Style... MOVIES | CELEBRITIES | FASHION | MUSIC
UNDER THE HOOD
DATING THE BOSS
ALSO IN THIS ISSUE:
Living the dream
in sunny Miami
Style... Spring 2010
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Style... Spring 2010 Style... Spring 2010
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Style... Spring 2010 Style... Spring 2010
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November 12 -14 2009
Thursday November 12
10:00 am - 5 pm
Friday November 13
10:00 - 5 pm
Saturday November 14
10:00 - 400 pm
Closing theColour Loop
New solutions at Print 09 introduce
added intelligence to colour
By DOUG pICkLyk
rint 09 in Chicago was awash in new colour management
tools introduced by vendors, all taking on the challenge
of creating easy-to-use software that allows printers to
output consistent colour across their shops regardless of how
jobs are printed—using conventional printing ink, toner or dig-
ital inkjet devices.
New sheetfed offset presses and digital colour presses featur-
ing inline spectrophotometers with automated feedback sys-
tems are now being introduced to the market and are removing
some colour variability from press runs. But getting to the right
colour and being consistent from job to job in all departments
of a shop requires specialized colour tools upstream and post-
The built-in expertise of new colour management software
allows novice users to follow simple step-by-step onscreen wiz-
ards to calibrate output devices and ultimately achieve con-
sistency and pressroom standardization. Colour tools are also
being integrated into automated workflows to perform all of the
work “under the hood,” while also generating feedback loops and
reports to confirm that established pressroom standards are being GMG is bundling its ColorServer 4.6 colour management solu-
maintained. Pro includes a central colour management server extending out tion with BARBIERI’s Spectro LFP RT spectrophotometer, spe-
to devices across multiple locations. It’s an example of very robust cifically for the digital wide format printing market.
German-based CGS tools that are made simple for operators.
revealed its ORIS Press CGS also revealed its ORIS Color Tuner/Web version 1.1, now INk OpTIMIzING SOLUTIONS
Matcher/Web solution incorporating Adobe PDF Print Engine resulting in faster process- An important feature for shops using a high volume of printing
at PRINT 09, a simple ing. Other new features include automatic certification of remote ink, but also effective for reducing expensive colour toner and
browser interface built printers supporting inkjet printers with built-in spectrophotom- wide-format inkjet consumption as well, are the variety of ink
on top of the company’s eters (a colour bar is created, printed and measured without any optimization solutons being offered by most every company in the
successful ORIS Press user intervention, compared against target values and a label is colour managment field. These automated processes reduce the
Matcher (winner of printed on the proof). CMY components in files and replaces them with an optimized
the 2009 PIA InterTech For GMG Color, Print 09 marked the launch of GMG print standards, while RapidCheck notifies the user whether or black, leading to savings in total ink consumption.
Technology award). PrintControl 2.0 and RapidCheck 2.0, user-friendly software not his press is operating within defined tolerances. CGS has the ORIS Ink Saver while GMG calls theirs the
ORIS Press Matcher Pro that walks printers through the process of standardizing their The company also introduced GMG ColorServer Plus, a InkOptimizer 4.6.
Illustration: Mike Byers
uses the colour manage- printing presses in order to achieve predictable printing results, colour management software specific to HP Indigo 5000, 5500 Within automated workflow solutions, Agfa has :Apogee
ment technology of ORIS Color Tuner to produce high-reso- and then following up to ensure the operation is consistent. The or 7000 presses, ensuring compliance to GRACoL printing InkSave, an integrated option in the Apogee Suite, and Kodak
lution files for calibrated output devices (CtP systems, digital user is led through the processes that are necessary to establish specifications. offers an Ink Optimizing Solution option within Colorflow, its
presses, wide-format printers) for environments where it’s nec- optimal and repeatable printing conditions. GMG PrintControl And GMG announced an agreement with BARBIERI (an Italian shop-wide automated colour relationship management suite that
essary to match colour spaces to each other. ORIS Press Matcher can be a G7 support tool for achieving GRACoL, SWOP or other manufacturer of densitometers and spectrophotometers) whereby resides within Prinergy.
www.canadianprinter.com SEPTEMBER/OCTOBER, 2009 SEPTEMBER/OCTOBER, 2009 www.canadianprinter.com
“We took all the best of vari- side measuring devices, the solution uses Alwan’s Dynamic Press
ety of colour tools in the Kodak Calibration (DPC), an automated dot-gain compensation tech-
family and placed them into nology. The software controls and corrects production without
Colorflow,” says Jon Bracken, any human intervention. Press sheets are read by an X-Rite device
managing director of Kodak and the DPC tracks dot gain for every press/paper combination,
Canada. Colorflow syncs with and then it automatically compensates for any drift on press by
everything in the workflow, sending revised dot-gain correction curves either to output files
where making corrections in one or exported directly to the shop’s plate setter. The tool is valuable
place automatically alters com- for shops aiming to conform to an established standard.
plementary elements. The Alwan Print
At PRINT 09 Fujifilm was Standardizer is used to
demonstrating various CGS continually assess the
colour matching solutions on its press calibration state
booth, but the company was also and issues warnings if
featuring its Taskero Universe ColorPath Verified, a solution that something is wrong in
allows customers to not only ensure their shop is keeping colour the process. Colour
consistent, but they can verify it on any device, to ensure each job expert Dave Hunter
is staying within a specified standard. The system tracks hardware of Pilot Marketing,
(including platesetters, presses, monitors and digital printing a spokesperson for
devices) and output, and it allows for controlling and maintain- Alwan Color in North
ing consistent quality throughout the colour production process, America, calls the
locally and in remote locations. system a pro-active as
opposed to a re-active
BEyOND INk OpTIMIzATION approach to pressroom
The Chicago show was the coming out party for the new Fine standardization.
Eye Color Solutions (a new venture formed by the merger of
Michigan-based Chromaticity and FineEye Color Solutions out
of California). The company’s core product is its ICEserver soft-
ware application, built upon ICE (Intelligent Color Engine)
technology. NEw ECONOMICAL pRESS-SIDE SCANNING
“The ICE server is a technology that enhances quality, keeps Complementary to the Alwan colour monitoring solution, X-Rite
to standards and saves money,” says Ian McKenzie, vice pres- has unveiled an all-new semi-automated press-side colour control
ident marketing with the company. [He also happens to be (scanning) system called EasyTrax, designed for 2-, 4- or 6-colour
Canadian]. operations. The product is targeting smaller shops with presses
According to McKenzie, the inventor of ICE is Ernest Miller from 20 inches up to 40 inches.
(the company’s CTO) and he wrote an all-new algorithm for The EasyTrax allows pressrooms to regularly monitor print
separating CMYK based on years of experience, and he devel- runs to ensure they are matching their customers’ quality require-
oped a solution for optimizing the print output specific to the ments and maintaining industry specifications.
ink/paper relationship. “With EasyTrax, X-Rite now offers a colour control solution
Unlike other ink optimization solutions, McKenzie says the for every type of sheetfed printing workflow, regardless of the
ICE server is more about print quality optimization, with ink size of customer, their budget, or their level of colour process
savings as a side benefit. control expertise,” notes Laura Pursley, senior product manager
The company says printers can expect up to 25 percent aver- for pressroom solutions at X-Rite.
age reduction in ink use, yet the colour gamut increases in satu- EasyTrax is partially automated and is designed for older presses
rated colours. and shops currently using handheld devices. The system offers
The company CEO, Steve McDonald (employee number three easy set up, easy alignment and requires very little training.
at Adobe, and one time Adobe COO, and also Canadian) is excited It can be installed on existing press consoles. Available in spec-
about the technology. The hot-folder-based solution integrates tral or density models, the new system software evaluates read-
into existing workflows, just before the RIP, and he says it takes ings against set tolerances so users know if they need to make
only one-day to set up, and it can be done remotely. adjustments to ink density.
Just as sheetfed printers across North America are beginning to
pROACTIvE DOT GAIN COMpENSATION embrace Gracol print standards and the G7 calibrating methodol-
Alwan Color Expertise attracted attention at the show with its ogy, Print 09 presented a number of automated colour software
Print Standardizer solution. Matched up with X-Rite’s press- tools to help keep pressrooms hitting their targets. CP
www.canadianprinter.com OCTOBER/NOVEMBER, 2008
Know Your Water Meter Calculate Your Water Use
Your household water meter measures in cubic Calculate how much water is used by household
metres, and displays your total consumption to appliances and activities. Record the odometer
the nearest tenth of a cubic metre, similar to the reading before and after the activity, the difference
odometer in your car measuring the distance you is your consumption. Ensure all other water use
have travelled. Every 0.1 cubic metre (100 litres) of in your home has stopped while your completing
water consumed causes the sweep hand to make the test.
one complete revolution and the total to increase
by 0.1 cubic metres. Low Flow Indicator
Indicates low flow leaks to 1/8 of a gallon per minute
Monitoring Water Use
Water meters are a regular reminder of our water use Odometer
and can be used to change our water use habits. Measures water that is consumed
Monitor your water consumption over a period of time
by taking the odometer reading at the beginning and Sweep hand
end of the period. The difference in the readings is One complete turn equals
your consumption for that period. 0.1m or 22 gallons
According to Environment Canada’s
Quickfacts, Water consumption Public Works
usually drops 18 - 25%
after a water meter is installed.
Helpful Hints For D
Water Consumption Water Leaks In Your Home
Don’t let your money The standard residential Definitions from the The municipality is By using the low flow Next, go around the If the low flow indicator is Note: You may also wish
to consider contracting a
drain away. water meter is very diagram: responsible for the indicator on your water house to ensure that you not rotating, you do not qualified tradesperson to
Repair small leaks in your simplistic in its design. The property owner portion of pipe located meter and following are not using water. have a leak. assist in determining and
repairing any fixtures that are
plumbing system. It generally doesn’t is responsible for on the street right-of-way these steps you can help not functioning properly.
malfunction and cause maintaining the portion of between your property to identify any leaks in Turn off all taps, don’t use If the low flow indicator
Knowing how to read high consumption water pipe between the line and the watermain. your house. any water and check to is rotating, you may have
your water meter will readings. building and the property ensure any outside hoses a leak.
allow you to monitor your line and all Locate the low flow are turned off.
own water consumption If you experience high house plumbing. indicator or sweep hand
and at the same time water consumption on the water meter face. Go back to the water
detect any water leaks in
your household plumbing.
readings, you can follow
the helpful hints in this Turn a tap on and run the
meter and observe the
low flow indicator - it
brochure to help locate a water slowly. Look at the should not be rotating.
potential problem. low flow indicator and
observe it rotating.
Turn the tap off.
Wise Water Us
Begins In The Home
You can check your If the tank water level is too high, First, we need to become Based on the three rules What steps can
than they need for cooking and
toilet for leaks: you need to adjust the ball valve drinking. aware of our water of water conservation – you take to reduce
• Put a small amount of food which controls the amount of water habits. We take water reduce, repair and retrofit your family’s water
colouring in the toilet tank. Wait in your toilet tank. for granted when it is – a typical household consumption?
Other Environment Canada
about 10 minutes, and then see one of our most valuable can reduce water
if there is any of the colour in the Quickfacts:
According to Environment
• A 5 minute shower with a resources. consumption by 40% Pick up a copy of A
toilet bowl. If there is, your toilet Canada’s Quickfacts, toilets
flapper could be leaking. This is (while consuming nearly one standard shower head uses or more, with little or no Guide to Wise Water
a relatively simple and inexpensive quarter of our municipal water 100 litres of water. The average Canadian effect on lifestyle. Use at your local
part to replace. supply) use over 40% more • A 5 minute shower with a low- uses about 340 litres Municipal Service
• While the toilet top is removed, Water than needed. flow shower head uses only of water per day. Centre, public library The City of Hamilton
look to see if the water level is 35 litres of water. Canadians use a higher or on-line at and Green Venture
close to the overflow pipe (a Check all water taps, inside and ratio of water in their www.hamilton.ca/water. designed this booklet to
• Residential indoor water use in
plastic pipe, with an open end just outside. A dripping tap could mean
Canada: toilet - 30%; bathing homes per person than help you and your family
below the top of the tank). If the you need to replace the washer.
and showering - 35%; laundry - most other countries in discover how much water
water level is close, or overflowing
into the pipe, this could be where According to Environment 20%; kitchen and drinking the world. you use, and provide
water is leaking. Canada’s Quickfacts, many homes - 10%; and cleaning - 5%. ways to help you reduce
lose more water to leaky taps your water usage.
