A Simple, Powerful TruthUnder the right circumstances, groups are very intelligent. Often smarter than the smartest people in them.(Surowiecki, 2004)<br />
Examples of times when groups make better decisions…<br />When the answer is not clear… <br />What programs should be cut in our educational system to save money?<br />When is a NASA space shuttle ready to launch. <br />Difficult medical decisions: When is surgery helpful or harmful?<br />Voting in local, state or national elections.<br />
Good Outcomes for the U.S. <br />Thanks to American Voters<br />Perhaps, the Democrats won in the middle part of the 20th century because they were right about the the New Deal and the civil rights movement?<br />Perhaps, the Republicans won later in the century because they were right about the need for economic growth and ending the cold war?. (Brooks, 2007)<br />
What Circumstances Get in the Way of Collective Intelligence<br />Emotions<br />---Social Situations<br />Conformity<br />Common Knowledge Effect<br />Rushing to Judgment <br />Poor Listening<br />Status<br />
The Common Knowledge Effect<br />Information held by more members before team discussion <br />has more influence on team judgments that information held <br />by fewer members independent of the validity of the information, <br />e.g. in medical diagnoses.<br />
What Increases Collective Intelligence?<br />Using Your Old Brain and Your New Brain. Don’t let other’s influence you through emotional appeals.<br />Learn to recognize when your emotions are taking over.<br />Don’t make snap judgments – wait a few beats and let the new brain kick in.<br />Get curious – ask questions and listen.<br />Thinking for Yourself.<br />
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