Buro Happold Higher Education Capability Statement
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Buro Happold Higher Education Capability Statement Buro Happold Higher Education Capability Statement Document Transcript

  • Higher Education Capability Statement October 2009
  • Buro Happold Contents Higher Education Capability Statement Introduction 3 Introduction 1 Adding Value 4 Buro Happold is a multi-disciplinary global engineering and strategic consultancy for the built Design optimisation 6 Reducing energy costs 8 environment. Guided by the principle that good engineering influences better design, we offer an Refurbishment 10 integrated service that enables us to respond effectively to the specific challenges presented by ICT infrastructure 12 Post occupancy evaluation 14 each education project. With an unrivalled track record in the provision of education project enables us to continuously improve Front cover: Queen Margaret University, Edinburgh, UK. Image: Buro Happold / Alan McAteer. Back cover: Exeter University Forum, UK. Image: Wilkinson Eyre Architects. 2 Sustainable Design 16 innovative and effective building and infrastructure our systems and approach, identify new ways of adding Sustainable masterplanning 18 solutions in the higher education sector, we are uniquely value, and provide our design partners and clients with Meeting carbon targets 20 positioned to help universities face the ever changing relevant advice on best use of materials and energy in Passive and low energy design 22 demands that are made of their buildings and facilities. order to provide better value for money. BREEAM and LEED assessment 24 Our team provides a broad range of engineering Recycling and water conservation 26 consultancy and advisory services ranging from We draw on our wealth of project experience to Sustainable materials 28 flexible building solutions, sustainable technologies create modern, flexible, user-friendly environments and the refurbishment of existing buildings to campus that enhance learning and research and benefit the 3 Creating Optimal Learning Environments 30 masterplanning and strategic advice. We have a class university community. By maintaining an awareness of Lighting and ventilation 32 leading reputation for creating award winning designs, all the aspects of a project - and not just those for which Acoustics 34 evidenced by the impressive number of top design we have been commissioned to provide our services Facades and external shading 36 awards that the practice has won over the years. - we can add value to the building design as a whole. This multi-disciplinary approach enables us to deliver 4 Developing the Education Estate 38 Buro Happold has over 30 years’ experience in the an effective response at the all-important early stages Student accommodation 40 education sector, having worked on projects ranging of design, through to the final implementation and Sports and leisure facilities 41 from primary schools to universities, and academies subsequent operation of the building. Faculty buildings 42 to research laboratories, across the world. Over that Libraries 43 time, we have built many long-term relationships with Research laboratories 44 universities, architects, contractors and other clients, and have developed an appreciation and understanding 5 Working In Partnership 46 of the particular issues that face educators and their Working with stakeholders and clients 48 project partners. The insight we gain from each new Multi-disciplinary approach 49 Locations 50 Our Services 52 Industry Recognition 53 2 3
  • Buro Happold 1 Adding Value Getting more from your investment in the long term “Delivering value is all about Operating in a competitive international market, universities are acutely aware of rising costs and budgetary constraints. With pressure increasing on central funding in the next few years, the need to control construction and operational costs is vital on every new development. Together with doing the simple things well.” sustainability, getting more value from capital investment has become one of the key issues driving the sector. Buro Happold is in a unique position to help universities from strategic estates review to the use of money- Neil Billett face the future with confidence: our design solutions are saving flexible construction methods and low energy Regional Director, Buro Happold easily constructed, environmentally responsible, efficient technologies. After completion, we offer post occupancy in their use of energy and deliver exceptional value advice on the most economical way to run and maintain throughout the project life cycle. Our aim is always to be the building. innovative and responsive to client needs, identifying 1 engineering challenges early on to minimise risk and We understand the budgetary and legislative challenges future costs. facing educators and can provide expert advice on vital issues such as energy efficiency, carbon reduction, There are many ways in which we are able to use our passive design, sustainability and building management. experience and technical skills to help universities save Our expertise in both new build and refurbishment money. We apply a wide range of strategies during both gives university estates more options for managing and the development and operational phases to add value maintaining their building stock, vital in the current and promote the best commercial interests of our clients, economic climate. Higher Education Capability Statement Image: Buro Happold / Alan McAteer Queen Margaret University, Edinburgh, UK 4 5
  • Buro Happold Adding Value Design optimisation Drawing on a blend of experience and technical know- how, Buro Happold delivers fully integrated, safe, CASE STUDY 1: reliable and sustainable design solutions that satisfy the specified performance criteria while providing maximum One of the key features of the value for money. To achieve a high level of occupant structural design at Queen comfort – without a corresponding high energy usage Margaret University is the use of – we analyse all aspects of a building’s design to ensure minimal finishes with exposed thermal mass. The concrete mass, with exposed columns and Image: Wilkinson Eyre Architects that the structure works in harmony with other elements in the design, from the building services and passive soffits, provides a natural method of controlling strategies to the acoustic requirements. seasonal heat fluctuations, while allowing the architect to achieve the aesthetics they require. The type, thickness and composition of the construction materials play a major role in ensuring the design is The minimal use of cement in the concrete both economical and sustainable. Exposed concrete added value to the construction - cement is the Exeter University Forum, UK mass and more energy-efficient cladding materials are most costly and carbon intensive part of the mix increasingly used to improve performance and thermal used, as its production process is expensive and stability, and these also become an integral part of the uses a lot of energy. Our concrete mix reduced structural aesthetic of a building. To maximise passive the high level of cement required for this type of CASE STUDY 2: environmental control and save on energy costs, our structure, but we were still able to achieve a high “It is very flexible and will meet the needs low energy facades incorporate external shading and quality finish. Additionally, the exposed soffits of the university going forward. We can The restricted site and the close ventilation systems to provide natural light, warmth saved on ceiling material and installation costs. proximity to other faculty buildings and airflow. adapt the building very simply.” at the Open University Jennie Lee Exposed thermal mass was also a significant Mike Rhodes Head of Projects, Open University Estates Building required in a structural form that aspect of the structural design at Exeter could be constructed with little site storage and University Forum, providing the architectural minimal noise and dust. Consequently a pre- finish to rooms. This solution helps to stabilise fabricated precast concrete frame was selected temperatures with less need for mechanical to reduce the noise and waste produced on heating and cooling, whilst also offering the site; provide a structural form that was self client considerable savings on ceiling finishes. finished and would require little ongoing This strategy has been complemented by the maintenance. Crucial to the successful delivery use of earth tubes to precool/preheat fresh air of a precast concrete framed building is the by maximising contact with the ground, further early involvement of the supply chain and the reducing the heating and mechanical cooling modularisation of the building into a minimum load, and facades which respond to the different number of components. This whole project, orientations of the building. including the feature entrance, was delivered using just three column profiles and two beam Higher Education Capability Statement profiles. “By reducing the amount of concrete Image: Buro Happold / Robert Greshoff Image: Buro Happold / Alan McAteer at Queen Margaret University we are producing a project that has less embodied energy, therefore providing a sustainable solution with economic Queen Margaret University, Edinburgh, UK benefits.” Open University Jennie Lee Building, Milton Keynes, UK 6 Neil Dely Associate Director, Buro Happold 7
  • Buro Happold Adding Value Reducing energy costs “By optimising the building’s planning grid we provided added value in terms of future flexibility, ease of modification and cost saving.” Mike Entwisle Associate Director, Buro Happold Design features that reduce the consumption of (CCHP) units. The use of presence detectors alone – energy and water have both environmental and cost- defaulting to ‘off’ when a room is empty – can cut the CASE STUDY 2: saving benefits. Our engineers incorporate a range of amount of electricity used for lighting by as much sustainable solutions to help limit the amount of energy as 50%. The state-of-the-art Institute of used within university buildings and reduce reliance on Criminology building at Cambridge active systems, from passive design methods such as Buro Happold’s holistic approach to design ensures University houses seminar rooms, natural lighting and ventilation to solar panels, lighting that the facade, building materials, services and lecture theatres, IT spaces and a library situated controls and combined cooling heat and power control systems work together to achieve high levels of over two floors. Flexibility in the design has performance and comfort. Measures such as thermal ensured that the building can be adapted to mass to minimise temperature swings, external shading meet changing needs – for example, for less to reduce solar glare, openable windows to enhance air cellular and more open plan space in the future. CASE STUDY 1: quality, insulation against heat loss and good daylight This flexibility of building services as well as the At the start of the Imperial College penetration all help to conserve resources, cut energy architectural and structural design adds value by Business School project, electrical costs and give occupants more control over their reducing the cost of future modifications, while demand for the campus was almost personal working or living space. Intelligent building reducing energy use through the incorporation at full capacity, with excess steam producing management systems can also be used to control and of a number of energy-saving features. 