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Text delivered by Patsy Aldana as part of her "Civil Society and Reading" presentation at the TD National Reading Summit.

Text delivered by Patsy Aldana as part of her "Civil Society and Reading" presentation at the TD National Reading Summit.

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Children In Crisis Transcript Document Transcript

  • 1. W h a t c a n w e d o fo r C h ild re n in C risis M y fa th e r w a s b o rn in G u a te m a la in 1 9 0 7 in to a p ro fe ss io n a l, m ilita ry fa m ily o f so m e m e a n s . B u t in 1 9 1 7 th e y e a r h e tu rn e d te n G u a te m a la C ity w a s a lm o s t c o m p le te ly d e s tro y e d b y a n e a rth q u a k e , le a v in g m y fa th e r a n d h is s ib lin g s w ith n o w h e re to liv e . T h e y w e re se n t to sta y w ith th e ir g ra n d m o th e r, h e rse lf d e p e n d e n t o n h e r so n in la w , in a s m a ll c ity in th e ea st o f G u a te m a la . S u d d e n ly th e y h a d n o m o n e y . M y fa th e r h a d to g o a n d w o rk a s a tim e k e e p e r o n th e ra ilro a d— a c o m p a n y th e n o w n e d b y th e U n ite d F ru it C o m p a n y w h ic h u s e d th e tra in s to b rin g th e ir b a n a n a s to th e p o rt o n th e G u lf o f M e x ic o . M y fa th e r w a s v e ry b rig h t b u t h e h a d to le a v e sc h o o l. B y so m e m ira c le th e re w a s a n o u tsta n d in g lib ra ry n e a r b y . It h a d th e g re a t b o o k s o f th e W e s te rn C a n o n fro m S h a k e sp e a re , to C e rv a n te s , to R a c in e , to T o ls to y to D ic k e n s . B y g o in g a n d re a d in g in th is lib ra ry e v e ry d a y a fte r w o rk m y fa th e r s u c c e e d e d in p a ssin g h is b a c h ille ra to, h is s e c o n d a ry d e g re e. H e th e n w e n t to m e d ic a l sc h o o l, b e c a m e a d o c to r, a n d a su rg e o n . H e w a s o n e o f th e b e st re a d p e o p le I h a v e e v e r k n o w n . E v e n tu a lly h e b e c a m e th e S u rg e o n G e n e ra l o f G u a te m a la a n d fo u n d e r a n d firs t re c to r o f th e U n iv e rs id a d d e l V a lle d e G u a te m a la . I th in k it is c o rre c t to sa y th a t re a d in g sa v e d m y fa th e r’s life . T h e b e lie f in th e tra n s fo rm a tiv e p o w e r o f re a d in g w a s a t th e h e a rt o f J e lla L e p m a n ’s c o n v ic tio n w h e n s h e fo u n d e d IB B Y in 1 9 5 2 . W h e n s h e re tu rn e d to G e rm a n y a fte r th e w a r to d is c o v e r th a t G e rm a n c h ild re n w e re a lm o s t e n tire ly ig n o ra n t o f th e w o rld a ro u n d th e m , h e r re sp o n s e w a s to b rin g th e m b o o k s fro m a ro u n d th e w o rld . E v e n tu a lly sh e c re a te d th e In te rn a tio n a l B o a rd o n B o o k s fo r Y o u n g P e o p le d e d ic a te d to th e id e a th a t b o o k s c o u ld b u ild b rid g e s o f u n d e rsta n d in g b e tw e e n th e w o rld ’s c h ild re n a n d th a t re a d in g c o u ld s a v e liv e s . T o d a y IB B Y , h a s 7 2 N a tio n a l se c tio n s. In p u rsu it o f o u r id e a s w e a w a rd th e H a n s C h ris tia n A n d e rs e n P riz e , o rg a n is e In te rn a tio n a l C h ild re n ’s B o o k D a y , th e IB B Y H o n o u r L ist, th e list o f b o o k s fo r c h ild re n w ith d isa bilitie s, th e IB B Y Y a m a d a re a d in g p ro m o tio n p riz e a n d w o rld w id e p u b lish in g w ritin g , illu stra tin g , p u b lish in g a n d lib ra ria n sh ip w o rk sh o p s.
