Creative writing is at the top of the
All of our readings, observations,
visits to interesting places,
discussions and experiments have to
take shape of some sort of creative
It’s what defines you.
It’s your signature, your identity and
you are remembered for what you
are 12 basic crafts of
creative writing that we all need
to know how to write.
These 12 crafts make up the
language competency that every
student must acquire by the time
he or she completes the primary
must be prudent to say that
primary education is all about
language competency, which, in
turn, is the ability to write all 12
crafts while following the five
steps of creative writing
sequencing, proofreading, and
is a brief description of
the twelve crafts. We hope that
these descriptions will help
teachers in the classroom while
they teach children how to do
is your point of view mixed
with some simple information around
The topic of an essay can be an
object, place, issue or a concept.
Unlike research report which is more
technical in nature, an Essay is a
essay should have one or more
sentences for its opening.
The opening statement should
motivate the readers towards
reading the essay to the end.
body of the essay should contain
interesting information around the
Rather than giving your information
directly, use examples and everyday
experiences to do the same.
closing few lines should make
your essay memorable for a reader.
That means well thought out
statements that should add some
extra flavor to your essay.
story starts with something
interesting that can grab a reader’s
The plot should have one or more
than one climax, depending on the
length of a story.
The story should end with an anticlimax, a point where a conflict is
characters of the story should be
The characters should be suitable to
the plot of your story;
therefore you should think of your
characters, their aptitudes and their
behaviors before you start writing
The setting of the story should be
conveyed to the readers directly or
indirectly so they can imagine the time
and place where the story is taking place.
A good story is a right balance between
narrative (told by the story teller) and
dialogues between the characters of the
Lengthy dialogue confuses the reader,
whereas long narrative is simply boring.
diary is written to list down all the
interesting things that may have
happened during the day.
A diary has only the important
events of that day.
These events may be happy, sad or
write as if you are talking to
your diary as well-wisher or a friend,
feeling assured that your secrets will
be well kept within those pages.
Your daily diary may end with a
resolution, a commitment or a plan
for the future.
may write the diary of an
unusual object (a traffic light, an
oven or a board marker) or you can
write the diary of a living thing (a
tree, a guard dog or a honey bee).
In each case you need to think of a
number of interesting events that
may take place in a day of an object
or a living thing.
A letter has three major parts.
On the top left side you write the name,
title (if any) and the address of the person
you are writing it to.
Then comes the body of the letter and
finally you give your name.
The first and the last parts of a letter are
simple; it’s the middle part – the body –
that you need to be creative with.
The body of the letter is usually made of
three parts or paragraphs.
The opening paragraph defines the
purpose for which the letter is written.
In friendly letters, the opening paragraph
shows warmth, whereas in a business
letter this paragraph states the purpose
for which the letter is written.
second paragraph provides the
details of the point raised in the
It may include some numbers, dates
or other evidences to support your
point of view.
It is important not to drift too far
away from the topic of a business
letter (more so than friendly ones).
A poem is a unique way of expressing your
feeling of joy or sorrow.
The structure of language used should be
different from our everyday expression, as
it has lots of images, similes, metaphor
and yes some poems rhyme as well.
You may think of a pair of rhyming words
and then try thinking of a pair of
sentences that may end with these words
and you will have a poem that will rhyme!
is the life of a person
or an object from beginning till the
end or the most recent times.
You start by conducting research
about your subject.
Find out everything about him or her
Then brainstorm and start writing in
only the important events of
the character’s life and skip the
You may write about the exciting
moments of the person’s life as well
as his or her accomplishments.
An autobiography is made more
interesting by adding feelings to it.
grieves, happiness, and
laughers make an autobiography a
You can try writing autobiographies
of objects, animals, plants and other
object found in the nature.
The key is to see and feel things
from you characters vantage point.
It provides details of a particular scene or
events to a reader just the way it was.
A good narration has all the details, big or
small, but it doesn’t include any opinion or
feeling of the one who is writing it.
The purpose is to provide as much detail
to the readers as possible so they can
imagine the scene or the event
themselves, without being influenced by
the writer’s opinion.
is also important to use
measurements instead of words
when narrating quantities.
For example instead of ‘very tall’ say
35 meters tall, and instead of
‘extremely heavy’ say 300 tons.
We may start with a brief description
of the event or the place or the
objects we are about to narrate.