2MW of waste heat from the existing boiler and monitor local conditions, automatically returning a building to a status optimised for energy saving. The services, facade and internal spaces are district heating system. In order to harness this designed on a regular grid so that fittings like excess energy and provided greater efficiency, windows and radiators can remain in place if Buro Happold introduced an absorption cooling “We are able to help our clients save Image: Buro Happold / Robert Greshoff partitions are moved. Because of the east/west strategy that would reuse the waste heat and orientation, blinds may be in regular use to block cool the business school. Harnessing this power energy in the long term by advising on out the low sun, so a natural ventilation solution enabled us to provide some of the absorption chillers for the site at no additional cost other how their buildings should be used as was designed that relies on louvred openings rather than windows. To reduce energy use, the than the initial installation, as they were powered well as built.” Building Management System (BMS) provides a by energy that would otherwise have been Phil Lines Project Leader, Buro Happold number of facilities to control the heating and wasted. Institute of Criminology, Cambridge University, UK ventilation, including timed operation across Feedback from a lifecycle analysis made different zones, direct compensation of water it clear that 100% absorption cooling was Imperial College Business School, London, UK flow temperature and control and sequencing of not appropriate to meet the client’s budget the condensing boilers. constraints, but that a balance between cost and the environment could be achieved however by using 50% absorption, ‘topped up’ by a conventional electric chiller during peak conditions throughout the year. The use of Higher Education Capability Statement the electric chiller is minimised, allowing the client to remain in budget and also to reduce maintenance costs. Image: Buro Happold / Robert Greshoff 8 9
  • Buro Happold Adding Value “Refurbishment is an important way to preserve our built heritage Refurbishment and aid the cause of environmental preservation, as much less construction-related embodied energy will be used.” Neil Squibbs Education Sector Director, Buro Happold In a tough economic climate universities need to satisfy growing demand for space while operating within strict CASE STUDY 2: spending limits. One clear value-for-money solution is to re-use the large stock of existing buildings which The Leeds University Art Gallery is situated in the architectural features, and creating new can be successfully updated to meet current standards. Grade II listed Parkinson Building, one of the major space to conceal air ducts and pipes. Refurbishment is generally quicker and cheaper than new landmarks of Leeds. Originally completed in 1952, Another issue was to ensure access and construction, offers a good return on capital outlay and is the building has undergone various refurbishments use of the areas immediately around the gallery often more sustainable. It can also provide added value in throughout its history. This latest refurbishment were maintained at all times during the construction terms of updated building and ICT services, improved energy involved an extension to the existing gallery to period; the work was carried out during holidays usage and easier planning permission. occupy currently unused rooms, maximising the and term time as impaired access would have valuable space in the building. Our engineers adversely affected the students and lecturers alike. Refurbishment can serve as a practical demonstration of were able to utilise their extensive knowledge urban regeneration as well as an opportunity for extending and sensitivity of working with listed buildings to To open the area up and make the best use the useful life of an existing building and increasing its provide structural and building services work on of natural light the partitions which had been energy efficiency in operation. With existing buildings the project. constructed in front of the magnificent windows at representing by far the largest proportion of estate building the front of the Parkinson Building were removed. stock – and given the need to meet strict government One of the challenges for the engineers at Buro This has been balanced with a combination of carbon reduction targets – we take measures to ensure that Happold was fitting a comprehensive close control glazing film, automatically controlled interstitial refurbished buildings are brought up to the performance air conditioning system into a listed building of blinds and sliding blackout shutters which enable standards required of new build construction. this scale, without compromising on the maximum UVA and UVB light to be filtered as well as regulating internal space available for the gallery. The engineers levels of brightness, particularly important for light worked with the architects using the existing sensitive exhibitions. CASE STUDY 1: The Jessop Building, University of Sheffield Buro Happold’s work on refurbishing the Grade II listed Victorian wing of the old Jessop Hospital for Women – now named The Jessop Building – for the University of Sheffield, includes reinstating and Images: Buro Happold repairing many of the existing features of the building, as well as adding brand new elements. These include a new entrance and bronze cladding to the rear of the building. As the bronze weathers, it will further complement the Higher Education Capability Statement colours of the original building. Buro Happold carried out structural repair works to the existing “By bringing the building back to life facade to strengthen the tower structure, as well as internal alterations to open up the rooms we have created excellent facilities for for students and to facilitate the mechanical our Department of Music and have servicing strategy required to meet the high acoustic requirements of the music department’s retained a piece of exquisite Victorian teaching rooms. A former bay window and architecture for the city.” Images: Paul White ground floor staircase previously removed have Professor Keith Burnett Vice Chancellor of the University of Sheffield been reinstated, creating stunning architectural features for the building. Sliding UV shutters, at Leeds University Art Gallery, UK 10 11
  • Buro Happold Adding Value ICT infrastructure In a world where it is no longer possible to consider the built environment without the influence of ICT, the need SMART BUILDINGS: CASE STUDY: for a highly capable and accessible ICT infrastructure is a vital part of modern higher education facilities. With Creating a ‘smart’ site involves joining The Open University’s Jennie Lee new information technology and services introduced together the various building systems Building is a cutting edge facility frequently, intelligently designed ICT infrastructures – including security, lighting and housing the Faculties of Maths and provide the bridge to long-life buildings, enabling rapid environmental systems - to work as an integrated Computing and the Institute of Educational take up of new solutions economically and without undue whole, intelligently and selectively linking with Technology. Buro Happold worked on the disruption to the building. Through early involvement at management applications such as timetabling scoping of requirements and the design of design stage, we are able to facilitate progressive change and room booking. This requires collaboration an ICT infrastructure that would support the that adds whole life value to projects, by ensuring that with the client team to consider how they will maths department in its new accommodation, developments can support evolving communication operate with the overall design concept and the ensuring that the ICT facilities were of a quality requirements and meet sustainability demands. eventual users. These combined systems can demanded by this leading research and teaching then be operated using an integrated facilities university. The department also includes high- Universities have three different major end user groups management system, allowing for more effective tech laboratories for modelling, monitoring and to consider: students, academics and administrative staff. operation and functionality, while lowering costs, measuring human behaviours, and this required In the early stages of a project, our team works with the not least by contributing to energy conservation. the provision of extensive audio-visual (AV) client to assess their differing objectives and develop a facilities, as well as a capable ‘local’ computer robust ICT infrastructure that best suits the needs of the If implemented correctly, creating a smart site centre within the building. occupants. Our engineers implement sophisticated and can greatly reduce operating costs, as fewer future-ready ICT systems that maximise capacity while operating staff will be required to manage the Buro Happold worked with the university keeping costs under control. site day to day than with traditional disparate estates department, the user departments and systems. Additionally, smart sites also reduce building designers across a range of disciplines construction costs, as less cabling is needed to undertake the full systems design, and during installation, reducing containment and prepared the contractor’s requirements. We WIRELESS TECHNOLOGY: construction. On refurbishment projects, costs provided support to the design and client teams can be mitigated by incorporating existing throughout, and contributed to successfully Wireless services form an integral systems into a new smart solution. delivering a major new facility to the university. and growing component of ICT estates. Buro Happold’s team have Once a smart solution has been introduced, the the expertise to deliver effective wireless post occupancy evaluations and tuning can be capability, working holistically with the design undertaken much more effectively, contributing team to ensure that new systems are successfully to further savings, and increasing a building’s implemented and will go on working within the flexibility of use. built environment. Higher Education Capability Statement The careful consideration of factors such as choice of materials and how the building will be used is important when making a project wireless. Image: Buro Happold / Robert Greshoff “Materials, structures etc impact on the wireless performance of a building, as does user density. The most important aspect of installing a successful ICT infrastructure is forward planning to identify these issues in advance. We lead holistic thinking to achieve this.” Open University Jennie Lee Building, Milton Keynes, UK 12 Chris Yates ICT Consultant, Buro Happold 13
