Introduction to research methodology

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Introduction to research methodology

  1. 1. Introduction to ResearchIntroduction to Research MethodologyMethodology
  2. 2. Meaning of ResearchMeaning of Research Systematic investigation towards increasing theSystematic investigation towards increasing the sum of knowledgesum of knowledge (Chambers 20th Century Dictionary)(Chambers 20th Century Dictionary)  It refers to a systematic method consisting ofIt refers to a systematic method consisting of enunciating the problem, formulating aenunciating the problem, formulating a hypothesis, collecting the facts ,analyzing thehypothesis, collecting the facts ,analyzing the facts and reaching certain conclusions.facts and reaching certain conclusions.
  3. 3. Objectives of researchObjectives of research To gain familiarity with a phenomenon orTo gain familiarity with a phenomenon or to achieve insights into it.to achieve insights into it. To portray the characteristics of aTo portray the characteristics of a particular individual, situation or a group.particular individual, situation or a group.
  4. 4. Continued…Continued… To determine the frequency with whichTo determine the frequency with which something occurs or its association withsomething occurs or its association with something else.something else. To test a hypothesis of a casualTo test a hypothesis of a casual relationship between variables.relationship between variables.
  5. 5. Motivation in researchMotivation in research  Motivation for Research :Motivation for Research : Desire to face challenge of solving the unsolved.Desire to face challenge of solving the unsolved. Desire to get intellectual joyDesire to get intellectual joy Desire to be of service to societyDesire to be of service to society Desire to get respectabilityDesire to get respectability Desire to get a research degreeDesire to get a research degree  Motivation for Research Methodology:Motivation for Research Methodology: Qualitatively control research processQualitatively control research process Validate research resultsValidate research results Compare research approachesCompare research approaches Respect rules of good scientific practiceRespect rules of good scientific practice
  6. 6. Types of researchTypes of research Descriptive Vs AnalyticalDescriptive Vs Analytical Applied Vs FundamentalApplied Vs Fundamental Quantitative Vs QualitativeQuantitative Vs Qualitative Conceptual Vs EmpiricalConceptual Vs Empirical Other typesOther types
  7. 7. Orientations for researchOrientations for research Quantitative Research ExperimentalInferential Simulation Qualitative
  8. 8. Research Vs Common SenseResearch Vs Common Sense  Research is purely an academic activity VsResearch is purely an academic activity Vs Inability of managers in the utilization ofInability of managers in the utilization of research findings.research findings.  Decisions and problem solving in the scientificDecisions and problem solving in the scientific way gives better result.way gives better result.  Commonsense is influenced by society andCommonsense is influenced by society and culture and give non-conscious ideologies vs.culture and give non-conscious ideologies vs. Researches corrects misbelieves, generate newResearches corrects misbelieves, generate new concepts and broaden perspectives.concepts and broaden perspectives.
  9. 9. Wheel of ResearchWheel of Research Improvement in theory and problem solving Observation and literature review Problem Clarification Concepts, constructs and models Assumption And hypothesis Research Design Data Collection Data Analysis Interpretations and conclusions
  10. 10. Research Methods Vs MethodologyResearch Methods Vs Methodology  Research Methods :All the methods and techniquesResearch Methods :All the methods and techniques which are used by the researcher during the course ofwhich are used by the researcher during the course of studying his/her research problem.studying his/her research problem. Research MethodsResearch Methods Methods for Collection of Data Statistical techniques used for establishing relations Methods for Evaluation of Results obtained
  11. 11. Research Methods Vs MethodologyResearch Methods Vs Methodology Research Methodology: is a way ofResearch Methodology: is a way of systematically solve the research problem.systematically solve the research problem.  It may be stated as a science of studying howIt may be stated as a science of studying how research is done scientifically.research is done scientifically.  It involves not only the techniques and methodsIt involves not only the techniques and methods of research but also the logic behind it.of research but also the logic behind it.  It helps in designing the researchIt helps in designing the research
  12. 12. Ethics and Morals In ResearchEthics and Morals In Research Ethics ,morals and values have a deepEthics ,morals and values have a deep influence research.influence research. Ethical issues in researcher andEthical issues in researcher and respondent relationshiprespondent relationship Moral responsibility of the researcherMoral responsibility of the researcher deals with social guidelines anddeals with social guidelines and constraints upon the techniques andconstraints upon the techniques and measurement.measurement.

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