  • 2. If a ll th e c h ild re n in w o rld n e e d b o o k s in o rd e r to b e c o m e re a d e rs th e re is a sp e c ia l g ro u p o f c h ild re n w h o n e e d th em e v e n m o re . T h e y a re th e C h ild re n in C ris is. T h e o n e s w h o se liv e s c o u ld lite ra lly b e sa v e d b y re a d in g . W e c a ll th is p ro g ra m th e IB B Y F u n d fo r C h ild re n in C ris is. M u c h o f o u r th in k in g a b o u t C h ild re n in C risis a n d w h a t to d o w h e n th e re is a C risis h a s b ee n s h a p e d b y tw o k e y e x p e rie n c e s. T h e la n dslid e s in V e n e z u e la a n d th e w o rk o f th e B a n c o d e l L ib ro— w h ic h le s to th e ir b e in g a w a rd e d th e A L M A P riz e a n d th e q u ic k th in k in g a c tio n s o f M u rti B u n a n ta , n o w p re sid e n t o f IB B Y In d o n e s ia in th e d a y s fo llo w in g th e T su n a m i in A c h e P ro v in c e . B o th th e s e p ro je c ts a ro u s e in re sp o n s e to m a ssiv e n a tu ra l d is a ste rs in w h ic h e n tire c o m m u n itie s d is a p p e a re d a n d c h ild re n w e re o rp h a n e d in la rg e n u m b e rs . O u r IB B Y s e c tio n s in e a c h c a se im m e d ia te ly b ro u g h t b o o k s a n d p e rh a p s e v e n m o re im p o rta n t re a d e rs. W ith in d a y s in V e n e z u e la a n d a fe w w e e k s in In d o n e sia b o o k s, c h ild re n a n d re a d e rs c a m e to g e th e r fo r lo n g te rm p ro je c t. D e sc rib e W e h a v e ju s t g ra n te d fu n d s to o u r In d o n e sia n se c tio n w h ic h is a lre a d y b rin g in g b o o k s to c h ild re n liv in g in te n ts in th e m id st o f te rrib le m o n so o n s in P a d a n g w h e re th e re w e re a n d s till a re m a ssiv e e a rth q u a k e s ta k in g p la c e . In th e firs t L e b a n e se w a r Ju lin d a A b u N a ssr p re s id e n t o f IB B Y L e b a n o n to o k b o o k s in to b a se m e n ts a n d o th e r fo rm s o f m a k e sh ift b o m b s h e lte rs a n d re a d to c h ild re n w h ile th e b o m b s fe ll a ro u n d th e m . T h e sa m e a c tu a lly h a p p n e d in C ro a tia w h e re th e N a tio n a l L ib ra ry tu rn e d its b a s e m e n t in to a b o m b sh e lte r a n d re a d in g p ro m o tio n c e n tre . T h e re U N IC E F h e lp e d . F o llo w in g th e se c o n d w a r in L e b a n o n Ju lin da d e v is e d a p ro je c t fo r sc h o o ls in S o u th e rn L e b a n o n w hic h a s y o u k n o w w a s b a s ic a lly fla tte n e d . T h is p ro je c t in v o lv e d tra in in g te a c h ers a n d d e v isin g a b o o k b a se d c u rric u lu m in c o n flic t re so lu tio n w h ic h w a s b a se d o n u s in g b o o k s to h e lp c h ild re n a c k n o w le d g e