  • Buro Happold Adding Value Post occupancy evaluation Many issues with new and refurbished buildings – techniques, our in-depth evaluations include desktop for example, insufficient insulation, poor ventilation and thermal imaging studies, air-tightness testing and CASE STUDY 2: and inefficient control systems – cannot always be occupant comfort surveys. identified at design and construction stage. Post- University College Falmouth’s 72-acre Tremough and floor area involved, investigations occupancy evaluation (POE) is an effective method Our experts work closely with the end user to identify Campus is at the hub of the Combined Universities were carried out into the annual utility of assessing buildings and how they are functioning, how a building needs to work for them, and what in Cornwall (CUC) project to extend higher consumption and how it is metered, while identifying ways to improve building design, steps should be taken to achieve the best results. education provision in the county. The ongoing including a walk-around energy audit to understand performance and fitness for purpose. By using POE and This participation with the client can lead to a greater expansion of the campus is being carried out in how spaces were used and serviced. our extensive knowledge of university buildings, we commitment to solutions we introduce, and a greater several phases, the first of which included a major willingness to adapt to new ways of operating the site. new academic building that incorporates lecture By evaluating the energy required for various end- are able to advise on issues such as reducing carbon theatres, faculty buildings, student facilities and a uses, we were able to recommend a number of emissions in line with increasingly tight benchmarks and new design centre. energy efficient measures to reduce consumption, how to save money on operational costs. such as introducing an energy management Portland Building, University of Plymouth, UK Buro Happold was commissioned to carry out a strategy and improving control of plant to tie in with POE provides the design team with valuable data which can be used to recommend the best value options for post-occupancy energy audit to assess the electricity user requirements at different times – for example, clients. By enabling us to quantify the sustainability of and gas usage of the new build element against a minimising the amount of air conditioning used in occupied buildings and advise on changes to practice range of benchmark targets. After first establishing sparsely occupied zones during vacations. or policy, POE becomes a vital tool for optimising the the benchmarks for the different types of building performance of both new and refurbished buildings. For Image: Buro Happold / Mandy Reynolds this reason, investing in a POE can reap rewards many times over, not only by reducing energy costs but also by enhancing the quality and comfort of the learning or living space. “As well as highlighting the potential Using ‘Soft Landings’ – an approach that provides a for reductions in utility costs, an service aimed at improving building performance from day one - our specialists engage at the earliest energy audit can be used as the opportunity in a project to provide guidance on post foundation for future monitoring occupancy utilisation and assist the design teams in creating the vision behind the project in terms of and targeting work.” functionality, usability, manageability, energy efficiency, CASE STUDY 1: Ian Pegg Sustainability Consultant, Buro Happold environmental performance and occupant satisfaction. Incorporating lecture theatres, This is supported with post occupancy studies to inform teaching spaces and office the client and to allow fine tuning of the building to accommodation, the Portland ensure optimum performance and user satisfaction. Building at the University of Plymouth We are able to work with end users to educate them on Higher Education Capability Statement enables the Faculty of the Environment to exist how to get the best out of their buildings, working with as a single complex on the campus. A strong the existing staff and their skills set to assist them in environmental agenda was central to the brief, operating new control systems. Using advanced analysis which required sustainable solutions for cooling, Images: Buro Happold / Mandy Reynolds ventilation and lighting. Buro Happold carried out a post-occupancy evaluation to ensure that low energy performance was being achieved during the first year of operation. The process also allowed us to ‘bed in’ the mechanical and electrical systems and tailor their control to suit occupant needs. Combined Universities in Cornwall, Falmouth, UK 14 15
  • Buro Happold Buro Happold 2 Sustainable Design Using resources more efficiently, saving money on energy costs “Buro Happold’s approach Meeting sustainability targets is now a key requirement in the design, construction and operation of university buildings. To make sustainability work, Buro Happold employs a range of solutions based on passive design, simple operation, water conservation, high performance materials and low and to sustainability in particular zero carbon (LZC) technologies – such as biomass boilers and photovoltaic panels – which reduce environmental impact, conserve resources and provide better energy security. was excellent.” Sustainability provides a quality framework for the entire design process, enhancing deliverability through easier sustainable design, assessing a building’s environmental impact against a range of sustainability benchmarks, planning consent and cost control. Our holistic approach including energy consumption, transport, pollution, of analysing all aspects of a building’s performance waste and building management. Anna Stamp provides the opportunity to reduce carbon emissions to meet and improve on current environmental targets. We To be sustainable in the long term and maximise value, Estates Development Manager, University of Edinburgh 2 help develop a practical sustainability strategy to achieve a university building needs to be efficiently engineered these targets, focusing not just on the way a building is to embody minimum energy, be receptive to user designed but also the way it is used. needs and allow for flexibility and future adaptability. In addition there are strong links between a building’s During the design process we encourage the supply of integrated environmental approach and numerous materials from renewable sources and the adoption of health, comfort and learning benefits to its occupants, sustainable waste management strategies. We provide providing further strong economic incentives for expert advice on how to achieve best practice in sustainable development. Higher Education Capability Statement Image: Buro Happold / Alan McAteer Learning Education Queen Margaret University, Edinburgh, UK 16 16 17
  • Buro Happold Sustainable Design Sustainable masterplanning Universities are at the heart of the local community, To be competitive in today’s international HE market, and many are expanding their campuses to meet rising universities need to create an efficient and sustainable student numbers. Buro Happold works in partnership campus that appeals to a diverse community of students with clients and architects to create functional, flexible and staff – as well as meeting the estate’s business and environmentally responsible masterplans that needs. Working as part of an integrated engineering unlock the potential of the development for the benefit and design team, we consider a range of factors that of all stakeholders. We bring a thorough understanding contribute to a successful outcome, such as energy of the many complex environmental, technical and supply, transport, drainage, ecology, water quality and regulatory issues involved, allowing us to identify waste management. Most importantly our masterplans solutions that save energy, conserve resources and are flexible, allowing for new uses and opportunities minimise impacts. based on predictions of how the site is likely to develop. CASE STUDY: Buro Happold was appointed as a part of the team to develop a “Rather than running each building new masterplan for University independently, we advised linking the College Falmouth Tremough Campus, which included the outline design of the services and buildings up to a district heating main drainage infrastructure and the development so that they all used the same system. of a sustainability strategy for the campus development. The proposed development of the This would mean that one energy centre site brings in a series of plans for the ongoing would cover all buildings, saving money development of the campus to expand to over 5,000 full time students. and energy.” Phil Lines Project Leader, Buro Happold We examined how each room used energy over a 24 hour period – for example, teaching spaces would only use energy during daytime hours, and student accommodation would use the most energy before and after lecture times. We were then able to assess how to provide energy to each space. Higher Education Capability Statement Additionally, we advised the university on the provision of renewable energy solutions for the campus. A farm near the UCF project already had two wind turbines in place. We suggested that by adding a third turbine, the university Learning Education could produce all of the energy needed for the campus. Image: Buro Happold University College Falmouth Tremough Campus, UK 18 19 19
  • Buro Happold Sustainable Design Meeting carbon targets EXETER UNIVERSITY FORUM - VENTILATION Higher education needs to play its part in meeting Buro Happold is a pioneer in the use of sustainable High-level mechanical extract national carbon reduction targets as part of the fight strategies and technologies that minimise carbon against climate change. As well as contributing to the footprint and set new standards for energy government’s aim for all new public buildings to be zero performance, often drawing on the large stock of data carbon by 2018, most universities will also be subject gained from our post-occupancy evaluations (POEs) to EXPLORATION LABS Natural ventilation to the Carbon Reduction Commitment (CRC), which recommend the best options for our clients. To achieve at the perimeter comes into effect in 2010. Reducing carbon emissions compliance with the CRC, we help institutions identify AHU STUDENT SERVICE CENTRE has therefore become a key requirement in the design, and implement ways of saving energy in all areas of a RETAIL construction and management of modern HE buildings. building’s procurement, design and operation. Image: Buro Happold Keeping carbon emissions low saves money as well as Intake air from Retail capped connection Low-level displacement supply resources: UK universities and colleges spend well over Earth Tubes to supply and extract ductwork from raised access floor plenum £200 million a year on energy so there are considerable CASE STUDY 1: opportunities to save money through more efficient The new Alsion Campus in Bank capped connection use – savings that can be invested in valuable resources Sonderborg covers a substantial to supply and extract ductwork for staff and students. With buildings in the HE sector in 20,000m2 site, and includes a state England alone emitting around 3.3 million tonnes of CO2 of the art concert hall and a science park. Buro Images: Wilkinson Eyre Architects annually, it is also an invaluable opportunity to enhance Happold worked with