Testing your Wat
First, complete the WaterWorks By-law R84- If the testing proves the If the testing proves the For more information about other Drinking Water Report We can answer your questions,
helpful hints 026 Section 9, “Testing water meter is functioning water meter is functioning programs and services offered assist you with a concern,
Lead Pipe Service
to evaluate your plumbing of Water Meters”, states accurately within the inaccurately; it is the by the Water and Wastewater Replacement Program or help you find the right person!
fixtures for leaks. a customer can apply in manufacturers accepted City’s responsibility to Division, please call 905-546-CITY (2489)
Poor Water Pressure Program
writing to have the water limit of variation; it is the pay for the test and a 905-546-CITY (2489), on-line at www.hamilton.ca/water
Then, if you believe the meter tested to ensure customer’s responsibility discount adjustment www.hamilton.ca/water or visit your Watering Your Lawn Efficiently
water meter is the cause it is reading accurately. to pay for the test based will be applied to the local Municipal Service Centre for Low-Flow Aerators
of your high consumption When applying, include on the current rate as set customer’s water bill. one of our brochures.
readings, you can your name, address and out in the WaterWorks Maintenance of Sewer Laterals
request the water meter telephone number to: By-law R84-026 Section Please contact the Meter Sewer Lateral Tree Root Policy
be tested for accuracy. City of Hamilton 18, “Table of Fees for Operations Section at No-Fat Sewers
330 Wentworth St., N. Various Services”. 905-546-CITY (2489)
Meter Operations for more information
Hamilton, Ontario regarding the water
L8L 5W2 meter testing procedures
and the current rate
Micro-loans are a frontline tool in the fight against “Imagine life
global poverty. Opportunity International uses a Trust
Every day, ordinary Canadians commit to making
Group model for its lending programs, where groups poverty history. They invest in the power and
promise of microfinance, create jobs and give the
with no options…”
of 15-40 local entrepreneurs join together to apply for
6.7 billion people live in our world today. 2.8 billion of
loans. Trust Groups allow individuals to secure loans poor a working chance.
them live on less than $2 a day. From this group,
without collateral by guaranteeing each other’s loans.
24,000 people die each day simply because they cannot
With an overall 98% repayment rate, this model has
afford to stay alive.
proven to be a highly effective method of providing
life-transforming credit to the entrepreneurial poor. Why not join them?
Opportunity International, one of the world’s largest
Trust Groups also foster personal and spiritual growth A donation of $84 allows Opportunity International to
and fastest growing microfinance organizations, is
as group members meet weekly to discuss topics from issue another loan somewhere in the world. This invest-
committed to solving global poverty and the needless
small business leadership to HIV/AIDS prevention. ment transforms a person’s life, offering new dignity and
suffering it causes.
hope. Moreover, we know that our entrepreneurs support,
Savings on average, 5 family members. The income their small
businesses generate goes directly to food, health care,
Working in 28 developing countries in Africa, Asia,
Setting up accounts in traditional banks is simply not an Eastern Europe and Latin America, Opportunity
housing and education for the most vulnerable among us.
option for the poor. Therefore, Opportunity International International addresses the root causes of poverty
Whole communities and future generations benefit from
has built a network of banks that offer savings accounts by providing banking services to the poor. Our
each new loan and the job it creates.
with interest and low minimum balance requirements. microfinance loan, savings and insurance programs
Even small savings can help families manage through transform lives by enabling the entrepreneurial poor
unexpected misfortunes. As a Rwandan official recently to start or expand a business, develop a steady income,
told us, “Do you know how many children die in our The Value of a Monthly Commitment
provide for their families and create jobs for
country every year because their mothers cannot afford the You have the ability to change the world, one entrepreneur
$2-$10 for medicines to treat fever, malaria and other at a time. Your commitment of $84 a month will help
common illnesses? Do you appreciate how much misery impoverished families to achieve new levels of freedom
Motivated by the call of Jesus to serve the poor,
and despair we could eliminate from our country if every and self-reliance.
Opportunity International helps people work their way
family had $50 in a savings account?” Money invested in the poor throughOpportunity out of chronic poverty by giving them a hand up, not a
International delivers positive returns over and over handout.
Insurance again. When a loan is repaid, the funds are lent to
another impoverished entrepreneur and the cycle of
With two children and an income below the poverty line,
Opportunity International serves men and women of
From low life expectancy, high mortality rates and Carmen Torres was eager to enhance her struggling business
transformation begins again. We estimate that an to make ends meet. all faiths and no faith.
natural disasters like floods, the world’s poor face
$84 monthly gift will enable 60 people to start moving
continual risks that can put their lives one hardship away Four years ago, through an Opportunity International
out of poverty in the first year alone.
from destitution. To provide protection against these microloan, she was able to purchase food in bulk and expand
life-changing catastrophes, Opportunity International Let your generosity become a her clientele. Today, her income has increased seven-fold,
has pioneered the Micro Insurance Agency, the world’s renewable resource for the working poor! enabling her to provide for her family’s health and
first and largest insurance broker exclusively serving educational needs.
With weather-indexed crop insurance in
295 The West Mall, Suite 504 n Toronto, ON M9C 4Z4
Malawi, Augustin KT Kamanga knows he
n CANADA n 416.444.2448 n 1.877.867.2448
will be able to feed his family even if a
www.opportunityinternational.ca drought hits.
Canadian Registered Charity #: 87751 6385 RR0001
The Multiplier Effect
Every donation grows by 63%
“ As an investor in Opportunity International and during the first year alone
after being in Ghana to visit their work, I would
unequivocally say that Opportunity is an Supporting Partners
Leverage these funds to augment
Benefit from these resources & contribute to
recycling of the loan funds through:
Mobilize resources capital & deploy resources
effective, profession operation and that they n Interest
n Loan repayment
The multiplier effect made an
are truly helping poor people work their way additional $51 million available n New savings
n Investment in their communities
out of poverty.”
--Graham Dare, Co-chair, Dare Foods Limited How dollars are multiplied
Opportunity Supporting Partners provide funds to
Current Opportunity Implementing Partner loan pools through grants and
“ Our Global Development Program works with International programs program equity investments.
Opportunity International on a relatively simple Implementing Partners, established as microfinance
HIGHLIGHTS IN 2006 Supporting Partners— engaged
technology that is helping women in Malawi banks, are able to leverage the funds by attracting
in marketing and fund raising savings deposits and commercial borrowings, enabling
save their children from destitution. LOANS (5 countries) them to make more loans.
Current active loan clients worldwide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1,000,000+
Opportunity International helps by developing
Representing a 26 percent compound annual growth over the last five years Sustainable Implementing Partners are able to reinvest
‘smart cards’…Smart cards have become so Repayment rate for all loans. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98% an operating surplus into further loans and gain an
enhanced capacity to borrow commercial funds. Thus far,
popular in Malawi that they’re now regularly Loans made to women . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85%
Implementing Partners revenues exceeded expenses by
given as gifts at wedding showers.” Transforming the lives of those most impacted by poverty six percent, providing operational sustainability.
Dollars loaned . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $466 million
--Bill & Melinda Gates, Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation Equaling more than five times the value loaned in 2001
With a 98 percent repayment rate, loan funds are
Average first loan size . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $104
used again and again, creating a recycling effect that
Reaching the poorest of the entrepreneurial poor multiplies the potential benefit of a single gift for years
Average loan size (excluding Eastern Europe). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $172 to come.
SAVINGS The final multiplier effect of donor contributions comes
Number of savings accounts. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 209, 687 when a client has used a loan from Opportunity to
generate new income that is reinvested. The purpose
Providing a secure place to save money and a way to plan for the future
of the reinvestment could range from diversifying
or expanding their business, hiring new employees
INSURANCE or paying for the health and educational needs of
Number of people covered by insurance. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3,129,642 their family.
Pioneering services the provide protection for the future
This creates a cycle of economic growth for every
WORLDWIDE contribution, with immediate and lasting quantifiable
Number of staff employed worldwide . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7,317 impact on the quality of life of our clients, their families,
98 percent of our staff are nationals who work directly with our clients in 28 countries employees and communities.
A series of small loans from Opportunity International have
enabled Nelizer Darko of Ghana to expand her bakery
Operational sustainability. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106%
business and hire 18 employees. Profits now cover school
Using surpluses to expand services after existing operations become self-sufficient Last year, our revenue was $80 million, yet we were able to
tuition and other necessities for her two children and six
make available $131 in incremental services–yielding 63%
other orphans. Global fund raising and G&A expenses were only 22% in 2005 and only 15% of total revenue for 2006. in programs for every dollar donated.
cializing in tere r Painting
Exterior and In
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Arctic in Peril page 4
Gone in 30 years: 325 Canadian glaciers
The worldwide thaw is accelerating faster than anyone previously thought. Thirty key 417 cubic kilometres of ice, as
much water as there is in Lake
international glaciers are melting about six times faster than in the 1980s. Most Canadian Erie, each year.
Not only has this flow of ice
glaciers are small compared with the massive sheets that cover Greenland and Antartica, and been steady, it’s rising by about
more sensitive to climate change. They are seen as the proverbial canary in the coal mine. 12.5 cubic kilometres per year. If
it continues to rise at that rate,
many of the 104 million people
who live within a metre of sea
level may have to move by the
end of the century.
The possibility is no longer
just theoretical. A small rise in
sea level has already forced the
Alaska government to consider
evacuating the entire Eskimo
village of Shishmaref, which lies
on a tiny island on the edge of the
Arctic Circle. It’s also why four
other coastal communities –
Kivalina, Koyukuk, and Newtok
in Alaska and Tuktoyaktuk in
Canada – may have to be
evacuated as well within the next
Mike Demuth won’t deny he
had ancient animals and Stone
Age hunters like those found by
the Kuzyks in mind when he got
the idea of skiing across the
Brintnell Glacier in the spring of
But the glaciologist’s main
goal, he said when he invited me
along, was to determine how
ED STRUZIK PHOTO FOR THE TORONTO STAR quickly the icefield north of
2007 photo of the western Yukon’s Lowell Glacier top was taken from the same vantage point as the 1980 photo below at left. The glacial melt on the flats and Nahanni National Park in the
on the lower slope of the mountain is dramatic. Photo below shows the rifts being cleaved in the ice at Croker Bay on Devon Island in the Canadian High Arctic. Northwest Territories has been
retreating, and what impact it is
“My wife Margie and I found
the bones of caribou scattered
across the Brintnell Glacier
when we were planting poles in
the ice (to measure changes in
depth) last summer,” said
Demuth, who works for the
Geological Survey of Canada.
“But those looked relatively
fresh, like they had just been
killed by a pack of wolves. But
who knows? They may be a lot
older than they looked.”
Shrouded in fog or clouds for
most of the spring and summer,
ED STRUZIK PHOTO FOR THE TORONTO STAR ED STRUZIK PHOTO FOR THE TORONTO STAR
the Brintnell is one of the most
Most of the world’s glaciers there are more than 100,000 remote and difficult places to
are receding. Climate change is
melting the European Alps, the
The Columbia Glacier near
The melt down has huge implications for reach in the western Arctic.
But the sun was burning
snows of Kilimanjaro in Africa Valdez in Alaska’s Prince William future hydro generation in the north, for bright when we began an
and the massive snouts of snow Sound has retreated 15 kilometres afternoon ascent to find the four
and ice between Banff and Jasper in the last 25 years. Of the 19
navigation on the Mackenzie River, for rare poles the Demuths had planted
in the Canadian Rockies. Of the glaciers in the state’s Juneau life forms that rely on glaciers, for more the summer before. There were
850 glaciers on the eastern slopes Icefield, 18 are receding. Only one, four of us on the expedition:
of the Rockies that Canadian the Taku Glacier, is advancing. southerly weather patterns and for low-lying Demuth, Canadian biologist
glaciologist Mike Demuth has
been monitoring, 325 have
It’s a similar story in northern
Canada. In the mid-1960s and
coastal communities everywhere Steve Bertollo, Matt Beedle, an
Alaskan native who was doing a
disappeared entirely since the 1970s, the Steele was one of a whose homes could be under north, for commercial navigation PhD in glaciology, and me.
early 1970s. number of glaciers that was water if it were to once again on the Mackenzie Rive r, for rare Despite the sun, a nasty
But new data show the melting growing and tearing through the s u r ge so spectacularly. life forms that rely on glaciers, for storm front was moving in from
of glaciers worldwide is St. Elias icefields in the southwest But the retreat of Arctic ice more southern weather patterns the valley below. Within the hour
accelerating faster than anyone corner of the Yukon. At one point, raises some troubling issues. and for low-lying coastal we were in and out of the clouds
previously thought. According to the Steele was moving more than When the Exxon Va l d ez ran communitieseve r y w h e r e . and snow, sweating buckets one
the Swiss-based World Glacier 1.5 billion tonnes of ice at a rate of into a reef in Prince William Greenland, for example, has minute and then pulling up our
Monitoring Service, 30 key up to 15 metres per day. But these Sound 18 years ago, for example, it 1.8 million square kilometres of hoods the next to stay warm.
international glaciers lost on days, this so-called “Galloping wa s n ’tsimply a case of pilot error. ice that is on ave r a ge 2.3 We never did find any sign of
average 66 centimetres of Glacier” is too wasted to make The tanker was on an altered kilometres thick. If it were to melt ancient life. But thanks to a
thickness in 2005. Those glaciers another run. So is the Lowell course to avoid a dangerous mess completely, ocean levels would global positioning device, it
are melting about 1.6 times faster Glacier, which surged up against of icebergs that had calved off the rise by up to seven met r e s. didn’t take too long to find the
this decade than they were in the Goatherd Mountain 255 years ago Columbia Glacier. It resulted in That’s not going to happen any first of the four poles. It was
1990s, and about six times faster and dammed the Alsek River, the worst man-made time soon. But scientists at the sticking a metre out of the ice
than in the 1980s. In the last 27 creating a glacial lake more than environmental disaster in North U n i versity of Colorado at Boulder beneath another metre of snow
years, they have, on average, 100 kilometres long and 100 American history. Nearly 2,000 recently found that glaciers and that Bertollo had shovelled off.
thinned by a total of about 10.5 m etres deep. kilometres of Alaskan shoreline ice caps, more than Greenland or The fact that a metre of ice
metres. was contaminated. Antarctica, are mostly responsible had melted off the surface of the
Nowhere is the meltdown The Lowell’s retreat may be The melting of glaciers also for the ice in the world’s oceans. glacier in the six weeks it took for
more dramatic than in the sub- good news for the Yukon has huge implications for future They estimate that glaciers and the deep autumn freeze to set in
Arctic and Arctic regions where residents of Haines Junction hydroelectric generation in the ice caps are contributing about was no surprise to Demuth.
