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Science & technology (current corners) Volume-1


Science & Technology (Currents) Volume-1

Science & Technology (Currents) Volume-1

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  • 1. Science & Technology(Current - fact corners)Volume- 1Ravi P. Agrahari(Science & Technology)
  • 2. 1. World’s Largest Optical Telescope- A five-nation consortium including India would be constructing theworld’s most advanced ground based observatory. This telescope will bedeveloped in Hawaii at the summit of the Mauna Kea Volcano.- Thirty Meter Telescope (TMT) governing body on January 22, 2013 metto decide the contributions to be made by the member nationsnamely, India, Japan, Canada, China and the US in the development ofworld’s largest optical telescope. The work on this telescope isexpected to start in 2014 and the project is planned at an investment of1.2 billion US dollars.
  • 3. 2. Internet Turns 30- The internet, a revolutionary communications system useddaily by billions of people the world over, turned 30 on January1, 2013. The computer network officially began functioningwhen it fully substituted previous networking systems onJanuary 1, 1983.- It was the first time the US Department of Defence-commissioned Arpanet’ network fully switched to use of theInternet Protocol Suite (IPS) communications system.- British computer scientist Tim Berners – Lee later used it tohost a system of interlinked hypertext documents in 1989,known as the World Wide Web (www).
  • 4. 3. Indian Researcher Bags Award forAlzheimers Drug- London based Indian researcher Mahaveer Golechha has beenselected for an award for his work on a drug to cure Alzheimers. He willreceive the Alzheimers Drug Discovery Foundations Young InvestigatorScholarship Award’ at the 7th Annual Drug Discovery forNeurodegeneration Conference to be held in February 2013.- He has been recognized for his outstanding research on ‘naringin’ abioglavonoid found in grape fruits and citrus fruits. In his study, he foundthat naringin a bioflavonoid found in grape fruits and citrus fruits.
  • 5. - In his study, he found that naringin possesses significant“anti-Alzheimers activity” and will form the basis of furtherReserved to develop as a cure for the degenerative disease inold age, which worsens as it progresses.- Alzheimers disease is a neurodegenerative disorder thatgenerally affects the elderly population. Till date thetreatment was sympotomatic (any medical therapy of adisease that only affect its symptoms, not its cause) butnaringin will act at pathological level and have lesser sideeffects.
  • 6. 4. Gas that Causes Ozone DestructionDiscovered- Researchers at the Universities of York and Leeds in the third week ofJanuary, 2013, identified a gas from the earlier unknown marine sourcewhich led to destruction of ozone over the oceans.- The researchers found out that the source of iodine oxide could beexplained by emissions of hypoiodous acid (HOI) together withmolecular iodine (I2).- Since 1970s, when the gas called methyl iodide (CH3I) was discoveredto be present everywhere in the ocean.
  • 7. 5. Emmident ToothbrushIn December, 2012, British scientist have developed the EmmidentToothbrush, the first toothbrush of the world which makes use of theultrasound waves for cleaning teeth, which means that there is not needof abrasive brushing.How it Works?• Emmident toothbrush makes 86 million sound waves in minuteand these waves in turn are used for cleaning the teeth.• Manufacturers of this product claimed that ultrasound waveswhich are emitted from this toothbrush create tiny bubbles from special3.99 pounds toothpaste which should be used with this.• These bubbles can get between teeth as well as the gums whichin turn help in killing bacteria. The bacteria which are left on brush headare also killed.
  • 8. 6. World’s First Test Tube HamburgerScientists have claimed they would serve the worlds first test tubehamburger in October, 2012. According to the team, led by Prof MarkPost of Maastricht University in the Netherlands, it has already grownartificial meat in the laboratory and now aims to create a hamburger,Identical to a real stiff, by generating strips of meat from stem cells.Steps involved in making test tube hamburger• Stem cells extracted from healthy animal muscle. Stem cells areprimitive form of cell with power to grow and divide into almost anyother cell.
  • 9. • Petri dish Cow Muscle cells are grown in dish withsugars, amino acids, lipids, minerals and all other nutrients• Exercise thin muscle like strips stretch and contract usingelectrical stimulation.• Colour iron containing myoglobin is added to give colour.Finally some 3000 muscle strips are harvested and mixed upwith grown in same way from step cells.What are Stem Cells ?Stem cells are biological found in all multicellularorganisms, that can divide and differentiate into diversespecialized cell types and can self renew to produce morestem cells.