the project design team its reputation for environmental responsibility. to achieve the client’s ambition of beating the Danish Building Regulation targets, which are 30% more exacting than UK regulations. By carefully analysing and detailing the large amounts of glass planned for the structure, it was possible to demonstrate that energy savings were achievable while realising the architect’s Exeter University Forum, UK vision for the building. A key part of this development is to implement a number of energy saving features, such as river water cooling techniques, solar shading CASE STUDY 2: and renewable energy systems. Following its The brief for the Exeter University Forum was to be determine the size of the tubes in opening in autumn 2007, the new campus as as sustainable as possible. Solutions utilised by the order to make them compatible with a whole has achieved a 20–30% reduction in design team include maximising the use of natural the building’s foundations and the energy consumption. daylight and ventilation, thermal mass, earth tubes topography of the site, while achieving the required and ground source heat pumps (GSHPs). These have performance. GSHPs will provide space heating to Higher Education Capability Statement resulted in the design achieving an additional 16% the new Forum building and refurbished library. improvement on the targets set. The Forum project is They will produce approximately 55% of the CO2 of on course to achieve a BREEAM ‘Excellent’ rating. a gas condensing boiler per KWh of delivered heat, offering substantial carbon benefits. The earth tubes are to be buried below the internal street area to pre-cool or pre-heat the air entering Exeter University has recently been awarded the Image: 3XN / Adam Mørk the building during the summer and winter months. Carbon Trust Standard, putting it among the top The ground temperature is relatively constant at 10 universities in the UK for carbon management, around 12oC, and therefore can significantly reduce and the Forum project is an important next step in the air heating and air cooling demands for the maintaining this postion. building. Extensive analysis was carried out to Alsion Campus, Syddansk University Science and Technology Park, Sonderborg, Denmark 20 21
  • Buro Happold Sustainable Design Passive and low energy design University buildings that use passive design principles are able to achieve a more sustainable outcome CASE STUDY 1: while providing healthy and comfortable learning environments. Buro Happold’s approach to sustainable One of the many ways the low design follows a ‘lean, mean, green’ methodology, energy aspirations have been met designing buildings from the outset to use less energy at Syddansk University’s Alsion by utilising passive measures such as natural heating, Campus is through the use of exposed concrete. lighting, ventilation and external shading, and then The building structure is made mainly of ensuring that both materials and systems are used concrete which is exposed wherever possible to responsibly and efficiently. Renewable energy systems act as a thermal buffer. Large cantilevers along are then applied to minimise residual carbon emissions. the water’s edge are hung from substantial steel beams at roof level. The atrium spaces are Our integrated solutions are designed to create a created as steel and glass boxes between the balanced internal climate, using exposed thermal mass primary concrete teaching blocks. as an effective way of regulating summer and winter temperatures while improving levels of occupant The buildings are primarily naturally ventilated Image: RMJM comfort and reducing reliance on active heating and using the exposed thermal mass to cool the cooling systems. spaces. In higher density occupation classrooms, additional cooling comes from chilled ceilings. To limit cold draughts in winter, perimeter heating CASE STUDY 2: and trickle ventilation is provided. Automatic windows are opened at night to facilitate night A key element to the design at the Sighthill Campus at Napier University, UK cooling and reduce energy usage. In areas new Sighthill Campus at Napier where mechanical cooling and ventilation were University was the need to meet the required, heat recovery was incorporated. requirements set by the Edinburgh Standard for Sustainable Buildings (ESSB), along with the clients’ brief to achieve a BREEAM ‘excellent’ rating. The ESSB requires that all developments over 5,000m² demonstrate sustainability and “The Combined Heat and Power system generate 10–20% of their energy through renewable or low carbon sources. at Napier provides a 20% saving in itself, The Sighthill campus exceeds these requirements so combined with other sustainable with a number of low energy solutions. solutions, we are performing The campus is served by an energy centre located on the perimeter of the site, which approximately 40–45% better than the Higher Education Capability Statement houses a heating plant incorporating a combined current building regulations” heat and power (CHP) plant. The CHP serves Graeme Gidney Associate Director, Buro Happold the site wide district heating network and will achieve the savings required by the ESSB and BREEAM assessment. In addition to the CHP system, the general Image: 3XN / Adam Mørk teaching spaces incorporate a low energy cooling strategy with exposed concrete soffits, a night purge cooling regime, underfloor air supply delivery and high level passive cooling terminals. Alsion Campus, Syddansk University Science and Technology Park, Sonderborg, Denmark 22 23
  • Buro Happold Sustainable Design “It’s possible to save a third of a building’s CASE STUDY 2: BREEAM and LEED assessment energy simply by educating users how to The Advanced Manufacturing operate it more efficiently.” Research Centre (AMRC) in Sheffield Phil Lines Project Leader, Buro Happold demonstrates the financial viability of carbon neutral buildings. It exemplifies good building form design, the appropriate use of BREEAM is the UK’s leading and most widely used Buro Happold has significant experience in managing, materials and how servicing solutions can be environmental assessment method for buildings. It sets advising and assessing BREEAM, ensuring target levels applied to complement a building’s low energy the standard for best practice in sustainable design, are achieved in the most appropriate way, and guiding credentials. The low energy and sustainable using a straightforward scoring system that is easy to the client and design team throughout the process. The features have enabled the AMRC to achieve a understand and supported by evidence-based research. minimum standard set by the Sustainable Development BREEAM ‘Excellent’ rating. BREEAM’s equivalent in other regions includes LEED in Action Plan for education projects – including new North America. BREEAM has recently introduced a new builds, major refurbishments and extensions – is The AMRC makes extensive use of natural methodology tailored specifically to the needs of the HE BREEAM ‘Very Good’. Buro Happold works to exceed this daylighting, with around 97% of the sector, allowing for the assessment of teaching, mixed- through measures such as passive design, renewable accommodation naturally lit most of the time. use and research buildings. energy, waste recycling and the use of sustainable The design team ensured that the windows materials, achieving BREEAM ‘Excellent’ on many of were sized to allow in the maximum amount of its HE projects, and looking to target ‘Outstanding’ on light, with roof lights over the deep plan areas selected schemes. to ensure daylight penetration. Additionally, materials such as ETFE and Kalwall cladding provide daylighting to areas that could not CASE STUDY 1: be lit by conventional windows, and also have good insulation properties. These solutions Sustainability was a major factor in considerably reduce the need for artificial the design for the Experimental lighting with its associated running costs and Media and Performing Arts Centre emissions. (EMPAC) at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute in upstate New York. The project aims to achieve Similarly, the building is designed to optimise a Leadership in Energy and Environmental natural ventilation. In the areas that require Design (LEED) Silver rating. Buro Happold has mechanical ventilation and cooling for been responsible for LEED co-ordination with operational purposes, flexibility is built in to the design team and has assisted the client with allow the spaces to be naturally ventilated if the LEED accreditation process on this large and the building’s requirements change at a later complicated project. Buro Happold’s services date. The mechanical ventilation is powered by included defining sustainable design goals, the AMRC’s two wind turbines, which generate identifying environmentally responsible design enough energy for the whole site. opportunities, explaining the intent of the LEED ratings and points, and performing LEED assessment at the various stages of design. The design team aimed for a 30% water reduction compared to traditional features by Higher Education Capability Statement incorporating a rainwater harvesting system and 20,000 cubic foot underground retention tank. The heating, ventilation and air conditioning systems are fitted with variable speed drives, Image: Buro Happold / Daniel Hopkinson and the ventilation systems have demand control to regulate air volume depending on Learning Education Image: Paúl Rivera/Archphoto condition, as well as individual controls for light and air. Additionally, 20% of the materials used in construction are sourced from local suppliers based within 500 miles of the university, while 75% of the construction waste was recycled. Experimental Media and Performing Arts Centre (EMPAC), Troy, NY, USA Advanced Manufacturing Research Centre (AMRC), University of Sheffield, UK 24 25 25