Arctic in Peril page 20
ED STRUZIK PHOTO FOR THE TORONTO STAR
Yellowish-grey trees in Kluane National Park in the Yukon show the extensive damage inflicted by spruce beetles
rages in Yukon forests
The spruce beetle, no longer fa ced with killer winter cold snaps, is on a done to stop the assault.
Winters are no longer producing
how this has all unfolded," Henry
said shortly after Makkonen
destructive rampage that has left at least 40 million trees dead or dying in killer cold snaps and summers are dropped us off on Goatherd, the
now so warm and dry that in at least iconic mountain in Kluane that
the Yukon. With temperatures rising, there is no end in sight to the carnage two of the last 13 years the boring overlooks the Lowell Glacier.
bugs have been able to complete a "It's not just the spruce trees
two-year life cycle in one year. A that are being devastated by climate
ED STRUZIK may be in the next century as used to play itself out after three or healthy tree can fight back by change. We're seeing the impacts
ATKINSON FELLOW greenhouse gas emissions put an four years has now gone on for 17. producing copious amounts of pitch everywhere – in the production of
extra layer of insulation into a Everything from the Kenai that flush bugs out from beneath its spruce cones that red squirrels feed
KLUANE NATIONAL PARK, rapidly warming atmosphere. Peninsula in southwest Alaska to bark. But trees' ability to make pitch on, in the deciduous vegetation that
YUKON – It was raining lightly, as it But here in the southwest Kluane and the Shakwak Valley in has been seriously compromised by is creeping up into the alpine
had been for most of this cool, corner of the Yukon and Alaska, it's the Yukon has been hit hard. the hot, dry weather Kluane has regions and in the glaciers that are
unsettled Yukon spring, as we flew difficult to see any upside to the "When that first patch of grey experienced since 1987. melting out of our icefields. You
down the Alsek Valley in Kluane changes taking place to the showed up in this valley, they should The proliferation of the spruce could write a book on how climate
National Park toward the Lowell landscape. have gone in and cut those trees beetle is not only destroying the change is affecting Kluane and you
Glacier, a magnificent river of ice Seventeen years ago when the down," said Makkonen, reflecting mature forests of the Yukon and probably wouldn't run out of
that winds out of the St. Elias spruce beetle began to seriously the views of many people in the Alaska, it's setting the scene for a material."
Mountain Range. bore into the trees of the southwest Yukon and Alaska. massive forest fire that could trigger The view from Goatherd
But no amount of moisture was corner of the Yukon and Alaska, for "It would have stopped the even bigger ecological changes. Mountain is one of the most
going to green up the forest below. example, no one thought much of it. spread of beetles and produced 40 There is potential for an inferno so spectacular northern national park
From one end of the valley to the The six-legged, quarter-inch-long full-time jobs. But what does Parks hot and intense it could burn down vistas. But the glacier that presented
other, virtually every tree was a bug has been feeding on small Canada do? They form a committee into the duff and fry the spruce itself that day was nothing like the
ghostly grey. patches of trees in this part of the to discuss the options. They've been seedlings and poplar saplings that one I saw 27 years ago when I first
"Have a look, anywhere you world for thousands of years. discussing the options ever since. are needed for regeneration. camped here.
want," said pilot Doug Makkonen as Traditionally, several weeks of Now it's too late to do anything If that happens, says Rod There is no longer even a
he slowly did a 360-degree spin in intense, cold winter keeps the bugs about it. This is like a freight train. Garbutt, the forest health specialist remote possibility that the Lowell
the helicopter. "What you see here is in check. But every once in a while, Nothing is going to stop it now." with the Pacific Forestry Service will surge forward and butt up
what we have in almost every valley the beetles get the upper hand and In the back of the helicopter, who has been monitoring the against Goatherd as it did 255 years
of this park. It's all dead wood from the spruce forests suffer. David Henry was listening silently situation for 13 years, it could be ago when Glacial Lake Alsek flooded
mountaintop to riverside. It's just No one, however, has seen the to Makkonen's harangue. This silent spring in the southwest everything 100 kilometres
sitting there waiting for lightning to kind of devastation now taking wasn't the first time the national corner of the Yukon and Alaska for upstream. Nor is it the threat to
fire it up." place. At least 40 million trees are park ecologist has received an earful years to come. Only a massive Alsek River rafters as it was 10 years
In the long history of the Arctic, dead or dying in the Yukon. Tens of from locals. But there was little planting program would likely bring ago when huge chunks of ice were
climatic variability has produced million more in Alaska are kindling. Parks Canada or the Yukon and back those trees after such a hot calving off the glacier’s toe and
both winners and losers. And so it The voracious feeding cycle that Alaska governments could have fire. choking the waterway. Like most of
"It's really depressing to see Kluane's glaciers, the Lowell is
Arctic in Peril page 21
ED STRUZIK PHOTO FOR THE TORONTO STAR
Caption ?????? ??????? ??????? ????? ??? ?????? ?? ?????????.
shrinking dramatically. in elevation. Arctic plants, he points out, do not On the flight out, Doug to be lit up. It's really tragic to see
Still, it was humbling standing Henry and I saw plenty of adapt well to a rapidly warming Makkonen continued where he had what's happening
there, leaning into the icy wind and evidence of this in the Bates Creek world. Nor, he adds, do they left off, taking us on a wild ride over to this part of
waiting for the peaks of Mounts Valley behind Goatherd Mountain. compete well with southern species more dead forest, increasingly the world."
Hubbard, Alverston and Kennedy to Twenty-five years ago, it was the that are now moving north to take salmon-less streams and sheep-less
slowly reveal themselves in the best way of hiking out of the area. advantage of the warmer conditions. mountainsides.
thinning clouds. But now the stands of willow and What's really remarkable, says "I've been flying this
"This, alone, is worth the trip," alder that were once confined to Henry, is how quickly all this can country for more than 25
said Henry when the 14,000- to narrow strips along the stream happen. From extensive studies he years," he said as he pointed
15,000-foot massifs finally broke banks are getting taller and thicker and others have done, they've found to a grey forest that stood in
through. and moving higher along the that Arctic plant communities sharp contrast to the
Picturesque as they are, the St. hillsides. The further we hiked exhibit a detectable response to vibrant, emerald
Elias Mountains are responsible for down valley, the thicker the brush warming after just two years. green waters of
the rain-shadow effect that has became. In the end, Henry and I never Kathleen
exacerbated the spruce beetle Scientist David Hik and did make it out of the Bates Creek Lake.
problem in Kluane and the biologist Ryan Danby recently Valley on foot. Bad weather slowed "Ten
surrounding areas. confirmed that this is happening on us down, but so did the years ago,
Historically, there has been a wider scale in the Kluane area. bushwhacking. With no chance of that was green
relatively little rain and therefore Using tree rings to date 850 trees getting through 20 to 30 kilometres on green. Look Spruce Beetle
not much lightning. So those trees and 900 willow shrubs, they were of this in the five or six days we had at it now.
that are getting attacked by the able to show how climatic warming planned, we called in the helicopter. It's all kindling waiting
spruce beetle are semi-mature, has triggered a rapid advance of
mature or over-the-hill because trees along most of the alpine slopes
wildfires that kill and regenerate in the park.
have been infrequent. Now, If the climate of the Yukon
lightning is increasing in the Kluane continues to warm, as virtually
area, as it is in the entire Mackenzie every climatologist predicts, Hik
Valley of the Northwest Territories. believes it will only be a matter of
Spruce is also, by far, the most time before alpine birds and
dominant tree in the region. And animals run out of elevation to
because there are no significant escape into.
stands of willow, aspen or balsam This treeline march isn't unique
poplar to slow the spread of a fire, a to Southwest Yukon and Alaska.
lightning strike or a careless camper Botanists like Grey Henry of the
could set off a catastrophic blaze University of British Columbia are
that would rival those infernos that seeing similar trends farther north
burned nearly 5 per cent of the in the tundra of Alaska, northern
Yukon and Alaska in 2004. Canada, Scandinavia and Siberia.
Up on Goatherd Mountain, the Using miniature greenhouses to
marsh marigolds, Arctic poppies, simulate what the Arctic world will
mountain avens and other alpine look like as the climate continues to
species proliferating on the slopes heat, Henry and his colleagues have
and plateaus will likely be spared if a produced compelling evidence to
forest fire sweeps through the valley suggest that deciduous plants will
below. But even here climate change move northward so quickly that
is taking its toll. spruce trees will take root on the
Cold weather used to prevent Arctic islands within 30 years.
trees and other deciduous plants By the time that happens, Henry
from encroaching into this alpine warns, many of the moss, lichen and
world. But now deciduous plants sedge-covered regions of the Arctic ED STRUZIK PHOTO FOR THE TORONTO STAR
and trees are rapidly moving higher will have shrunk dramatically. High
Caption ?????? ??????? ??????? ????? ??? ?????? ?? ?????????.
Gen y goes head-to-head with marketing
industry leaders. They discuss who’s got to
change: marketing’s demanding newbies
or the stubborn old fogies.
redictable, boring and set in their
ways is the common lament members
of Generation Y use to describe their
managers. And, over-confident, under-
skilled and entitled are the words they
hear about themselves in return. Is
there any common ground? Market-
ing decided to find out. After staff writer Jeromy Lloyd’s
“The Truth About Gen Y” (Oct. 15, 2007) sparked a lively
debate on our letters page, we brought together industry
veterans and rookies to sit down and talk through the issues
to see if they could bridge the gap.
26 July 28, 2008 Marketing Marketing July 28, 2008 27
to adapt to Gen Y, that’s not going to make the that we’ll work hard and at the end of the year we’ll people to be involved 100%, then you close that basis, tell people that they’re doing a good job,
workplace better. We need a little bit of discipline, reward you. Whereas now, what I realize is you gap between work life and personal life and push otherwise they don’t know.
the old bootstrap occasionally, and maybe that will always have to give feedback. people in their personal lives as well, and they’ll tracey: What managers should be doing is set-
iNDUstRy VeteRaNs: bring out the best in us. Right now the number tracey: That’s a huge insight. The need for feed- give you back more. Google is a prime example of ting aside 30 minutes or an hour every month to
one issue facing Gen Y is that we’re lacking dedi- back for this generation is greater. It’s not that giving to employees in their personal lives to get have a touch-base meeting with one of their Gen
founder and President, cation and work ethic because we’ve been given they’re needy… more involvement for them in business. Y employees and just say, “How’s it going? Is there
NKPR everything so easily. anything else we can be doing?” Thirty minutes
toronto, 37 Dyck: I don’t think that our employers should adapt is not a big investment for a manager and it can
totally to our work styles. There are a lot of things “ We neeD a little bit of Discipline, the olD bootstrap pay big, big rewards.
we can learn from our employers, and we actually occasionally, and maybe that will bring out the best in us.” heMraj: We do the same kind of one-on-ones with
crave a bit of direction. We are a little naïve about –Daniel Noble managers every two weeks. Basically asking about
toNy milleR, the politics of the corporate structure. personal life, goals, career path, how you’re feeling,
Partner and koifMan: I don’t mean that we will just give you do you have any issues, concerns. It’s rewarding
the red carpet. It is understanding what makes reha: …That’s how they were brought up. reha: If they can afford it... as well.
toronto, 43 you tick so we can bring out the absolute best tracey: Whereas, for older generations, it was Uren: I don’t think the problem is that we just tracey: That would have seemed crazy 15 years
in you. It doesn’t mean that there wouldn’t be a more systemic in terms: of you get a perform- refuse to work past five o’clock. If you explain, ago. Managers would be saying, “What? Why do
structure because you can’t run a business without ance review at month six or month 12. The faster “I need you to stay till 10 or 11 o’clock tonight we need to do that? They’ve got a job. They should
a structure. We’re accountable to our clients; you’re feedback loop is actually very positive because it’s because this campaign is due,” they’re going to be happy.”
founder and President, accountable to us and our clients. My generation, allowing people to course-correct much quicker. be more than willing to do it. reha: “They have a paycheque.”
