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Cental and east asia
Cental and east asia
Cental and east asia
Cental and east asia
Cental and east asia
Cental and east asia
Cental and east asia
Cental and east asia
Cental and east asia
Cental and east asia
Cental and east asia
Cental and east asia
Cental and east asia
Cental and east asia
Cental and east asia
Cental and east asia
Cental and east asia
Cental and east asia
Cental and east asia
Cental and east asia
Cental and east asia
Cental and east asia
Cental and east asia
Cental and east asia
Cental and east asia
Cental and east asia
Cental and east asia
Cental and east asia
Cental and east asia
Cental and east asia
Cental and east asia
Cental and east asia
Cental and east asia
Cental and east asia
Cental and east asia
Cental and east asia
Cental and east asia
Cental and east asia
Cental and east asia
Cental and east asia
Cental and east asia
Cental and east asia
Cental and east asia
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Cental and east asia
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Cental and east asia
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Cental and east asia
Cental and east asia
Cental and east asia
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Cental and east asia
Cental and east asia
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Cental and east asia
Cental and east asia
Cental and east asia
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Cental and east asia
Cental and east asia
Cental and east asia
Cental and east asia
Cental and east asia
Cental and east asia
Cental and east asia
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Cental and east asia
Cental and east asia
Cental and east asia
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Cental and east asia
Cental and east asia
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Cental and east asia
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Cental and east asia
Cental and east asia
Cental and east asia
Cental and east asia
Cental and east asia
Cental and east asia
Cental and east asia
Cental and east asia
Cental and east asia
Cental and east asia
Cental and east asia
Cental and east asia
Cental and east asia
Cental and east asia
Cental and east asia
Cental and east asia
Cental and east asia
Cental and east asia
Cental and east asia
Cental and east asia
Cental and east asia
Cental and east asia
Cental and east asia
Cental and east asia
Cental and east asia
Cental and east asia
Cental and east asia
Cental and east asia
Cental and east asia
Cental and east asia
Cental and east asia
Cental and east asia
Cental and east asia
Cental and east asia
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Cental and east asia

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  1. Lets now explore asia
  2. Central asia ‡Kazakhstan ‡Kyrgyzstan ‡Tajikistan ‡Turkmenistan ‡Uzbekistan
  3. Kazakhstan the ninth largest country in the world it is also the world's largest landlocked country; its territory of 2,727,300 square kilometers (1,053,000 sq mi) is greater than Western Europe. landlocked country- is a country entirely enclosed by land, or whose only coastlines lie on closed seas. It is neighbored clockwise from the north by Russia, China, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, It has a population of 16,009,597
  4. Regions • • • • • • • • Almaty North Kazakhstan Pavlodar Qaraghandy Qostanay South Kazakhstan Zhambyl Almaty Mangghystau East Kazakhstan Bayqonyr Qyzylorda Atyrau Astana Aqtöbe Aqmola
  5. Regions Population Area(km.²) Area(mi.²) Capital Almaty 1,807,894 224,000 86,500 Taldykorgan Almaty [City] 1,365,632 300 100 Almaty Aqmola 737,495 146,200 56,400 Kokshetau Aqtöbe 757,768 300,600 116,100 Aqtöbe Astana 613,006 700 300 Astana Atyrau 510,377 118,600 45,800 Atyrau Bayqonyr .................... ……………… ……………….. Bayqonyr East Kazakhstan 1,396,593 283,200 109,300 Öskemen Mangghystau 485,392 165,600 63,900 Aqtau North Kazakhstan 596,535 98,000 37,800 Petropavlovsk Pavlodar 742,475 124,800 48,200 Pavlodar Qaraghandy 1,341,700 428,000 165,300 Qaraghandy Qostanay 885,570 196,000 75,700 Qostanay Qyzylorda 678,794 226,000 87,300 Qyzylorda South Kazakhstan 2,469,357 117,300 45,300 Shymkent West Kazakhstan 598,880 151,300 58,400 Oral Zhambyl 1,022,129 144,300 55,700 Taraz
  6. Economy and resources of Kazakhstan The economy of Kazakhstan is the largest economy in Central Asia. It possesses enormous fossil fuel reserves as well as minerals and metals. It also has considerable agricultural potential with its vast steppe lands accommodating both livestock and grain production, as well as developed space infrastructure, which took over all launches to the International Space Station from the Space Shuttle. Kazakhstan's industrial sector rests on the extraction and processing of these natural resources and also on a relatively large machine building sector specializing in construction equipment, tractors, agricultural machinery, and some military items.