  • Buro Happold Sustainable Design Sustainable Design Recycling and water conservation Use of renewable energy sources On every project we consider the overall efficiency Growing environmental concerns and government Buro Happold is able to offer expert strategic advice on CASE STUDY: of the structure and the type of materials involved, policies are driving the increased use of low and zero energy planning and policy, regulatory requirements, ensuring that we limit the amount of waste that is carbon (LZC) energy sources. These include renewables energy procurement and alternative energy options. One of the key issues at Queen sent to landfill. This sustainable approach enables us and combined heat and power (CHP) systems which We have in-depth experience gained on education Margaret University was trying to deliver buildings that use less construction-related mitigate the environmental impact of buildings by projects worldwide of implementing a broad range of to minimise the amount of waste embodied energy, while reducing the long-term carbon reducing fossil fuel use, as well as adding value through innovative green solutions, including wind turbines, material taken off site. Our engineers did this by footprint. We discuss a waste management strategy with energy security and whole life cost savings. The biomass heating, photovoltaic panels, rainwater creating various features on the site that made clients at an early stage to minimise regulatory risks and successful integration of LZC energy requires detailed harvesting systems and ground source heat pumps. This use of these materials; for example, some of future operational costs, guiding the environmental knowledge of ‘traditional’ building services as well as the experience extends to grant funding applications and the soil was put into a ‘noise bund’ to protect assessment process and analysing opportunities for alternative technologies themselves. consideration of the forthcoming feed-in tariffs which the site from the noise from the nearby A1. The local treatment of waste – as well as advising on more will improve the financial viability of many renewable bund functions as an acoustic barrier, protecting efficient construction methods. energy technologies. both the student accommodation and some of the academic buildings. This solution will assist With a huge rise in demand and a growing scarcity in the client in achieving the required CEEQUAL some areas, water conservation is essential to ensure sustainability award. a consistent supply and reduce environmental impact. Where possible, Buro Happold utilises sustainable Another key feature of the project was the use drainage systems (SUDS) that enable rainwater to CASE STUDY: of a sustainable drainage system to manage naturally drain into the subsoil, and so reduce the risk surface water. A central pond collects rainwater of ‘non-point source’ pollution. In buildings, we achieve On the AMRC project, our engineers from the roofs and paved areas and filters it, low levels of consumption using methods such as applied a hierarchy of features, before returning it to the waterways. As well as greywater recycling, rainwater harvesting, low flush looking firstly at the building form and providing a solution to the problem of excess toilets and water efficient taps and shower heads. how it will use energy. The building’s location on surface water, this also provides an opportunity an exposed site led to the use of wind turbines to investigate biodiversity by introducing new as the preferred choice for providing all of the species to the pond that were not on the site “With the help of Buro Happold, we have building’s power needs. previously. managed to arrive at a solution that Two 250 watt wind turbines will provide effectively minimises our environmental sufficient energy – approximately 600,000 kWh per year – to achieve carbon neutrality. During impact, while working within demanding periods of low demand, the turbines will feed budgetary constraints.” any excess electricity generated back to the grid. David Briggs University of Sheffield Estates Department By generating all of the energy onsite, the client may save approximately £150,000 annually in utility bills. Additionally, the turbines have a life expectancy in excess of 20 years, providing more Higher Education Capability Statement value for the client. To complement the use of the wind turbines, our engineers added ground source heat pumps (GSHP) to provide low grade hot water, which is Image: Buro Happold / Alan McAteer Image: Buro Happold / Daniel Hopkinson used to supply the underfloor heating system as Learning Education well as provide chilled water in the summer for cooling. Crucially, the GSHP are powered by the electricity provided by the turbines. As they use energy very efficiently, the building maximises the energy produced by the turbines. Queen Margaret University, Edinburgh, UK 26 27 Advanced Manufacturing Research Centre (AMRC), University of Sheffield, UK
  • Buro Happold Sustainable Design Sustainable materials Through extensive research into sustainable construction, Buro Happold is able to utilise materials CASE STUDY 1: CASE STUDY 2: and techniques that help to create more appealing, productive and environmentally friendly learning The materials used for the Salford The Wales Institute for Sustainable Education high and 15m in diameter, measuring environments. We have in-depth experience of University Faculty of Law project (WISE) was built at the Centre for Alternative 450mm in width. Utilising some 280 evaluating materials performance, advising on the best contribute both to the sustainability Technology (CAT), Europe’s leading Eco Centre, tonnes of soil, it is the largest rammed solutions for thermal efficiency and occupant comfort. of the project and its aesthetic appeal. The with a brief to showcase the very latest thinking earth project to be built in the UK. building is clad with inflatable pillows of ETFE in environmentally conscious building design. On all projects our materials specification is assessed and utilises a Trespa Meteon cladding system, The sustainable elements of the building are The large three-storey split-level building positioned against strict engineering sustainability criteria. We are a by-product of the timber industry. 70% of its demonstrated through the exposed structure, alongside the lecture theatre, which includes able to provide clients with best practice advice on the cellulose is sourced from managed forests, while which also functions as an educational tool for the student accommodation, offices and teaching use of materials from concept design and construction the durability of the material contributes to the residential courses in subjects including architecture spaces, makes extensive use of locally sourced to re-use, recycling or demolition, evaluating issues such lifespan of the building. and engineering. timber. Glulam beams create a framed structure, as performance, energy efficiency, maintenance costs, supporting an innovative solid timber floor to service life and environmental impact. ETFE is a highly sustainable material that is one Among the innovative features of the building are maximise spans and provide the ceiling of the space per cent of the weight of glass, transmits more the rammed earth walls in the Institute’s lecture below. A lime and hemp fill material is used between We always aim to use materials and techniques that suit light and costs 24% to 70% less to install. It is also theatre, which were constructed using a highly the structural posts and beams of the building, a the form and location of the project – from traditional very resilient, with the ability to bear 400 times sustainable mix of clay, sand, water and aggregate. solution that was chosen for its excellent insulation concrete, steel, timber, stone and fabric to new high- its own weight, and totally recyclable. Colour These materials were then built up in thin layers properties and sustainability credentials. The fill tech glass, polymer and gel technologies used in our shines through the ETFE from an LED lighting before being tamped down to form the walls, material was pumped into place using a technique energy efficient facade systems. We were also early system housed between the bubbles, creating a creating a natural alternative to a concrete or steel developed in conjunction with Lime Technology, a pioneers in the use of lightweight ETFE foil cushions as a spectacular visual effect. building. The circular wall of the theatre is 7.5m specialist contractor. sustainable alternative to glazing in roofs and atria. For lifelong sustainability, Deltabeams were used on the first and second floors, maximising the benefits of the TermoDeck heating, cooling and ventilating system by allowing air to circulate through the floor planks and the beams. This maximises the natural heat storage capacity of the hollow core slabs, minimising energy consumption. Higher Education Capability Statement Image: Buro Happold / Daniel Hopkinson WaIes Institute for Sustainable Education (WISE), Machynlleth, UK Learning Education University of Salford, Faculty of Law, Salford, UK 28 29 29
  • Buro Happold 3 Creating Optimal Learning Environments Improving the educational experience through quality design “Our challenge is to provide Good quality higher education requires good quality environments. Research has shown a clear link between the design of campus buildings and the recruitment, retention and satisfaction of staff and students. From the outset of a project, Buro Happold looks at all factors that influence quality, high quality environments that value and performance. Drawing on our wide experience in the HE sector, we apply the latest engineering solutions to create vibrant academic environments that meet an institution’s present are suitable for world class and future needs. We are pioneers in the use of sustainable strategies and and daylighting in the most environmentally friendly teaching, learning and research, technologies, including low energy facades, external way, we are able to make a building more comfortable, shading systems, integrated building services and sustainable and easy to maintain over its entire lifecycle. passive climate control. Working as an integrated team, 3 our engineers and consultants are able to influence all Sound is another major factor in creating the right with low running costs and areas of the design to create a balanced environment best suited to a building’s use, while saving on heating and air conditioning costs. conditions for learning. Buro Happold’s acoustic specialists have worked across a range of campus buildings, from offices to performance spaces. Using environmental impact.” computer modelling and sound surveys to assess the Summer temperatures and the amount of natural light acoustic environment within a room – as well as external are two of the biggest environmental design challenges noise and break-in from adjoining rooms – we are able which affect the quality of space in educational to guide the design to help our clients meet the required buildings. By optimising natural heating, ventilation acoustic performance targets. Mike Entwisle Associate Director, Buro Happold Higher Education Capability Statement Image: Buro Happold / Daniel Hopkinson University of Salford, Faculty of Law, Salford, UK 30 31