Newad for example, I don’t think we needed that same It’s not the monetary rewards in my organization koifMan: How do you find that work-life balance? tracey: But in today’s workforce you have to recog-
montreal, 46 kind of motivation. that are working. Because with technology today, there’s a higher nize that Gen Y does have choices–the best of Gen
Miller: There is a difference that I’ve seen within reha: We’ve tried trips and gifts and bonuses. What expectation from clients nowadays–there’s just Y has lots of choices. The other thing to recognize is
the creative department of a couple of ad agencies really works is if our managers analyze their work, more to do. I get 500 e-mails a day–there is no that in marketing and advertising, it’s very competi-
I’ve been at, where there was a definite demarca- coach them, use their ideas and increase their work-life balance. How do you establish those tive. So when you get the best of a good generation
tion about three or four years ago between what a responsibilities. If you give them ownership based boundaries? all competing for good jobs, then it is a requirement
President, experiential junior team was prepared to do and what a junior on the level they’re at, they’ll produce. Dyck: I’m sure my manager would just respond to for you to make sure that you’re meeting with them
marketing Division, team is prepared to do now–how long they are noble: I find our society, and the media especially, every urgent request. I do too because I prioritize regularly and that they feel good about where they’re
mosaic sales solutions
prepared to work, what kind of extras they ask for. doesn’t prioritize hard work anymore. Have you my work ahead of my outside interests, but a lot at. That’s just smart in today’s business.
I had one team, right out of the gate, where one of ever watched that stupid show, The Hills? of my peers batch their e-mail. They prioritize koifMan: Is it only Gen Y we do that with or should
them asked for three weeks vacation and another reha: No. I’ve heard of it. getting out and attending their social causes. In a we not be doing that with Gen X as well?
asked for a really expensive awards show ticket on noble: These people are apparently “working” but way they are setting an expectation to their clients tracey: I’m just saying the expectation from Gen
GeN y’eRs: her first day. They ended up being a terrific team “working” is talking 24/7 about who they’re going that they can’t be sending urgent requests through Y is for more. I wouldn’t have lost sleep it if I wasn’t
but it was shocking. It was something that would to date and “working” at the most ridiculously e-mail, so if it’s really urgent they would have had having my monthly touch-base with my manager
Recent graduate from the not have been even asked for by a Gen X team. glamorous job while doing nothing. People are to pick up the phone and call. 10 years ago, but now, I’m sure if I was part of this
advertising and Design Program, Who should adapt, the boss or the new tracey: We were taught that the guys upstairs watching this show and saying, “I want her job.” reha: That’s the way to do it. generation I would. “I get 14 Twitter messages, and I
George Brown College, toronto
employee? had all the answers, but I was fortunate to work at Our parents are always telling us how wonderful we Miller: That’s the way to do it. Maybe the employ- know everything else that is going on now. So at least
Uren: It’s not that everybody on the Gen Y side Procter & Gamble and they taught me that it is are, how smart we are–they’re not saying, “You’re ers, people in charge, are upset that they haven’t once a month I wonder what my boss thinks.”
is unhappy. Both sides have problems with each whoever is the best equipped to make the decision going to have to actually do something to make figured out the balance that’s required. hegger: Aside from being career driven, Gen Y
other. But the majority of people around this table gets to make the decision. If Gen Y adapted that, money. You can’t just go shopping.” hegger: Coming from a creative agency, wouldn’t longs for personal connection. I want to be able
are employing Gen Y, and I assume you’re retaining they’d be unstoppable, because [they’ve] got all tracey: I totally agree. It’s a cliché but there is no you want your employees to have a bit of downtime to talk to my boss. I want to know how I’m doing.
smak them. They’re not buggering off to do whatever. these great team-based skills, great collaboration substitute for hard work. I fundamentally believe to recharge, not get sick of work and get outside I don’t want it in an e-mail–I want to chat about it.
Vancouver, 24 reha: Some of them. skills and the digital know-how. that. influences? I do long for that personal connection–the direct
Miller: What you’re saying is partly true in terms Miller: Absolutely. There’s a long history in the feedback.
of who has to adapt. Both sides do, but employers agency creative departments of teams working reha: But isn’t it like that in marketing? I mean,
are a bit surprised by the attitude of Gen Yers, some What would it take to motivate gen y Does gen y have the right to control their overnight and, frankly, not being particularly pro- you [Aidan Tracy] do experiential marketing and
Product assistant, Gen Yers, that don’t adapt to the way the employer to produce? careers, workload and professional life? ductive. I’ve always said that no one ever came we talk to young adults because that’s what they
Kraft Canada is used to having employees behave. That seems heMraj: A lot of Gen Yers don’t get rewarded for have employers lost control of up with a smart idea at two in the morning. So respond to.
North york, 24 to be what’s happening. hard work and that’s why they don’t realize hard their staff? there has to be balance. The issues come when
koifMan: The onus is certainly on me in my busi- work pays off. The only way to drive that behaviour Dyck: For Gen Ys, our careers don’t define us. at five o’clock, the whistle blows, and like Fred
ness to adapt. You can’t afford to have that constant is to recognize that behaviour constantly. There are so many other things we’re involved Flintstone, people get out of there when work still Why does gen y deserve to get everything
ZaK hemRaJ, turnover, so you need to figure out how to keep noble: That’s a generalization. I’m sorry; you don’t in, and sometimes those diverse interests are seen needs to be done. they want?
software Developer for social really great people and what is going to motivate have to hold our hand along the way. as disengagement, but it’s not really. We are get- Dyck: My peers, we’ve been given everything that
media marketing, ting the work done. I’d argue sometimes more we’ve wanted and that, again, is a very big general-
i love Rewards
“i finD in job intervieWs there’s this expectation, efficiently, but we’re not willing to put in those can gen y learn how take ownership ization. But a lot of my friends haven’t had to work
‘i Want this, this anD this.’ But to make those demands not extra hours to just keep up appearances. of their work? for very much, like for their car, for university–it was
heMraj: Work-life balance is a huge issue for a lot Miller: The managers have to recognize how to fully paid for. Everything’s been handed to them.
ever being in the workforce?” –Natasha Koifman of employers. I do work 13-, 14-hour days some- give feedback in a more modern, proactive way They actually do expect to get what they want.
Recent graduate from the them to stay. heMraj: It’s recognizing the behaviour you times, and it’s because there’s no clear separation as opposed to an every-six-month review, which koifMan: Initially, too. I find in job interviews
marketing management Program,
hegger: What you’re saying is bang on, because, want. between work and life for me. A lot of people will is the old way. I’ve noticed people are saying even there’s this expectation, “I want this, this and this.”
etobicoke, 24 regardless of the attitude of who wants to change, reha: The difference is that information travels argue, especially older generations, that you need a month after they started, “How am I doing?” As an employer, I have no problem giving and
the nature of the beast is that Gen Y knows they’re in faster, and Gen Y has that information–they’re that clear distinction. I know people that have never Initially I thought, “Well I’d let you know if you rewarding once I’ve actually seen that this person
a good position. We know we can change jobs. used to going fast, and the reward also is expected hung out with somebody from work outside of work weren’t doing well. You’re doing fine.” But then I has an amazing skill set and makes a wonder-
noble: If you spend all of your entire time trying quicker. Initially, we were working on the premise hours, and they do that on purpose. If you want realized that actually you do need to, on an ongoing ful contribution to the team. But to make those
28 July 28, 2008 Marketing Marketing July 28, 2008 29
Canadian Institute of International Affairs / Institut Canadien des Affaires Internationales
ANNUAL REPORT Annual Report 2009-2010
well-run, and are on subjects of interest to has become an “IGLOO Community Partner,”
the CIIA, such as a recent conference entitled which allows it to become a participant in In 2009, the CIIA received a major financial
Canadian Institute of International Affairs / Institut Canadien des Affaires Internationales “Canada in Haiti: Considering the 3-D high-level discussions and debates. contribution from BMO Financial Group for
Annual Report 2009-2010 Approach”. its annual lecture series. Together with the
Our status has not changed. The CIIA retains continued financial contribution of Avana
FROM THE PRESIDENT The CIIA and its members now have access its separate status, and the branches continue Capital Corporation, BMO Financial Group’s
The mandate of the Canadian Institute of International The fiscal year which ended on June 30, 2009, to CIGI’s innovative IGLOO (International to operate within the CIIA framework and generous commitment as a multi-year title
Affairs is to promote a deeper understanding of international was a landmark year for the Canadian Institute Governance Leaders and Organizations in accordance with the CIIA’s bylaws and sponsor secured the series’ financial stability.
of International Affairs. On March 1, 2009, the Online) international governance research administrative practices. The branches can Entitled Wielding Power in a World without
affairs and of Canada’s role in a changing world by providing CIIA concluded an agreement with the Centre portal, which was recently launched with the design programs for approval for funding as a Borders: Exploring Visions of a Fairer World,
members with a non-partisan, nation-wide forum for informed for International Governance Innovation support of $7 million from the government Council activity; the National Capital Branch the BMO Financial Group/CIIA Distinguished
discussion, analysis and debate. By bringing together all (CIGI) of Waterloo, Ontario. The agreement of Ontario (www.theigloo.org). The portal, one was first off the mark and received funding for Lecture Series consisted of four lectures,
calls for the creation of the Canadian of the world’s most sophisticated, was created its June 2009 conference entitled Polycentric which explored power dynamics between
interested parties—private sector, government, academia, NGO International Council/Conseil International to facilitate the exchange of information, Governance? Subnational Governments and members of the international community, and
representatives, as well as the concerned public—to examine du Canada (CIC) composed of three members ideas and research papers on international Foreign Policy in an Age of Globalization. asked how, why, and for what ends power is
global issues through a distinctively Canadian lens, CIIA from each organization, to coordinate joint governance. There are “communities” on the used. Again, each lecture was free of charge
activities. These include the annual Foreign site devoted to topics such as UN Reform and As you can read below, we also had a to the public and included a question-and-
contributes a unique perspective on Canada’s place in the world. Policy Conference and the National Speakers’ Afghanistan. good year for national office and branch answer session and a reception. The lectures
Program, which will benefit from high-level events – we held more than 70 across the in Montréal, Vancouver, Toronto, and Halifax
FROM THE CHAIRMAN speakers made available through CIGI. Joint Behind the Headlines has become a country during the year. The Foreign drew a combined total of nearly 900 people.