  • 3. fe e lin g s— g rie f, s a d n e s s, fe a r a nd p le a su re a n d to g e t th e m to ta lk a b o u t th e s e fe e lin g s a n d fin d w a y s to re so lv e a n g e r w ith o u t c o n fro n ta tio n . T h is p ro g ra m h a s b e e n a d o p te d in m a n y sc h o o ls th ro u g h o u t L e b a n o n to d a y . In P e ru , a s y o u k n o w , th e re w e re m a jo r e a rth q u a k e s a b o u t 1 8 m o n th s a g o . O u r P e ru v ia n se c tio n im m e d ia te ly w e n t to th e c o a st a n d d is c o v e re d th a t m o s t o f th e lib ra rie s h a d b e e n d e s tro y e d . N o w a y e a r la te r w ith h e lp fro m IB B Y , a n d s o o n w e h o p e fro m o th e rs , n e w lib ra rie s w e re b u ilt, s to c k e d w ith h ig h q u a lity b o o k s a n d n o w th e lib ra ria n s a re b e in g tra in e d in b ib lio th e ra p y . T h is p ro je c t w a s u n d e rta k e n b y a v e ry s m a ll g ro u p o f p e o p le u s in g th e e x p e rie n c e s o f th e B a n c o d e l L ib ro . A n o th e r d is a s te r le d to w o rk b e in g d o n e w ith c h ild re n in th e C h in a fo llo w in g th e e a rth q u a k e s in S e c h u a n P ro v in c e . O u r C B B Y c o lle a g u e s im m e d ia te ly p u rc h a s e d 1 .5 m illio n b o o k s a n d to o k th e m to th e re g io n . C h ild re n ’s s to rie s a n d a c c o u n ts o f th e tra g e d y w e re c o lle c te d a n d p u b lish e d v e ry s o o n s o a s to g iv e s u rv iv in g c h ild re n a s e n se o f h o p e a n d p rid e in th e ir o w n a c tio n s in th e fa c e o f th is d e v a s ta tin g e v e n t. T h e re is o n g o in g w o rk in th e re g io n . A n o th e r p ro je c t d e liv e re d u n d e r fa r m o re d iffic u lt c irc u m sta n c e s is in th e G a z a strip . T h is m u s t c e rta in ly b e o n e o f th e w o rst p la c e s in th e w o rld to b e a c h ild a n d it is e v e n w o rse to d a y . W ith th e su p p o rt o f IB B Y L e b a n o n a n d o u r se c tio n in th e P a le stin ia n te rrito rie s, b a se d in R a m a lla h , w e h a v e b u ilt tw o c o m m u n ity c h ild re n ’s lib ra rie s, sto c k in g th e m w ith se le c te d b o o k s th a t a re a p p ro p ria te to th e c irc u m sta n c e s o f th e s e c h ild re n a n d h ire d tw o lib ra ria n s . I’m su re y o u a p p re c ia te th e fa c t th a t lib ra ria n s h ip h a rd ly e x is ts in G a z a . T h ro u g h re a d in g , sto ry te llin g , ta lk in g a n d sh a rin g w e h o p e to b rin g s o m e m e a s u re o f re lie f, u n d e rsta n d in g a n d lig h t to th e s e c h ild re n . T ra g ic a lly th e w a r in G a z a h a d a h u g e im p a c t o n o u r lib ra rie s , a n d th e lib ra ria n s a n d c h ild re n w o rk in g w ith in th e m . I b rin g y o u s o m e s a m p le s o f th e ir te stim o n ia ls a b o u t w h a t h a p p e n e d to th e m .
