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Module13 theories

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Created by Ray Altmann and Ryan Meyer for Mrs. Pilgrim's Tech of Teaching Course.

Created by Ray Altmann and Ryan Meyer for Mrs. Pilgrim's Tech of Teaching Course.

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  • 1. Behaviorism
    Ray Altmann
    Ryan Meyer
  • 2. Key Points of Behaviorism
    Human learning purely objective
    Development is based on:
    Rewards
    Punishment
    Stimuli
    Reinforcement
    No internal cognitive processing of information
    Categorized into classical and operant conditioning.
    Behaviorism
    Operant Conditioning
    Classical Conditioning
  • 3. Key Theorist
    Ivan Pavlov (1849-1936)
    Used conditioning to teach dogs to salivate at the sound of a bell
    Classic Conditioning-Natural Reflex that occurs in response to stimuli.
    Awarded Nobel Prize in 1904
    B.F. Skinner (1904-1990)
    Believed people shaped behavior based on rewards and reinforcement.
    Operant Conditioning- Controlled learning that results in changing behavior through rewards and stimuli.
    Often used in classroom management techniques
  • 4. Classroom Implications
    The Teacher
    Reward good behaviors with:
    Treats
    Praise
    Other positive rewards
    Use computer programs that use operant conditioning to develop skills
    Use negative rewards (punishment) to stop and correct negative behavior
    The Student
    Students recognize signals to quiet down and listen to the instructor
    Students behave correctly knowing that they will be rewarded if they do good
    Computer programs reward students with positive feedback when given correct answers and does not when given incorrect answers
    Students learn from negative rewards in the classroom and stop the past behavior
  • 5. Our Opinions of Behaviorism
    Overall, Behaviorism is effective in the classroom
    It should be used along with other theories to provide a better educational experience
    Using rewards, punishment, and stimuli in the classroom is simple and effective with and without technology
  • 6. Positive and Negative Reinforcement
    NEGATIVE (Something is removed)
    Negative ReinforcementSomething is removed to increase desired behaviorEx: Give a free homework pass for turning in all assignments
    Negative PunishmentSomething is removed to decrease undesired behaviorEx: Make student miss their time in recess for not following the class rules
    POSITIVE (Something is added)
    Positive Reinforcement Something is added to increase desired behavior Ex: Smile and compliment student on good performance
    Positive Punishment Something is added to decrease undesired behavior Ex: Give student detention for failing to follow the class rules
  • 7. Works Cited
    Abbott, Lynda. "Operant Conditioning in the Classroom." TeachNet. University of Texas, 2008. Web. 17 Apr. 2011. <http://teachnet.edb.utexas.edu/~Lynda_abbot/Opinnov.html>.
    Boeree, C. George. "B. F. Skinner." B.F. Skinner Personal Theories. 2006. Web. 17 Apr. 2011. <http://webspace.ship.edu/cgboer/skinner.html>.
    Hughes, Carolyn. "Education Department - Fitchburg State University." Fitchburg State University: Fitchburg, Massachusetts. 2011. Web. 17 Apr. 2011. <http://www.fitchburgstate.edu/education/>.
    "Ivan Pavlov - Biography". Nobelprize.org. 17 Apr 2011 http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/1904/pavlov-bio.html
    Shelly, Gary B., Gunter, Glenda A., and Randolph E. Gunter. "Learning Theories and Educational Research." Teachers Discovering Computers: Integrating Technology and Digital Media in the Classroom. By Gary B. Shelly. 6th ed. Boston, MA: Thomson/Course Technology, 2010. 368-71. Print.