The CIIA had another busy and productive in our recent history. The agreement was activities undertaken by the Council will Council publication. Bob Johnstone at our Policy Conference in Vancouver in March
year in 2009. Given that our staff is small and enthusiastically endorsed by our national be branded with the name and logo of the National Office has remained Editor, and attracted 225 delegates, a record. We had 250 George Perkovich, Vice President for
our budget modest, the range and number Board of Directors, after consultation with Council, the CIIA and CIGI. By combining the has been joined, as Associate Editor, by Dr. applications from all parts of Canada for 75 Studies at the Carnegie Endowment for
of programs and publications is remarkable, our branches. resources and strengths of two important not- Patricia Goff, a CIGI Fellow and president of places at the Youth Symposium, which was International Peace, launched the series at
as is their quality. Congratulations to our for-profit, non-partisan organizations, we the CIIA’s vibrant Waterloo Region branch. held at the same time. We got good corporate the McCord Museum of Canadian History in
hardworking President and his dedicated The agreement is extremely good news for believe we can better promote public interest Contributions for publications have come support from a city, which had previously Montreal on September 13 with a talk entitled
staff for a job well done. Congratulations also the CIIA and all of its members. It provides and debate on international relations and from both organizations. The great news for been difficult for CIIA and other similarly “Borders, Bombs, and Injustice: Security
to the dedicated volunteers in our branches the Institute with an exciting, innovative and Canada’s role in the world. members is that they will receive more BTH placed organizations. Speakers came from as Through Fairness”. Dr. Perkovich linked
who conceive and organize CIIA activities for well-funded partner for some of our events issues each year. Our flagship publication, the far away as Afghanistan and China. the structure of the current nuclear non-
members in cities across Canada. and publications. It delivers clear benefits CIGI was established in 2001 with generous International Journal, is not affected in any proliferation regime to perceptions of injustice
to the branches, and provides substantial funding from the federal government way by this agreement. Our third annual lecture series became the surrounding territorial borders using the
Notwithstanding a year that was successful financial support to the CIIA for specified and Research in Motion (the maker of the BMO Financial Group/CIIA Distinguished themes of inclusion and exclusion. In doing
in many dimensions the CIIA continued to activities. Blackberry) to study international governance As some of you know, the CIIA gave away a Lecture Series thanks to very generous, so he argued that successful non-proliferation
struggle financially. A loss was incurred for issues from a Canadian perspective. It has portion of the John Holmes Library a number multiyear support from BMO Financial Group. regimes must be constructed within a context
the sixth consecutive fiscal year. From an The agreement arose out of a recognition already proven to be a wonderful partner. of years ago. Now that we have moved away We successfully engaged younger Canadians that promotes fairness and justice on a global
analysis of the Statement of Revenues and that we need to build on our almost 80 Many of its key figures are well known to the from a university campus, the remainder is – a goal of virtually all organizations these scale on terms that are acceptable to both the
Expenditures it is clear that our primary years of distinguished history to meet the CIIA: Executive Director John English used seldom used; we are lucky if the Library has days – through the Youth Symposium, the rich and the poor.
challenge is revenue generation, not cost challenges and changing circumstances of to be our national president, while director half a dozen visitors a month. It is also costly High School Conference, and Visions &
containment. Like many other venerable the early 21st century. It also recognized the Ken Cork is a long time friend and supporter to maintain. With the enthusiastic agreement Voices, as described below. The second lecture in the series was given
Canadian NGOs the CIIA faced increasing complimentary mandates and capabilities of of the Institute. Many members know CIGI of the Library Trustees, the CIIA/CIGI in Vancouver on October 27 by Gregory
competition for both financial support and the CIIA and CIGI. The agreement resulted Distinguished Fellow Paul Heinbecker, partnership will result in the transfer of the I would like to thank our dedicated, Treverton, Director of the Intelligence Policy
members. Most organizations, whether in the creation of the Canadian International Canada’s former Ambassador to the United Library to CIGI’s premises in Waterloo, where overworked National Office staff. Equally Center at the RAND Corporation. His talk,
corporations, governments and their agencies, Council/Conseil International du Canada Nations, who has spoken to a number of our it will be open to the public and more fully deserving of praise are our volunteer board entitled “Reshaping U.S. Intelligence Power
religious and educational institutions or (CIC). Both CIGI and the CIC are described branches. CIGI recently attracted UN Deputy utilized. Subject to any copyright restrictions, members and our volunteer branch executives, for an Age of Terrorism” focused on structural
NGOs, must continually reinvent themselves more fully in the President’s report below. Secretary-General Louise Fréchette as a we plan to put the collection in digital format, who take time out of their busy lives to realize changes within intelligence services post-
in order to stay relevant to their existing and Distinguished Fellow. so it will be readily accessible online to our our collective mandate. We wouldn’t be here 9/11. He argued that a reorientation of
target audiences, and their donors. The relationship has been launched members across the country. The library will if it wasn’t for the generosity of our sponsors. analysis towards issue-based, information-
successfully and by all accounts is off to an As you can see from their website (www. still be called the John Holmes Library and And without our loyal membership, we would sharing between agencies such as the CIA
Knowing this we were delighted by the excellent start. It bodes well for the future. cigionline.org), the Centre has a very administered by the Trust. not be the member-led, national organization and the National Security Agency is an
opportunity to form an association with impressive International Advisory Board, that we are. I would particularly like to improvement on the pre-9/11 structure of
the Centre for International Governance which includes Jagdish Bhagwati of Columbia In short, branches and members will benefit welcome John MacNaughton as Chairman analytical ‘stovepipes’ whereby agencies
Innovation (CIGI) of Waterloo. The Institute University, Anne-Marie Slaughter, the Dean of from easy access to resources of the Library; a and Gerry Wright of the National Capital shared information and analyses only very
and CIGI, after extensive discussion and the Woodrow Wilson School at Princeton, and much stronger, better-funded National Office; branch to the board. rarely.
negotiation, entered into an agreement Angel Gurria, incoming Secretary-General of a revitalized National Speakers Program;
that is one of the most important advances the OECD. CIGI’s conferences are extremely and access to the IGLOO portal. The CIIA
Canadian Institute of International Affairs / Institut Canadien des Affaires Internationales The Institute follows the restricted fund method of accounting for income. The Operating Fund (unrestricted) accounts for the Institute’s
Annual Report 2009-2010 program delivery and administrative activities. The Operating Fund (internally restricted) represents a bequest which the Institute received in
2000 and which the Board of Directors chose to set up as an endowment.
The Gelber Prize for the best article by a International Insights CIIA WEBSITE
young scholar was given to Sean Burges for The goring of Canadian soft power: thinking The face of the Canadian Institute of The Externally Restricted Funds include the John Holmes Library Fund and Funds for the International Journal.
“Auto-estima in Brazil: The logic of Lula’s proactively in the Media Age International Affairs’ online presence will
south-south foreign policy,” our Coming by Eric T Miller soon be changing dramatically. Stemming STATEMENT OF FINANCIAL POSITION AS AT 30 JUNE 2010
Attractions article in the Africa issue, vol. 60, from the new partnership with the Centre for ASSETS 2010 2009
no. 4, fall 2005. After Iraq: is there a new Middle East International Governance Innovation (CIGI), Cash $ 37,987 $
by Shira Herzog the CIIA will be creating an online community Accounts Receivable 26,769 20,487
As a means of raising the profile of on IGLOO. IGLOO is an international
Deposits and prepaid expenses 16,986 17,043
the redesigned journal, selected groups of Cyprus in the EU: Relations with Canada, governance network that provides a means
Investments 958,753 1,075,026
academics & policymakers were sent copies of prospects for reunification and Turkey’s bid for accessing, sharing and disseminating
particular issues. to join the EU governance information and research from
Capital Assets 20,705 37,677
by The Hon Euripides L Evriviades anywhere in the world. By linking into this $ 1,061,200 $ 1,150,233
portal, CIIA members are connected to a LIABILITIES
BEHIND THE HEADLINES AND A changing Japan and implications knowledge network and valuable research Bank Indebtedness* $ $ 1,013
INTERNATIONAL INSIGHTS for Canada tools that amplify the global reach of the Accounts Payable and accrued liabilities 33,084 33,966
During the year ending June 2009 the by Mackenzie Clugston web by transcending borders, disciplines, and Capital Lease 1,963
following issues were released: economic boundaries. 33,084 36,942
Strengthening the weak: the Canadian forces
in Afghanistan By moving to IGLOO, the CIIA aims to UNEARNED REVENUES AND GRANTS 200,296 115,032
Behind the Headlines by Colonel M.D. Capstick improve the usability and organization of
Why Treaties work or don’t work, and what its website. Visitors will be able to view all
to do about them The two sides of the Canadian foreign policy upcoming events around the country through
by Trevor Findlay coin, and Latin America and the Caribbean a centralized Calendar that will be searchable Net Assets invested in capital assets 20,705 35,714
by the Right Honourable Joe Clark by location and event type. Also, full-text Externally Restricted 443,726 477,765
The private sector’s essential role in versions of the latest Behind the Headlines, Internally Restricted 703,000 703,000
economic development A fresh look at old friends International Insights and Institute Affairs will Unrestricted (339,611) (218,220)
by James Riedel, Arthur Saper and by Peter Boehm be available to download online in addition to 827,820 998,259
Jesse Moore an extensive collection of archived editions.
Note: All of these publications are available $ 1,061,200 $ 1,150,23
Quagmire of convenience: The Chechen war in PDF format on the Institute’s website – CIIA members will receive additional
and Putin’s presidency www.ciia.org benefits from being part of the new website. STATEMENT OF OPERATIONS FOR THE YEAR ENDED 30 JUNE 2010
by Robert E Johnson Forums give members the opportunity to
comment on the latest publications, guest
contribution or branch activity. Members will INCOME 2010 2009
also have access to a Membership Directory Programmes $ 209,510 $ 164,258
where they can interact with fellow members Corporate Members 123,216 104,000
and find others with similar research interests.
Publications and Members 159,538 172,582
To support this new website, Corinne Donations 51,418 54,164
Bordman will be joining the CIIA in Grants 100,090 94,743
September from the Centre for International Investment 95,516 82,121
Governance Innovation. Corinne is going to Other 54,778 20,493
be responsible for maintaining the website
$ 794,066 $ 692,361
and assisting members and branches with the
Programmes $ 171,991 $ 104,140
The new website is expected to launch in Publications and Membership 154,157 185,353
September 2010. Library 12,964 15,729
Administration 594,189 625,908
Other 2,000 2,000
Amortization 17,454 29,508
Investment Management Fees 11,750 15,633
$ 964,505 $ 978,271
NET INCOME FOR THE YEAR $ (170,439) $ (285,910)
*Cheques outstanding at time of audit
Canadian Institute of International Affairs / Institut Canadien des Affaires Internationales Canadian Institute of International Affairs / Institut Canadien des Affaires Internationales
Annual Report 2009-2010 Annual Report 2009-2010
CONTRIBUTORS 2009-2010 BOARD OF DIRECTORS BRANCH PRESIDENTS NATIONAL OFFICE STAFF
CIIA gratefully acknowledges the generous support of our many donors and sponsors: (as of 30 June 2009) 2009-2010 (as of 30 June 2009)
MANAGEMENT FINANCIAL SUMMARY Lecture Series Sponsors CHAIRMAN Boston, Mr. James Reed Michael Berk
The following Management Summary of the Financial Position and Statement of Operations Avana Capital Corporation John MacNaughton, CM Calgary, Dr. Duane Bratt Director, Membership & Branch Development
of the Canadian Institute of International Affairs as of 30 June 2009 and for the year then BMO Financial Group Halifax, Mr. Michael MacKinnon, Mr. Bryan Rima Berns-McGown
ended are taken from the financial statements audited by the audit firm of Smith, Nixon & Co. Clearwater Fine Foods PRESIDENT & CEO Williams Burns Managing Editor, International Journal
LLP, Chartered Accountants, Toronto. The complete audited statement is available on request. Kruger Inc. Douglas Goold Hamilton, Ms. Elham Farah Jordan Dupuis
National Post Montreal, Dr. Toby Gilsig Program Director
The Canadian Institute of International Affairs, a not-for-profit organization founded in Power Corporation of Canada DIRECTORS National Capital, Mrs. Barbara Darling
1928 and incorporated under the laws of Canada as a corporation without share capital, has as SNC Lavalin John English Regina, BGen (Retired) Cliff A. Walker
Librarian, John Holmes Library
its mission the promotion of an understanding of international affairs by providing interested University of King’s College Anthony Ferrari Saskatoon, Mr. David B. Russell
Canadians with a non-partisan, nation-wide forum for informed discussion, analysis and Derek Fraser Thunder Bay, Mrs. Susan E.B. Simonsen Douglas Goold
President & CEO
debate. The Institute is a registered charity within the meaning of the Income Tax Act (Canada) Lawrence Herman Toronto, Mr. Keith Martin
and accordingly is exempt from income taxes. High School Conference Sponsor The Hon. Roy MacLaren, P.C. (Toronto) Vancouver, Ms. Valerie Shapiro Robert Johnstone
Margaret MacMillan Victoria, Mr. Derek Fraser Editor, Behind the Headlines and
TD Bank Financial Group International Insights
Corporate Investors ($7,500+) John McWilliams Waterloo Region, Dr. Patricia Goff
AGF Funds Inc. Don Newman Karen Lu
Atomic Energy of Canada Ltd. Foreign Policy Conference Sponsors Randall Oliphant Program Coordinator
Barrick Gold Platinum Frank Potter (HRSDC-funded position)
BCE Inc. Foreign Affairs Canada Michael Rayfield Tayab Mohammed
BMO Bank of Montreal Jodi White Accountant
General Electric Canada Inc. Gold Gerald Wright
Leapfrog Capital Corporation Nexen Inc.