  • 10. 7. Sequoia Fastest Computer in the World- Sequoia the US super computer, was crowned the fastestcomputer in the world on June 17, 2012. Situated at LawrenceLivemore National Laboratory in California Sequoia is able tomake 16.32 quadrillion calculations per second (16.32petaflops/s).
  • 11. 8. Gold-Producing Bacteria- Scientist and researchers from the Michigan State University haddiscovered bacteria that can tolerate immense amount of toxicity andcan also create 24 carat old.- The researchers found that the bacteria named Cupriavidusmetallidurans is a metal-tolerant bacteria, which can grow on hugeconcentration of gold chloride which itself is a very toxic chemical foundin nature.- The researchers fed the bacteria with mismatched amounts of goldchloride, intimating the process they believe happens in nature: Inabout a week, the bacteria transformed the toxins and produced a goldnugget.- The researchers used a combination of biotechnology, art and alchemyto turn liquid gold into 24 carat old. It is now being called as Microbialalchemy
  • 12. 9. Scientists Developed ‘Superhero’ Mice- Scientists of the City University of New York in month of October hadgenetically engineered mice that have up to 500 times more of nosecells to detect explosives and TNT-like chemicals, using the GeneticallyModified Technology.• The mice are named as super hero sniffer mice and have the abilityto smell out land mines and explosives
  • 13. 10. Microsoft Updates 2012-13-Microsoft launched its new operating system Windows 8 onOctober 25, 2012 in 37 languages and 140 worldwide markets.Windows 8 is the current release of the windows operatingsystem and can be used on personal computers, including homeand business desktops, laptops, tablets and home theatre PCs.- Windows 8 introduces significant changes to the operatingsystems platform, primarily focused towards improving its userexperience on mobile devices such as tablets to rival othermobile operating systems like Android and iOS.
  • 14. - Windows 8 also introduce a new shell and userinterface based on Microsofts Metro designlanguage, featuring a new start screen with a grid ofdynamically updating tiles to represent applications, anew mobile application platform with an emphasis ontouch screen input, the new windows store to obtainand purchase applications for the system and theability to synchronize programs and settings betweenmultiple devices.
  • 15. Features• Touch screen monitor, touch screen mouse and keyboard will be usedat the same time.• It starts in 10 seconds.• Picture password• ‘Cloud’ based online storage.• It is the one OS for tablet and PC,• Windows 8 introduces a new style of application, Windows store app.On February 19, 2012, microsoft confirmed that in Windows 8, thewindows logo will be significantly updated to reflect the new Metrodesign language. The logo was designed by pentagram partner PaulaScher.
  • 16. Windows Server 2012Microsoft unveiled Windows Server 2012 on September 4, 2012. It is thecurrent release of Windows Server. It powers the cloud OperatingSystem (OS) to provide customers with a «modern platformwhere, customers can enjoy faster work and worry less about securityobstacles. The new AS tries to integrate cloud-based technologies withinthe network without compromising on security. Windows server 2012 isthe first of its kind version of Operating System (OS) that can becontrolled remotely so its handiness is an advantage over otheroperating systems.
  • 17. New logo of MicrosoftMicrosoft launched the new logo on August 23, 2013. Now, Microsoftwill use this new logo for the first time in over two and half decades.The software has created a new logo which has been heavily inspired bythe emblem of windows operating system. This change in the logo alsoshows the companys focus on the tile c1ntric Metro interface whichused by windows 8 and office suite.MS Office 2013Microsoft on July 16, 2012 unveiled next generation office software(Microsoft office 2013) with people using tablets or smart phones toaccess programme in the internet cloud. The new software wasunveiled by Microsoft Chief Executive Steve Ballman the office softwarewill be compatible with the new window 8 OS. It is available in 33languages.
  • 18. 11. ROCRA- New Cyber Security Measure- The cyber spying campaign is termed-;-Red October orROCRA by the Kaspersky Lab.- ROCRA is the short name given to Red October which is thecyber-spying campaigns. A part from attacking the establishedcomputer work, stations, it, can also steal the, data fromvarious smart phones, catch, the files from the removabledisk drives as well as abandon the network equipmentconfigurations, and also scan through the local network FTPservers as well as email databases. Other highly automaticcyber-spying campaigns are Gauss and ‘Flame’.
