On October 23rd, 2014, we updated our
By continuing to use LinkedIn’s SlideShare service, you agree to the revised terms, so please take a few minutes to review them.
Internal training materialInternal training material
From the weave to the edging, microfiberFrom the weave to the edging, microfibertakes on many different characteristicstakes on many different characteristicsand formsand forms The ratio of the blend. While 80%The ratio of the blend. While 80%Polyester and 20% Polyamide is typical, aPolyester and 20% Polyamide is typical, a70/30 blend that contains more Polyamide70/30 blend that contains more Polyamidefibers can be more expensive.fibers can be more expensive.
Microfiber = ultra-fine yarns.Microfiber = ultra-fine yarns.Comparatively, it is two times finer thanComparatively, it is two times finer thansilk and 30 times finer than cotton andsilk and 30 times finer than cotton and100 times finer than a human hair!100 times finer than a human hair! The industry standard for Microfiber is aThe industry standard for Microfiber is adenier of 0.02 or smaller.denier of 0.02 or smaller.
Also, it is 1/100Also, it is 1/100(0.1-0.3 denier)(0.1-0.3 denier)that of a humanthat of a humanhair and its specialhair and its specialwedge shapedwedge shapedfibers lead to thefibers lead to theexcellent absorbentexcellent absorbentand drainingand drainingpower.power.
Microfiber is a man-made yarn that combines twoMicrofiber is a man-made yarn that combines twobasic fibers: The primary component is polyesterbasic fibers: The primary component is polyesterand the other component is polyamide (nylon).and the other component is polyamide (nylon). These two polymers are used during the spinningThese two polymers are used during the spinningprocess and are initially melted in a machineprocess and are initially melted in a machinecalled an extruder, and then they are combinedcalled an extruder, and then they are combinedtogether.together. However, since they are completely two differentHowever, since they are completely two differentmaterials and do not tend to combine togethermaterials and do not tend to combine togethervery well, the nylon component moves to thevery well, the nylon component moves to theoutside of the fiber with the polyester componentoutside of the fiber with the polyester componentforming the core of the fiber.forming the core of the fiber.
These oil and water-These oil and water-attracting polymerattracting polymerfibers are woven intofibers are woven intomasses of tiny loops.masses of tiny loops.These loops formThese loops formhook-like claws thathook-like claws thatact as scrubbers,act as scrubbers,lifting away dirtlifting away dirtparticles and trappingparticles and trappingthem within thethem within theweave.weave. This is whereThis is wherethese towels get theirthese towels get theirscratch freescratch freereputationreputation..
The upside of microfiber cloths:The upside of microfiber cloths: They only need water to cleanThey only need water to cleanstreaks, smudges, dirt and grime onstreaks, smudges, dirt and grime onglass, mirrors and stainless steelglass, mirrors and stainless steelsurfaces (without the need forsurfaces (without the need forcleaning solutions). They are alsocleaning solutions). They are alsoeasily washed and reused. Goodeasily washed and reused. Goodquality cloths last several years.quality cloths last several years.
The downside of microfiber clothsThe downside of microfiber cloths They are made from petrochemicalsThey are made from petrochemicals Problem is, they are nonrenewableProblem is, they are nonrenewableresource and do not biodegrade.resource and do not biodegrade.
Some additional informationSome additional information
MicroMicro is a word that comes from theis a word that comes from the GreekGreekμικρός (μικρός (mikrósmikrós), meaning "small".), meaning "small". It can be used to indicate a smaller than averageIt can be used to indicate a smaller than averagescale (microscopic scale), as opposed to prefixesscale (microscopic scale), as opposed to prefixesmega and macro, which can be used to indicate amega and macro, which can be used to indicate alarger than average scale.larger than average scale. micro- (μ) a prefix in the systems of unitsmicro- (μ) a prefix in the systems of unitsdenoting a factor of 10denoting a factor of 10−6−6 (one millionth of a(one millionth of ameter,meter, 0.0000010.000001 ) or) or 1 micron = 0.001 millimeter1 micron = 0.001 millimeter
Caprolactam is theCaprolactam is the basic raw materialbasic raw material ofof NylonNylon Purified Terphthalic AcidPurified Terphthalic Acid - is the preferred raw- is the preferred rawmaterial for Polyester.material for Polyester. PTA was first introduced in 1965 as an alternativePTA was first introduced in 1965 as an alternativefeedstock to Dimethyl Terephthalate (DMT) forfeedstock to Dimethyl Terephthalate (DMT) forthe production of Polyester. By end of 1999,the production of Polyester. By end of 1999,almost 85% of total world production was basedalmost 85% of total world production was basedon PTA and this continues to grow.on PTA and this continues to grow.