Then we can start describing each
segment of the scene or the event one by
Narration of an event will move in a
chronological order, with the details of
every new person or object as it appears.
Whereas, the narration of a place will be
done with description of objects more
common to uncommon.
can conduct an interview but
not everyone knows how to ask the
In order to conduct an interesting as
well as informative interview, you
first need to find out everything
there is to be found about the person
you are about to interview.
start thinking of questions that
may be revealing and intriguing.
It’s important to find out the favorite
color and the place of birth of the
interviewee but that’s only the
What’s more important are the facts
and feelings hidden from others.
are some types of questions
you may ask:
– Personal information including family
– Memorable moments in life
may also try to answer
questions by putting yourself in the
place of the interviewee.
That would need careful study of the
personality of the interviewee.
Try to look at things from this
particular person’s point of view
when answering these questions.
Dialogue is an everyday conversation
taking place between two or more than
That’s why the dialogue is written in an
informal or spoken language style.
It is important to converse a dialogue
before writing it.
Without talking it out first, a written
dialogue doesn’t sounds like a
conversation, rather it starts sounding
more like an essay.
A dialogue doesn’t necessarily have to be
between two human beings only.
It may be done around animals, plants,
things found in a home or heavenly
The topic of the dialogue may vary
according to the characters involved in it.
A dialogue may start with greetings and
introduction (if the characters are not
known to each other previously).
these opening sentences the
dialogue should turn towards a topic
of common interest.
The characters may agree on a
particular theme or debate around it
if they don’t agree.
The dialogue ends with good byes
and a promise to meet again.
good news story is based on 6 W:
The writer explains the event in a concise
manner keeping in mind the 6 w.
The news story also includes some
quotations of the people involved in the
The writer’s job is to make the news seem
important and explain the more intriguing
or interesting parts of the event to the
It is important to report the unusual part
of the incident rather than saying the
usual things about it.
As the saying goes: It is not a news when
a dog bites a man, but it surely is a news
when a man bites a good!
Write the heading for your news story at
Highlight the most important events of the
news in your heading.
report is written to discuss
a particular theory, idea invention or
A research report consists of three
– Opening statement
– Body of the report
State the problem or the idea precisely, in
the first part.
If you are about to address a problem
then it should be put forth clearly.
In few sentences explain the whole issue,
invention or development.
Then, in the second part, use data,
surveys, and other information from your
research to support the point you have
highlighted in the opening paragraph.
The information you provide in this part should be
verifiable, and specific.
You may use charts, graphs and other tools to
present the data you have gathered for this
If the information you are placing in this section
is not part of your original research then those
sources should be properly cited.
Finally, in the conclusion part, you sum up the
discussion by making recommendations or
suggesting the utility and it should be practical
An advertisement has four parts:
Art or picture
Heading is written to get attention of the reader.
It shouldn’t be too long or too difficult to read.
Also, it’s not necessary to cover all the features of
a product or a service in the heading.
It is also important to write the heading
with the targeted audience in mind.
For example a heading written for school
children will be different from the one
written for old people.
The body is written to give more details of
the product or the service you are
Once again, it has to simple and to the
point. Sometimes it is not possible to
explain everything, so you should write
with most important first!
The language of the advertisement has to be
interesting and active.
It has to be motivating and convincing.
You should highlight the features of the product
by making good use of adjectives.
Keep your sentences simple and to the point.
By the end of the body of the advertisement, you
should be self-assured that you have convinced
the readers about the product you have to offer
and now you just need to request them to avail
the service or buy the product.
Therefore, at the end, you ask them to
The closing consists of one or two sentences and
it contains words like: buy, order, visit us, call
A picture is worth a thousand words.
Therefore we should be very careful when
A visual (that’s what the picture appearing in an
ad is known as in the world of advertising) should
be selected as carefully.
As a matter of fact, at least 30% of the space in
your ad should be taken by the visual.
there should be some contact
information in your advertisement.
If you would like people to come to
your place of business then give the
location, but if it’s something that
one can order on phone then a
phone number with be sufficient.
And what an ad without a website
address, so don’t forget to add it!
Students in primary classes should go through
the five steps of creative writing under a
teacher’s supervision (collectively or in small
groups) when practicing the writing of each craft.
Meanwhile, the students of middle and secondary
classes should practice writing a craft while doing
all the five steps of creative writing independently
without much help from others.
You may contact the EAST, if you are interested
in getting any further information regarding the
writing of these crafts.