  • 19. 12. Application Rail RadarRail Radar, the new online application was launched by the IndianRailways on October 10, 2012. To find out the location of 6500 trains onreal time basis on Google Maps. It can be accessed from the
  • 20. 13. World’s Fastest Mobile Processor- NVIDIA Today introduced NVIDIA Tegra 4, the world’s fastest mobileprocessor, with record-setting performance and battery life to flawlesslypower smart phones and tablets, gaming devices auto infotainment andnavigation systems, and PCs.- Tegra 4 offers exceptional graphics processing, with lightning-fast webbrowsing, stunning visuals and new camera capabilities throughcomputational photography. Tegra 4 consumes up to 45% less powerthan its preceders, Tegra 3, in common use cases. And it enables up to14 hours of HD video playback on phones.
  • 21. 14. Indian Puts World’s First Smartphone in Space- The British-build STRaND-1 spacecraft, developed by scientists in Survey, wassent into orbit from Sriharikota in India to test the capabilities of a standardsmart phone in space environment.- Launched into a 758km Sun-synchronous orbit on Indian Space ResearchOrganisation ISRO’s PSLV launcher, the spacecraft is an innovative 3U CubeSat,weighs 4.3kg and is the world’s first phonesat to go into orbit as well as thefirst UK CubeSat to be launched.- During the first phase of the mission, STRaND-1 will be controlled by thesatellite’s attitude control system and an new high speed linux-based CubeSatcomputer.- During phase two, the STRaND-1 team plans to switch many of the satellite’sin-orbit operations to the smartphone, a Google Nexus One which uses theAndroid operating system, thereby testing the capabilities of many standardsmartphone components for aspace environment.
  • 22. 15. PSLV-C20 Launches 7 SatellitesIndo-French Oceanographic study Satellite ‘SARAL’ and six foreign miniand micro spacecrafts were successfully launched on February 25, 2013by ISRO’s PSLV-C20 rocket from the spaceport at Sriharikota in AndhraPradesh.SARAL was injected first into the space about 18 minutes after the lift-off followed by other satellites in the space of about four minutes.
  • 23. 16. NASA Launches TDRS SatelliteNASA launched a new communication satellite on January 31,2013 to stay in touch with its space station astronauts and relaymore Hubble telescope images. An unmanned Atlas V rocketcarried the Tracking and Data Relay Satellite (TDRS).This is the 11th TDRS satellite to be launched by NASA. The spaceagency uses the orbiting network to communicate with astronautsliving on the International Space Station.
  • 24. 17. NASA to turn Asteroid to Orbit MoonNASA scientists are planning to capture a 50000 kgasteroid, relocate it and transform it into a space station forastronauts to refuel at on their way to Mars.It would be the first time a celestial object has ever been movedby humans. An ‘asteroid capture capsule’ would be attached to anold Atlas V rocket and directed the asteroid between the Earth andthe Moon.
  • 25. 18. NASA Dicovered Mini Nile River on Saturn’s MoonScientist from NASA spotted the longest extra-terrestrial river systemever on Satums moon Titan which appears to be a miniature version ofEarths Nile River.As, per NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory, the river valley on Titanstretches more than 460 km from its headwaters to a large seacomparing it with the Nile River on Earth Which stretches about 6700km.The finding came into in light after NASAs Cassini mission sent imageswhich revealed for the first time a: river system this vast and in suchhigh resolution anywhere other than Earth.
  • 26. Titan is the only body in the solar system apart from Earth which isknown to have vast seas and possess a cycle of liquids on its surface.Images from Cassinis visible-light cameras in late 2010 in TItansequatorial regions revealed the regions to be darkened due to recentrainfall.Cassinis visual and infrared mapping spectrometer confirmed liquidethane at a lake in Titans southern hemisphere known as Ontario LacusIn 2008. The radar image taken on September 26, 2012 shows Titansnorth polar region, where the river valley flows into Kraken Mare, a seathat is, in terms of size, between the Caspian Sea and theMediterranean Sea on Earth.
  • 27. 20. New Rover to Mars in 2020NASA has announced plans for a robust multi-year Marsprogramme, including a new robotic science rover set to launchin 2020 after the success of Curiositys Red Planet landing. Theannouncement comes a day after NASA released the results ofthe first soil tested by the Curiosity rover, which found traces ofcompounds like water and oxygen that are necessary for life.The plan to design and build a new Mars robotic science roverwith a launch in 2020 comes only months after the agencyannounced In Sight, which will launch in 2016 bringing a total ofseven NASA missions operating or being planned to study andexplore the Earth-like neighbour.
