty – can cut the CASE STUDY 2: saving benefits. Our engineers incorporate a range of amount of electricity used for lighting by as much sustainable solutions to help limit the amount of energy as 50%. The state-of-the-art Institute of used within university buildings and reduce reliance on Criminology building at Cambridge active systems, from passive design methods such as Buro Happold’s holistic approach to design ensures University houses seminar rooms, natural lighting and ventilation to solar panels, lighting that the facade, building materials, services and lecture theatres, IT spaces and a library situated controls and combined cooling heat and power control systems work together to achieve high levels of over two floors. Flexibility in the design has performance and comfort. Measures such as thermal ensured that the building can be adapted to mass to minimise temperature swings, external shading meet changing needs – for example, for less to reduce solar glare, openable windows to enhance air cellular and more open plan space in the future. CASE STUDY 1: quality, insulation against heat loss and good daylight This flexibility of building services as well as the At the start of the Imperial College penetration all help to conserve resources, cut energy architectural and structural design adds value by Business School project, electrical costs and give occupants more control over their reducing the cost of future modifications, while demand for the campus was almost personal working or living space. Intelligent building reducing energy use through the incorporation at full capacity, with excess steam producing management systems can also be used to control and of a number of energy-saving features. 2MW of waste heat from the existing boiler and monitor local conditions, automatically returning a building to a status optimised for energy saving. The services, facade and internal spaces are district heating system. In order to harness this designed on a regular grid so that fittings like excess energy and provided greater efficiency, windows and radiators can remain in place if Buro Happold introduced an absorption cooling “We are able to help our clients save Image: Buro Happold / Robert Greshoff partitions are moved. Because of the east/west strategy that would reuse the waste heat and orientation, blinds may be in regular use to block cool the business school. Harnessing this power energy in the long term by advising on out the low sun, so a natural ventilation solution enabled us to provide some of the absorption chillers for the site at no additional cost other how their buildings should be used as was designed that relies on louvred openings rather than windows. To reduce energy use, the than the initial installation, as they were powered well as built.” Building Management System (BMS) provides a by energy that would otherwise have been Phil Lines Project Leader, Buro Happold number of facilities to control the heating and wasted. Institute of Criminology, Cambridge University, UK ventilation, including timed operation across Feedback from a lifecycle analysis made different zones, direct compensation of water it clear that 100% absorption cooling was Imperial College Business School, London, UK flow temperature and control and sequencing of not appropriate to meet the client’s budget the condensing boilers. constraints, but that a balance between cost and the environment could be achieved however by using 50% absorption, ‘topped up’ by a conventional electric chiller during peak conditions throughout the year. The use of Higher Education Capability Statement the electric chiller is minimised, allowing the client to remain in budget and also to reduce maintenance costs. Image: Buro Happold / Robert Greshoff 8 9
  6. 6. Buro Happold Adding Value “Refurbishment is an important way to preserve our built heritage Refurbishment and aid the cause of environmental preservation, as much less construction-related embodied energy will be used.” Neil Squibbs Education Sector Director, Buro Happold In a tough economic climate universities need to satisfy growing demand for space while operating within strict CASE STUDY 2: spending limits. One clear value-for-money solution is to re-use the large stock of existing buildings which The Leeds University Art Gallery is situated in the architectural features, and creating new can be successfully updated to meet current standards. Grade II listed Parkinson Building, one of the major space to conceal air ducts and pipes. Refurbishment is generally quicker and cheaper than new landmarks of Leeds. Originally completed in 1952, Another issue was to ensure access and construction, offers a good return on capital outlay and is the building has undergone various refurbishments use of the areas immediately around the gallery often more sustainable. It can also provide added value in throughout its history. This latest refurbishment were maintained at all times during the construction terms of updated building and ICT services, improved energy involved an extension to the existing gallery to period; the work was carried out during holidays usage and easier planning permission. occupy currently unused rooms, maximising the and term time as impaired access would have valuable space in the building. Our