  7. GDP growth 1.2% Inflation (CPI) 7.3% Unemployment 6.3% Main industries - oil, coal, iron ore, manganese, chromite, lead, zinc, copper, titanium, bauxite, gold, silver, phosphates, sulfur, iron and steel; tractors and other agricultural machinery, electric motors, construction materials Main import partners – Russia, China, Germany, Ukraine Government - Republic
  8. • The Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan A presidential republic. The President of Kazakhstan, currently Nursultan Nazarbayev, is head of state and nominates the head of government. Executive power is exercised by the government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the two chambers of parliament.
  9. • Executive branch • President • -The president is elected by popular vote for a five-year term • -The prime minister and first deputy prime minister are appointed by the president • -The president is the head of state. He also is the commander in chief of the armed forces and may veto legislation that has been passed by the Parliament • -Agencies and committees • Kazakhstan's National Security Committee (KNB) was established on 13 June 1992. It includes the Service of Internal Security, Military Counterintelligence, Border Guard, several Commandos units, and Foreign Intelligence (Barlau).
  10. • Legislative branch • The legislature, known as the Parliament (Parliament), has two chambers. The Assembly (Mazhilis) has 77 seats, elected for a four year term, 67 in single seat constituencies and 10 by proportional representation. The Senate has 47 members, 40 of whom are elected for six-year terms in double-seat constituencies by the local assemblies, half renewed every two years, and 7 presidential appointees. • Judicial branch • There are 44 judges on the Supreme Court of the Republic of Kazakhstan. There are seven members of the Constitutional Council.
  11. Kazakhstan culture Kazakhs are historically a nomadic people Kazakhs love horses, riding them for transportation in the villages, using them for farming, racing them for fun, and eating them for celebrations. Many Kazakhs own horses and keep pictures of them in their houses or offices. Also central to Kazakh symbolism are Muslim symbols. Kazakhs are Muslim by history, and even after seventy years of Soviet atheism, they incorporate Islamic symbols in their everyday life. The traditionally Muslim star and crescent can be widely seen, as can small Muslim caps and some traditionally Muslim robes and headscarves in the villages.
  12. The entrance to Kazakh yurta Dresser The chest with bedclothes Pots and pans
  13. Kyrgyzstan Located in Central Asia, landlocked and mountainous, Kyrgyzstan is bordered by Kazakhstan to the north, Uzbekistan to the west, Tajikistan to the southwest and People's Republic of China to the east. Its capital and largest city is Bishkek. "Kyrgyz", is believed to have been derived from the Turkic word for "forty", in reference to the forty clans of Manas, a legendary hero who united forty regional clans against the Uyghers. Literally it means We are forty. At the time, in the early 9th century AD, the Uyghers dominated much of Central Asia (including Kyrgyzstan), Mongolia, and parts of Russia and China.
  14. • By extension, Kyrgyz is also thought to mean "unconquerable" or "undefeatable". • The 40-ray sun on the flag of Kyrgyzstan is a reference to those same forty tribes and the graphical element in the sun's center depicts the wooden crown of a yurt – a portable dwelling traditionally used by nomads in the steppes of Central Asia. • At the time, in the early 9th century AD, the Uyghers dominated much of Central Asia (including Kyrgyzstan), Mongolia, and parts of Russia and China.
  15. City Name Province Pop. Bishkek Bishkek 865,527 Osh Osh Province 243,216 Jalal-Abad Jalal-Abad Province 97,172 Karakol Issyk Kul Province 66,294 Tokmok Chuy Province 53,231 Uzgen Osh Province 49,410 Kyzyl-Kiya Batken Province 44,144 Balykchy Issyk Kul Province 42,875 Kara-Balta Chuy Province 37,834 Naryn Naryn Province 34,822
  16. • The Kyrgyz economy was severely affected by the collapse of the Soviet Union and the resulting loss of its vast market. In 1990, • While economic performance has improved considerably in the last few years, and particularly since 1998, difficulties remain in securing adequate fiscal revenues and providing an adequate social safety net. Remittances of around 800,000 Kyrgyz migrants working in Russia represent 40% of Kyrgyzstan's GDP • Through economic stabilization and reform, the government seeks to establish a pattern of long-term consistent growth. Reforms led to Kyrgyzstan's accession to the World Trade Organization (WTO) on 20 December 1998.
