Claire McCamphill Defra

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  • Who are the attendees likely to be?
  • Factsheets bein
  • Culmination of 7 exploitable ecosystem services out of a possible 35 – highlights Dartmoor and Exmoor as well as estuaries.
  • Agricensus data to look at intensity of cattle and arable land use with natural areas and urban removed – Ottery and Culm
    We know what areas are multi functional and what the current agricultural so how much is currently used
  • Multifunctional areas clipped at 7 points = 20% of landscape
    Blue = currently not intensive agriculture 13%; Red = conflict between intensive agriculture and eco services 7%
    This equals 32,000ha – at the rate we have been working with farms (roughly £5k per ha) this is £160m
  • Claire McCamphill Defra

    1. 1.  Focus on agriculture/land management and impacts on water  Where to access Defra R&D  Some key completed and ongoing projects (UK and EU)  Embedding R&D focus on knowledge transfer Synthesis work - key handbooks/ publications - Systematic reviews,  Working with others to make tools available
    2. 2.  EA regulatory advice and sanctions  CAP o Cross compliance o Agri-environment o Forestry o Capital grants o Catchment sensitive farming  CAP reform o Greening, better targeting of existing tools, innovation fund  Water company catchment schemes
    3. 3.  Foundation for water research (includes EA and Defra WFD information (Defra Water Stakeholder Forum documents) http://www.euwfd.com/html/en gland_and_the_wfd.html;  Defra R&D http://randd.defra.gov.uk/Defa ult.aspx? Menu=Menu&Module=Theme &Completed=0 ongoing & completed projects http://www.defra.gov.uk/publications/ files/pb13471-eis-110427- annex2.pdf
    4. 4.  WQ0106 o Cost curves for multiple diffuse pollutants o Development of FARMSCOPER tool (tool allows users to select the most cost effective combinations of mitigation measures to achieve defined targets for water pollutants, greenhouse gasses and ammonia). o Development of Revised User Guide of 83 measures for mitigating diffuse water pollution, ammonia emissions and emissions of greenhouse gasses. WQ0111 Faecal Indicator Organism Losses from Farming Systems Establishing the processes and pathways of faecal indicator organism (FIO) losses from farming systems to surface waters, and to identify the relative contribution of different potential FIO loss routes to the overall FIO burden of surface waters. A large number of bathing waters are currently failing due to agricultural pollution.  WQ0108 & WQ0118 cracking-clay experimental platforms o Understanding behaviour of livestock manure multiple pollutants through contrasting cracking clay soils and testing practical mitigation methods that can be adopted by industry.
    5. 5.  WQ0128 ecological impact of fine sediment o framework for targeting mitigation of agricultural sediment losses o techniques for targeting on-farm measures for reducing sediment loss from agriculture according to the risk to freshwater ecology.  WQ0129 Delivery of Phosphorus and Faecal Indicator Organisms from Agricultural Sources to Watercourses - PEDAL 2 o Development of a decision-support tool that enables pollution risks from agriculture within catchments to be identified where information is scarce. o makes predictions of water quality impacts which take account of inherent uncertainty.
    6. 6.  WQ0111 Faecal Indicator Organism Losses from Farming Systems. o Establishing processes and pathways of FIO losses from farming systems to surface waters (BW), and to identify the relative contribution of different potential FIO loss routes to the overall FIO burden of surface waters.  WQ0203 o Optimising effects of practical field-scale interventions to reduce FIO fluxes impacting on bathing waters. o Testing mitigation measures for reducing losses of FIOs from farm steadings (using constructed wetlands) and grazing livestock (exclusion of animals from water-courses).
    7. 7. Demonstration Test Catchments Defra Contacts: Daniel McGonigle Bob Harris
    8. 8.  To test the hypothesis - it is possible to cost effectively reduce the impact of agricultural diffuse water pollution on ecological function while maintaining food security through the implementation of multiple on- farm measures.  To develop a research platform to host collaborative research and thus test: ◦ More efficient and effective ways of undertaking research ◦ How interdisciplinary working can inform integrated policy.  To explore a new model for catchment management centred around local knowledge and understanding.
    9. 9.  5 year programme  3 (4) Catchments  10 sub-catchments  each 10 Km2 in area  £6.5 million budget  >40 Institutions
    10. 10. Building a shared knowledge base from shared catchments Scientific challenges – drawing it together
    11. 11.  Obtaining and using existing data, information and knowledge more effectively, and linking currently disparate research  Developing a better definition of the weight of evidence on agricultural diffuse pollution for policy and regulation  Obtaining and using higher resolution data using “modern” systems; and  By developing “communities of practice” within and between researchers and wider stakeholder groups;
    12. 12.  http://www.wensumalliance.org.uk Wensum Consortium: Dr. Kevin Hiscock, UEA  http://www.edendtc.org.uk/what-is-the-river-eden- demonstration-test-catchments-project/ Eden Consortium: Prof Phil Haygarth, Lancaster University  http://www.avondtc.org.uk/ Avon Consortium: Prof Adrian Collins, ADAS
    13. 13. River Basin Network - Helen Taylor and Paul Bryson at EA - Janette MacDonald - SEPA
    14. 14.  WG 1. Indicators to monitor the implementation of measures  WG 2. Financing the agricultural measures  WG 3. Farmers involvement, strategies and experiences  WG 4. Interplay between the Flood Directive and flood related measures  WG 5. Cost-effectiveness of agricultural measures (co- leader: England and Wales UK)  WG 6. Comparison of policies and implementation strategies to reduce diffuse agricultural pollution (co- leader: Scotland (UK))  WG 7. Irrigation related measures
    15. 15. Moving to delivery
    16. 16.  Compendium available on EA website v. soon  Contact Jamie Letts at EA
    17. 17.  Right tree, right place  http://www.forestry.gov.u k/website/pdf.nsf/pdf/Woo dland_and_WFD_mappin g.pdf/ $FILE/Woodland_and_W FD_mapping.pdf
    18. 18. Rivers Trusts ecosystem service mapping
    19. 19.  Learning from tools used in WFD catchment pilots  Developing catchment appraisal and mapping tools (spec out for tender 1-2 years)  Systematic review for agricultural measures  Provision of modelling and decision support tools to get value out of r&d in guiding local delivery  Application of ecosystems approach and PES to water and land management - NEA (2)

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