Water<br />Lifeblood of Urban Sustainability<br />
Ray Ely<br />502.896.0635<br />rgely@iglou.com<br />Blog with info from class<br />http://waterlifeblood.blogspot.com/<br ...
Saves on the expense of water plus sewer surcharge<br />Environmental consideration due to combined sewer overflow, sedime...
Water cycle to Ocean<br />
Ogallala Aquifer Depletion<br />
Watering during rain<br />
Amount of water needed to make a bottle of water<br />Water required per pound of beef<br />Percentage of water that goes ...
Amount of water needed to make a bottle of water (2 bottles)<br />Water required per pound of beef (450 to 2500 gallons)<b...
The Natural Water cycle<br />
Urbanized Water Cycle<br />
Rain Barrels<br />Cisterns<br />Rain Gardens<br />Swales (Permaculture)<br />Bioswales<br />Types of Water Catchment <br />
Typical Rain Barrel<br />
Usually 55 Gallons<br />Should be Food Grade Plastic<br />SAFETY IS IMPORTANT!!<br />Rain Barrels<br />
Guard against tipping<br />Guard against drowning<br />Guard against water damage from overflow<br />Guard against Mosquit...
Inlet<br />Overflow<br />Outlet<br />Stand<br />Components of Barrel<br />
Should strain out debris <br />Should not restrict flow<br />Can use corrugated hose from downspout to barrel<br />Screen ...
Should be large enough<br />Should be as high as possible in barrel<br />(Should not be above bottom of grate)<br />Should...
Brass Hose Fitting (insufficient flow)<br />Sump pump discharge kit<br />2” PVC<br />Overflow Materials<br />
Should be close to the bottom of barrel<br />Should be large opening for maximum flow<br />Tight joint in barrel<br />Can ...
A higher stand gives more pressure<br />1 psi of pressure for each 2.3 feet of height<br />Stand needs to be level so barr...
Barrel Stability<br />
Rainbarrel Stands<br />16 Blocks plus paver,<br />26 inches<br />4 blocks, 16 inches<br />
Rainbarrel Stands<br />Wood Stand<br />
Rainbarrel Stands<br />Retaining Wall Blocks<br />
Accessories for Rainbarrels<br />First Flush Device<br />
Accessories for Rainbarrels<br />Leaf Screen<br />
Accessories for Rainbarrels<br />Diverter<br />
Increasing Storage<br />
Rainbarrel Aesthetics<br />Barrelwith Planter on Top<br />
Rainbarrel Aesthetics<br />Oak Whiskey Barrel<br />
Rainbarrel Aesthetics<br />Terra Cotta Olive Barrel<br />
Rainbarrel Aesthetics<br />      Painted Barrel<br />
Rainbarrel Aesthetics<br />Surrounded by Flowers<br />
Rainbarrel Aesthetics<br />Making a Statement!<br />
Be a Critic!<br />
Be a Critic!<br />Outlettoo high<br />
Be a Critic!<br />
Be a Critic!<br />Ready to topple, not balanced or secured<br />
Be a Critic!<br />Also…….is there an overflow?<br />Hose between barrels too small<br />
Be a Critic!<br />
Be a Critic!<br />Child Drowning risk<br />
Be a Critic!<br />Mosquito larvae in red barrel<br />
My largest home system<br />265 Gallon Tank<br />Valve is 52 inches above ground.<br />Inlet with overflow and integral st...
Inlet Detail<br />4 x 2 Sanitary Tee used to provide integral overflow. Tote lid drilled for tight fit.  Strainer between ...
Inlet Detail<br />4 x 2 Sanitary Tee used to provide integral overflow. Tote lid drilled for tight fit.  Strainer between ...
Frame Detail<br />4 x 6 post 2 feet deep<br />4 x 4 frame bolted to post<br />
Outlet Detail<br />Converted “nonstandard” thread to pipe thread<br />Full flow quick opening ball valve w/ hose thread<br />
Upside Down Barrel<br />Outlet pipe fitting installed in existing barrel bung.  The bung has a built-in ¾ inch pipe thread...
Double Barrel Orchard Irrigation<br />2 horizontal 55 gallon barrels plumbed together<br />
Double Barrel Orchard Irrigation<br />2 inch piping tied together with “no-hub” band.  Small pipe allows bottom barrel to ...
Double Barrel Orchard Irrigation<br />Outlet showing ball valve and irrigation filter with hose connected<br />
Double Barrel Orchard Irrigation<br />Espaliered Apples<br />
Double Barrel Orchard Irrigation<br />Base of Apple tree fed with ¼ inch adjustable flow line off of ½ inch header<br />
Double Barrel Orchard Irrigation<br />Detail of ¼ inch shutoff valve in ½ header, with ¼ inch drip tube running to tree<br />
Rain Garden<br />About 100 square feet of raingarden planted with fruit trees and medicinal/ edible plants<br />
Rain Garden<br />Downspout converts to corrugated tubing, to atrium grate, to pvc pipe running underground <br />
Rain Garden<br />Showing corrugated pipe attached to atrium grate<br />
Larger Storage!!<br />
Rain Gardens<br />
A rain garden is a planted depression that allows rainwater runoff from impervious urban areas like roofs, driveways, walk...