  17. Agriculture is an important sector of the economy in Kyrgyzstan By the early 1990s, the private agricultural sector provided between one-third and one-half of some harvests. In 2002, agriculture accounted for 35.6% of GDP and about half of employment. Kyrgyzstan's terrain is mountainous, which accommodates livestock raising, the largest agricultural activity, so the resulting wool, meat and dairy products are major commodities. Main crops include wheat , sugar beets, potatoes, cotton, tobacco, vegetables, and fruit. As the prices of imported agrichemicals and petroleum are so high, much farming is being done by hand and by horse, as it was generations ago. Agricultural processing is a key component of the industrial economy as well as one of the most attractive sectors for foreign
  18. • Because of the many mountains of Kyrgyzstan, animal husbandry remains a significant part of the agricultural economy. • Cultivation is centered in the Ferghana Valley, Talas Province, and Chuy Province. • Among Kyrgyzstan's agricultural products are tobacco, cotton, potatoes, vegetables, grapes, fruits, and berries. As far as total production, the largest crop is assorted types of animal fodder to feed the livestock of the country. The second largest crop is winter wheat, followed by barley, corn, and rice.
  19. • The Politics of Kyrgyzstan takes place in the framework of a parliamentary representative democratic republic, whereby the President is head of state and the Prime Minister of Kyrgyzstanis head of government. Executive power is exercised by the government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and parliament.
  20. The 'White House‘ in Bishkek is the presidential office building where the work of the executive branch of the Kyrgyz government is carried out.
  21. • Sports • One of the most popular sports in Kyrgyzstan is football (soccer). The official governing body is the Football Federation of Kyrgyz Republic, It administers the Kyrgyzstan national football team • Wrestling is also a very popular sport in Kyrgyzstan. In 2008 Beijing Olympic Games, 2 athletes from Kyrgyzstan won medals in Greco-Roman wrestling: Kanatbek Begaliev (silver) and Ruslan Tiumenbaev (bronze) • In 2011 Kyrgyzstan men's national ice hockey team won 2011 Asian Winter Games Premier Division dominating in all 6 games with 6 wins. It was the first major international event that Kyrgyzstan's ice hockey team took part in.
  22. • In addition to celebrating the New Year each January 1, Kyrgyz observe the traditional New Year festival Nowruz on the vernal equinox. This spring holiday is celebrated with feasts and festivities such as the horse game Ulak Tartish. • Nowruz- originally "New Light") is the name of the Iranian New Year. in Iranian calendars and the corresponding traditional celebrations. Nowruz is also widely referred to as the Persian New Year • Nowruz marks the first day of spring and the beginning of the year in Iranian calendar. It is celebrated on the day of the astronomical vernal equinox, which usually occurs on March 21 or the previous/following day depending on where it is observed.
  23. Iranian calendar
  24. • Illegal, but still practiced, is the tradition of bride kidnapping. • Bride Kidnaping- also known as marriage by abduction or marriage by capture, is a practice throughout history and around the world in which a man abducts the woman he wishes to marry. Bride kidnapping still occurs in countries spanning Central Asia, some parts of Africa, South East Asia, Mexico @ Europe. • - bride kidnapping is considered a sex crime • - However, even when the practice is against the law, judicial enforcement remains lax, particularly in Kyrgyzstan
  25. • Religion • - Islam, Christianity, Roman Catholicism, and Buddhism. • - Islam is the dominant religion of Kyrgyzstan: 80% of the population is Muslim while 17% follow Russian Orthodoxy and 3% other religions Bishkek Orthodox Church Karakol Dungan Mosque
  26. • Horse riding • - The traditional national sports reflect the importance of horse riding in Kyrgyz culture. • -Very popular, as in all of Central Asia, is Ulak Tartysh, a team game resembling a cross between polo and rugby in which two teams of riders wrestle for possession of the headless carcass of a goat, which they attempt to deliver across the opposition's goal line, or into the opposition's goal: a big tub or a circle marked on the ground. • Ulak Tartysh- is a traditional Central Asian team sport played on horseback in Afghanistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, northern Pakistan and Kazakhstan.
  27. • a Buzkashi
  28. Buzkashi player
  29. The carcass of a headless goat used in Buzkashi
  30. • Other popular games on horseback include: • At Chabysh – a long-distance horse race, sometimes over a distance of more than 50 km • Jumby Atmai – a large bar of precious metal (the "jumby") is tied to a pole by a thread and contestants attempt to break the thread by shooting at it, while at a gallop • Kyz Kuumai – a man chases a girl in order to win a kiss from her, while she gallops away; if he is not successful she may in turn chase him and attempt to beat him with her "kamchi" (horsewhip) • Oodarysh – two contestants wrestle on horseback, each attempting to be the first to throw the other from his horse • Tyin Emmei – picking up a coin from the ground at full gallop
  31. • Tajikistan • officially the Republic of Tajikistan • is a mountainous landlocked country in Central Asia. Afghanistan borders it to the south, Uzbekistan to the west, Kyrgyzstan to the north, and People's Republic of China to the east. • Tajikistan means the "Land of the Tajiks". The word Tajik was used by medieval Turks to refer to Iranian-speaking peoples • The territory of what is now Tajikistan has been inhabited continuously since 4000 BC. It has been under the rule of various empires throughout history, for the longest period being part of the Persian Empire.