  • Buro Happold Creating Optimal Learning Environments Lighting and ventilation With buildings responsible for over 40% of all energy consumption in the UK, Buro Happold’s approach is to CASE STUDY 1: ‘design out’ active systems wherever possible in favour of passive environmental strategies, without a loss of The glass facade of the new atrium occupant comfort or functionality. We are focused on at Imperial College Business helping clients obtain the most sustainable outcomes School provides a stunning entrance at the best value, while providing the most pleasant to the existing building. The facade presented environment for occupants. Working as part of an environmental challenges as it effectively integrated team we are able to balance our clients’ enclosed the existing offices, lecture theatres aspirations with engineering and budgetary constraints and workshops, which previously had access to to design high performance, low energy environmental windows for natural ventilation. Our specialists control systems. carried out an analysis of the space to illustrate Image: RMJM to the client that the temperature in the internal Lighting, heating and air conditioning are significant environment would not be compromised by the cost factors in university buildings, so there is a strong new facade. The strategy devised for optimising financial incentive to adopt green techniques such as the environment within the atrium involved CASE STUDY 2: solar shading, daylighting and well designed facades. combining displacement ventilation with Napier University’s new Sighthill campus, Edinburgh, UK Because natural lighting and ventilation can have On the Napier University project, underfloor heating and cooling in winter and bottom line benefits in terms of energy savings – as well to ensure daylighting was utilised summer. as proven productivity and health gains – we examine in as much as possible, Buro Happold’s detail what impact elements such as openable windows, In winter, displacement ventilation is combined work at the early stages of the design was glazing materials, shading systems and blinds can have with underfloor heating to provide a radiant focused on form and orientation. A detailed on air quality and lighting levels in interior spaces. warming to the occupied space. Tempered fresh shading analysis was carried out to inform air is supplied to the basement plant room from the massing of buildings on the site in order an air handling unit mounted on the roof. This to optimise access to available daylight. The air is heated to the required temperature and resulting design is a pavilion arrangement, supplied to the lower ground and entrance with two separate blocks housing the office area through grilles. Stale air is mechanically and academic areas divided by a central glazed extracted at high level. atrium street. In addition to contributing to the environmental strategy our solutions saved the In summer, the atrium conditioning also uses client money, as there is less need for mechanical a displacement ventilation strategy combined cooling, heating and ventilation systems. with underfloor cooling. The fresh air supplied to the basement plant is cooled to the required The ventilation strategy of the refurbished temperature and distributed as in winter. Use structure was determined by the floor to floor of a cooled slab assists the cooled air to remain heights, which were insufficient for optimal Higher Education Capability Statement at a low level enabling it to be thrown further, ventilation effectiveness. To overcome this issue improving the performance of the displacement a series of natural ventilation stacks were placed ventilation. at the rear of the offices to facilitate natural cross flow ventilation. This innovative system Early site shading analysis to inform the form, combines engineered perimeter openings orientation and grouping of the buildings on the and automated natural ventilation stacks to Napier University site. provide enhanced effective air flow. Extensive computational fluid dynamic modelling was undertaken to demonstrate that the proposed cross ventilation scheme will improve occupancy Imperial College Business School, London, UK comfort conditions. 32 33
  • Buro Happold Creating Optimal Learning Environments Image: Liz Eve / fotohaus Acoustics Shaping the acoustic environment through creative design is an important part of improving the quality CASE STUDY 1: of the educational experience. With noise control of paramount importance in academic buildings, we The acoustic performance of the work to establish acceptable design parameters which concert hall at the Experimental achieve compliance while meeting the aspirations of Media and Performing Arts Centre the individual university. Our acoustics team guides (EMPAC) at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute architects and engineers by advising on core issues such was key to creating the right environment as room acoustics, insulation, the building facade and for a state of the art performance space. The equipment, as well as the acoustic impact of low energy Broadcast Standard NC-15 noise criteria set as a strategies such as thermal mass. Using advanced 3D brief requirement for the site’s four main venues modelling techniques and auralisations – the technique and the audio production suite demanded a of presenting simulated sound fields in a form that can very close working relationships between the be heard – we study both the internal and external design teams. The interior of the concert hall CASE STUDY 2: acoustics to enable issues such as intrusive noise levels is a shoebox form, optimised for romantic-era to be better ‘understood’, leading to faster and more symphonic music but with adaptive acoustics to Buro Happold has been part of the cost-effective design decisions and solutions. accommodate jazz, amplified music, films and design and commissioning team for spoken word events. the state-of-the-art Nanoscience and Quantum Information (NS & QI) Laboratory Buro Happold led the design team in creating at the University of Bristol. The building, a venue that is acoustically diffusive, while located in the centre of the city, is home to an maintaining an open and soaring environment. inter-disciplinary research community drawn This was achieved by exploring and testing from science, engineering and medicine, subtle room-shaping techniques and with bringing together the best minds in the field of targeted adoption of new material technologies nanotechnology. such as partially reflective acoustic fabric for the ceiling. The engineered fabric has been designed The scientific laboratories have been designed and woven specifically to allow for the balanced to provide vibration and acoustic noise reflection of mid and high-frequencies, allowing performance levels that are amongst the lowest performers to hear themselves and each other. achieved anywhere in the world. In order to achieve these ultra-low vibration levels, novel In addition to the acoustic solutions in the hall, An example of a two-dimensional Finite-Element model techniques have been utilised to isolate the a displacement ventilation air handling system used to assess the vibrational performance of one of the laboratories from the local sources of vibration moves tempered fresh air into the hall slowly NS & QI labs. and acoustic noise, such as traffic, footfall and and silently from under the seats to maintain a plant machinery. comfortable environment. Higher Education Capability Statement Buro Happold’s vibration and acoustics specialists measured and assessed the performance of the labs under various conditions. We advised the University on ways in which the building can be made even quieter, using advanced numerical modelling techniques Image: Paúl Rivera / Archphoto to test proposed enhancements and inform the design process. Detailed investigations were carried out into the possible effects on the Results of a two-dimensional Finite-Element model, showing labs when constructing new buildings in the a stress wave propagating out from a sharp impact. immediate vicinity. Experimental Media and Performing Arts Centre (EMPAC), Troy, NY, USA 34 35
  • Buro Happold Creating Optimal Learning Environments Informatics Forum, University of Edinburgh Facades and external shading School of Informatics, UK A facade plays a key role in reducing a building’s energy weather proofing systems – down to the technicalities of consumption and influencing the quality and comfort fixings and tolerances – we can provide high level advice CASE STUDY 2: of its internal spaces, as well as defining its outward on the most cost-effective way to develop and procure appearance and its visual impact within the campus the building envelope. At Salford University Faculty of environment. With sustainability now a key regulatory Law the shading provided by the requirement, we carefully analyse the environmental Using external and internal shading is a highly effective top floor cantilever section allows the ‘behaviour’ and performance of the facade design using method of minimising the impact of summer sun – solar lower floors to be fully glazed. The top floor has Image: Buro Happold / Alan McAteer advanced techniques such as thermal modelling, solar gain can be reduced by as much as 90%. A wide variety less glazing to reduce solar gain and is clad in and glare studies, and wind analysis. By drawing on our of systems are available, from motorised blinds and Trespa Meteon, which has excellent insulation practical knowledge of ventilation, external shading and louvres to fixed or adjustable brise-soleil. Preventing the properties and therefore saves on energy costs. sun’s heat from entering the building can save on energy costs and reduce glare, and provides future proofing Sustainability and performance issues were key against the effects of climate change. Shading systems concerns at the University of Edinburgh School can be fitted to existing as well as new structures, of Informatics, where the low energy strategy providing a good opportunity to improve the energy included careful regulation of the glazed areas performance of some refurbished campus buildings. to reduce solar gain, openable windows to CASE STUDY 1: provide natural ventilation and night-time air purging. These and other passive measures such The facade at the award winning as exposed thermal mass enabled the project to Faculty of English at Cambridge achieve a BREEAM Excellent rating. University was carefully detailed to provide an easily controllable natural ventilation solution which ensures that airflow can be maintained whenever required. Separating the functions of daylight and view from the ventilation ensured that ventilation is available when blinds are in use, in the event of driving rain, and also securely at night in summer to precool the building for the next day. Through an iterative design process with the architect, we defined the areas required for appropriate ventilation and how these were to be controlled. Image: Buro Happold / Mandy Reynolds Detailed analysis of the ventilation included evaluation of the cladding contractor’s proposals for the openings and the protective louvres. We defined the performance of protective Higher Education Capability Statement brises-soleil to appropriate facades, but also ensured that where these were not required full advantage was taken of glare and solar gain Image: Buro Happold / Daniel Hopkinson free daylight. In conjunction with the in situ Faculty of English at Cambridge University, UK concrete structure and the finely detailed and highly specified facade, this building achieved an air tightness of over ten times lower than the requirements of building regulations, reducing heat losses during winter. University of Salford, Faculty of Law, Salford, UK 36 37
