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OCR Representation/TV Drama Representation of age
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OCR Representation/TV Drama Representation of age

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  • 1. REVISION LESSON Write down at least 3 Dos and 3 Donts for the exam How is age/gender/ethnicity/social class/sexual identity/regional idenity/disability REPRESENTED through the MICRO ELEMENTS?
  • 2. Dos & Donts • Make lots of notes • Use your anagrams so you know what to look for • Use symbols and abbreviations to include more • Use your screening time well – either be making notes or beginning your answer • Use the PEE structure • Use as much terminology as you can • Only refer to the area of representation stated • Cover all 4 micro elements • Plan your time – will you write so many PEEs on each section in turn or will you follow the chronological order of the clip • Start with editing to make sure you don’t miss it • Always state whether they are subverting/reinforcing/conforming to stereotypes • Describe the meaning of words • Waste time with an intro/ conclusion • Generally analyse • Write lots on one micro element and then run out of time • Be inaccurate – with spelling or what you are saying • Stop writing!
  • 3. Quick terminology recap • Write down 10 technical/representation words • Think of the most difficult!
  • 4. PEE structure • POINT: Ethnicity (Area of representation) is represented through (micro element). • EVIDENCE: What you DENOTE and What it could CONNOTE • EXPLAIN: An explanation of how this subverts/conforms or reinforces stereotypes 50 marks total – Terminology = 10 Evidence = 20 Analysis = 20
  • 5. Good answer? • Snoop’s ethnicity is represented by cinematography and depth of field. • The shallow focused close up on Snoop’s face connotes she is dominant within the scene. • This subverts stereotypical representations of a young black woman who would normally be portrayed as more insignificant within a scene with a white man but here she is showing confidence and is superior within the scene.
  • 6. Good answer? • Snoop’s ethnicity is represented by cinematography and depth of field. • The shallow focused close up on Snoop’s face connotes she is dominant within the scene. • This subverts stereotypical representations of a young black woman who would normally be portrayed as more insignificant within a scene with a white man but here she is showing confidence and is superior within the scene. • Analysis terminology • Technical terminology
  • 7. REPRESENTATION OF AGE TV DRAMA LO: To micro analyse TV drama through the representation of age How is age represented in this image?
  • 8. Positive and negatives of youth and old age
  • 9. YOUTH OLD AGE POSITIVES Active Sociable Innocent Strong Long future ahead Adventurous Fun Wise Authoritative Well educated Freedom Wealth Stability NEGATIVES Lazy Rebellious Rude Hormonal Vulnerable Naiive Dependent Weak Vulnerable Fragile Mentally incompetent Not in control of their own bodies Lonely Dependent Boring Unwilling to try new things
  • 10. MISE EN SCENE CINEMATOGRAPHY SOUND EDITING
  • 11. MISE EN SCENE Costume, make up Lighting - high key, low key, interior, exterior, artificial, back lighting Production Design Props Performance (body language, facial expressions) Space CINEMATOGRAPHY Close up, extreme close up/long shot, mid shot, two shot, POV, high/low/canted angle, over the shoulder,composition, framing, rule of thirds, power points, deep/shallow focus, depth of field, tracking, panning, zooming, tilting, craning SOUND Sound bridge, motif, non- diegetic/diegetic, ambient, instrumental, soundtrack, tone, tempo, dialogue, sound effects, foley, synchronous/asynchronous, incidental, music score EDITING Fast/slow pace, long/short takes, fade, dissolve, cut, transition, 180 degree rule, montage/continuity editing, match on action, eyeline match,cross cutting/parallel editing, simultaneous action
  • 12. MISE EN SCENE Costume Lighting Production Design Props Performance (body language, facial expressions) Space CINEMATOGRAPHY Close up, extreme close up/long shot, mid shot, two shot, POV, high/low/canted angle, over the shoulder,composition, framing, rule of thirds, power points, deep/shallow focus, depth of field, tracking, panning, zooming, tilting, craning SOUND Sound bridge, motif, non- diegetic/diegetic, ambient, instrumental, soundtrack, tone, tempo, dialogue, sound effects, foley EDITING Fast/slow pace, long/short takes, fade, dissolve, cut, transition, 180 degree rule, montage/continuity editing, match on action, eyeline match,cross cutting/parallel editing, simultaneous action How would these represent superior or inferior qualities?
  • 13. MISE EN SCENE CINEMATOGRAPHY EDITING SOUND AGE
  • 14. Is this a typical representation of age?
  • 15. How could age be represented through sound?
  • 16. How could age be represented through mise en scene?
  • 17. How could age be represented through cinematography?
  • 18. How could age be represented through editing?
  • 19. January paper - Section A TV DRAMA
  • 20. Marking Criteria Frequent and Accurate use of media terminology Consistent evidence from the extract offered. Offers frequent relevant examples from the extract Clear analysis of how the technical aspects are used to construct the particular representation Understanding of the constructed nature of representation 10 Terminology 20 20 Use of Examples Analysis/Explanation
  • 21. Weak Responses Described the action rather than analysed Focused primarily on one area and neglect others Stray from the relevant question- discuss gender/social class etc Were concerned with TV Drama as genre rather than focus on representation Use terminology rarely or inaccurately Write a short response, intro and conclusion included Strong Responses Use note taking effectively and were well practiced in working under timed conditions. Understood the constructed nature of representation and were able to explore this through all four micro elements Used media terminology frequently. Selected the most relevant examples form the extract and analysed how the technical aspects constructed age. Could see the range of representations rather than ‘old’ and ‘young’ Considered whether these representation were conformed to or subverted stereotypes
  • 22. Watch this clip: Analyse through the four micro elements for Representation of AGE
  • 23. P.E.E. • Now write a PEE for at least two points • From your notes • Point – your comment about the area of representation e.g. Youth is represented through diegetic sound. • Evidence – your micro element that tells us this e.g. The dialogue is colloquial. • Explain – link the two e.g. This conforms to a stereotypical view of young teenagers, that they are rebellious in speaking their own language.
  • 24. Editing Weakest area of analysis. Some candidates making no reference at all. Stronger responses discussed the use 180- degree rule and continuity editing. These candidates also referred to eyeline matches, shot reverse shot, simultaneous action and use of ellipsis. Also some discussed the pace of editing to represent age Sound Was tackled well by some but too much focus on dialogue. Clear distinction between diegetic and non-diegetic sound by some candidates. Need to address use of music in more detail-tempo, pace, sound bridges and link specifically to representation. Mise-en-scene Often very well discussed but at times too much focus on this area. Some entirely focused on mise-en-scene Concentration on clothing and props but little exploration of lighting. Must link to how it constructs representation. Cinematography Well handled by most with the most confident use of terminology in this area. Problems for some in just identifying camera shots/angle/position and not linking this to the construction of representation.
  • 25. REVISION – QUICK RECAP •What does representation mean? •Sum up the typical representation of old age in three words •Sum up the typical representation of youth in three words