  • 28. 21. AGNI
  • 29. Name Type RangeAgni-I MRBM700 – 1,250 km (Operational)Agni-II IRBM2,000 – 3,000 km (Operational)Agni-III IRBM3,500 – 5,000 km (OperationalAgni-IV IRBM3,000 – 4,000 km (Testing)Agni-V ICBM5,000 – 8,000 km (Testing)Agni-VI ICBM8,000 – 10,000 km (Under development)
  • 30. 22. Chandrayaan 2Chandrayaan 2 is India’s second lunar exploration mission, developed by theIndian Space Research Organisation (ISR0,the mission is proposed to belaunched to the Moon in 2015 by a Geosynchronous Satellite Launch vehicle(GSLV), includes a lunar Orbiter, a Lander and a Lunar Rover, all developed byIndia.Initially, the mission was a joint venture of ISRO and its Russian counterpartRoskosmos but the latter withdrew from the mission failing to provide alander within the proposed time. According to ISRO, this mission will use andtest various new technologies and conduct new experiments.The wheeled rover Will move on the lunar surface and will pick up soil orrock samples for on-site chemical analysis. The data will be relayed to Earththrough the Chandrayaan-2 orbiter.
  • 31. The Indian government approved the mission in a meeting of the UnionCabinet held on September 18, 2008, chaired by Prime MinisterManmohan Singh.On November 12, 2007, representatives of the Russian Federal SpaceAgency (Roskosmos] and ISRO signed an agreement for the two agenciesto work together on the Chandrayaan-2 project.ISRO will have the prime responsibility for the Orbiter and Rover, whileRoskosmos will be responsible for the Lander. The design of thespacecraft was completed in August, 2009, with scientists of bothcountries conducting a joint review. The launch date might slip becausethe loss of the Fobos-Grunt Mission, which was a planned as a test forthe Russian landing system.
  • 32. Current StatusAlthough ISRO has finalized the payload for Chandrayaan-2, the missionwas postponed to 2014, and was expected to be further rescheduled to2016 because of a delay in the construction of the Russian Lander.The delay came in wake of the failure of the Russian Phobos-GruntMission to Mars, reason being technical aspects connected with thePhobos-Grunt Mission were also used in the lunar project, which needto be reviewed. When Russia cited its inability to provide the Landereven by 2015, India decided to develop the lunar missionindependently.
  • 33. DesignSpacecraft The mission is planned to fly on a Geosynchronous SatelliteLaunch Vehicle Mk-II (GSLV Mk-II) with an approximate lift-off weight,2650kg from Satish Dhawan Space Centre on Sriharikota Island.Orbiter ISRO will design the Orbiter, which will orbit the Moon at analtitude of 200km. The mission would carry five instruments on theOrbiter. Three of them are new, while two others are improvedversions of those flown on Chandrayaan-1 orbiter. The approximatelaunch mass will be 1,400 kgLander Unlike Chandrayaan-1s Lunar probe, which impacted theMoons surface, the Lander will make a soft landing. The approximateweight of the Lander and Rover is 1250 kg. The Russian Federal Spaceagency will design and build the Lander.
  • 34. Also, a landing beacon that could facilitate future landings was beingconsidered. When Russia expressed its inability provide the Lander tomeet even the revised time frame of 2015 for the Chandrayaan-2 launchowing to the phobos-Grunt failure, India will develop the Landerindependently.The design of the indigenous Lander and the preliminary configurationhas been completed by the space Applications Centre (SAC)Ahmedabad.
  • 35. RoverThe Rover will weigh 30 to 100 kg and will operate on solar power. TheRover will move on Wheels on lunar surface pick up samples of soil orrocks, perform chemical analysis and send the data to the Orbiter abovewhich will relay it to the Earth station.The Rover has been designed in Russia and is being fabricated by Indianscientists. IIT-Kanpur is developing three subsystems to provide mobility-Stereophonic camera-based 3D Vision It will provide the ground teamcontrolling the rovers a 3D view of the surrounding terrain.Kinematic Traction Control It will enable the Rover to negotiate therough lunar terrain using independent steering provided on four of itswheels. Control and Motor Dynamics The Rover will have six wheels,each driven by an independent electrical motor. Four of the wheels willalso be capable of independent steering.