Nexen Inc. Barrick Gold
RBC Financial Group Individual Donors ($100 or more)
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Tory’s LLP Bergbusch, Eric Harris, Edwin C. Oliphant, Randall
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Asia Pacific Foundation of Canada Brecher, Dr. Irving Hastings, DDS, Dr. & Mrs. Lionel Pearson, Geoffrey
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Investors Group Media Caldwell, Thomas S. Herridge, Q.C., William Potter, Frank
Manulife Financial National Post Christie, David Herzog, Shira Rayfield, Michael
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Corporate Donors Volunteer Coordination Clark, Ian Iizawa, Hideaki Robertson, Gordon
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Also included: Shelf Talker, Tent Card, 18 – Super-Charged Moisturizer®, foil packs
Salon Value $219.29
Salon Deal: $144.00 Tip Cards, 2 – 33.8 oz. pumps
Salon Deal: $153.50 Vespa Merchandising Kit Also included: Shelf Talker, Tent Card, Tip Cards,
Qty.________ Vespa Merchandising Kit
EXTRA-BODY Receive Free:
MEDIUM HOLD SALON KIT 1 – Extra-Body Daily Shampoo®, 33.8 oz.
STYLE SALON KIT 1 – Extra-Body Daily Rinse®, 33.8 oz.
Save on the purchase of: 1 – Extra-Body Daily Boost™, 16.9 oz.
Save on the purchase of: 6 – Extra-Body Daily Shampoo®, 8.5 oz. 1 – Extra-Body Sculpting Foam®, 16.9 oz.
6 – Super Sculpt™, 8.5 oz. 6 – Extra-Body Daily Rinse®, 8.5 oz. 1 – Extra-Body Sculpting Gel®, 16.9 oz.
®™ Trademarks of AIR MILES International Holdings N.V. Used under license by Loyalty Management Group Canada Inc. and Can-Rad Beauty Limited.
Hair Sculpting Lotion™, 8.5 oz.
Fast Drying Sculpting Spray™, 8.5 oz.
Extra-Body Daily Boost™, 8.5 oz.
Extra-Body Sculpting Foam®, 6 oz.
1 – Extra-Body Finishing Spray™, 12 oz.
2 – 33.8 oz. pumps
6 – Sculpting Foam™, 6 oz. 6 – Extra-Body Sculpting Gel®, 6.8 oz. 18 – Extra-Body Daily Shampoo®, foil packs
6 – Super Clean Spray®, 10 oz. } 6 – Extra-Body Finishing Spray™, 12 oz. 18 – Extra-Body Daily Rinse®, foil packs
18 – Extra-Body Sculpting Gel®, foil packs
Salon Value $352.00
Temporary Salon Value $369.65 Also included: Shelf Talker, Tent Card, Tip Cards,
Salon Deal: $228.00 Extra-Body Fact Sheet, Vespa
Salon Deal: $317.00 Merchandising Kit
Save on the purchase of: 1 – Color Protect® Daily Shampoo, 33.8 oz.
6 – Color Protect® Daily Shampoo, 8.5 oz. 1 – Color Protect® Daily Conditioner, 33.8 oz.
6 – Color Protect® Daily Conditioner, 8.5 oz. 1 – Color Protect® Locking Spray, 16.9 oz.
6 – Color Protect® Locking Spray, 8.5 oz. 18 – Color Protect® Daily Shampoo, foil packs
18 – Color Protect® Daily Conditioner, foil packs
2 – 33.8 oz. pumps
Save on the purchase of: Save on the purchase of:
Salon Value. $196.74
6 – Super Clean Sculpting Gel®, 6.8 oz. 6 – Super Clean Sculpting Gel®, 6.8 oz. Also included: Shelf Talker, Tent Card, Tip Cards,
Vespa Merchandising Kit
6 – Freeze and Shine Super Spray , 8.5 oz.
6 – Freeze and Shine Super Spray , 8.5 oz. ®
Salon Deal: $136 .00
6 – Super Clean Extra®, 10 oz. 6 – Super Clean Extra®, 10 oz.
Save on the purchase of:
6 – Super Clean Sculpting Gel , 6.8 oz.
6 – Freeze and Shine Super Spray®, 8.5 oz.
*Deal period effective June 2003.
6 – Super Clean Extra®, 10 oz. **Prices subject to change without notice.
***Offer valid while supplies last. Quantities may be limited.
GRAND TOUR OF SCANDINAVIA GRAND TOUR OF SCANDINAVIA (Cont’d)
*C O P E N H A G E N *O S L O *GEIRANGER *ST O C K H O L M
ESCORTED *BERGEN *HELSINKI *BAL E S T R A N D
with thanks to Carl Jacobsen of the Carlsberg Brewery. Dinner and accommodation at the RADISSON SAS Sunday, Day 10 Balestrand/Geiranger 16 DAYS
16 DAY TOUR FEATURES The afternoon is free to explore this fairytale city NORGE located on Ole Bull’s Square. B/L/D Enjoy some spectacular views of the fjord and ESCORTED
• Return airfare from Toronto perhaps to stroll along the elegant Stroget or to visit mountains as you ascend the Gaular Mountain
• Airport Transfers Friday, Day 8 Bergen
Christianshavn, one of the oldest quarters in the city A three hour guided tour of Bergen this morning will Road. After driving alongside lovely Lake Jolster,
• Transportation by modern deluxe coach
to see the houseboats and old restored houses. In the include a visit to the popular Fish and Flower Market. descend to the beautiful Nord Fjord. Lunch at Briksdal
• English speaking tour escort throughout
evening transfer to the Tivoli, Copenhagen’s most See the ancient Maria Church built in the early 12th with time to visit the famous Briksdal Galcier.
• 12 Nights accommodation based on first
class centrally located hotel with private
famous recreational area built in 1843 for dinner. century and considered to be Norway’s most beautiful A one-hour cruise this afternoon by ferry along the
facilities including 3 Course or buffet Return to your hotel for overnight. B/D church. Continue past the Hanseatic Quarter and the unforgettable Geiranger Fjord, with its cascading
dinner and Scandinavian buffet breakfast old Bryggen Harbor, where painters and weavers have waterfalls and narrow gorges. Disembark in the
Monday, Day 4 Copenhagen/Oslo
• 5 Lunches set up their workshop in the restored wooden houses. picturesque village of Geiranger. Dinner and
The morning is free perhaps to visit the Carlsberg
• Overnight cruise Copenhagen to Oslo and
Experience a ride on the funicular railway to accommodation at the UNION HOTEL overlooking
Glyptothek, a gorgeous marble and mosaic adorned
Stockholm to Helsinki including
Mt. Floien, some 1050 feet, for a breathtaking view of the Geiranger Fjord. B/L/D
building, housing an incredible collection of statues.
accommodation in 2 berth outside cabin
with shower/WC, buffet dinner and
This afternoon we transfer by coach from the hotel to the city and the fjord far below. The afternoon is free. Monday, Day 11 Geiranger/Oslo
breakfast on board the DFDS Seaways Terminal for your overnight cruise Dinner and overnight at the hotel. B/D More magnificent scenery today as your tour crosses
• Entrance to Tivoli Gardens for dinner to Oslo departing at 1700 Hrs. Enjoy your first Saturday, Day 9 Bergen/Balestrand first the Grotli Mountains to Lom, then following Lake
• 3 Hour guided tour of Copenhagen, Oslo, Scandinavian smorgasbord dinner as you gently The day starts with a scenic tour along the idyllic Vaga, descends into the remarkable Gulbrands Valley,
Bergen and Helsinki, 4 hour Stockholm cruise up the Kattegat. B/D Hardanger Fjord followed by an amazing ascent of the renown for its old farmsteads and beautiful river
guided tour including entrances to Viking
famous Stalheim Canyon, with breathtaking views of continue to the world famous town of Lillehammer,
Tuesday, Day 5 Oslo
Ships, Fram Museum, Maria Church and where we pause for lunch. After lunch, there will be
Enjoy a delicious buffet breakfast as you cruise along the Naeroy Valley, its mountain peaks and waterfalls.
City Hall Stockholm time to visit the Olympia Park, before continuing
• Ride on the Bergen Funicular to the enchanting Oslo Fjord. Arrive in Oslo at 9:00 a.m. Enjoy a buffet lunch on board one of the
sightseeing boats followed by a 3-hour fjord cruise alongside Lake Mjosa to arrive back in Oslo during
Mt. Floien followed by a 3-hour guided tour of the Norwegian
from Gudvangen to Balestrand. Enjoy the spectacular the early evening. Dinner and accommodation at the
• 3 Hour cruise on Naeroy and Sogn Fjord capital visiting the world famous Viking Ships. See the Mt. Floien, Bergen
scenery of the narrow Naeroy Fjord, followed by the RADISSON SAS SCANDINAVIA HOTEL. B/L/D
and 1 hour cruise on Geiranger Fjord Polar exploration ship, the Fram, built for Fridtjof
• All ferry crossings in Norway Nansen’s Polar expedition of 1893-96. Next, is the majestic mountain slopes of the Sogn Fjord also Tuesday, Day 12 Oslo/Stockholm
• Luggage assistance at all hotels based impressive Vigeland Sculpture Park, where a world of known as the “King of the Fjords. Dinner and After breakfast we depart from Oslo by coach, Waldemarsudde, the former home of Prince Eugen 1967. Also see the Temppeliuakio Church, known as
on one normal size piece of luggage people and animals has been sculptured in granite, accommodation at KVIKNE’S HOTEL beautifully situ- continue towards the Swedish border. Cross into located in an exquisite setting and housing his private the Rock Church, carved out of solid rock a dramatic
per person iron and bronze by Gustav Vigeland. This afternoon, ated overlooking the Sogn Fjord in a magnificent the attractive province of Varmland and arrive collection. Or take one of the popular canal tours. setting, but beautiful in its simplicity. The afternoon
enjoy an excursion to Holmenkollen for a birdseye mountain setting. B/L/D in the city of Karlstad on Lake Vanem, the largest in (Cost not included). Dinner and accommodation is free perhaps to visit the Market Square at the
Friday, Day 1 Toronto/Frankfurt
view of the city and fjord far below. Dinner and Sweden, After lunch in Karlstad, the tour continues at the SCANDIC HOTEL CONTINENTAL. B/D foot of the esplanade at South Harbor filled with
Evening departure on board Lufthansa German
accommodation at the RADISSON SAS SCANDINAVIA through a landscape of forests and sparkling brightly colored stalls or the Ateneum with its
Airlines overnight flight to Frankfurt. Inflight meals Thursday, Day 14 Stockholm/Helsinki
HOTEL, ideally situated close to the Karl Johan lakes to reach the Swedish capital in the late wonderful collection of paintings and sculptures.
will be served. The morning is free to relax. This afternoon transfer
Boulevard and the Royal Palace. B/D afternoon. Dinner and accommodation at the Accommodation at the RADISSON SAS HOTEL
Saturday, Day 2 Frankfurt/Copenhagen SCANDIC HOTEL CONTINENTAL located in the main from the hotel to the pier for embarkation on a
Wednesday, Day 6 Oslo luxurious overnight cruise on the Silja Line HESPERIA, centrally located on Mannerheimintie. B/D
Arrival Frankfurt. Continue by Lufthansa scheduled shopping district. B/L/D
The day is free in Oslo. There is so much to do and see. departing at 1700 Hrs. from Stockholm sailing down Saturday, Day 16 Helsinki/Frankfurt/Toronto
service to Copenhagen Transfer to the hotel. Dinner
Perhaps a stroll along the bustling Aker Brygge Wednesday, Day 13 Stockholm the glorious archipelago, past numerous small After breakfast at the hotel transfer to the airport for
and overnight at the centrally located IMPERIAL
Harbor where you can shop in the boutiques; the The day starts with a 4-hour guided tour of the city islands. Scandinavian buffet dinner (smorgasbord) departure by Lufthansa German Airlines scheduled
HOTEL, within walking distance of Tivoli Gardens. D
Akershus Fortress, one of the relics from mediaeval including the Royal Palace, built in the late 17th and on board with a wide choice of different meals service via Frankfurt to Toronto. Inflight meals will be
Sunday, Day 3 Copenhagen times or a visit to the Edvard Munch Museum to see early 18th centuries, housing exquisite collections of and fishes. Selection of entertainment, bars, shops served. B
The day starts with a 3-hour guided tour of the city some of the Norwegian expressionist painter’s tapestry and china. Continue past the Parliament and a casino. B/D
with a history that stretches back to the 11th century. collection. Dinner and overnight at the hotel. B/D Buildings to the Cathedral, with its dazzling wood GRAND TOUR OF SCANDINAVIA
Famous sites include the Royal Amalienborg Palace, sculpture entitled, “Saint George and the Dragon” Friday, Day 15 Helsinki
Depart Return Cost Cdn.
the residence of the Danish royal family since 1794, a Thursday, Day 7 Oslo/Bergen by Bernt Notke dating from 1479. Next is the Royal Enjoy your buffet breakfast as you sail into Helsinki. June 14 June 29 $5299
unique example of Danish rococo comprised of four Following breakfast, we depart Oslo heading for the Theatre starting place for the careers of Greta Garbo After disembarkation, depart on a 3-hour guided tour June 28 July 13 $5351
mountain resort of Geilo for a delicious buffet lunch of Helsinki visiting such famous sites as the Senate July 12 July 27 $5351
identical palaces. Next is Christiansborg Palace, seat and Ingrid Bergman. You will also visit the enchanti- July 26 August 10 $5351
of the Danish parliament where Bishop Absalom built at the Bardola Mountain Hotel. The tour continues ng Old Town known as the Gamla Stan, with its Square, with its neo-classical buildings dating from August 09 August 24 $5351
his first fortress in 1167. Continue via the Gefion across the wild Hardanger Mountain Plateau stopping narrow cobbled streets and numerous antique shops. 1818 to 1852; the Uspenski Cathedral, Helsinki’s most
Single supplement $1118.00 Cdn.