engineers adversely affected the students and lecturers alike. Refurbishment can serve as a practical demonstration of were able to utilise their extensive knowledge urban regeneration as well as an opportunity for extending and sensitivity of working with listed buildings to To open the area up and make the best use the useful life of an existing building and increasing its provide structural and building services work on of natural light the partitions which had been energy efficiency in operation. With existing buildings the project. constructed in front of the magnificent windows at representing by far the largest proportion of estate building the front of the Parkinson Building were removed. stock – and given the need to meet strict government One of the challenges for the engineers at Buro This has been balanced with a combination of carbon reduction targets – we take measures to ensure that Happold was fitting a comprehensive close control glazing film, automatically controlled interstitial refurbished buildings are brought up to the performance air conditioning system into a listed building of blinds and sliding blackout shutters which enable standards required of new build construction. this scale, without compromising on the maximum UVA and UVB light to be filtered as well as regulating internal space available for the gallery. The engineers levels of brightness, particularly important for light worked with the architects using the existing sensitive exhibitions. CASE STUDY 1: The Jessop Building, University of Sheffield Buro Happold’s work on refurbishing the Grade II listed Victorian wing of the old Jessop Hospital for Women – now named The Jessop Building – for the University of Sheffield, includes reinstating and Images: Buro Happold repairing many of the existing features of the building, as well as adding brand new elements. These include a new entrance and bronze cladding to the rear of the building. As the bronze weathers, it will further complement the Higher Education Capability Statement colours of the original building. Buro Happold carried out structural repair works to the existing “By bringing the building back to life facade to strengthen the tower structure, as well as internal alterations to open up the rooms we have created excellent facilities for for students and to facilitate the mechanical our Department of Music and have servicing strategy required to meet the high acoustic requirements of the music department’s retained a piece of exquisite Victorian teaching rooms. A former bay window and architecture for the city.” Images: Paul White ground floor staircase previously removed have Professor Keith Burnett Vice Chancellor of the University of Sheffield been reinstated, creating stunning architectural features for the building. Sliding UV shutters, at Leeds University Art Gallery, UK 10 11
  7. 7. Buro Happold Adding Value ICT infrastructure In a world where it is no longer possible to consider the built environment without the influence of ICT, the need SMART BUILDINGS: CASE STUDY: for a highly capable and accessible ICT infrastructure is a vital part of modern higher education facilities. With Creating a ‘smart’ site involves joining The Open University’s Jennie Lee new information technology and services introduced together the various building systems Building is a cutting edge facility frequently, intelligently designed ICT infrastructures – including security, lighting and housing the Faculties of Maths and provide the bridge to long-life buildings, enabling rapid environmental systems - to work as an integrated Computing and the Institute of Educational take up of new solutions economically and without undue whole, intelligently and selectively linking with Technology. Buro Happold worked on the disruption to the building. Through early involvement at management applications such as timetabling scoping of requirements and the design of design stage, we are able to facilitate progressive change and room booking. This requires collaboration an ICT infrastructure that would support the that adds whole life value to projects, by ensuring that with the client team to consider how they will maths department in its new accommodation, developments can support evolving communication operate with the overall design concept and the ensuring that the ICT facilities were of a quality requirements and meet sustainability demands. eventual users. These combined systems can demanded by this leading research and teaching then be operated using an integrated facilities university. The department also includes high- Universities have three different major end user groups management system, allowing for more effective tech laboratories for modelling, monitoring and to consider: students, academics and administrative staff. operation and functionality, while lowering costs, measuring human behaviours, and this required In the early stages of a project, our team works with the not least by contributing to energy conservation. the provision of extensive audio-visual (AV) client to assess their differing objectives and develop a facilities, as well as a capable ‘local’ computer robust ICT infrastructure that best suits the needs of the If implemented correctly, creating a smart site centre within the building. occupants. Our