Scientific management


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Scientific management

  1. 1. By: Raviraj Jadeja (MBA MEFGI)
  2. 2. Scientific management was a theory of management that analyzed and Combines Elements of workflows. Raviraj Jadeja
  3. 3.  Its main objective was improving economic efficiency, especially labor productivity. It was one of the earliest attempts to apply science to the engineering of processes and to management. Raviraj Jadeja
  4. 4.  A management approach formulated by Frederick W. Taylor and others between 1890 and 1930, that sought to determine scientifically the best methods for performing any task, and for selecting, training, and motivating workers. Raviraj Jadeja
  5. 5.  Frederick W. Taylor (1856-1915) Henry L. Gantt (1861-1991) Frank and Lillian Gilbreth (1868-1924 and 1878-1972) Raviraj Jadeja
  6. 6. (1856-1915) Raviraj Jadeja
  7. 7.  The core ideas of scientific management were developed by Taylor in the 1880s and 1890s, and were first published in his monographs A Piece Rate System (1895), Shop Management (1903) and The Principles of Scientific Management (1911) Raviraj Jadeja
  8. 8.  The theory of scientific management is the “brainchild” of Frederick Winslow Taylor. “one best way” to do a job. Raviraj Jadeja
  9. 9.  Environment lacked work standards, bred inefficient workers and jobs were allocated to people without matching the job to the worker’s skill and ability. Relationship of the workers with the managers included many confrontations. Raviraj Jadeja
  10. 10.  Natural differences in productivity between workers. Differences in talent, intelligence, or motivations. Raviraj Jadeja
  11. 11. standardization of process steps.Increase in productivity and reduction of effort. Raviraj Jadeja
  12. 12.  Development of Science for each part of men’s job (replacement of rule of thumb) Scientific Selection, Training & Development of Workers Raviraj Jadeja
  13. 13.  Co-operation between Management & workers or Harmony not discord. Raviraj Jadeja
  14. 14.  Division of Responsibility. Mental Revolution. Maximum Prosperity for Employer & Employees. Raviraj Jadeja
  15. 15.  A time and motion study is a business efficiency technique combining the Time Study work of Frederick Winslow Taylor with the Motion Study work of Frank and Lillian Gilbreth. Raviraj Jadeja
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  17. 17.  Developed the laws of human motion from which evolved the principles of motion economy. Analyzed each motion of work for wasted efforts in an attempt to reduce each task to the smallest amount of expended time and energy. Raviraj Jadeja
  18. 18. Raviraj Jadeja
  19. 19.  Specialized in incentive wage plans. Introduced a differential piece rate system ,Task work with a bonus. Raviraj Jadeja
  20. 20.  A graphic schedule for the planning and controlling of work, and recording progress towards stages of a project."man’s record""daily balance of work" Raviraj Jadeja
  21. 21.  "Organizing for Work“ Measure activities by the amount of time needed to complete them; The space on the chart can be used to represent the amount of the activity that should have been done in that time. Raviraj Jadeja
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  27. 27. Milestone Software. Raviraj Jadeja
  28. 28.  The Henry Laurence Gantt Medal was established in 1929 by the American Society of Mechanical Engineers for "distinguished achievement in management and service to the community." Raviraj Jadeja
  29. 29.  2000 - Paul Soros 2001 - Roy Huffington (United States Ambassador to Austria) 2002 - Alexander Dreyfoos 2003 - William Timken (U.S. Ambassador to Germany) 2004 - Julie England 2005 - Kathleen M. Bader 2006 - Charla K. Wise 2007 - Kevin M. Gottschall 2008 - Ellen Doherty 2009 - Claudio Valdetara Raviraj Jadeja
  30. 30.  Scientific task planning. Time and motion studies. Standardization. Differential piece rate system. Functional foremanship. Raviraj Jadeja
  31. 31.  Exploitative Device. Depersonalized Work. Unpsychological. Raviraj Jadeja
  32. 32.  Undemocratic. Anti-Social. Unrealistic. Raviraj Jadeja
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  34. 34.  Most valuable and well-known brand in the whole world. Established the system of rewards so that they can meet their goals. Raviraj Jadeja
  35. 35.  Within the restaurant chain uniformity is complete. Every branch of McDonald is the same as are the methods used to prepare food, clear floors, promote staff and lock up on closing. Raviraj Jadeja
  36. 36.  Aside from the base payment, the company had established the promotional programs and the competitive wages, motivation, hard work, dedication, and results that rewarded and recognized by McDonalds. Raviraj Jadeja
  37. 37.  programs such as the “Employees of the Month” Bonuses that the company is paying for the top employees which are based on the performance of the business and the individual performance. Raviraj Jadeja
  38. 38.  Intelligence of employees has sharply risen. contributing to the social well-being and development of the individual employee. Raviraj Jadeja
  39. 39.  Scientific management also provides a company with the means to achieve economies of scale. Raviraj Jadeja
  40. 40.  Higher levels of access to technology and information. Flexibility. Raviraj Jadeja
  41. 41.  Scientific Management is still very much a part of any organization in the 21st Century. Divide between management functions and work functions have been employed widely at all levels and in all industries. Raviraj Jadeja
  42. 42.  It is perhaps then better to accept that as a complete theory Scientific Management is not visible in modern organizations, however, elements of it are so relevant that they have become deeply ingrained in all modern organizations and are the very reasons why management has taken on new dimension in the 21st Century. Raviraj Jadeja
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