Gerunds and
Infinitives
Complete the sentences
about sports
• I can’t stand…
• I hate…
• I prefer…
• I enjoy….
Gerunds
Where the –ing form can be replaced in a
sentence by a noun it is a gerund.
Gerund Noun
He likes singing. He likes...
Use gerunds…
After verbs connected with likes and dislikes:
like, dislike, enjoy, love, hate, can’t stand, look
forward to...
Use gerunds…
After certain expressions:
It’s no use…, It’s not worth…, There’s no point…
Eg.
It’s not worth buying.
Use gerunds…
When a verb follows a preposition it is
connected with:
I’m keen on travelling.
I’d be worried about taking a...
Use infinitives…
After verbs connected with plans and decisions:
agree, arrange, decide, hope, manage, offer,
plan, prepar...
Use infinitives…
In the pattern:
Subject + be (pres. simp.) + adj. + inf
Eg. English is fun to learn.
Use infinitives…
To express purpose:
Eg.
Why did you call him?
To arrange a meeting.
Gerund or Infinitive?
0. I enjoy bungee_____.
a. jumping
b. to jump
Gerund or Infinitive?
1. I look forward _______ from you.
a. to hearing
b. to hear
Gerund or Infinitive?
2. He stopped _______ to years ago.
a. to smoke
b. smoking
Gerund or Infinitive?
3. I rang her before _______ out.
a. going
b. go
Gerund or Infinitive?
4. I regret _______her about it now.
a. to tell
b. telling
Gerund or Infinitive?
5. It was Paul; I saw him _______ it.
a. to do
b. doing
Gerund or Infinitive?
6. Sorry _______ you, but I need some help.
a. disturbing
b. to disturb
Gerund or Infinitive?
7. I just can’t get used _______ in the city.
a. to living
b. to live
Gerund or Infinitive?
8. I want you _______ it soon.
a. finishing it
b. to finish it
Gerund or Infinitive?
9. She wanted me _______ it.
a. do
b. to do
Gerund or Infinitive?
10. The windows need _______.
a. to clean
b. cleaning
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Gerunds and-infinitives

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Gerunds and-infinitives

  1. 1. Gerunds and Infinitives
  2. 2. Complete the sentences about sports • I can’t stand… • I hate… • I prefer… • I enjoy….
  3. 3. Gerunds Where the –ing form can be replaced in a sentence by a noun it is a gerund. Gerund Noun He likes singing. He likes music. Walking is good for you. Exercise is good for you.
  4. 4. Use gerunds… After verbs connected with likes and dislikes: like, dislike, enjoy, love, hate, can’t stand, look forward to, avoid, miss etc. Eg. I like dancing
  5. 5. Use gerunds… After certain expressions: It’s no use…, It’s not worth…, There’s no point… Eg. It’s not worth buying.
  6. 6. Use gerunds… When a verb follows a preposition it is connected with: I’m keen on travelling. I’d be worried about taking a whole year off.
  7. 7. Use infinitives… After verbs connected with plans and decisions: agree, arrange, decide, hope, manage, offer, plan, prepare, promise, refuse Eg. We plan to go to London
  8. 8. Use infinitives… In the pattern: Subject + be (pres. simp.) + adj. + inf Eg. English is fun to learn.
  9. 9. Use infinitives… To express purpose: Eg. Why did you call him? To arrange a meeting.
  10. 10. Gerund or Infinitive? 0. I enjoy bungee_____. a. jumping b. to jump
  11. 11. Gerund or Infinitive? 1. I look forward _______ from you. a. to hearing b. to hear
  12. 12. Gerund or Infinitive? 2. He stopped _______ to years ago. a. to smoke b. smoking
  13. 13. Gerund or Infinitive? 3. I rang her before _______ out. a. going b. go
  14. 14. Gerund or Infinitive? 4. I regret _______her about it now. a. to tell b. telling
  15. 15. Gerund or Infinitive? 5. It was Paul; I saw him _______ it. a. to do b. doing
  16. 16. Gerund or Infinitive? 6. Sorry _______ you, but I need some help. a. disturbing b. to disturb
  17. 17. Gerund or Infinitive? 7. I just can’t get used _______ in the city. a. to living b. to live
  18. 18. Gerund or Infinitive? 8. I want you _______ it soon. a. finishing it b. to finish it
  19. 19. Gerund or Infinitive? 9. She wanted me _______ it. a. do b. to do
  20. 20. Gerund or Infinitive? 10. The windows need _______. a. to clean b. cleaning
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