Fountain to the harbor area of Nyhavn where at No. at Fossli to admire Norway’s highest waterfall, the The highlight of the tour is a visit to the City Hall with famous landmark and Parliament House. Next is
67 Hans Christian Andersen lived between l845-l864 Voringsfoss, with a vertical drop of l80 m. Descend to Finlandia Hall, the last architectural structure created FINNAIR BONUS
its famous Blue and Golden Hall, where the Nobel For participants flying on Finnair the tour departs on Thursday and
and wrote many of his famous fairytales. the lovely Hardanger Fjord for a short ferry crossing by Alvar Aalto. Continue to the Sibelius Park and
Prize banquet is held each year. The afternoon is free returns on Sunday with two extra nights in Helsinki, one night at the
Of course our visit would not be complete without before continuing via Voss and Dale to Bergen, the Monument, a unique structure of tubular steel pipes beginning of the tour and one night at the end of the tour. The rate
perhaps to visit the famous Vasa Museum remains the same.
stopping at the famous Little Mermaid erected in 1913 capital of Western Norway and gateway to the fjords. Helsinki Harbour, Finland dedicated to the Finnish composer Jean Sibelius in
where the Man-of-War Vasa is housed or a visit to the
TREASURES OF TURKEY TREASURES OF TURKEY (Cont’d)
*ISTANBUL *TROY *CANAKKALE *SARDES *PA M U K K A L E * H I E R A P O L I S
*PERGAMON *IZMIR *EPHESUS *APHRODISI A S * A N T A LY A * K O N Y A
*CAPPADOCIA *AN K A R A * B U R S A
Credit Franz Edson Inc.
15 DAYS sheltering hundreds of Lydian tombs. Visit the ESCORTED
15 DAY TOUR FEATURES ESCORTED Temple of Cybele, which later became a church, the
• Airfare from Toronto
famous Synagogue from the third century, the
• Transportation by air-conditioned bus or van
• Luggage handling at the hotels Gymnasium and the new excavation area. See the
• English speaking professional tour guide Golden River Pactalos. Proceed to Pamukkale.
throughout PAMUKKALE COLLOSAE. 1 night. B/L/D
• 13 Nights accommodation based on
double occupancy in hotels with Sunday, Day 8
private facilities Pamukkale/Hierapolis/Aphrodisias/Antalya
• 34 meals - 13 Breakfasts, 12 lunches
From Pamukkale, we travel to ancient Hierapolis
and 9 dinners
• All entrance fees to museums and built by the Romans to dominate the spring waters
sites indicated and harness their mystical qualities. See the wonder-
• Service charges and local taxes fully unique formation of stalactites in Pamukkale
meaning “Cotton Castle,” a noted ancient spa where
Sunday, Day 1 Toronto/Milan pure white travertines form frozen waterfalls. You will
Depart via Alitalia Airlines overnight jet service to have the opportunity to observe carpet weaving at one
Milan. Inflight meals will be served. of the local workshops before driving to Aphrodisias,
Hisar (Rumeli Hisar, Istanbul)
the ruined city of Aphrodite, the Goddess of Love,
Monday, Day 2 Milan/Istanbul where you will find a well preserved stadium, the
Arrival Milan. Continue by air to Istanbul, the only first thousand years of its existence. Today it is a replica of the famous wooden horse that beautiful marble Odeon, a dazzling white marble
city in the world that spans two continents. You museum. The evening is free. B/L guards the entrance. Continue to Canakkale. Theater, the Temple of Aphrodite converted into a Ancient Spa at Pamukkale, Denizli
will be met and taken on a short orientation tour CANAKKALE AKOL HOTEL. 1 night. B/L/D church and the Agora (marketplace). Continue to
of the city before transferring to the hotel for a Wednesday, Day 4 Istanbul/Troy/Canakkale
This morning visit the Grand Covered Bazaar with Thursday, Day 5 Canakkale/Pergamon/Izmir Antalya,Turkey’s principal holiday resort.
welcome briefing. Dinner and overnight. Wednesday, Day 11 Cappadocia Saturday, Day 14 Bursa/Istanbul
over 4000 tiny shops; a bustling world of commerce Leaving Canakkale this morning, we travel to ANTALYA DEDEMAN. 2 nights. B/L/D
DORINT PARK PLAZA. 2 nights. D The full day will be spent visiting Cappadocia and the We begin our tour today at the Green Mosque, the
offering a fascinating display of goods. Leaving Pergamon, the ancient center of learning and the Monday, Day 9 Antalya underground cities of Goreme and Avanos. The greatest monument in Bursa and continue to the
Tuesday, Day 3 Istanbul Istanbul, we journey to Gallipoli through the arts. Stop to visit the Acropolis and the impressive The area has been inhabited since the earliest times. churches of the Goreme Valley contain the most spec- Green Mausoleum, which contains the tomb of
After breakfast, discover the Byzantine and Ottoman European lands of Turkey. Cross the strategic remains of the steepest theatre of the ancient world; a A full day excursion will take you to ancient Perge tacular paintings of the region. The area has been Mehmet I. Stop at the colorful Silk Bazaar before
treasures of Istanbul, as you visit the Blue Mosque, Dardanelles by ferryboat arriving in Canakkale. remarkable piece of engineering built into a steep with its Hellenistic Gates and the best preserved designated as a huge open-air museum. Continue driving to Istanbul. On arrival visit the Royal Topkapi
known for the color of its interior decoration, unique Continue to Homer’s fortified city of Troy, hillside. See the Temple of Trojan, the famous stadium in Asia Minor after Aphrodisias. Continue to north to Avanos, where the tint of the deep red soil also Palace, once the residence of the Ottoman sultans
with six minarets. Next is the Roman Hippodrome where nine major layers of habitation have been Library and the Asklepion, a medical center of the Aspendos, lying on the banks of the Eurymedon River. colors the clay used to make the famous pottery of the and now a museum. Evening is at leisure.
and St. Sophia Church, the 6th century basilica, uncovered. See its legendary walls and the ancient world. Pause at the Red Basilica, one of the You will see the remains from Roman times including area. Stop at the Citadel of Uchisar for a panoramic DORINT PARK PLAZA. 1 night. B/L
which was the largest building in the world for the Seven Churches of the Apocalypse (Rev:2-12). the remarkable theatre built in the 2nd century A.D. view of the countryside before continuing on to the Sunday, Day 15 Istanbul/Milan/Toronto
Continue to the sprawling metropolis of Izmir. The best preserved theatre of antiquity with underground city of Kaymakli. Dinner and overnight
IZMIR HILTON. 2 nights. B/L After breakfast transfer to the airport for departure by
seating for 15,000 is still used today. The tour in Cappadocia. B/L/D Alitalia Airlines scheduled service via Milan to
Friday, Day 6 Izmir/Ephesus/Izmir concludes with a visit to the award-winning
Thursday, Day 12 Cappadocia/Ankara Toronto. Inflight meals will be served. B
Famous for its Temple of Artemis, one of the Seven Antalya Museum which offers visitors a glimpse of
A morning tour of Cappadocia will take you to
Wonders of the Ancient World, the sacred city of the area’s rich history. B/L/D
see other points of interest. After lunch, visit the TREASURES OF TURKEY
Ephesus (Rev:2-1-7) lay in ruins, largely forgotten Tuesday, Day 10 Antalya/Konya/Cappadocia Agzikarahan Caravanserai dating from the Seljuk Depart Return Cost Cdn
until the early 20th century. Visit Maryemana, where Early morning departure for Konya, home of the period. Drive to Ankara, the capital city arriving May 05 May 19 $3245
lies the little chapel house, where the Virgin Mary is famous Whirling Dervishes. Stop to visit the Mevlana at your hotel. The evening is at leisure. May 19 June 02 $3245
said to have lived her last days in a small house built June 02 June 16 $3349
Museum dedicated to the founder of the sect. After ANKARA HILTON. 1 night. B/L/D June 16 June 30 $3699
for her on Mt. Koressos. It is now a popular place of lunch continue to Cappadocia where nature has June 30 July 14 $3699
pilgrimage. See the Archaeological Museum with its Friday, Day 13 Ankara/Bursa July 28 August 11 $3699
created a surrealistic moonscape and where
impressive collection. Return to Izmir. The evening is Visit the Museum of Anatolian Civilizations with its September 01 September 15 $3699
underground cities and churches were created by the September 15 September 29 $3374
at leisure. B/L spectacular display of Hittite and Urartian finds.
Persecuted Christians in the 9th century. September 29 October 13 $3349
Continue to the Mausoleum of Kemal Ataturk October 06 October 20 $3349
Saturday, Day 7 Izmir/Sardes/Pamukkale Tonight an optional folkshow with belly dancers at
completed in 1960. After lunch we drive to Bursa, October 13 October 27 $3349
This morning drive to Sardes (Rev:3-1-6), capital of one of the Cave Restaurants in Cappadocia. October 20 November 03 $3245
a significant center for silk and cotton being
the ancient Lydian Empire where you will find CAPPADOCIA LODGE. 2 nights. B/L/D October 27 November 10 $3245
the first capital of the Ottoman Empire.
one of the most impressive sites in Turkey. Note BURSA T. KERVANSARAY. 1 night. B/L/D SINGLE SUPPLEMENT - $661.00 Cdn.
the unusual rock formations in the hills nearby,
PANORAMA OF CENTRAL EUROPE PANORAMA OF CENTRAL EUROPE (Cont’d)
*M U N I C H *V I E N N A *B U D A P E S T *K R A K O W *WA R S AW *B E R L I N *P R A G U E
Saturday, Day 10 Warsaw Schauspielhaus (New Theatre), Berlin
16 DAY TOUR FEATURES 16 DAYS This morning see Chopin’s Monument, the Warsaw 16 DAYS
• Return airfare from Toronto ESCORTED Ghetto, where the Jewish population was held during ESCORTED
• Airport transfers the War and Lazienki Park (Palace on the Water),
• Touring by modern air-conditioned
built for Stanislaw Poniatowski, the last of the Polish
kings. Plundered by the Nazis, its interior was
• Luggage handling of one normal
carefully restored. Other landmarks will also be seen.
of luggage per person Free time for shopping or just strolling around the city
• First class hotel accommodation based on that was almost destroyed during the Second World
double occupancy with private facilities War. You can also join an optional late afternoon
• Service charges and hotel taxes Chopin concert. B
• 14 Breakfasts (mainly buffet) and
Sunday, Day 11 Warsaw/Berlin
6 dinners in hotels
• Dinner with wine in Neustift (Vienna)
On the way to Berlin, we stop in Poznan, a historic, yet
• Professional Tour Director throughout modern city, lying astride the Warta River for an
orientation tour to see some of the city’s highlights.
Then proceed to the German capital of Berlin, today’s
Thursday, Day 1 Toronto/Frankfurt final destination. HOTEL BERLIN. 2 nights. B/D
Depart on board Lufthansa German Airlines sched-
uled overnight jet service for Frankfurt. Inflight meals Monday, Day 12 Berlin
will be served. Saturday, Day 3 Munich/Vienna the best view of the city. Free time to explore this Sightseeing this morning will feature the Reichstag,
After breakfast, motor eastbound into Austria arriving exciting city on your own. B the Renaissance building that once housed
Friday, Day 2 Frankfurt/Munich Germany’s Parliament and the lovely Schloss
in Salzburg, the city of the “Sound of Music”. Your Wednesday, Day 7 Budapest/Krakow
Arrival in Frankfurt. Change planes and continue by Charlottenburg, the country home of Prussian kings.
sightseeing tour features the most important sights The road to Krakow winds through the lovely hills and
Lufthansa scheduled service for Munich. You will be Continue through the city to view other famous sights
that connect the city with music forever. countryside of Slovakia, past the Tatras and into
met and transferred to the EUROPA/TYROL HOTEL such as the German State Opera House, the Schiller
See Mozart’s birthplace at No. 9 Getreidgasse, the the great plains of Poland. Arrival in Krakow, the city
for overnight. Afternoon sightseeing tour of Munich Theatre and the Kaiser Wilhelm Memorial Church.