Size is primarily function of roof area<br />Also should consider soil permeability<br />Percolation test can be performed...
Often use native species<br />Wet loving plants in the bottom<br />Dryer plants at the edge<br />Pay attention to sun/shad...
Raingarden Components<br />
Swales<br />Think of a swale as a linear raingarden<br />Plants are often planted on the lower berm<br />Swales are usuall...
Understanding Contour lines<br />
Finding contours with an A-frame<br />
Digging swales by hand<br />
Bioswales<br />Bioswales are landscape elements designed and built to remove silt and pollution from surface runoff water....
Bioswales<br />
Bioswales<br />Think of a bioswale as a raingarden in which the water has a “destination”.  Although designed to slow, cle...
Thinking outside the box<br />
Thanks!<br />
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Water catchment 1

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Water catchment presentation

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  • Why did you choose to take this class?
  • Show Strainer for downspout, Show atrium grate with sock, show corrugated hose
  • Show fittings and pipe
  • Show Ball Valve, Show Bulkhead
  • Water catchment 1

    1. 1. Water<br />Lifeblood of Urban Sustainability<br />
    2. 2.
    3. 3. Ray Ely<br />502.896.0635<br />rgely@iglou.com<br />Blog with info from class<br />http://waterlifeblood.blogspot.com/<br />Contacts<br />
    4. 4. Saves on the expense of water plus sewer surcharge<br />Environmental consideration due to combined sewer overflow, sedimentation, and pollution runoff<br />Water may be better for plants<br />Make a “visible” environmental statement<br />Why Collect Rainwater?<br />
    5. 5. Water cycle to Ocean<br />
    6. 6. Ogallala Aquifer Depletion<br />
    7. 7. Watering during rain<br />
    8. 8. Amount of water needed to make a bottle of water<br />Water required per pound of beef<br />Percentage of water that goes to irrigation<br />Percentage of corn grown with irrigation<br />How far from Louisville to Fiji<br />Amount of sugar in Vitamin Water compared to Coke<br />Fun (and Scary) Water Facts<br />
    9. 9. Amount of water needed to make a bottle of water (2 bottles)<br />Water required per pound of beef (450 to 2500 gallons)<br />Percentage of water that goes to irrigation (37%)<br />Percentage of corn grown with irrigation (20%)<br />How far from Louisville to Fiji (7400 miles)<br />Amount of sugar in Vitamin Water compared to Coke (33g vs. 39g)<br />Fun (and Scary) Water Facts<br />
    10. 10. The Natural Water cycle<br />
    11. 11. Urbanized Water Cycle<br />
    12. 12. Rain Barrels<br />Cisterns<br />Rain Gardens<br />Swales (Permaculture)<br />Bioswales<br />Types of Water Catchment <br />
    13. 13. Typical Rain Barrel<br />
    14. 14. Usually 55 Gallons<br />Should be Food Grade Plastic<br />SAFETY IS IMPORTANT!!<br />Rain Barrels<br />
    15. 15. Guard against tipping<br />Guard against drowning<br />Guard against water damage from overflow<br />Guard against Mosquito larvae<br />Not for consumption (No Pets either!)<br />Rainbarrel Safety<br />
    16. 16. Inlet<br />Overflow<br />Outlet<br />Stand<br />Components of Barrel<br />
    17. 17. Should strain out debris <br />Should not restrict flow<br />Can use corrugated hose from downspout to barrel<br />Screen for mosquitos?<br />Inlet<br />
    18. 18. Should be large enough<br />Should be as high as possible in barrel<br />(Should not be above bottom of grate)<br />Should direct flow away from house<br />Overflow Properties<br />
    19. 19. Brass Hose Fitting (insufficient flow)<br />Sump pump discharge kit<br />2” PVC<br />Overflow Materials<br />
    20. 20. Should be close to the bottom of barrel<br />Should be large opening for maximum flow<br />Tight joint in barrel<br />Can use bulkhead fitting<br />Use valve that has hose thread built in<br />Outlet<br />
    21. 21. A higher stand gives more pressure<br />1 psi of pressure for each 2.3 feet of height<br />Stand needs to be level so barrel will balance<br />Certain barrels are more prone to tipping<br />Consider securing barrel to wall for safety<br />Rainbarrel Stands<br />
    22. 22. Barrel Stability<br />
    23. 23. Rainbarrel Stands<br />16 Blocks plus paver,<br />26 inches<br />4 blocks, 16 inches<br />
    24. 24. Rainbarrel Stands<br />Wood Stand<br />
    25. 25. Rainbarrel Stands<br />Retaining Wall Blocks<br />
    26. 26. Accessories for Rainbarrels<br />First Flush Device<br />
    27. 27. Accessories for Rainbarrels<br />Leaf Screen<br />
    28. 28. Accessories for Rainbarrels<br />Diverter<br />
    29. 29. Increasing Storage<br />
    30. 30. Rainbarrel Aesthetics<br />Barrelwith Planter on Top<br />