  32. Region Population Area(km.²) Area(mi.²) Capital Badakhshoni Kuni 206,000 63,700 24,600 Horog (Khorog) Dushanbe 562,000 300 100 Dushanbe (Stalinabad) Regions of Republican Subordination 1,338,000 28,400 11,000 …………………… Khatlon 2,151,000 24,600 9,500 Qurghonteppa (Kurgan-Tyube) Sogd 1,870,000 26,100 10,100 Khujand (Leninabad)
  33. • Economy of Tajikistan • Tajikistan was the poorest republic of the Soviet Union and is the poorest country in Central Asia as well as in the former Soviet Union today. The current economic situation remains fragile, largely owing to corruption, uneven economic reforms, and economic mismanagement. • . With foreign revenue precariously dependent upon remittances from migrant workers overseas, exports of aluminum and cotton, the economy is highly vulnerable to external shocks.
  34. • Agriculture • -Although the government has announced an expedited land reform program, many Soviet-era state farms still existed in 2006, and the state retains control of production and harvesting on privatized farms. Privatization of cotton farms has been especially slow, and unresolved debts of cotton farmers remained a problem in 2006. • - In the early 2000s, the major crops were cotton (which occupied one-third of arable land in 2004 but decreased after that date), cereals (mainly wheat), potatoes, vegetables (mainly onions and tomatoes), fruits, and rice. • More than 80 percent of the 8,800 square kilometers of land in use for agriculture depends on irrigation. Tajikistan must import grain from Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan.
  35. • Forestry • -About 5 percent of Tajikistan is wooded, mainly at elevations between 1,000 and 3,000 meters. No forest region is classified as commercially usable; most are under state protection. Wood production is negligible, but local inhabitants harvest non-wood forest products. • Fishing • -Streams and lakes produce a limited amount of fish, and some fish is produced by aquaculture. In 2003 some 158 tons of fish were caught and 167 tons raised on fish farms.
  36. Aquaculture, also known as aquafarming, is the farming of aquatic organisms such as fish, crustaceans,molluscs and aquatic plants. Aquaculture involves cultivating freshwater and saltwater populations under controlled conditions, and can be contrasted with commercial fishing, which is the harvesting of wild fish.
  37. • Mining and Minerals • -Tajikistan has rich deposits of gold, silver, and antimony. The largest silver deposits are in Sughd Province, where Tajikistan’s largest gold mining operation also is located. • -Tajikistan also produces strontium, salt, lead, zinc, fluorspar, and mercury. • - Tajikistan’s extensive aluminium processing industry depends entirely on imported ore.
  38. • The politics of Tajikistan • -takes place in a framework of a presidential republic, whereby the President is both head of state and head of government, and of a multi-party system. Legislative power is vested in both the executive branch and the two chambers of parliament. ----------------Executive branch --------------------Legislative branch -----------------Judicial branch
  39. • Executive branch • -The president, who is directly elected, is both the head of state and the head of government. • -The president appoints the prime minister and all the members of the government, with parliamentary approval. Tajikistan is thus a presidential republic. Tajikistan held a constitutional referendum on 22 June 2003 and the 2003 Constitution, among other amendments, set a limit of two seven-year terms for the president. • -Emomalii Rahmon's election to the office of the president in 2006 counts as his first 7-year term under the 2003 Constitution, and in principle he may be re-elected for a second term in 2013, remaining in office until 2020.
  40. • Legislative branch • -The bicameral Supreme Assembly • - (Majlisi Oli)-includes the 63-seat Assembly of Representatives • -(Majlisi namoyandagon)-which meets year-round (from November through end of June), and the 33-seat National Assembly • -(Majlisi milli)-which meets at least twice per year
  41. • Judicial branch • -The constitution provides for an independent judiciary. The Supreme Court is the highest court. Other high courts include the Supreme Economic Court and the Constitutional Court, which decides questions of constitutionality. • -The president appoints the judges of these three courts, with the approval of the legislature. • -The judges of all courts are appointed to 10-year terms.
