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Universal Design for Learning






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Universal Design for Learning Universal Design for Learning Presentation Transcript

  • Universal Design for learning
    Rebecca Webster
    Walden University
    Professor Sherry Lambertson
    EDUC-6714D-2 Reaching and Engaging All Learners Through Technology
    November 28, 2010
  • What is Universal Design for Learning (UDL)?
    Universal Design began in the field of Architecture (Laureate,
    2009b) when builders realized that current methods for creating
    access actually hindered certain groups of people, such as
    the physically handicapped, from moving freely from place
    to place.
    Builders, encouraged by state and federal mandates,
    began retrofitting buildings with elevators and access ramps,
    and revamping sidewalks with curb cutouts in order to remove
    barriers to access like stairs and curb walls. It was a very
    expensive process and much more productive and cost
    effective to incorporate Universal Design from the
    beginning of the building process.
  • What is Universal Design for Learning (UDL)?
    Adopted by the Center for Applied Special Technology, or CAST, Universal Design morphed into the Universal Design for Learning, or UDL, as a means to transform the traditional one-size-fits-all educational schema that is designed to meet the needs of the large middle, but tends to exclude those with more diverse abilities, learning styles and preferences, or backgrounds.
  • What is Universal Design for Learning (UDL)?
    CAST understood that current educational practices failed “to provide all individuals with fair and equal opportunities to learn” (Cast, 2009a, p. 3) and that it was not the students who needed to be fixed, but rather it was the way in which they were being taught that needed to change. Instead of maintaining the status quo, UDL “focuses educators on developing flexible curricula that provides students with multiple ways of accessing content, multiple means for expressing what they learn, and multiple pathways for engaging their interest and motivation” (Howard, 2004) and, in turn, increasing achievement because teachers are not just imparting knowledge, rather the students are constructing it themselves.
  • What is Universal Design for Learning (UDL)?
    UDL has three guiding principles:
    provide multiple means of representation,
    provide multiple means of expression,
    provide multiple means of engagement,
    In this way, UDL allows educators to meet the
    needs of all learners by building more flexibility
    into materials, techniques and strategies so
    that, from the beginning, the needs of
    the greatest number of users are being met;
    thus eliminating expensive and time-
    consuming changes to curriculum
    unnecessary once it is implemented.
  • Principle I: Provide Multiple Means of Representation
    Because students differ in the way they view and comprehend information, teachers should provide options for:
    Customizing the display of information through both visual and auditory alternatives
    Graphic organizers
    Text to speech devices
    Defining and clarifying language and symbols
    Electronic dictionary
    Non-linguistic representations
    Implementing strategies that increase comprehension
    Activate prior knowledge (KWL)
    Highlight big ideas, key features, and important relationships
  • Principle II: Provide Multiple Means of Action and Expression
    Because students differ in the way they navigate through any learning environment and in the way they are able to express that they know, teachers should provide options for:
    Physical action and navigation through tools and assistive technologies
    Student response systems such as clickers or buzzers
    Manipulatives such as tanagram puzzles
    Interactive white boards
    Touch screens and keyboards
    Increasing expressive skills and fluency through scaffolding, tools, and problem solving
    Oral vs. written reports
    Digital storytelling
    Dioramas or visual art
    Concept mapping
    Spellcheckers and word prediction software
    Implementing executive functions
    Teaching how to set goals through guides and checklists
    Support planning and strategy development via templates or think-alouds
    Managing information and resources with organizers for data collection and guides for note-taking
    Ways to monitor progress using guided questions, charts or graphs, and self-reflection templates
  • Principle III: Provide Multiple Means of Engagement
    Because students differ in the way they can be engaged and motivated to learn, teachers should provide options for:
    Recruiting interest through
    Providing choice and autonomy to increase self-determination, pride, and connection
    Enhancing relevance and authenticity to increase real-world value that means something to students
    Allowing active participation, exploration, and experimentation
    Reducing threats and distractions by increasing predictability of daily activities, using anticipation guides, and varying the level of sensory stimulation
    Sustaining effort and persistence by
    Creating persistent display of goals
    Visualizing and scaffolding of desired outcomes
    Scheduling tools
    Fostering collaboration and communication
    Providing frequent feedback that emphasizes effort, improvement, and models positive strategies for future success
    Allowing self-regulation by
    Guiding personal goal-setting and expectations
    Teaching coping skills and strategies
    Developing self-assessment and reflection skills
  • The “What” of UDL:
    Key Ideas (Rose & Meyer, 2002):
    Increased student diversity means a greater emphasis on standards and accountability and makes it harder for teachers to help all students achieve.
    Research into the learning brain exposes learner differences and how to effectively use technology to increase motivation, engagement, and learning.
    UDL maximizes rapidly evolving communication technologies to create flexible methods and materials that can reach various types of learners in ways that are more effective.
    By making methods and materials more flexible, learning opportunities are maximized not just for students with identified disabilities, but also for every student.
    UDL is not "just one more thing;" it is an vital element in improving student learning and it is well-suited to be incorporated into other types of education reform.