engineers implement sophisticated and can greatly reduce operating costs, as fewer future-ready ICT systems that maximise capacity while operating staff will be required to manage the Buro Happold worked with the university keeping costs under control. site day to day than with traditional disparate estates department, the user departments and systems. Additionally, smart sites also reduce building designers across a range of disciplines construction costs, as less cabling is needed to undertake the full systems design, and during installation, reducing containment and prepared the contractor’s requirements. We WIRELESS TECHNOLOGY: construction. On refurbishment projects, costs provided support to the design and client teams can be mitigated by incorporating existing throughout, and contributed to successfully Wireless services form an integral systems into a new smart solution. delivering a major new facility to the university. and growing component of ICT estates. Buro Happold’s team have Once a smart solution has been introduced, the the expertise to deliver effective wireless post occupancy evaluations and tuning can be capability, working holistically with the design undertaken much more effectively, contributing team to ensure that new systems are successfully to further savings, and increasing a building’s implemented and will go on working within the flexibility of use. built environment. Higher Education Capability Statement The careful consideration of factors such as choice of materials and how the building will be used is important when making a project wireless. Image: Buro Happold / Robert Greshoff “Materials, structures etc impact on the wireless performance of a building, as does user density. The most important aspect of installing a successful ICT infrastructure is forward planning to identify these issues in advance. We lead holistic thinking to achieve this.” Open University Jennie Lee Building, Milton Keynes, UK 12 Chris Yates ICT Consultant, Buro Happold 13
  8. 8. Buro Happold Adding Value Post occupancy evaluation Many issues with new and refurbished buildings – techniques, our in-depth evaluations include desktop for example, insufficient insulation, poor ventilation and thermal imaging studies, air-tightness testing and CASE STUDY 2: and inefficient control systems – cannot always be occupant comfort surveys. identified at design and construction stage. Post- University College Falmouth’s 72-acre Tremough and floor area involved, investigations occupancy evaluation (POE) is an effective method Our experts work closely with the end user to identify Campus is at the hub of the Combined Universities were carried out into the annual utility of assessing buildings and how they are functioning, how a building needs to work for them, and what in Cornwall (CUC) project to extend higher consumption and how it is metered, while identifying ways to improve building design, steps should be taken to achieve the best results. education provision in the county. The ongoing including a walk-around energy audit to understand performance and fitness for purpose. By using POE and This participation with the client can lead to a greater expansion of the campus is being carried out in how spaces were used and serviced. our extensive knowledge of university buildings, we commitment to solutions we introduce, and a greater several phases, the first of which included a major willingness to adapt to new ways of operating the site. new academic building that incorporates lecture By evaluating the energy required for various end- are able to advise on issues such as reducing carbon theatres, faculty buildings, student facilities and a uses, we were able to recommend a number of emissions in line with increasingly tight benchmarks and new design centre. energy efficient measures to reduce consumption, how to save money on operational costs. such as introducing an energy management Portland Building, University of Plymouth, UK Buro Happold was commissioned to carry out a strategy and improving control of plant to tie in with POE provides the design team with valuable data which can be used to recommend the best value options for post-occupancy energy audit to assess the electricity user requirements at different times – for example, clients. By enabling us to quantify the sustainability of and gas usage of the new build element against a minimising the amount of air conditioning used in occupied buildings and advise on changes to practice range of benchmark targets. After first establishing sparsely occupied zones during vacations. or policy, POE becomes a vital tool for optimising the the benchmarks for the different types of building performance of both new and refurbished buildings. For Image: Buro Happold / Mandy Reynolds this reason, investing in a POE can reap rewards many times over, not only by reducing energy costs but also by enhancing the quality and comfort of the learning or living space. “As well as highlighting the potential Using ‘Soft Landings’ – an approach that provides a for reductions in utility costs, an service aimed at improving building performance from day one - our specialists engage at the earliest energy audit can be used as the opportunity in a project to provide guidance on post foundation for