  • 36. PayloadISRO has announced that an expert committee has decided on fivepayloads for the Orbiter, and two for the Rover. While it was initiallyreported that NASA and ESA would participate in the mission byproviding some scientific instruments for the Orbiter. ISRO has laterclarified that due to weight restrictions it will not be carrying foreignpayloads on this mission.Orbiter PayloadLarge Area Soft X-ray Spectrometer (CLASS) from ISRO Satellite Centre(ISAC), Bangalore and Solar X-ray Monitor (XsM) from Physical ResearchLaboratory (PRI), Ahmedabad for mapping major elements present onthe lunar surface.L and S-band Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) from Space ApplicationsCentre (SAC), Ahmedabad for probing the first few tens of metres of thelunar surface for the presence of different constituents, including waterice. SAR is expected to provide further evidence confirming thepresence of water ice below the shadowed regions of the Moon.
  • 37. Imaging IR Spectrometer (IIRS) from SAC, Ahmedabad for mapping oflunar surface over a wide wavelength range for the study ofminerals, water molecules and hydroxyl present.Neutral Mass Spectrometer (ChACE-2) from Space Physics Laboratory(SPL), Thiruvananthapuram to carry out a detailed study of the lunarexosphere. Terrain Mapping C8mera-2 (TMC-2) from SAC, Ahmedabadfor preparing a three-dimensional map essential for studying the lunarmineralogy and geology.Rover PayloadLaser Induced Breakdown Spectroscope (UBS) from Laboratory forElectro Optic Systems (LEOS), Bangalore.Alpha Particle Induced X-ray Spectroscope (APIXS) fromPRL, Ahmedabad.
  • 38. 23. Curiosity Rover on MarsCuriostiy is a car-sized robotic rover exploring Gale crater on Mars as part ofNASAs Mars Science Laboratory (MSL). It was launched from Cape Canaveralon November 26, 2011 aboard the MSL spacecraft and successfully landed onAeolis Palus in Gale crater on Mars on August 6, 2012. The landing site wasBradbury Landing site. Curiosity’s design will serve as the basis for plannedunmanned 2020 Mars rover mission. In December, 2012, Curiosity’s two-yearmission was extended indefinitely.The Rovers goal include• Investigation of the Martian climate and geology.• Assessment of whether the selected field site inside Gate crater has offeredenvironmental conditions favourable for microbial life.• lnvestigation of the role of water in supporting life on Mars.• Planetary habitability studies in preparation for future human exploration.
  • 39. Curiosity - An IntroductionOperator - NASAMajor Contractors - Boeing, Lockheed Martin, McDonald DettwilerMission Type - RoverLaunch Date - November 26, 2011Launch Vehicle - Atlas V 541 (AV-028)Launch Site - Cape CanaveralMission Duration - 668 Martian Sols (23 Earth months)Mass - 900 kg (2000 pounds)Power Radioisotope Thermo – electric Generator (RTG)
  • 40. 25. MissileTest Fired in 2012-13
  • 41. K-15India successfully test-fired the underwater ballistic missile, K-15 (code-named B05), off the Vishakhapatnam coast on January 27, 2013. themissile was taste for its full range of 700 km. with the completion ofdevelopment trial, the process of integrating K-15 missile with INAArihant, the indigenously-built nuclear submarine, will begin soon.PinakaThe personnels of Pune-based Armament Research and DevelopmentEstablishment (ARDE) conducted a series of tests of an advanced versionof multi-barrel rocket system Pinaka from a defence base off the Odishacoast on February 28, 2013DhanushThis single stage missile uses liquid propellant. the Dhanush missile canbe used as na anti-ship weapon as well as for destroying land targetsdepending on the range.
  • 42. Prithivi - IIIndia test-fired nuclear capable Prithvi-II missile on the December19, 2012. the surface-to-surface missile was test-fired from a mobilelaunch pad at Chandipur Coastal test site in Odisha. the missile iscapable of carrying a 500-1000 kg nuclear warheads. it has the range of250 to 350 km.AstraAstra air-to-air interceptor missile was successfully test-fired for thethird time within a week on December 24, 2012 from the Chandipurdefnece base of Odisha.The test was conducted for identifying the missiles interceptioncapability abnd high manoeuvring and was successful in intercepting thesimulated target at a altitude of 4 km.
