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  1. 1. Rasheed 1 Marine Biology Everyone wants to live in a clean world, but not everyone wants to help keep it clean.Animals live in the ocean that is dirty. The sea has oil spills and others contamination. This iscausing animal life to disappear. People can stop all these things if they work together. “Becauseof global warming and higher ocean temperatures, scientists report that plumes of methane arenow rising from the Arctic Ocean.”(Hilderman). Sea animals that would eventually becomeextinct can be saved if the public changes some bad habits and starts to help make the oceanclean again because most people don’t care about helping. There is a huge number of different species in the ocean. Most scientists think life beganin the ocean over three billion years ago. “The greatest concentration of animals was found inwaters that were about fifty to sixty eight degrees.”About over one million known species ofplants and animals live there, and scientist say there may be as many as nine million species wehaven’t discovered. “Worldwide, more than seven hundred species have been discovered nearhydrothermal vents. About seventy five percent of those are thought to occur only around vents.”Scientist only discovered about ten percent of the ocean, they still have ninety percent left andthe scientist don’t even know more than half of the species in the ocean. “The researchers used aremote – controlled vehicle that dived about eight thousand feet to gather images and samplesfrom the sea floor.” Imagine all those different species in the ocean that we haven’t discovered.“Deep in the southern ocean near Antarctica, scientists have discovered 23 new animal speciesliving in the hot, dark environment around hydrothermal vents.” (Bhanoo).
  2. 2. Rasheed 2 Dumping oil into the oceanis a big problem. Oil spill are very bad for the sea animals andplants. “Crude oil contains benzene and other hazardous chemicals that can cause cancer.” Thewater is not clean because of many things; one of them is oil spill. “The oil companies know thedangers of this stuff, says Miller, as she watches report of cleanup workers gathering up toffee-think oil with any shovels. Nobody provided the workers with any protection. It’s going tohappen all over again.” We need to do this for them and for us we also need a good and cleanplace to live. If there is oil in the ocean there won’t be any plants, and some animals eat plantsfor example the Algae so they will eventually die because there is no food for them. “During thecleanup, their brother Paul was hospitalized after he was knocked unconscious by the fumesfrom a plastic bag of oil-soaked wildlife and debris. “It was like he had been gassed”, recallsmike. Afterward, Paul complained of memory loss, chronic fatigue, and a heightened sensitivityto chemicals. He was gathering the names of the other ailing workers and contemplating alawsuit when he died of a heart attack at the age of forty four.” People may think is not a bigdeal but it is. “By the end of the year, state records, Show more than thousand eight hundredcleanup-crew members had filed for workers compensation, two hundred sixty four of whomclaimed respiratory ailments.” The sea would be so much cleaner if we stop throwing things init.(Stranahan). There are other things that harm animals and plants, like pollution. Garbage has alwaysbeen thrown into the ocean, but many years past, and plastic use has increased dramatically.
  3. 3. Rasheed 3“Currently, a greater problem to most wild life species than the disposal of plastic waste is theprevalence of plastic fishing nets.” Recycling reduces the amount of trash that is available to gointo the ocean. “Animals are killed when they ingest or become entangled in the plastic debris.”Another way is make sure that oil from cars suds from washing, and other pollutants do not godown your storm drain. “The need for a seabird protection zone is at the moment moot becausethe Japanese salmon fishing industry has recently been denied permits to fish in Alaskan waters.”Just by doing little things to help at least is something, your helping in your own way. “Somenets that have entangled animals are not inactive use, but are instead “ghost” nets that have beenlost or discarded. These nets continue to capture animals, including birds and mammals.Although good data on net loss are not available, the amount may equal thousand five hundredkilometers annually.” Pollution can be reduced a number of ways. “Despite the significant stepsso far to reduce plastic pollution in the seas, congress has not begun to deal with the underlyingissue the proliferation of plastic in our society and the need to substitute biodegradable materialsfor plastics.” (Blockstein). The northern right whales are one of the most sea animals that are fighting for their lives.“Even though commercial hunting ended nearly 100 years ago, northern right whales haven’trebounded the way some other whale species have.” They were killed for a long time now atleast several centuries. Some people are trying to stop this. “Clark says he is amazed at the levelof noise that pollutes the waters and he believes the noise can be another serious obstacle for themigrating whales.” They live in a cold place but once a year they immigrate to a warmer placefor the females to give birth to calves. “It’s estimated that about only 300 of these giant whalesremain in the Atlantic Ocean, and every year a few more are killed.” The right whales were an
  4. 4. Rasheed 4early and favorite target of whalers. “Right whales got their name because they were the “right”whales to hunt they’re big, slow and float after they are harpooned and killed.” There are othertypes of right whales in the world and there is not as much as before of their species.” In recentyears, researchers discovered additional dangers to the northern right whales that may lead to theextinction of species.” (Neilsen). The demonic acid is very dangerous for marine mammals and humans that consume toxicprey species. “The slugs have caused the death of around 15 dogs on Auckland beaches and arealso found in Nelson.” Some species of marine mammals and birds have been affected byuncommon diseases. “About 30 species carry the toxin in varying. The slugs live on rocks, arefast moving and will “eat anything” that is around them including each other.” The future needsto focus in developing countries because disrupting chemicals in humans and wildlife. “Afterreceiving $750000 of funding for the research, the team is now trying to produce “multiplegenerations” of the slugs.” The government is not trying to learn from past mistakes and takeaction to control toxic chemicals that harm the citizens, the marine wildlife and people aroundthe world. (Cooper).Cynthia Patterson is a teacher here in Smithfield – Selma high. She always knew that she wantedto be a biology teacher since elementary school. She says that she had a special calling towardsscience. She always knew she loved science but she says her senior project opened her eyes toteach. She is interested in Science is because she believes science answers questions, that sheuses all 5 senses to explore things, and that science is always changing. The most things sheloves about Biology are that we will never know everything so science will never end. The least
  5. 5. Rasheed 5things that she does not like about biology are that there is no quick answer, and that we have towork for our conclusions. She says to help the animals we have to live more simply, use less,waste less, recycle more, and know more. In her own opinion there are many efforts to savehabitats but a percentage of people aren’t going to get the job done, she says we all have to do it.She believes that all science is a challenge, but the ocean poses many obstacles such as storms,waves, depth, and vast area. Science comes to her naturally. Sea animals that would eventually become extinct can be saved if the public changessome bad habits and starts to help make the ocean clean again because most people don’t careabout helping. We all want to have the planet and the oceans clean and safe; if we want it to beclean and safe for our future we need to be doing something even if you do smoothing thingsmall like cleaning the trash from the beach before you leave that little thing would help a lot.People aren’t thinking of the consequences because nothing big has happened yet. Animals needour help because they can’t do anything about it, and we need them for so many reasons.Weneed to act fast and get things better before every animals and plants will eventually becomeextinct; the best thing to do is be an example to the people for them to start doing something.