Computer Technology: A Method for Teaching Mathematics to ADHD Students<br />Rebecca Sustaita<br />
Math Difficulties Experienced by ADHD Students<br />Many students with ADHD dislike and even dread math because they have specific difficulty with math computation skills such as:<br />Carelessness and inaccurate computation<br />Misalignment of problems on paper<br />Difficulty organizing and copying problems<br />Inattention to processing math signs<br />Trouble memorizing and recalling basic facts<br /> (Rief, 1993)<br />
What’s the Best Approach?<br />Sandra F. Rief explains in her book, How to Reach and Teach ADD/ADHD Children, that students with ADHD can learn best with the following approaches:<br />Hands-on discovery<br />Problem-solving approach<br />Cooperative learning<br />
Hands-on Discovery<br />This approach encourages the ADHD learner to use a variety of concrete materials to teach concepts.<br />ADHD students are guided to make their own discoveries, moving from the concrete to symbolic levels.<br />(Rief, 1993)<br />
Problem Solving Approach<br />This approach encourages ADHD students to solve problems in meaningful ways by:<br />Providing questioning strategies<br />Encouraging solutions to problems<br />Supporting the development of their own strategies<br />Allowing self-evaluation of their own results <br /> (Rief,1993)<br />
Cooperative Learning<br />This approach allows ADHD students to work together in order to explore, solve problems, and share discoveries.<br />This approach also encourages interactive, cooperative groups that help increase participation and active engagement of ADHD students.<br />(Rief, 1993) <br />
Technology Integration Supports Cooperative Learning<br />Computer technology provides students to:<br />Do collaborative Internet research<br />Create multimedia/web page group products<br />Compete in instructional group/team games<br />(Roblyer & Doering, 2008)<br />
Math Computer Technology Resources<br />There is supporting research that says computer technology resources help students with ADHD (Rief, 1993).<br />It is beneficial to students if both teachers and parents have a store of resources to access.<br />The following are only a few of the many online resources available that can help students with ADHD math instruction.<br />http://www.coolmath-games.com<br />http://resources.oswego.org/games/<br />http://www.mathplayground.com<br />
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