INTRODUCTION• Northern Pakistan , bordering Xinjiang Region of China• Total Population: 300,000• Area: 27400 Km2• Language: Balti• Tibetan King Control in 7th Century• Islam Was First Introduced in 16th Century• became part of Pakistan of their own free will in 1948• China
GEOGRAPHY• Baltistan is often called “little Tibet”.• Baltistan is a mass of lofty mountains• In north Baltoro Glacier, the largest out of the arctic regions, 35 miles (56 km) long,• The capital, Skardu, a scattered collection of houses, 7,250 ft (2,210 m) above the sea
IMPORTANCE• 29th august 2009 Pakistan announced that the northern areas are a new province of Pakistan, Gilgit Baltistan.• High touristic value.• Highly valued for its strategic geo-political location.
Culture of Baltistan is influenced by Central Asian, Tibetan and Indian civilizations. Absence of a written script in the last several centuries has led to loss of different cultural aspects. Whatever is available today is part of the oral traditions transmitted from generation to generation. Baltistan is home to a number of diversified cultures, ethnic groups, languages and various backgrounds.
Baltistan region, which in its amazing history has been known by various names, has one of the unique geographical composition on the globe. Baltistan is like a paradise for mountaineers, trekkers and anglers. Baltistan is proud of her thousands of years of rich civilization, architecture, costumes, Foods, festivals, dances, language, script.
Traditional music has heavy influence from Central Asia, Tibetand India.Dancers wear long robes called Gonchas, Shoka and Chogaand dance in groupsOld Man DanceThis dance is performed by more than one man wear someold style dresses and wear local hat and danceSword DanceThis unique dance is performed by men taking one sword inright and Shield in left. One to six participants as pair candance.
Instruments used in Baltistan are, Dadang (drum), Damal andSurnai while some other instruments like Sitar, Gabi(flut) Rababand duff represent the different areas. Beside these khling-boo,chang, porgho-too etc instruments are used in Baltistan region..
Jashne-e-Navroz, Jashn-e-Baharan Jashn-e-Ghanchee Cultural festivals.• RELIGIOUS FESTIVALSEid – ul-Fitr and Eid-ul-azha is celebrated by all inhabitants of Baltistan.Shia and NoorBakhshis celebrate Eid-e-Ghadir and other relegious events.
Majority of the inhabitants are Muslims belonging to different communities of interpretations i.e. Sunnies, Shias and NoorBakshis. For religious practices Sunnies go to Masjid, Shias go to Imam Baraand Noorbakhshis go to Khankaah.
Historical places A mosque was built by Amir -e- Kabir Syed Ali Hamdani in the 14th Century AD.it is located in SHIGAR VALLEY. The architectural design of the mosque is unique and presents the true picture of ancient Islamic art.
Historical places•The original Shigar Fort Palace (known as Fong-Khar, which in the local Balti language means,"Palace on the Rock"), was built by Hassan Khan,the 20th ruler of the Amacha Dynasty, in theearly 17th century.
Wedding Ceremonay:-Marriage is believed to be a very vital part of the cultureand traditions of the people of Baltistan.The marriage ceremony of Baltistan is very simple.Dowery is totally absent in the tradition of there marriage…if a father wants to give something as a gift for his daughterit is appreciated but it is not MUST to give dowery to thebride..
Wedding Ceremonay:-•The idea behind the absence of dowry is that girlare must educated by their parents and almost 60%of girls are well educated in recent years soeducation is preferred the most as compared toother needs and luxuries•The suitable and favorable season for marriage inBaltistan is in the month of JUNE,JULY and AUGUSTbecause these are the months when there is warmweather and people and students on their summervacations enjoy wedding of their nears ones.
Games & SportsSince old time many traditional games were played InBaltistan including:POLO: Game of kingsIt is assumed in baltistan Polo came from a balti word TrapoloTra means horse in balti and polo means round shape thingAccording to a legend it was origanated in Gilgit Baltistan andspread to far flung placesFor example China, Central asia and IndiaIt is played in its orignal unique style all around gilgit baltistanwithout fouls Polo stick is called BINTOOK in balti