Water catchment 1
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Water catchment presentation

Water catchment presentation

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  • Why did you choose to take this class?
  • Show Strainer for downspout, Show atrium grate with sock, show corrugated hose
  • Show fittings and pipe
  • Show Ball Valve, Show Bulkhead

Water catchment 1 Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Water
    Lifeblood of Urban Sustainability
  • 2.
  • 3. Ray Ely
    502.896.0635
    rgely@iglou.com
    Blog with info from class
    http://waterlifeblood.blogspot.com/
    Contacts
  • 4. Saves on the expense of water plus sewer surcharge
    Environmental consideration due to combined sewer overflow, sedimentation, and pollution runoff
    Water may be better for plants
    Make a “visible” environmental statement
    Why Collect Rainwater?
  • 5. Water cycle to Ocean
  • 6. Ogallala Aquifer Depletion
  • 7. Watering during rain
  • 8. Amount of water needed to make a bottle of water
    Water required per pound of beef
    Percentage of water that goes to irrigation
    Percentage of corn grown with irrigation
    How far from Louisville to Fiji
    Amount of sugar in Vitamin Water compared to Coke
    Fun (and Scary) Water Facts
  • 9. Amount of water needed to make a bottle of water (2 bottles)
    Water required per pound of beef (450 to 2500 gallons)
    Percentage of water that goes to irrigation (37%)
    Percentage of corn grown with irrigation (20%)
    How far from Louisville to Fiji (7400 miles)
    Amount of sugar in Vitamin Water compared to Coke (33g vs. 39g)
    Fun (and Scary) Water Facts
  • 10. The Natural Water cycle
  • 11. Urbanized Water Cycle
  • 12. Rain Barrels
    Cisterns
    Rain Gardens
    Swales (Permaculture)
    Bioswales
    Types of Water Catchment
  • 13. Typical Rain Barrel
  • 14. Usually 55 Gallons
    Should be Food Grade Plastic
    SAFETY IS IMPORTANT!!
    Rain Barrels
  • 15. Guard against tipping
    Guard against drowning
    Guard against water damage from overflow
    Guard against Mosquito larvae
    Not for consumption (No Pets either!)
    Rainbarrel Safety
  • 16. Inlet
    Overflow
    Outlet
    Stand
    Components of Barrel
  • 17. Should strain out debris
    Should not restrict flow
    Can use corrugated hose from downspout to barrel
    Screen for mosquitos?
    Inlet
  • 18. Should be large enough
    Should be as high as possible in barrel
    (Should not be above bottom of grate)
    Should direct flow away from house
    Overflow Properties
  • 19. Brass Hose Fitting (insufficient flow)
    Sump pump discharge kit
    2” PVC
    Overflow Materials
  • 20. Should be close to the bottom of barrel
    Should be large opening for maximum flow
    Tight joint in barrel
    Can use bulkhead fitting
    Use valve that has hose thread built in
    Outlet
  • 21. A higher stand gives more pressure
    1 psi of pressure for each 2.3 feet of height
    Stand needs to be level so barrel will balance
    Certain barrels are more prone to tipping
    Consider securing barrel to wall for safety
    Rainbarrel Stands
  • 22. Barrel Stability
  • 23. Rainbarrel Stands
    16 Blocks plus paver,
    26 inches
    4 blocks, 16 inches
  • 24. Rainbarrel Stands
    Wood Stand
  • 25. Rainbarrel Stands
    Retaining Wall Blocks
  • 26. Accessories for Rainbarrels
    First Flush Device
  • 27. Accessories for Rainbarrels
    Leaf Screen
  • 28. Accessories for Rainbarrels
    Diverter
  • 29. Increasing Storage
  • 30. Rainbarrel Aesthetics
    Barrelwith Planter on Top
  • 31. Rainbarrel Aesthetics
    Oak Whiskey Barrel
  • 32. Rainbarrel Aesthetics
    Terra Cotta Olive Barrel
  • 33. Rainbarrel Aesthetics
    Painted Barrel
  • 34. Rainbarrel Aesthetics
    Surrounded by Flowers
  • 35. Rainbarrel Aesthetics
    Making a Statement!