  • Buro Happold Buro Happold 4 Developing the Education Estate Specialist facilities to enable learning, research and leisure “Our priority is to create high Working within a campus environment presents numerous challenges, particularly when providing new, leading edge facilities of many different types. Buro Happold has extensive experience in the design and construction of a wide range of academic buildings – both on and off campus – quality, energy-efficient including libraries, science laboratories, sports complexes, performance venues, faculty offices, lecture theatres and student halls of residence. campus buildings that provide We always put a strong focus on the needs of staff and students – what do they want and expect from the also carefully consider how the building will relate to existing structures and how the site is likely to develop university they choose? Providing well-designed learning in the future. exceptional value in their design, and recreational spaces has a clear positive impact on the popularity of the university and overall satisfaction with the campus, helping to attract the best academics Above all, a university must be able to meet the diverse – and changing – needs of all its many users and form 4 construction and operation.” as well as enhancing the overall student ‘experience’. the heart of a vibrant community. With our wealth of multi-disciplinary expertise to draw on – as well as our Each type of facility has very different requirements, extensive supply chain capabilities – Buro Happold is and to achieve successful outcomes the exchange of able to deliver truly world class learning and research information and good team interaction between the environments that will inspire a new generation of university and the design team are essential at all stages students. Neil Squibbs of a project. Whether new-build or refurbishment, we Education Sector Director, Buro Happold Higher Education Capability Statement Image: Buro Happold / Adam Wilson Learning Education York University Biosciences Research Facility 38 39
  • Buro Happold Developing the Education Estate Developing the Education Estate Student accommodation Sports and leisure facilities The English Institute of Sport, University of Bath CASE STUDY: The project to refurbish and extend the Glen Eyre Halls of Residence at the University of Southampton involved upgrading three existing 1960s blocks to include 204 en suite post-graduate rooms and 412 cluster-organised bedroom units. The new accommodation provides a focus and identity for social activities, while achieving a seamless integration between the refurbishment and the new extensions. As the building was to be re-clad as part of the refurbishment programme, Buro Happold CASE STUDY: advised on improvements in the U-value of the walls, roof and windows and the air tightness One of the key elements of the rating of the building. Our consultants specified English Institute of Sport at the the make up of fabric, glazing performance and University of Bath is the central water efficient fixtures in order to ensure a high viewing gallery and its support system. Our quality result. To ensure that the development engineers devised a method to build the gallery did not have an adverse affect on the rest of the for the required eight tennis courts at ceiling site, a series of modelling studies were carried height, meeting specific volume requirements out to examine the potential impact on the while minimising intrusion of the gallery into the existing surrounding buildings and trees. sports area below. Supported by three structural ‘trees’, the gallery bisects the courts and provides full viewing over each one. The trees are three dimensional lattice columns and also function as the primary component of the stability systems for the tennis hall. Cantilevering up from the structure’s foundations, the trees provide a row of lateral restraints along the spine of the hall. A central goal of the project was enabling different elements to perform multiple functions, Higher Education Capability Statement such as the gallery supports and roof trusses. The bottom chord of the hall’s 75m long trusses acts as support for the tennis netting, while the trusses themselves also contain radiant heating, lighting, and a PA system, and are Images: Buro Happold / Adam Wilson expected to fluctuate significantly in length as the temperature varies inside the hall. Specific central positioning of the trusses allows for this expansion and contraction without locking thermal stress into the structure itself. Glen Eyre Halls of Residence, University of Southampton, UK 40 41
  • Buro Happold Developing the Education Estate Developing the Education Estate Faculty buildings Libraries CASE STUDY: The extension to the library at Dundee University Student workstations and help desk reflects the changing ways in which students and facilities are on the ground floor, while academics work, and provides a space to facilitate the quieter library spaces are located on new ways of learning. The extension needed to upper floors. A full height wall of patterned acoustic provide separate spaces for quiet study and for panels prevents noise from the atrium travelling into conversation and meeting areas. The existing library the library. and the new building are separated by transparent panelling that acts as an acoustic barrier. The Sustainability is key in the design of the new panelling ‘covers up’ the elevation of the existing facilities, with the use of daylighting informing the building, providing acoustic separation between the massing, orientation and form. Exposed thermal study areas and the interactive areas. mass enables the indoor climate to be established CASE STUDY: during peak occupancy periods and a night The new studio building for the Similarly, the new library building at Queen’s cooling strategy has been incorporated. A natural Faculty of the Built Environment University Belfast needs to be capable of ventilation system is utilised throughout much of at the University of the West supporting learning and teaching for future the building, while chilled beams to cool classrooms of England (UWE) was constructed to generations, as well as forming an integral part of and computer intensive spaces significantly reduce accommodate the rising number of students transforming the university’s infrastructure. energy costs. enrolling on a four year undergraduate degree course in Architecture and Planning. The client’s brief was to create a low energy building that would achieve a minimum of a BREEAM The Faculty of the Built Environment, ‘Very Good’ rating, while exploring the use of University of the West of England, Bristol, UK innovative material combinations. Materials selected for the design contribute to the sustainability of the project and allow the building to function as a teaching tool in itself. The building is a long span, steel framed structure that utilises thin bed bonded brickwork and straw bale cladding, demonstrating a hybrid sustainable construction. The environmental strategy utilises natural Higher Education Capability Statement ventilation and daylighting to reduce energy consumption and improve occupant comfort. The building has been zoned to group most of the studio space on the north facade in Images: Buro Happold / Adam Wilson order to maximise daylighting, with the areas requiring more controlled lighting located on the south side. Although designed in 1999- 2000, the building is performing well, with a ‘B’ Image: ASL Architects rating Display Energy Certificate – exceptional performance for a building with extended hours of use. Dundee Library Extension 42
  • Buro Happold Developing the Education Estate Research laboratories CASE STUDY 2: Flexibility to enable future changes was an important element in the design of York University Bioscience Research Facility. The building accommodates research teams of differing sizes - from individuals to larger groups - which can change over time, requiring a building which has facilities that can be adapted. The building was designed as a modular grid, with a service spine running down the main corridor. This allowed for Image: Sheppard Robson the room sizes to be changed without moving York University Biosciences Research Facility, UK the services. The Scottish Centre for Regenerative Medicine (SCRM), One of the key elements of the design was the University of Edinburgh, UK need to ensure that the space was suitable for the very sensitive equipment used in the rapidly developing micro and nano technologies. Vibration needed to be reduced Images: Buro Happold to a minimum so that the performance of the sensitive microscopes - used for the production of microchips where the highest precision is Early CFD modelling to demonstrate natural required – was not affected. Traditionally a ventilation in perimeter office space. concrete framed building is used for a facility with these requirements, but a feasibility study showed that, after modification, a steel CASE STUDY 1: framed solution could not only deliver similar performance characteristics to a concrete frame The Scottish Centre for Regenerative Medicine good daylighting levels, and the but would also result in a £200,000 saving. The (SCRM), which will spearhead the University of suitability of natural ventilation. Manual ground floor level is often particularly sensitive Edinburgh’s work in stem cell research, incorporates windows combined with underfloor fresh to vibration, so ‘zones’ for the equipment were a number of renewable energy technologies air and passive chilled beams provide a comfortable created using isolated floors. that comply with the Edinburgh Standards for internal environment. Sustainable Buildings (ESSB). In order to achieve Higher Education Capability Statement a solution that is both energy efficient and cost The areas of the facility where close control of the effective, the office and administration spaces are internal environment is needed, along with spaces kept separate from the laboratories, which use requiring ‘black box’ conditions, are located at the significantly more energy. heart of the building. The primary laboratory spaces are arranged to provide maximum future flexibility, Images: Buro Happold / Adam Wilson The office based areas are located at the perimeter with active chilled beams incorporated to provide Learning Education of the building, allowing them to benefit from the required cooling. The use of chilled beams, daylighting and natural ventilation. Dynamic energy combined with ground source heating and cooling modelling and computational fluid dynamics and photovoltaic array, has allowed the SCRM to analysis was undertaken to ensure the optimal achieve a 20% reduction in carbon emissions. configuration of external shading, the provision of York University Biosciences Research Facility, UK 44 45 45
  • Buro Happold 5 Working in Partnership Delivering projects in a spirit of collaboration and cooperation “Buro Happold offers a unique At Buro Happold we believe that good design emerges from positive collaboration, so we work in partnership with clients, architects and other members of our design team, sharing information and contributing to problem solving. We identify client aspirations early on in the design process – by benefit to clients through its holistic establishing levels of performance required of the structure and systems we can advise on the most appropriate and economical procurement routes. Our close involvement with the whole design and multi-disciplinary approach… team means we can incorporate high levels of buildability and workmanship into our specifications, while encouraging the use of materials from sustainable sources. by engaging with all parties we By working holistically and identifying any potential challenges in advance, our engineers are able to add value to all areas of the design and ensure that the When working with universities we strive to make engineering more understandable to all the parties involved, explaining how innovative technologies 5 can provide the best solution to student and staff experience of the higher education and design solutions could work for them. With our environment is a positive one for all user groups. Our wealth of experience to draw on, we are able to provide aim is to go beyond legal compliance and help clients valuable insights into how to create modern, flexible HE with responsibilities for estates and facilities to be environments that are fit for the 21st century. stakeholder requirements.” better informed about effective practice in areas such as energy performance, flexible construction and carbon management. Andy Keelin Group Director, Buro Happold Higher Education Capability Statement Image: Buro Happold / Robert Greshoff 46 47
