DEWRS Project Report

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DEWRS Project Report

  1. 1. DISASTER EARLY WARNING &RESPONSE SYSTEMSupervisor: Dr. J. MbaleName: Raymond MuntuumoStudent Number: 200811282Thursday, 02 August 2012 1
  2. 2. Content Introduction Literature review System architecture Methodology Project Requirements Conclusion ReferencesThursday, 02 August 2012 2
  3. 3. DEWRS Project Provide near real-time alerts about natural disasters. Will integrate the existing emergency response systems and the environmental monitoring stations into a national disaster early warning and response system.Thursday, 02 August 2012 3
  4. 4. Objectives Collect data on indicators of disasters. Use collected data to predict disaster. Disseminate warnings of impending disasters in a timely manner. Provide tools to assist in coordinating response to a disaster.Thursday, 02 August 2012 4
  5. 5. Problem Statement No existing multi-disaster EWS in Namibia. Need for a mechanism to deliver critical warnings of impending disaster Needs to be accurate, easy to maintain and accessible to non-technical personnelThursday, 02 August 2012 5
  6. 6. Major Research Question How can search algorithms be used to design reliable low-cost Early Warning Systems? Thursday, 02 August 2012 6
  7. 7. Literature Review Humanitarian Early Warning Service (HEWS) Information Technology for Humanitarian Assistance, Cooperation and Action (ITHACA) Global Disaster Alert and Coordination System (GDACS)Thursday, 02 August 2012 7
  8. 8. Methodology Requirements Database Design User Interface Coding & TestingThursday, 02 August 2012 8
  9. 9. Proposed System Architecture HAZARD MONITORING EMERGENCY DISPATCH MET OFFICE HYDROLOGICAL SEISMIC ENVIRONMENTAL FIRE POLICE PARAMEDICS TRANSPORT DATA PROCESSING DATABASE PREDICTION/EARLY WARNING SIMULATOR INFORMATION EXCHANGE ALERT BROADCAST/MULTICAST CENTRAL MONITORING UNIT RESPONSE UNIT CLUSTERED BROADCAST/TV PSTN COMMUNICATION NETWORK INTERNET SYSTEMS WIRELESS NETWORKS TRANSPORT NETWORKS LOCAL AUTHORITIES FIRE POLICE PARAMEDICS DISASTER RELIEF GOVERNMENT PUBLIC EDUCATION TRANSPORT SAFETY UNIT ADMINISTRATIONThursday, 02 August 2012 9
  10. 10. Implemented Architecture HAZARD MONITORING EMERGENCY DISPATCH MET OFFICE HYDROLOGICAL FIRE POLICE DATA PROCESSING DATABASE ALERT/EARLY WARNINGThursday, 02 August 2012 10
  11. 11. Workflow START Read data from monitoring stations Has Raise and send disaster disaster alert! occurred? Are indicators above normal levels? Analyze indicators in relation to history Database Is disaster Raise and send Deploy or test likely? warning alert response plan ENDThursday, 02 August 2012 11
  12. 12. Database DesignThursday, 02 August 2012 12
  13. 13. DatasetThursday, 02 August 2012 13
  14. 14. User InterfaceThursday, 02 August 2012 14
  15. 15. Development Environment Standard personal computer .NET Framework 4.0 Oracle 10g database Express Edition Microsoft Visual Studio 2010  Visual C# Microsoft Office 2010Thursday, 02 August 2012 15
  16. 16. How the DERWS works Monitoring stations  RecordsThursday, 02 August 2012 16
  17. 17. How the DERWS works – contd. User ManagementThursday, 02 August 2012 17
  18. 18. How the DERWS works –contd. Alerts Thursday, 02 August 2012 18
  19. 19. Limitations Unavailability of a large historic database Changing developing environment Suffered a major setback with .NET Framework changes on developer’s computer in the weeks leading up to presentationThursday, 02 August 2012 19
  20. 20. Conclusion DERWS demonstrated a very affordable and viable approach to developing EWSs The project re-emphasized the need of integrating single disaster EWSs into a multiple disaster EWS Drew attention to how AI can be applied as a set of fast queries on large databases Re-enforced the core concept of AI  Simulating learningThursday, 02 August 2012 20
  21. 21. Future works Deploy faster scripts in place of queries Integrate with broadcasting media for quick alert dissemination Web implementation (distributed systems are the future) Integrate with satellite weather monitoring systems to get real time alerts and warning Build on the DEWRS with a versatile disaster simulation and response coordination packageThursday, 02 August 2012 21
  22. 22. References Denis Riordan and Bjarne K Hansen (2002). A fuzzy case-based system for weather prediction. Eng. Int. Syst. 3: 139–146, CRL Publishing Ltd Government of Namibia (1998). National Disaster Plan. Humanitarian Early Warning Service (HEWS), Retrieved from http://www.hewsweb.org Information Technology for Humanitarian Assistance, Cooperation and Action (ITHACA). Retrieved from http://www.ithaca.polito.it Maryam Golnaraghi, Ph.D. (2011), Systematic Development of Multi- Hazard Early Warning systems, WIS-CAP Implementation Workshop 6-7 April 2011, World Meteorological Organization HQThursday, 02 August 2012 22
  23. 23. End

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