Second hand knowledge

2,962 views
2,651 views

Published on

Senior Sem Misa, Michael, Cat MINA

Published in: Education, Business
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
2,962
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
470
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
3
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Second hand knowledge

  1. 1. What Kinds  of Second Hand Knowledge Are There? Mina Edwards, Cat Mckay, Michael Pollock, Misa Yamada
  2. 2. Advantages/Disadvantages <ul><ul><li>Advantage: Increased Quantity of Knowledge </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>By sharing our experiences (through language) we can learn a lot more about the world </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Disadvantage:  Decreased Quality of Knowledge </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>&quot;Authority Worship&quot;-  blindly accepting what we are told.  </li></ul></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Types of Second-hand Knowledge: <ul><ul><li>Cultural Tradition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>School </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Internet *** </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Expert Opinion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The News Media </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Also known as Knowledge by Authority or Knowledge by Testimony..... </li></ul>
  4. 4. Culture <ul><ul><li>'Normality'    </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>clothing  </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>food  </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>customs </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Balance  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>respecting traditional beliefs </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>being willing to change or question them  </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>'Common Sense' is derived from cultural traditions </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. School <ul><ul><li>Given knowledge through teachers and textbooks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> Strengths </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Considered  to be very reliable </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Broader understanding of knowledge (ability to ask questions and receive answers) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> Weaknesses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Given by an (often) unquestioned authority figure </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Taken from second, third, forth-hand knowledge </li></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. The Internet  <ul><ul><li>People rely on the internet for information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Strengths </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fast and accessible </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Huge quantities of information </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Weakness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Information can be incorrect or biased </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Example:  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Wikipedia- it is an open source, so people can add           anything, but everyone can share their knowledge </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Expert Opinion <ul><ul><li>Rely on expert opinion  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Strength - valuable information can be added to subjects, such as science  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Weakness - experts can be incorrect and have limited competence  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Example: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>History- rely on information given in textbooks </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Strength - we can have some idea of what could have happened </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Weakness - bias and no way of knowing the exact truth </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  8. 8. News Media <ul><ul><li>Strengths </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Widely available from multiple sources </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Varied range of bias can even out </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Weaknesses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Often taken as fact without question </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Rarely unbiased </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Focused on extraordinary news, bad news in order to attract consumers </li></ul></ul></ul>

×