  • 36. Be a Critic!
  • 37. Be a Critic!
    Outlettoo high
  • 38. Be a Critic!
  • 39. Be a Critic!
    Ready to topple, not balanced or secured
  • 40. Be a Critic!
    Also…….is there an overflow?
    Hose between barrels too small
  • 41. Be a Critic!
  • 42. Be a Critic!
    Child Drowning risk
  • 43. Be a Critic!
    Mosquito larvae in red barrel
  • 44. My largest home system
    265 Gallon Tank
    Valve is 52 inches above ground.
    Inlet with overflow and integral strainer
  • 45. Inlet Detail
    4 x 2 Sanitary Tee used to provide integral overflow. Tote lid drilled for tight fit. Strainer between T and pipe
  • 46. Inlet Detail
    4 x 2 Sanitary Tee used to provide integral overflow. Tote lid drilled for tight fit. Strainer between T and pipe
  • 47. Frame Detail
    4 x 6 post 2 feet deep
    4 x 4 frame bolted to post
  • 48. Outlet Detail
    Converted “nonstandard” thread to pipe thread
    Full flow quick opening ball valve w/ hose thread
  • 49. Upside Down Barrel
    Outlet pipe fitting installed in existing barrel bung. The bung has a built-in ¾ inch pipe thread
  • 50. Double Barrel Orchard Irrigation
    2 horizontal 55 gallon barrels plumbed together
  • 51. Double Barrel Orchard Irrigation
    2 inch piping tied together with “no-hub” band. Small pipe allows bottom barrel to vent
  • 52. Double Barrel Orchard Irrigation
    Outlet showing ball valve and irrigation filter with hose connected
  • 53. Double Barrel Orchard Irrigation
    Espaliered Apples
  • 54. Double Barrel Orchard Irrigation
    Base of Apple tree fed with ¼ inch adjustable flow line off of ½ inch header
  • 55. Double Barrel Orchard Irrigation
    Detail of ¼ inch shutoff valve in ½ header, with ¼ inch drip tube running to tree
  • 56. Rain Garden
    About 100 square feet of raingarden planted with fruit trees and medicinal/ edible plants
  • 57. Rain Garden
    Downspout converts to corrugated tubing, to atrium grate, to pvc pipe running underground
  • 58. Rain Garden
    Showing corrugated pipe attached to atrium grate
  • 59. Larger Storage!!
  • 60. Rain Gardens
  • 61. A rain garden is a planted depression that allows rainwater runoff from impervious urban areas like roofs, driveways, walkways, parking lots, and compacted lawn areas the opportunity to be absorbed
    Definition of Rain Garden
  • 62. Size is primarily function of roof area
    Also should consider soil permeability
    Percolation test can be performed
    Rule of Thumb………30% of the roof area
    At least 10 feet from house
    Natural low spot……….or dig a hole
    Sizing and Placement of a Raingarden
  • 63. Often use native species
    Wet loving plants in the bottom
    Dryer plants at the edge
    Pay attention to sun/shade requirements
    Species available from local sources
    List of Native plants in MSD pamphlet
    Plants for a Rain Garden
  • 64. Raingarden Components
  • 65. Swales
    Think of a swale as a linear raingarden
    Plants are often planted on the lower berm
    Swales are usually constructed along contour lines
    A contour line is a line in which each point is the same elevation above sea level
  • 66. Understanding Contour lines
  • 67. Finding contours with an A-frame
  • 68. Digging swales by hand
  • 69. Bioswales
    Bioswales are landscape elements designed and built to remove silt and pollution from surface runoff water. These “swaled” drainage courses are, in a sense, gently sloped ditches that contain plants, compost and/or riprap. The sloped sides are usually less than six percent slope. These are often constructed of “engineered soil”.
  • 70. Bioswales
  • 71. Bioswales
    Think of a bioswale as a raingarden in which the water has a “destination”. Although designed to slow, clean, and cool water flow, they are not designed to strictly infiltrate the water into the soil.
  • 72. Thinking outside the box
  • 73. Thanks!