future monitoring occupancy utilisation and assist the design teams in creating the vision behind the project in terms of and targeting work.” functionality, usability, manageability, energy efficiency, CASE STUDY 1: Ian Pegg Sustainability Consultant, Buro Happold environmental performance and occupant satisfaction. Incorporating lecture theatres, This is supported with post occupancy studies to inform teaching spaces and office the client and to allow fine tuning of the building to accommodation, the Portland ensure optimum performance and user satisfaction. Building at the University of Plymouth We are able to work with end users to educate them on Higher Education Capability Statement enables the Faculty of the Environment to exist how to get the best out of their buildings, working with as a single complex on the campus. A strong the existing staff and their skills set to assist them in environmental agenda was central to the brief, operating new control systems. Using advanced analysis which required sustainable solutions for cooling, Images: Buro Happold / Mandy Reynolds ventilation and lighting. Buro Happold carried out a post-occupancy evaluation to ensure that low energy performance was being achieved during the first year of operation. The process also allowed us to ‘bed in’ the mechanical and electrical systems and tailor their control to suit occupant needs. Combined Universities in Cornwall, Falmouth, UK 14 15
  9. 9. Buro Happold Buro Happold 2 Sustainable Design Using resources more efficiently, saving money on energy costs “Buro Happold’s approach Meeting sustainability targets is now a key requirement in the design, construction and operation of university buildings. To make sustainability work, Buro Happold employs a range of solutions based on passive design, simple operation, water conservation, high performance materials and low and to sustainability in particular zero carbon (LZC) technologies – such as biomass boilers and photovoltaic panels – which reduce environmental impact, conserve resources and provide better energy security. was excellent.” Sustainability provides a quality framework for the entire design process, enhancing deliverability through easier sustainable design, assessing a building’s environmental impact against a range of sustainability benchmarks, planning consent and cost control. Our holistic approach including energy consumption, transport, pollution, of analysing all aspects of a building’s performance waste and building management. Anna Stamp provides the opportunity to reduce carbon emissions to meet and improve on current environmental targets. We To be sustainable in the long term and maximise value, Estates Development Manager, University of Edinburgh 2 help develop a practical sustainability strategy to achieve a university building needs to be efficiently engineered these targets, focusing not just on the way a building is to embody minimum energy, be receptive to user designed but also the way it is used. needs and allow for flexibility and future adaptability. In addition there are strong links between a building’s During the design process we encourage the supply of integrated environmental approach and numerous materials from renewable sources and the adoption of health, comfort and learning benefits to its occupants, sustainable waste management strategies. We provide providing further strong economic incentives for expert advice on how to achieve best practice in sustainable development. Higher Education Capability Statement Image: Buro Happold / Alan McAteer Learning Education Queen Margaret University, Edinburgh, UK 16 16 17
  10. 10. Buro Happold Sustainable Design Sustainable masterplanning Universities are at the heart of the local community, To be competitive in today’s international HE market, and many are expanding their campuses to meet rising universities need to create an efficient and sustainable student numbers. Buro Happold works in partnership campus that appeals to a diverse community of students with clients and architects to create functional, flexible and staff – as well as meeting the estate’s business and environmentally responsible masterplans that needs. Working as part of an integrated engineering unlock the potential of the development for the benefit and design team, we consider a range of factors that of all stakeholders. We bring a thorough understanding contribute to a successful outcome, such as energy of the many complex environmental, technical and supply, transport, drainage, ecology, water quality and regulatory issues involved, allowing us to identify waste management. Most importantly our masterplans solutions that save energy, conserve resources and are flexible, allowing for new uses and opportunities minimise impacts. based on predictions of how the site is likely to develop. CASE STUDY: Buro Happold was appointed as a part of the team to develop a “Rather than running each building new masterplan for University independently, we advised linking the College Falmouth Tremough Campus, which included the outline design of the services and buildings up to a district heating main drainage infrastructure and the development so that they all used the same system. of a sustainability strategy for the campus development. The proposed development