  • 43. Astra has capabilities of intercepting the enemy aircraft and destroy it atsupersonic speed that is for head on mode at range of 1-2 mach and atthe tail chase mode at 1-4 Mach.The missile can be launched form different altitudes and can easilycover a distance of 110 km if launched from at altitude of 15 km, 44 km,when launched from an altitude of 8 km and 21 km when launched formsea level.The missile with a capability of carrying a conventional warhead of 15km uses a solid propellant. Astra is of 3.8 m in length and the smallestmissile developed by the DRDO till date.
  • 44. BrahMos Supersonic Cruise MissileIt has two stages. Its propulsion consists of a solid propellant boosterstage and a liquid propellant jet system. It can be launched fromships, submarines, fixed and mobile launches on soils and land. theIndian Navy on October 7, 2012 successfully test-fired the 290km rangeBrahMos supersonic cruise missile capable of carrying a conventionalwarhead of 300 kg. from a warship off the Goa coast.The cruise missile was test-fired from guided missile frigate INS Teg (theIndian Navys latest induction from Russia). The induction of the Firstversion of BrahMos Missile system in the Indian Navy commenced from2005 with INS rajput, It is now fully operational with two regiments ofthe army.
  • 45. 26. Military Exercises in 2012-13
  • 46. Iron Fist 2013Fighter jets, helicopters and transport aircrafts of India Air Force (IAF)displayed their operational and precision fire power capabilities inPakharna, Rajasthan on February 22, 2013. fontline planes like SU-30MKI Mirage 2000, Jaguar, MIG-21 MIG-29 were demonstrated in thisexercise.IndraJoint military exercise Indra between India and Russia was held inMumbai from Novemebr 28 to December 3, 2012. Indra bega in 2003and is being conducted every two years.The main objective of this exercise is to enhance interoperability, whichwill be useful if both the navies ar working against the common threatlike the pirates in the Gulf of Aden.
  • 47. It will be helpful for wider cooperation and mutual understandingbetween two navies. Destroyer Marshal Shaposhnikov, Replebnishemntiler Irkut and rescue tug Alatau of the Russian Federationss Navy pacificFleet (PF) Task Unit and India INS Mysore and INS Tabar areparticipating in the exercise.Shoor VeerExercise Shoor Veer one of the largest war game conducted by theIndian Army came to an end on May 5, 2012. This exercise was led bythe South-Western command. This exercise was unique of the Army, asforce and technology were employed. Air Force also participated in thisexercise. The activity highlighted the importance of enhanced battle-field transparency and situation awareness.
  • 49. RajratanIndian Coast Guard ship Rajratan, the fifth of a series of eight Inshorepatrol Vessels (IPVs) was commissioned by Director General Indian CoastGuard, Vice Admiral MP Muralidharan in Kolkata on Februa 11, 2013.FeaturesIndigenously built by Garden Reach Shipbuilders andEngineers, Kolkata, the 50 m long IPV displaces 300 tonnes.Maximum Speed 34 knots, with an endurance of 1500 nautical miles atan economical speed of 16 knots.Equipped with state-of-the art weaponry and advanced communicationand navigational equipment, it makes and ideal platform for undertakingmultifarious close-coast missions such assurveillance, interdiction, search and rescue, and medical evacuation.
  • 50. TarkashThe Second of the Russian build Talwar class stealth trigates INSGarkash was commissioned into the Indian navy on November 9, 2012,it is equipped with supersonic cruise missiles commissioned into theNavy at the Yantar Shipyard in Russia.SahyadriIndigenously built stealth warship INS Sahyadri on July 21, 2012 wascommissioned in the Indian Navy at naval dockyard in Mumbai. INSsahyadri (Constructed at Mazagaon Dock Limited, Mumbai) is the lastwarship of Project-17 undertaken by the Navy.Along with the capability to launch offensive on enemy vessels, thewarship is equipped with advance electronic warfare capabilities andtorpedoes ot detect and neutralize enemy submarines. It has anadvance sonar and radar system to keep an eye over any enemymovement in deep sea.