  • 4. W h ile th e lib ra rie s th e m se lv e s w e re n o t d e s tro y e d w e lo st o n e o f o u r lib ra ria n s . A n o th e r lib ra ria n lo s t c h ild re n fro m h e r fa m ily . A n d th e y w e re lib ra ry u se rs . Y o u c a n se e fro m th e s e p ic tu re s h o w te rrib le th e s e e x p e rie n c e s w e re fo r th e se c h ild re n a n d h o w th e y h a v e b e e n fille d w ith id e a s of d e a th , d e s p a ir, a n g e r a n d h u rt. IB B Y h a s re c o m m itte d to th is p ro je c t a n d w e a re su p p o rtin g in d e p th w o rk th e re . W e h a v e b e e n a b le to c o n n e c t o u r lib ra ria n s w ith th e G a z a C o m m u n ity M e n ta l H e a lth C e n tre , a v e ry re p u ta b le m e n ta l h e a lth fa c ility w h ic h w a s itse lf d e stro y e d in th e e a rly d a y s o f th e b o m b in g . G a z a a n d its c h ild re n a re a lo n g w a y fro m liv in g n o rm a l liv e s . H a rd ly a n y re b u ild in g h a s ta k e n p la c e in th e strip . N o t so lo n g fro m n o w w in te r w ill c o m e . W h a t w e d o is ju s t a d ro p in th e e n o rm o u s b u c k e t o f n e e d b u t I d o h o p e th a t w e c a n a t le a s t lig h t a sm a ll lig h t o f h o p e in th e se c h ild re n ’s liv e s. O u r p ro je c t in C o lo m b ia w h e re a m illio n a n d a h a lf c h ild re n h a v e b e e n d isp la c e d b y th e in te rn a l c o n flic t h a s e x p e rie n c e d s o m e tw is ts a n d tu rn s fro m w h ic h w e h a v e le a rn e d a lo t. H e re w e h a d p la n n e d to in v o lv e 1 0 0 0 stre e t c h ild re n in re a d in g g ro u p s . B u t c h ild re n w h o a re d isp la c e d a re b y th e v e ry n a tu re o f th e ir c o n d itio n h a rd to fin d a n d re a c h . T h e y ra re ly sta y in o n e p la c e , o fte n fle e in g fro m o n e n e ig h b o u rho o d to a n o th e r, s o m e tim e s h id in g fro m th e p e o p le w h o c a u s e d th e ir d isp la c e m e n t o rig in a lly . T h e y a re o fte n d is c o n n e c te d fro m th e ir fa m ilie s . In th e c a se o f d e m o b iliz e d c h ild s o ld ie rs th e s o c ia l a g e n c ie s w h o w o rk w ith th e m a re re lu c ta n t to b rin g th e m in c o nta c t w ith a n y o n e a s a c o n d itio n o f th e d e m o b iliz a tio n o f c h ild s o ld ie rs is th a t th e ir p riv a c y b e a ssu re d . A n d y e t th e s e fo rm e r c h ild s o ld ie rs a re o fte n th e “ h a rd e st c a s e s.” S o m e o f th e se d is p la c e d c h ild re n a re in to u c h w ith s o c ia l a g e n c ie s a s in th e e x am p le a b o v e . H o w e v e r th e se so c ia l a g e n c ie s se ld o m p e rc e iv e a n y v a lu e to th e ir c h a rg e s in b ib lio th e ra p y . T h e y te n d to s e e th e ir o b lig a tio n to b e th e p ro v is io n o f fo o d a n d s h e lte r, p e rh a p s to b rin g th e c h ild in to c o n ta c t w ith th e
  • 5. sc h o o l sy ste m . B u t fo r th e se a g e n c ie s a s w e ll a s fo r th e s e c h ild re n b o o k s a re n o t a p rio rity . H o w e v e r, d e s p ite th e s e d iffic u ltie s w e h a v e p e rs is te d in th is p ro je c t. O u r e x p e rie n c e te lls u s th a t y e s; in fa c t, th e se a re th e c h ild re n fo r w h o m c o n ta c t w ith b o o k s is m o s t p o te n tia lly b e ne fic ia l. S o w e c o n tin u e . W e h a v e se t u p re a d in g g ro u p s. A v e ry in te re stin g re a d in g list h a s b e e n d e v e lo p e d . Y o u n g le a d e rs h a v e b e e n tra in e d a n d a re w o rk in g w ith th e g ro u p s . W e h o p e a n d e x p e c t th a t th ro u g h re a d in g th e s e c h ild re n w ill b e fre e d to ta lk a b o ut th e ir fe e lin g s , w h a t h a s h a p p e n e d to th e m , a