  • “How” Do We Do It?
    Technology, technology, technology
    Children are diverse learners and need materials that adapt to their needs in ways that printed materials often cannot.
    Text to speech
    Digital highlighting and tagging
    Using technology, learning experiences can be scaffolded and personalized so that students are learning content in ways that are most effective for them.
    Digital storytelling
    Drill and practice software
    Hands on or kinesthetic learning
    Technology allows more flexibility by providing students with alternative ways to engage with the content as well as ways to create products and contribute to the classroom collective.
    Book blogs
    Pod casting
    Presentation software
    Technology prepares students for the global marketplace by creating real-world connections with which they can apply what they are learning to relevant contexts.
    Go to meeting or virtual meeting applications
    Online collaboration
  • How does UDL impact
    UDL falls in line with Greater Southern Tier BOCES as an education service
    organization driven by customer need and a commitment to excellence,
    whose mission is to ensure the success of our diverse learners, parents, community
    members, schools and businesses by providing collaboratively inspired,
    cost-effective, quality program in an atmosphere that is safe and supportive. By
    incorporating UDL into what we are already doing through career and vocational
    programming, we can increase our ability to reach and teach every learner. In addition,
    UDL will give teacher the knowledge, flexibility, and resources to build lessons that engage and motivate even our most at risk students by providing them with the maximum opportunity to learn
  • Brain Research and Learner Differences
    Every student is different in the way that they learn. Some are auditory; some are visual and some are kinesthetic. They can even be a combination of two or more. These modalities affect how each is able to access, comprehend, and apply the content being taught.
    In addition, learning involves three connected networks (Department of Education, 2010) within the brain that uniquely facilitate the learning process based on an individual’s abilities, experiences, and modality of learning: the recognition network, the strategic network, and the affective network. Based on the type of task and the level of mastery, the brain distributes information processing through these networks.
  • UDL Supports Diversity
    UDL’s purpose is to reduce any barriers to the educational process and provide accommodations for the needs of individual learners through the widest range of curricular materials possible (Department of Education, 2010) in addition to flexibility in teaching approaches by
    Providing multiple means to access the content
    Digital text
    Oral presentation
    Graphic organizers
    Providing multiple ways to express knowledge, opportunities for practices, and timely feedback
    Oral reports
    Written reports
    Digital storytelling
    Power Point
    Group presentations
    Providing students with choices of content and tools, activities and rewards
    Group work
    Independent work
    Workspace location
    Word-processing vs. handwritten
  • Technology plays a central role in UDL’s ability to address and support the brain’s various
    Recognition Networks
    • Enable the learner to identify and recognize patterns in the environment in order to attach meaning to them. Technology enables the teacher to provide multiple examples through multiple modalities
    Strategic Networks
    • Tells the learner how to do things by carrying out specific actions. Technology enables teachers to provide scaffolding through the use of various models and gives the student more flexibility to show what they know via various means of expression
    Affective Networks
    • Determines order of importance and provides motivation for learning based on student emotional connection with the content. Technology provides a means to offer more choice as well as a way to adjust the level of challenge for each student individually in addition to providing a real world context for communication and collaboration.
  • Tools and Resources
    CAST UDL Book Builder
    Enables educators to develop their own digital books to support reading instruction literacy learning.
    • UDL Editions by CAST
    • UDL Editions takes advantage of the flexibility of digital media to reach and engage all learners through leveled supports. The Texthelp Toolbar balances challenge and support for each learner, ages 10 and up.
    CAST UDL Lesson Builder
    provides educators with models and tools to create and adapt lessons that increase access and participation in the general education curriculum for all students
  • References
    Center for Applied Special Technology. (2009a). UDL guidelines, version 1.0. Retrieved Nov. 18, 2010 from http://www.udlcenter.org/aboutudl/udlguidelines
    Center for Applied Special Technology. (2009b). Educator Checklist. Retrieved Nov. 18, 2010 from http://www.udlcenter.org/aboutudl/udlguidelines
    Department of Education. (2010). The access center: Using a universal design approach to find barriers and solutions in the curriculum. Washington, DC: American Institutes for Research. Retrieved Nov. 26 from h http://www.k8accesscenter.org/training_resources/UniversalDesign_BarriersSolutions.asp
    Howard, K. L. (2004). Universal design for learning: Meeting the needs of all students. International Society for Technology in Education, 31(5), 26– 29. Retrieved from the ERIC database.
    Laureate Education, Inc. (Executive Producer). (2009a). Brain research and universal design for learning: Reaching and engaging all learners t hrough technology. Baltimore: Author.
    Laureate Education, Inc. (Executive Producer). (2009b). Universal design for learning: Reaching and engaging all learners through technology. Baltimore: Author.
    Rose, D., & Meyer, A. (2002). Teaching every student in the digital age: Universal design for learning. Alexandria, VA: Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development. Reprinted by permission of the Association for Supervision and Curriculum Development via the Copyright Clearance Center. Located at http://www.cast.org/teachingeverystudent/ideas/tes/