    31. 31. Rainbarrel Aesthetics<br />Oak Whiskey Barrel<br />
    32. 32. Rainbarrel Aesthetics<br />Terra Cotta Olive Barrel<br />
    33. 33. Rainbarrel Aesthetics<br /> Painted Barrel<br />
    34. 34. Rainbarrel Aesthetics<br />Surrounded by Flowers<br />
    35. 35. Rainbarrel Aesthetics<br />Making a Statement!<br />
    36. 36. Be a Critic!<br />
    37. 37. Be a Critic!<br />Outlettoo high<br />
    38. 38. Be a Critic!<br />
    39. 39. Be a Critic!<br />Ready to topple, not balanced or secured<br />
    40. 40. Be a Critic!<br />Also…….is there an overflow?<br />Hose between barrels too small<br />
    41. 41. Be a Critic!<br />
    42. 42. Be a Critic!<br />Child Drowning risk<br />
    43. 43. Be a Critic!<br />Mosquito larvae in red barrel<br />
    44. 44. My largest home system<br />265 Gallon Tank<br />Valve is 52 inches above ground.<br />Inlet with overflow and integral strainer<br />
    45. 45. Inlet Detail<br />4 x 2 Sanitary Tee used to provide integral overflow. Tote lid drilled for tight fit. Strainer between T and pipe<br />
    46. 46. Inlet Detail<br />4 x 2 Sanitary Tee used to provide integral overflow. Tote lid drilled for tight fit. Strainer between T and pipe<br />
    47. 47. Frame Detail<br />4 x 6 post 2 feet deep<br />4 x 4 frame bolted to post<br />
    48. 48. Outlet Detail<br />Converted “nonstandard” thread to pipe thread<br />Full flow quick opening ball valve w/ hose thread<br />
    49. 49. Upside Down Barrel<br />Outlet pipe fitting installed in existing barrel bung. The bung has a built-in ¾ inch pipe thread<br />
    50. 50. Double Barrel Orchard Irrigation<br />2 horizontal 55 gallon barrels plumbed together<br />
    51. 51. Double Barrel Orchard Irrigation<br />2 inch piping tied together with “no-hub” band. Small pipe allows bottom barrel to vent<br />
    52. 52. Double Barrel Orchard Irrigation<br />Outlet showing ball valve and irrigation filter with hose connected<br />
    53. 53. Double Barrel Orchard Irrigation<br />Espaliered Apples<br />
    54. 54. Double Barrel Orchard Irrigation<br />Base of Apple tree fed with ¼ inch adjustable flow line off of ½ inch header<br />
    55. 55. Double Barrel Orchard Irrigation<br />Detail of ¼ inch shutoff valve in ½ header, with ¼ inch drip tube running to tree<br />
    56. 56. Rain Garden<br />About 100 square feet of raingarden planted with fruit trees and medicinal/ edible plants<br />
    57. 57. Rain Garden<br />Downspout converts to corrugated tubing, to atrium grate, to pvc pipe running underground <br />
    58. 58. Rain Garden<br />Showing corrugated pipe attached to atrium grate<br />
    59. 59. Larger Storage!!<br />
    60. 60. Rain Gardens<br />
    61. 61. A rain garden is a planted depression that allows rainwater runoff from impervious urban areas like roofs, driveways, walkways, parking lots, and compacted lawn areas the opportunity to be absorbed<br />Definition of Rain Garden<br />
    62. 62. Size is primarily function of roof area<br />Also should consider soil permeability<br />Percolation test can be performed<br />Rule of Thumb………30% of the roof area<br />At least 10 feet from house<br />Natural low spot……….or dig a hole<br />Sizing and Placement of a Raingarden<br />
    63. 63. Often use native species<br />Wet loving plants in the bottom<br />Dryer plants at the edge<br />Pay attention to sun/shade requirements<br />Species available from local sources<br />List of Native plants in MSD pamphlet<br />Plants for a Rain Garden<br />
    64. 64. Raingarden Components<br />
    65. 65. Swales<br />Think of a swale as a linear raingarden<br />Plants are often planted on the lower berm<br />Swales are usually constructed along contour lines<br />A contour line is a line in which each point is the same elevation above sea level<br />
    66. 66. Understanding Contour lines<br />
    67. 67. Finding contours with an A-frame<br />
    68. 68. Digging swales by hand<br />
    69. 69. Bioswales<br />Bioswales are landscape elements designed and built to remove silt and pollution from surface runoff water. These “swaled” drainage courses are, in a sense, gently sloped ditches that contain plants, compost and/or riprap. The sloped sides are usually less than six percent slope. These are often constructed of “engineered soil”.<br />
    70. 70. Bioswales<br />
    71. 71. Bioswales<br />Think of a bioswale as a raingarden in which the water has a “destination”. Although designed to slow, clean, and cool water flow, they are not designed to strictly infiltrate the water into the soil.<br />
    72. 72. Thinking outside the box<br />
    73. 73. Thanks!<br />
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