Cathedral with its famed Glockenspiel and more. of kings, where Pope John Paul II was once a well as other important historic sites. Afterwards as you walk to the Jewish Quarter and the Jewish
features the most important sights of this lovely city Afternoon is free to explore on your own. B
Continue to Vienna, the charming capital of cardinal. Enjoy a relaxing dinner on arrival. continue to Prague, one of the most attractive cities in Ghetto. See the beautiful Wallenstein Gardens and
including the Cathedral with its Glockenspiel and
Austria. Dinner in the charming suburb of Neustift. SOFITEL/NOVOTEL. 2 nights. B/D Tuesday, Day 13 Berlin/Prague Central Europe. DIPLOMAT HOTEL. 2 nights. B/D other sights of this captivating city. The balance of the
other historic landmarks in the city’s old quarter.
RENAISSANCE HOTEL. 2 nights. B/D This morning we travel via the beautiful Baroque city day is free for an optional cultural performance. B
Welcome drink. Thursday, Day 8 Krakow Wednesday, Day 14 Prague
Sunday, Day 4 Vienna of Dresden, splendidly situated on a bend in the Elbe Morning visit of the Royal Castle of Hradcany, the one Thursday, Day 15 Prague/Munich
Your tour this morning begins at Wawel Castle with its
Morning sightseeing tour features the Hofburg, once River for a sightseeing tour featuring the Zwinger time residence of the Kings of Bohemia. Discover the After breakfast drive via Plsen, home of the famous
Marien Platz-Munich collection of rare Flemish tapestries and St. Mary’s
the seat of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, the Palace, the magnificently rebuilt Semper Opera Old Town with its winding narrow cobblestone streets Pilsner Beer. Continue to Munich, capital of Bavaria
Church to see one of the most famous altars of
Belvedere Palace, views of the Prater Amusement House named for the architect, who designed, it as for dinner and overnight at the EUROPA/TRYP
Christendom, created by Wit Stwosz, depicting the life
Park, the UN buildings, St. Stephen’s Cathedral and of the Holy Family. Nearby is the Renaissance Cloth Bellevue Palace, Berlin HOTEL. B/D
other vivid reminders of the city’s Imperial past. B Hall with its colonnaded arcades established in the Friday, Day 16 Munich/Frankfurt/Toronto
Monday, Day 5 Vienna/Budapest 14th century for merchants to display their wares. Transfer to the airport for departure by Lufthansa
Travelling east we cross the border into Hungary Other ancient landmarks are also included in this German Airlines via Frankfurt en route to Toronto.
and proceed onwards through the Transdanubia morning’s city tour. The afternoon is free for strolling Inflight meals will be served. B
region arriving in Budapest, the capital of around the city on your own or to take an optional
Hungary in time to relax before dinner. excursion to the Salt Mines. B
MERCURE KORONA HOTEL. 2 nights. B/D Friday, Day 9 Krakow/Warsaw PANORAMA OF CENTRAL EUROPE
TOUR CODE K601M
Tuesday, Day 6 Budapest During this morning’s journey to Warsaw, there is Depart Return Cost Cdn.
Situated on the opposite banks of the Danube River, time for an optional side trip to one of the most May 02 May 17 $3359
May 16 May 31 $3359
the former cities of Buda and Pest are linked by a somber memorials of our past, Auschwitz. After a May 30 June 14 $3567
series of graceful bridges. Our morning sightseeing break for lunch (cost not included), we continue via June 13 June 28 $3749
tour includes all of the main attractions including the Czestochowa, known for its blackened picture of June 27 July 12 $3749
July 11 July 26 $3749
Parliament, reminiscent of London’s Houses of St. Mary in the Yasna Gora Monastery, popularly July 25 August 09 $3749
Parliament; the Royal Palace reduced to rubble in called the “Black Madonna”. We end the day in August 08 August 23 $3749
1944-45 and lovingly restored; the Castle Hill area Poland’s capital city of Warsaw, known as the city of August 22 September 06 $3749
September 05 September 20 $3749
located in the heart of mediaeval Budapest; determination. HOLIDAY INN. 2 nights. B
Fishermen’s Bastion; Coronation Church of the Prices from Toronto based on double occupancy.
Single Supplement $949.00
Hungarian kings; Hero’s Square and Gellert Hill for
LEGENDARY CITIES OF EUROPE LEGENDARY CITIES OF EUROPE (Cont’d)
*R O M E *F L O R E N C E *V E N I C E *S A L Z B U R G * P R A G U E
St. Peter’s Basilica, Vatican City
there. Continue on to the Cathedral located in the city 13 DAYS Venice, Italy
ESCORTED Mozart Statue - Salzburg
13 DAY TOUR FEATURES center. See the famous Glockenspiel which sounds its
• Return airfare from Toronto ESCORTED 35 bells three times a day, connecting the city with
• Airport transfers music forever. The afternoon is free to discover on
• First class hotel accommodation based on
your own. Perhaps to visit the Hohensalzburg rising
double occupancy with private facilities
high above the city. B
• Luggage handling of one normal size
piece of luggage per person Sunday, Day 10 Salzburg/Prague
• Inter-city travel by modern motorcoach After breakfast drive north enjoying the scenery as it
• Breakfast daily, four dinners in local unfolds before you. We are on our way to golden
restaurants, two dinners in hotel Prague, the beautiful capital of the Czech Republic.
• Service charges and hotel taxes
HOTEL DIPLOMAT. 3 nights B/D
• Professional Tour Director throughout
Monday, Day 11 Prague
Friday, Day 1 Toronto/Paris A morning sightseeing tour will take you to see some
Evening departure on board Air France overnight of the principal attractions including the Royal Castle
of Hradcany, the one time residence of the kings of
flight bound for Paris. Inflight meals will be served.
Saturday. Day 2 Paris/Rome
Bohemia. Discover the old town with its winding,
narrow, cobblestone streets, as you walk to the Jewish
I T A LY O N LY
Featuring Rome-Florence-Venice can be taken
On arrival change planes and continue on Air France Quarter to view the Jewish Ghetto. Other sights such as commencing on Day 2 and is identical to tour K509
to the Eternal City of Rome. You will be met the Charles Bridge, one of the oldest bridges in Europe up until Friday, Day 8. Instead of continuing on to
and transferred to your hotel. Balance of the Tuesday, Day 5 Florence Wednesday, Day 6 Florence/Pisa/Venice
will also be seen. The balance of the day is free, Salzburg, this tour spends one additional night in
day at leisure. HOTEL MICHELANGELO/PALATINO/ Divided by the River Arno, the city is bursting with art. This morning depart for Pisa located on the
perhaps to attend one of the concerts or stroll through Venice including a morning three island tour and
TIBERIO. 2 nights Our morning tour begins at the Cathedral (Duomo) River Arno and renowned for its famous Leaning
Wenceslas Square. B ends with a transfer to the airport.
of Santa Maria del Fiore, the major engineering feat Tower. Our next stop is Padua, home of St. Antony, rich
Sunday, Day 3 Rome of the Renaissance with its great dome . Continue to in Mediaeval and Renaissance art. Stop to view the The land cost would be $1873.00 Cdn. per person
Morning at leisure perhaps to take an optional walk- the Baptistery, built to honor St. John the Baptist. Note famous Cathedral of St. Anthony housing one of sharing. Single room supplement $657.00 Cdn.
ing tour of the piazzas including the Spanish Steps, the Golden Bronze Doors of Ghiberti known as Donatello’s masterworks. Later on we proceed to Venice,
the Trevi Fountain and the Piazza Navona. Your after- “the Gates of Paradise”. Next to the Duomo is the the city of canals. HOTEL PRINCIPE/AMADEUS/
noon sightseeing tour features the major architectur- Campanile (Giotto’s Bell Tower), the most CARLTON. 2 nights B/D TOUR FEATURES:
al sights of the Roman civilization. You will be taken beautiful in Italy. Pass the Ponte Vecchio, a famous • Airport transfers
to the Roman Forum, that clearly represents the Thursday, Day 7 Venice • Inter-city travel by modern motorcoach
bridge lined with shops en route to the Accademia A morning sightseeing walk will take you to the heart
history and life of an entire civilization. Next is the which houses Michelangelo’s most famous work • First class hotels based on double occupancy
Colosseum, a four tiered arena that could accommo- of the city, the impressive St. Mark’s Square to view the with private facilities
entitled “David”. Free time to discover the sites of great Basilica, a masterpiece of Romanesque
date fifty thousand spectators at its gladiatorial • Breakfast daily, two dinners in local
Florence on your own. B Byzantine architecture. Its interior is line with fine restaurants, one dinner at the hotel
combats. Pass the Arch of Constantine built in 315 to
celebrate Constantine’s victory over Maxentius near mosaics. Proceed to the Bridge of Sighs, a passageway (Days 3, 4, 6)
Rome built in 1600 to join the Palazzo Ducale, with the • Luggage handling of one normal size piece
Ponte Milvio. It is the largest and best preserved of the
newly built prisons across the canal. See the city’s of luggage throughout
ancient arches. Balance of the day is free. Tonight
main street, the Grand Canal flanked by historical • Service charges and hotel taxes
we dine at a typical Roman restaurant with wine Prague, Czechoslovakia
• Professional Tour Director throughout
and music followed by an illuminated tour of palaces. The afternoon will be at leisure to visit other
Rome by Night. B/D well known landmarks. Or perhaps, optional
Tuesday, Day 12 Prague
gondola ride. B
Monday, Day 4 Rome/Florence The day is yours to relax or take an optional excursion LEGENDARY CITIES OF EUROPE
Friday, Day 8 Venice/Salzburg TOUR CODE K509 ITALY ONLY
Travelling northwards this morning we head towards to Karlstejn Castle, an imposing Gothic Castle built Depart Return Cost Cdn. TOUR CODE 510
the Renaissance city of Florence. A stop will be made Leaving Venice this morning we travel through the 650 years ago, on a picturesque site in the middle of May 03 May 15 $3711 STARTING IN ROME ENDING IN VENICE
in the mediaeval town of Assisi, one of Christianity’s spectacular scenery of the Adriatic coastline and the dense forests. Or perhaps to walk along the Golden May 31 June 12 $3971 May 04 May 11
June 28 July 10 $4163 June 01 June 08
most revered shrines to visit the Basilica of St. Francis. Dolomites winding our way up through the Alps and Lane, a charming cobblestone street, lined with little June 29 July 06
July 26 Aug 07 $4163
Continuing through Tuscany we arrive in Siena, crossing into Austria arriving in Salzburg, the city of houses and shops, to see the house where Franz Kafka Aug 23 Sept 04 $4163 July 27 August 03
birthplace of St. Catherine where we stop for an Mozart. HOTEL RENAISSANCE. 2 nights B/D lived at No. 24 in 1917. Enjoy a farewell dinner this Sept 06 Sept 18 $4163 August 24 August 31
Sept 20 Oct 02 $3787 September 07 September 14
orientation tour that will take us past many of the Saturday, Day 9 Salzburg evening at a local restaurant. B/D Oct 18 Oct 30 $3713 September 21 September 28
major sites including the Piazza del Duomo and the This morning’s tour focuses on the most important Wednesday, Day 13 Prague/Paris/Toronto November 01 November 13 $3549 October 19 October 26
November 02 November 09
Cathedral. Continue to Florence, one of the most sites in this enchanting city. Begin at Getreidegasse, After breakfast transfer to the airport for your Air 2008
beautiful cities in Italy. Dinner this evening is at the main thoroughfare of the city lined with quaint France flight via Paris to Toronto. Inflight meals will March 14 March 26 $3549 2008
a Tuscan restaurant. SHERATON/VILLA GABRIEL March 28 April 09 $3549 March 15 March 22
shops. The famous composer, Mozart, was born at be served. B March 29 April 05
D/ANNUNZIO. 2 nights B/D House # 9 and composed nearly all of his early works Single Room Supplement $963 CDN.
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SPECIAL 6-PAGE AD REPORT SPECIAL 6-PAGE AD REPORT
Monday February 13, 8:00 p.m.
Tuesday February 14, 8:00 p.m.
Wednesday February 15, 3:00 p.m.
Betty Oliphant Theatre
404 Jarvis Street
(South of Wellesley & Jarvis)
$10 - $20
Call for special group rates
Tickets available at the door or by phone New Choreography by Donna Greenberg
647-294-0784 Creation and Design by Raymond®