n d th u s b e g in to u n d e rs ta n d th e ir o w n c irc u m s ta n c e s s o th a t th e y c a n se e a w a y th ro u g h to fo rg in g a n e w life . A t th e e n d o f th e p ro g ra m w e w ill c o n d u c t a rig o ro u s a s se ss m e n t o f its im p a c t. W e w ill in v o lv e th e re lie f w o rk e rs in a n o n g o in g w a y s o th a t w e c a n c o n v in c e th e m to u se b o o k s ro u tin e ly in th e ir w o rk . W e h a v e c o m e to u n d e rsta n d th a t a b ig p a rt o f o u r c h ild re n in c ris is p ro g ra m m u st b e to tra in p e o p le w h o ro u tin e ly w o rk w ith c h ild re n in c ris is a n d w h o h a v e g re a te r re so u rc e s th a n w e d o . In O c to b e r o f th is y e a r th e re w ill b e a m a jo r c o n fe re n c e in C o lo m b ia to g o o v e r th e re su lts o f th is w o rk . A m a n u a l o n w o rk in g w ith d a m a g e d c h ild re n in sc h o o ls w ill b e p ro d u c e d . A n o th e r e x a m p le o f w o rk w ith c h ild re n in c risis is th e w o rk d o n e b y o u r Ira n ia n se c tio n w ith th re e d iffe re n t g ro u p s o f c h ild re n w h o se liv e s a re d isru p te d . T h e firs t a re c h ild re n in p ris o n . In Ira n th e re a re re sid e n tia l ja ils fo r c h ild re n , in c lu d in g c h ild re n w h o h a v e re c e iv e d th e d e a th p e n a lty a n d a re a w a itin g e x e c u tio n a t a g e 1 8 . T h e in itia l ste p, a s a lw a y s, w a s to se le c t th e b e st b o o k s fo r th e s e c h ild re n . T h e th e y a re p u rc h a se d a n d p la c ed in ro o m s w h ic h b e c a m e lib ra rie s in th e c h ild re n ’s ja ils . H o w e v e r, it q u ic k ly b e c a m e a p p a re n t th a t w ith o u t a lib ra ria n th e m e re p re se n c e o f b o o k s w o u ld n o t le a d th e s e c h ild re n w h o a re o b v io u s ly v e ry d a m a g e d to b e g in to re a d . T h e ja ile rs w e re n o t in te re s te d . S o , th e o ld e st c h ild re n in th e ja il, u su a lly th o se fa c in g th e d e a th p e n a lty, w e re se le c te d a s lib ra ria n s a n d tra in e d . T h e s e c h ild re n d id s u c h e x c e p tio n a l w o rk e n g a g in g a n d in v o lv in g th e y o u n g e r c h ild re n in b o o k s th a t IB B Y Ira n d e c id e d to a d v o c a te fo r th e m . In Is la m if th e p e rson a g a in st w h o m y o u h a v e c o m m itte d
  • 6. a c rim e fo rg iv e s y o u , y o u r s e n te n c e w ill b e re d u c e d o r e lim in a te d . T h is is e v e n tru e in m urd e r c a s e s. IB B Y Ira n to o k th e fa c t th a t th e s e c h ild re n h a d b e e n re h a b ilita te d b y th e ir w o rk a s lib ra ria n s to the v ic tim s’ fa m ilie s . In m o st c a s e s th e y w e re fo rg iv e n a n d h e n c e sa v e d fro m th e d e a th p e n a lty . A s m a n y o f th e c h ild re n in th e se ja ils w e re A fg h a n re fu g e e s IB B Y Ira n d e c id e d th a t th e y m u s t b e g in to w o rk in e a s te rn Ira n in th e A fg h a n re fu g e e c a m p s. A g a in th e c o rre c t b o o k s w e re s e le c te d a n d th e p ro c e s s o f b ib lio th e ra p y began. T h e se e x p e rie n c es w e re v e ry u s efu l w h e n IB B Y c o n v e n e d a m e e tin g in B ig a T u rk e y in M a y th is y e a r. W e b ro u g h t to g e th e r a g ro u p o f u s IB B Y p e o p le fro m Ira n , P a k ista n , a n d T u rk e y to m e e t w ith T a jik s a n d A fg h a n s (p e o p le w h o sh a re D a ri a s a la n g u a g e ) to ta lk a b o u t w h a t c o u ld b e d o n e fo r c h ild re n in A fg h a n is ta n . The Afghans were a fascinating group — feminists who work with Women for Women in Afghanistan, the director of Aschiana, a very successful agency working with