  • Buro Happold Working in Partnership Working in Partnership Working with stakeholders and clients Multi-disciplinary approach Building relationships through constructive Buro Happold’s integrated, multi-disciplinary teams are engagement is central to Buro Happold’s approach - we CASE STUDY: highly skilled in providing a wide variety of structural, always aim to present an integrated solution, engaging environmental and infrastructure solutions tailored both across the disciplines and with the university The large number of stakeholders to individual clients’ needs. In addition to our core estate. In this way it is possible to challenge, debate and involved on the University of engineering disciplines, we also provide a wide range share information to achieve the right solution to meet Sheffield AMRC project meant that of specialist consultancy services, enabling us to further the needs of clients and stakeholders. it was vital to work to a clear delivery strategy optimise and add value to the design process. to ensure that all of the different requirements were met. With 10% of the project budget set aside for sustainable technologies, the design team ran a design workshop with all of the stakeholders – around 80 people in total – to gain a clear understanding of their expectations. This allowed our engineers to incorporate the client’s aspirations and ideas into the building design at the beginning of the project, ensuring a successful result. A similar approach was adopted on the Napier University Sighthill Campus project. If an engineering concern arose with the scheme, the design team would put together a design paper to identify the key issues and recommend solutions for the client. This helped the client to have a better understanding of each element Section of roof design of the project, enabling the team to fully at the Exeter University demonstrate our solutions before arriving at the Forum, UK final design. CASE STUDY: With 18 different specialist disciplines involved in the been analysed using the computational project, our work on the Exeter University Forum fluid dynamics (CFD) package Flovent illustrates how multi-disciplinary working can – software that predicts 3D airflow, benefit building design. A particular consideration heat transfer and contamination distribution – to Higher Education Capability Statement is to find a compromise between achieving the ensure that the displacement ventilation strategy aesthetic appeal that is required by the architect can maintain comfortable conditions at all times. and providing a functional building that meets Our acoustics team use an innovative auralisation Image: Buro Happold / Daniel Hopkinson performance targets. We worked in partnership with analysis technique to assess and demonstrate the the whole design team and the client to ensure the sound penetration from the auditorium, Great Hall best possible outcomes. concert space and the effect of rain on the grid shell roof. This work influenced a change in the roof Our teams worked with detailed models and design, which now uses a combination of timber diagrams provided by the architect along with panels, ETFE and glass. cutting-edge modelling software to assess how each Advanced Manufacturing Research Centre (AMRC), University of Sheffield, UK area of the Forum will perform. The auditorium has 48 49
  • Buro Happold Locations National Coverage “We look at the culture of the The practice has the ability to cover the higher We are in regular contact with members of AUDE, AVE, education sector nationally through strong bases across HEFCE and the DCSF and look to influence policy and the country. Each office has a high degree of experience practice wherever possible. organisation and influence change in education projects, and regular workshops across the practice ensure that our class-leading approach is shared between all designers, maximising value and keeping us at the forefront of higher education design. so the end user can operate their buildings more effectively – just Region locations Key contact Contact details Education Sector Director Neil Squibbs neil.squibbs@burohappold.com Bath and the South Dr. Mike Entwisle mike.entwisle@burohappold.com because things have always been London and the South East Angus Palmer angus.palmer@burohappold.com Midlands and the North Simon Wainwright simon.wainwright@burohappold.com Scotland and Ireland Rod Manson rod.manson@burohappold.com done one way, doesn’t mean it’s the only way. We challenge assumptions.” Alan Hutchins Facilities Management Team, Buro Happold Higher Education Capability Statement Image: Buro Happold / Daniel Hopkinson University of Salford, Faculty of Law, Salford, UK 50 51
  • Buro Happold Our Services Industry Recognition Multi-disciplinary Awards – Education sector Buro Happold is an integrated multi-disciplinary Infrastructure, Transport and Urban Development The Civic Trust Awards British Construction Industry Awards engineering and strategic consultancy for the built 2009 Winner: Samworth Enterprise Academy 2003 Award for Innovation: The Royal Ballet School • Infrastructure design environment. Whether appointed to provide a single 2008 Commended: Hazelwood School ‘Bridge of Inspiration’ service or complete multi-disciplinary solutions, we • Traffic and highways Commended: West London Academy Major Project Award: Cambridge University combine creativity with solid technical skills and an • Transportation planning consultancy Mathematical Sciences Centre Commended: Haberdashers’ Aske’s Knights Academy awareness of the key drivers that shape projects in the • Urban design and planning higher education sector. 2006 Commended: Imperial College Faculty Building • Urban regeneration and development ACE Engineering Excellence Awards 2005 Winner: Michael A Ashcroft Building, Anglia Polytechnic University 2008 Commendation: Low Carbon Technology Category: Management AMRC, University of Sheffield Building Engineering Winner: Open University New Library Building • Design management 2003 Commended: West Downs Centre, Other Awards • Structural engineering King Alfred’s College • Building services engineering (mechanical, electrical, • Facilities management 2008 Winner: South West Built Environment Awards plumbing and environmental design) • Health and safety (Constructing Excellence) Value Award and Project IStructE Awards of the Year: Threeways School • Specialist consultancy (acoustics, audio-visual, IT, • Planning supervision 2008 Award for Education or Healthcare Structures: security, building systems integration) Winner: South West Built Environment Awards • Project team management Thomas Deacon Academy (Constructing Excellence) Sustainability Award: • CoSA Solutions (computational simulation • Site management Bristol BSF and analysis) RIBA Awards • Site supervision Winner: South Yorkshire and Humberside Built in • Inclusive Design consultancy 2009 National Award: St Mary Magdalene Academy Quality Awards – Best Commercial Building: • Total cost management • Engineering sustainability Regional Award: Minster School AMRC, University of Sheffield • Whole life costing • Facade engineering Regional Award: St Mary Magdalene Academy Winner: RIAI Irish Architecture Awards: Cork School 2008 Regional Award: Samworth Enterprise Academy of Music • Fire engineering Regional Award: Sanger Building, Bryanston School Commended: Scottish Design Awards – Public • Ground engineering and remediation Building: Hazelwood School Open University Jennie Lee Building, Milton Keynes, UK Regional Award: Bristol Brunel Academy • Lighting technologies 2006 Winner: H&V News Awards: The Core, Eden Project Regional Award: National Film and Television School • Lightweight and long span structures Winner: The Concrete Centre Award for Sustainability: Regional Award: Thomas Deacon Academy • Public health engineering Queen Margaret University Regional Award: Bristol Brunel Academy • Site infrastructure development 2005 Highly Commended: Fire Industry Confederation Sustainability Award: Bristol Brunel Academy Awards: Thomas Deacon Academy The RIBA Sorrell Foundation Schools Award: 2004 Winner: Quality in Construction Awards – Project Environmental Consultancy Shortlisted: Bristol Brunel Academy of the Year (medium-sized): Bexley Business Academy • Contaminated land assessment and remediation Shortlisted: Thomas Deacon Academy 2003 Winner: Jeu D’Espirit Award: Cambridge University management 2007 European Award: Alsion Campus, Syddansk Mathematical Sciences Centre University, Denmark • Emissions modelling Winner: The Public Private Finance Awards – Best Higher Education Capability Statement Regional Award: Middlesborough Institute Education Project above £20m: Ealing Schools PFI • Energy and energy efficiency of Modern Art Winner: Architectural Association of Ireland Annual • Environmental statement, including environmental Regional Award: Marlowe Academy Awards: Urban Institute, Ireland impact assessment (EIA) 2006 Regional Award: Northampton Academy Image: Buro Happold / Robert Greshoff • Geoenvironmental engineering Regional Award: Senior Common Room, St John’s • Sustainability assessment College, Oxford • Transport assessment report, including traffic impact assessment (TIA) CIBSE Awards 2006 Winner: Project of the year: The Core, Eden Project 52 53
  • Page 54 (clockwise, from top left): Alsion Campus, Syddansk University Science and Technology Park, Sonderborg, Denmark Institute of Criminology, Cambridge University, UK Photography Credits Exeter University Forum, UK Napier University’s new Sighthill campus, Edinburgh, UK Advanced Manufacturing Research Centre (AMRC), University of Sheffield, UK Experimental Media and Performing Arts Centre (EMPAC), Troy, New York, USA We would like to thank the companies and photographers that Page 55 (clockwise, from top left): Combined Universities in Cornwall, Falmouth, UK Open University Jennie Lee Building, Milton Keynes, UK have kindly allowed us to reproduce their images, visualisations Queen Margaret University, Edinburgh, UK Imperial College Business School, London University of Dundee Library Extension, UK and diagrams within this document and, in doing so we acknowledge that all rights belong to the owners. 54 October/09 55
  • The engineering of excellence Bath Belfast Birmingham Edinburgh Glasgow Leeds Buro Happold London Manchester Camden Mill Abu Dhabi Lower Bristol Road Berlin Bath BA2 3DQ Boston Cairo Tel: 01225 320 600 Copenhagen Dubai Contact: Hong Kong Neil Squibbs, Education Sector Director Jeddah Tel: 01225 320 646 Kuwait Email: neil.squibbs@burohappold.com Los Angeles Moscow Munich Structural Engineering Building Services / MEP Engineering New York Ground Engineering Infrastructure Engineering Specialist Consulting Pune Riyadh Toronto www.burohappold.com Warsaw