of the This would mean that one energy centre site brings in a series of plans for the ongoing would cover all buildings, saving money development of the campus to expand to over 5,000 full time students. and energy.” Phil Lines Project Leader, Buro Happold We examined how each room used energy over a 24 hour period – for example, teaching spaces would only use energy during daytime hours, and student accommodation would use the most energy before and after lecture times. We were then able to assess how to provide energy to each space. Higher Education Capability Statement Additionally, we advised the university on the provision of renewable energy solutions for the campus. A farm near the UCF project already had two wind turbines in place. We suggested that by adding a third turbine, the university Learning Education could produce all of the energy needed for the campus. Image: Buro Happold University College Falmouth Tremough Campus, UK 18 19 19
  11. 11. Buro Happold Sustainable Design Meeting carbon targets EXETER UNIVERSITY FORUM - VENTILATION Higher education needs to play its part in meeting Buro Happold is a pioneer in the use of sustainable High-level mechanical extract national carbon reduction targets as part of the fight strategies and technologies that minimise carbon against climate change. As well as contributing to the footprint and set new standards for energy government’s aim for all new public buildings to be zero performance, often drawing on the large stock of data carbon by 2018, most universities will also be subject gained from our post-occupancy evaluations (POEs) to EXPLORATION LABS Natural ventilation to the Carbon Reduction Commitment (CRC), which recommend the best options for our clients. To achieve at the perimeter comes into effect in 2010. Reducing carbon emissions compliance with the CRC, we help institutions identify AHU STUDENT SERVICE CENTRE has therefore become a key requirement in the design, and implement ways of saving energy in all areas of a RETAIL construction and management of modern HE buildings. building’s procurement, design and operation. Image: Buro Happold Keeping carbon emissions low saves money as well as Intake air from Retail capped connection Low-level displacement supply resources: UK universities and colleges spend well over Earth Tubes to supply and extract ductwork from raised access floor plenum £200 million a year on energy so there are considerable CASE STUDY 1: opportunities to save money through more efficient The new Alsion Campus in Bank capped connection use – savings that can be invested in valuable resources Sonderborg covers a substantial to supply and extract ductwork for staff and students. With buildings in the HE sector in 20,000m2 site, and includes a state England alone emitting around 3.3 million tonnes of CO2 of the art concert hall and a science park. Buro Images: Wilkinson Eyre Architects annually, it is also an invaluable opportunity to enhance Happold worked with the project design team its reputation for environmental responsibility. to achieve the client’s ambition of beating the Danish Building Regulation targets, which are 30% more exacting than UK regulations. By carefully analysing and detailing the large amounts of glass planned for the structure, it was possible to demonstrate that energy savings were achievable while realising the architect’s Exeter University Forum, UK vision for the building. A key part of this development is to implement a number of energy saving features, such as river water cooling techniques, solar shading CASE STUDY 2: and renewable energy systems. Following its The brief for the Exeter University Forum was to be determine the size of the tubes in opening in autumn 2007, the new campus as as sustainable as possible. Solutions utilised by the order to make them compatible with a whole has achieved a 20–30% reduction in design team include maximising the use of natural the building’s foundations and the energy consumption. daylight and ventilation, thermal mass, earth tubes topography of the site, while achieving the required and ground source heat pumps (GSHPs). These have performance. GSHPs will provide space heating to Higher Education Capability Statement resulted in the design achieving an additional 16% the new Forum building and refurbished library. improvement on the targets set. The Forum project is They will produce approximately 55% of the CO2 of on course to achieve a BREEAM ‘Excellent’ rating. a gas condensing boiler per KWh of delivered heat, offering substantial carbon benefits. The earth tubes are to be buried below the internal street area to pre-cool or pre-heat the air entering Exeter University has recently been awarded the Image: 3XN / Adam Mørk the building during the summer and winter months. Carbon Trust Standard, putting it among the top The ground temperature is relatively constant at 10 universities in the UK for carbon management, around 12oC, and therefore can significantly reduce and the Forum project is an important next step in the air heating and air cooling demands for the maintaining this postion. building. Extensive analysis was carried out to Alsion Campus, Syddansk University Science and Technology Park, Sonderborg, Denmark 20 21

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