more than 6,000 street children, the head of the Goethe Institute in Kabul, a national newscaster, the editors of magazines for children, librarians and a reading promoter from Bamiyan. The first and most shocking problem — in Afghanistan children have no legal status. This despite the incredible number of NGOs working in the country and the billions being spent to improve the welfare of Afghans. The Convention for the Rights of the Child remains unsigned. Only half of the twelve million children in the country go to any kind of school. Half of those who do attend school are learning in the open air. Apart from Aina, an NGO funded by National Geographic photojournalist Reza Deghati, no money at all has been put into publishing materials for Afghan kids. Aina’s magazine, Parvaz, is excellent, packed with stories that promote the rights of girls, information on health and rights and nutrition, and is beautifully designed and illustrated with cartoons and photographs. But it recently died for lack of donor interest. Books donated in other languages (English and Korean, for example) are of no use at all to child readers. Even high-quality Iranian books written in Farsi, a language that most Afghans have in common, are not accessible to Afghan kids because of the differences in vocabulary and usage.
  • 7. Is it even possible to build a democracy in a country in which there are no readers? And how can there be readers in a country at war, where billions are spent on military hardware, but little thought given to what might help children become the literate citizens of a democratic future? It’s all very well to promote higher education, but it is to little avail in the absence of a good basic, primary education system with access to decent libraries filled with appropriate books published in Dari and Pashto. The Afghans were mainly people in their thirties and forties, many of whom had returned to their country after years in exile, dread and fear the return of the Taliban. They believe that Afghanistan needs to create a reading culture. For them it is a tragedy that their government’s priorities are driven by military needs and tactical foreign maneuvering (be it government or NGO) rather than by what Afghans most desperately need — a decent (and free) public school system with trained teachers. A network of public libraries. An Afghan publishing industry capable of producing good books and magazines to give Afghan children a love of reading. At the end of the meeting we came away with some hope. But it will be difficult. Years of fighting has meant that Afghans are a very fractured people. It’s hard to get together to do something. Patronage by NGOs means that each one depends on their own niche for survival. But we truly hope and believe it is very worthwhile for IBBY to continue to work with them. IBBY Iran is already supporting some community library projects. TRhe director of Aschiana will be invited to our next Congress. The women from Women for Women have committed to enlarging and enriching their children’s programming. IBBY will need to continue faithful and true as all this work goes ahead. We hope to see a section there in the not too distant future. F in a lly w e h a v e b ra n d n e w p ro je c t ju s t s ta rtin g in H a iti. Our Haitian section is about to begin a project that will use the healing power of storytelling and books to help reduce the trauma brought on by the deadly hurricanes that hit Haiti last year. The country is just about the poorest in the world and then they were further devastated by these series of severe storms; storms that are becoming more and more frequent. The project will help children and young people who lost their homes, families and everything they knew. Children in Haiti are afarid to go to school because of the school collapses that took place. Books have been be translated into their