  • 51. RV SindhuIndias first indigenous ocean research vessel named RV Sindhu waslaunched on July 31, 2012. it is designed by ABG Shipyard limited atMadgaon. Vessel is equipped with lates data acquisition system andmodern laboratories.AdvantagesIt will unravel mysteries of seas and discover hidden resources in oceanto meet the growing demand of minerals and food. To conductoceanographic research in the field of physics, Chemistry, Biology andGeology.
  • 52. India & US Finalised Deal for jet EnginesIndia and the US on January 20, 2013 have finalized at Rs. 3000-croredeal for supplying 99 jhet engines oto be suse in the indigenous LightCombat Aircraft "Tejas" being developed by the DRDO. The engine onoffer for the LCA Mark II is GE F-414 engine, which are more powerfulthat the GE F-404 engines fitted in the first batch of LCAs that the IndianAir Force would receive in near future.The DRDO is developing the LCA Mk II to meet the Airforcerequirements and it will have latest technological equipment includingthe Active Electronic Scanned Array (AESA) radar and would be able tocarry more payload than the LCA MKI.
  • 53. ALH Dhruv CommissionedIndigenously made advance Light Helicopter (ALH) Dhruv is going to becommissioned at Indias most powerful airbase - Jodhpur Airbase.Currently army has 110 Dhruv helicopters.Speed -250km/hRange- 640kmFuel Capacity- 1100 kilo litresAarush X 1 UnveiledDelhi Technological University Unmanned Aircraft Vehicle (DTU-UAV)Aarush X1 was unveiled on November 2, 2012. The Aarush X 1 is capableof carrying a payload of 8-10 kg an disable to attain a flying speed up to120 km/h. the application of the vehicle are civil lawenforcement, geometrics, meteorological operations, pipelinesurveillance, mining surveillance, disaster management, coast andborder patrol and news and reporting agencies.
  • 54. Navys First P-81 Surveillance AircraftThe navy received the first of the eight P-81 maritime surveillanceaircraft from Boeing on December 19, 2012. The first plane was handedover to Indian personnel by the company in seattle. This aircraft, alongwith two more will arrive in India in May, 2013.Features of P-8I• P-8I is a derivative of Boeing 737-800 long-range maritimereconnaissance aircraft and anti-submarine warfare aircraft.• It is expected to replace the navys Russian Tupolev Tu-142Mmaritime surveillance turboprop.Indian had signed a deal worth over $2.1 billion with the American firmin January, 2009 of procuring the long-range surveillance aircraft, whichare equipped with anti-submarine weaponry.
  • 55. Hypersonic Missiles in India by 2017India and Russia could be one of the first nations in the world to flighttest hypersonic missiles, which fly at five to seven times the speed ofsound. According to Shivathanu Pillai, Chief Executive officer of theRussia-Indian joint venture BrahMos Aerospace, the HypersonicBrahMos version would be ready for flight testing in 2017.Lakshya - 1 Successfully Test -flownIndiasindigenously developed, micro-light pilot-less target aircraftLakshya-1 was successfully test flown from the integrated Test Range atChandipur on August 23, 2012. Lakshya-1 is fitted with and advanceddigitally controlled engine. It is a sub-sonic, re-usable aerial targetsystem, is remote controlled from the ground and designed to imparttraining to both air borne and air defence pilots.
  • 56. Indian Air Force Turns 80 Age of GloriesAir Force celebrated its 80th anniversary on October 8, 2012 at HindonAir ease near Delhi.Tiger Moth and Sukhoi-30 jetplanes Performed in the airshow atHindon Air Base. Tiger Moth is the first plane from. vintage scuadronwhich participated in this airshow, The Indian Air Force is the air-arm ofthe Indian armed forces. Its primary responsibility is to secure Indianairspace and to conduct aerial warfare during a conflict. It was officiallyestablished on October 8, 1932 and named as Royal Indian Nr Forceunder British rule, however; after India became republic in 1950 royalprefix ,was removed and tram then its been known as Indian Air force.
  • 57. InternationalThunderbird - 2A radical new kind of airship funded by the us military is about to makeits first test flight. It looks like the Thunderbird -2 from classic TV showand its prototype being prepared.The Aeroscraft airship will carry three times as much as the biggestmilitary cargo planes over thousands of miles, use q third of thefuel, and it doesnt even need a landing strip. The finished version of theAeroscraft (expected to be ready in three years) will carry a payload of66 tonnes at a speed of 120 knots, upto 18000 ft with a range of 3000nautical miles.
  • 58. Thank you