  • 8. mother tongue of Creole to reach them more directly and training of therapists will take place so that they can continue with the work after the initial IBBY project is finished. B u t b ib lio th e ra p y c a n a lso ta k e p la c e o n a v e ry sm a ll s c a le a n d m u c h c lo se r to h o m e . T h in k o f C a n a d a ’s su c ic id e e p id e m ic o n th e n o rth e rn re se rv e s . S h o u ld w e b e se n d in g o u r le fto v e r b o o k s to th e m a n d fe e l w e h a v e s e rv e d th e m ? W h e re a re th e s e le c te d b o o k s? W h e re a re th e re a d in g p ro m o to rs? T h e se c h ild re n a re a lso in c risis. T h e y a ls o n e e d th e c ha n c e to b e c o m e re a d e rs , to e n c o u n te r b o o k s, to s e e th e m se lv e s a n d th e o u tsid e w o rld , to le a rn to u se w o rd s to ta lk a b o u t th e ir e x p e rie n c e s, to le a rn th a t o th e rs h a v e h a d fe e lin g s lik e th e irs, to b e g in to re c o g n iz e th e ir o w n fe e lin g s. W h a t a b o u t th e n e ig h b ou rh o o d a c ro ss C a n a d a w h e re s o m a n y y o u n g p e o p le h a v e b e e n d y in g in g a n g re la te d v io le n c e ? T h e se a re s u re ly c h ild re n in c risis. I sa w a v e ry s m a ll p ro je c t in a fa v e la in R io d e Ja n e iro . S o m e jo u rn a lis ts a n d a n e x-d ru g a d d ic t a n d tra ffic k e r c re a te d a p la c e w h e re c h ild re n a t risk o f jo in in g th e d ru g tra d e c o u ld c o m e a fte r sc h o o l. T h e re is a v e ry g o o d lib ra ry . E v e ry d a y a fte r sc h o o l th e y d o h o m e w o rk , th e y g e t a s n a c k a n d s o m e o n e re a d s to th e m . In sid e th e y a re s a fe . T h e y c a n liv e in th e ir im a g in a tio n . T h ey c a n le a rn a b o u t liv e s lik e th e irs a n d liv e s u n lik e th e irs . In th e re th e y c a n b e so ft, lo v in g p e o p le . O u ts id e th e ir w o rld is h a rd a n d c ru e l. T h e y w a n t to b e th e re . N o t e v e ry c h ild w h o c o m e s th e re w ill e sc a p e fro m th e w o rld h e is fa te d to jo in b u t so m e w ill. F o r so m e b o o k s w ill h a v e c h a n g e d th e ir liv e s. W h a t is n e e d e d to d o a p ro je c t o f th is ty p e ? --a n IB B Y se c tio n w h o se m e m b e rs a re c o m m itte d in d iv id u a ls w h o c a re first, la s t a n d fo re m o s t a b o u t c h ild re n a n d b o o k s --a w e ll th o u g h t o u t p la n fo r w o rk in g w ith a s p e c ific g ro u p o f c h ild re n in c ris is --tra in in g in b ib lio th e ra p y --a d e e p k n o w le d g e o f b o o k s a n d a ll th e d iffe re n t ty p e s o f b o o k s w h ic h m ig h t h e lp c h ild re n le a rn to sp e a k , e m p a th iz e , a n d fe e l so m e k in d o f h o p e . --p e rsis te n c e, p a tie n c e a n d tim e
  • 9. --p e rh ap s m o st im p o rta n t— lo v in g , c a rin g a d u lts w h o g iv e th e ir tim e to re a d , to liste n a n d to ta lk . B o o k s a re e x tra o rd in a rily g o o d a t u n lo c k in g fe e lin g s. O n c e u n lo c k e d th o s e c a rin g a d u lts n e e d to b e th e re . R e a d in g a n d b o o k s c a n sa v e liv e s. T h e y c a n c h a n g e liv e s. They can g iv e c h ild re n in th e m o st d e s p e ra te c irc u m s ta n c e s a w a y to b e g in to liv e a g a in a n d to u n d e rs ta n d w h a t h a s h a p p e n e d to th e m . W e h a v e le a rn e d th is in m a n y v e ry d iffic u lt, sa d a n d b le a k p la c e s a ro u n d th e w o rld . I th in k C a n a d a c o u ld b e n e fit fro m th is a p p ro a c h to o .