  42. A family celebrating Eid in Tajikistan.
  43. • Sports • -Tajikistan's mountains provide many opportunities for outdoor Sports • -hill climbing • -biking • -rock climbing • -skiing • -hiking • -mountain climbing
  44. • -Football is a popular sport. The Tajikistan national football team competes in the FIFA and AFC leagues. It also hosts many football clubs. • - Pamir Stadium is a multi-purpose stadium in the capital, Dushanbe. It is currently used mostly for football matches. The stadium holds 24,000, and is currently the home ground of the national football team • - The Tajikistan national football team represents Tajikistan in association football and is controlled by the Tajikistan National Football Federation. Tajikistan's home ground is Pamir Stadium in Dushanbe and their head coach is Pulod Kodirov.
  45. Turkmenistan • -also known as Turkmenia • -It is bordered by Afghanistan to the southeast, Iran to the south and southwest, Uzbekistan to the east and northeast, Kazakhstan to the north and northwest and the Caspian Sea to the west. • -It possesses the world's fourth largest reserves of natural gas resources. Although it is wealthy in natural resources in certain areas, most of the country is covered by the Karakum (Black Sand) Desert.
  46. Division Ashgabat City Ahal Province Capital city Area Pop (2005) Ashgabat 470 km2 (180 sq m 871,500 i) Anau 97,160 km2 (37,510 939,700 sq mi) Balkan Province Balkanabat 139,270 km2 (53,770 sq mi) Daşoguz Province Daşoguz 73,430 km2 (28,35 1,370,400 0 sq mi) Türkmenabat 93,730 km2 (36,19 1,334,500 0 sq mi) Lebap Province 87,150 km2 (33,65 553,500
  47. • Economy of Turkmenistan • - The country possesses the world's fourth-largest reserves of natural gas and substantial oil resources • - Half of the country's irrigated land is planted with cotton, making the country the world's tenth-largest producer of it • - Turkmenistan has taken a cautious approach to economic reform, hoping to use gas and cotton sales to sustain its economy. In 2004, the unemployment rate was estimated to be 60%; • - Between 1998 and 2002, Turkmenistan suffered from the continued lack of adequate export routes for natural gas and from obligations on extensive short-term external debt. At the same time, however, the value of total exports has risen sharply because of increases in international oil and gas prices. Economic prospects in the near future are discouraging because of widespread internal poverty and the burden of foreign debt.
  48. • -President Niyazov spent much of the country's revenue on extensively renovating cities, Ashgabat in particular. • - According to the decree of the Peoples' Council of 14 August 2003, electricity, natural gas, water and salt will be subsidized for citizens up to 2030; however, shortages are frequent. In addition car drivers are entitled to 120 litres of free petrol a month. Drivers of buses, lorries and tractors can get 200 litres of fuel and motorcyclists and scooter riders 40 litres free.
  49. • Natural gas and export routes • -Turkmenistan ranks fourth in the world to Russia, Iran and Qatar in natural gas reserves • - . Gas production is the most dynamic and promising sector of the national economy. • - Turkmenistan's gas reserves are estimated at 3.5-6.7 cubic meters and its prospecting potential at up to 21 trillion cubic meters. • - In addition to supplying Russia, China and Iran, Ashgabat took concrete measures to accelerate progress in the construction of the Turkmenistan-Afghanistan-Pakistan and India pipeline (TAPI). Turkmenistan has previously estimated the cost of the project at $3.3 billion.
  50. • Energy • -Turkmenistan is a net exporter of electrical power to Central Asian republics and southern neighbors. The most important generating installations are the Hindukush Hydroelectric Station, which has a rated capacity of 350 megawatts, and the Mary Thermoelectric Power Station, which has a rated capacity of 1,370 megawatts. In 1992, electrical power production totaled 14.9 billion kilowatt-hours. • Agriculture • -Half of the country's irrigated land is planted with cotton, making the country the world's tenth-largest producer.
  51. • Politics of Turkmenistan • The politics of Turkmenistan takes place in the framework of a presidential republic, whereby the President of Turkmenistan is both head of state and head of government. • -After 69 years as part of the Soviet Union (including 67 years as a union republic), Turkmenistan declared its independence on 27 October 1991. • -The Turkmen government operates as a single-party system, which does not meet even the most basic standards of democracy. Turkmenistan was ruled by President for Life Saparmurat Niyazov until his sudden death on 21 December 2006.Gurbanguly Berdymukhammedov was elected the new president on 11 February 2007.
  52. Presidential office building in turmenistan
  53. • The Akhal-Teke • is a horse breed from Turkmenistan, where they are a national emblem • They are noted for their speed and for endurance on long marches. These "golden-horses" are adapted to severe climatic conditions and are thought to be one of the oldest surviving horse breeds. • There are currently about 3,500 Akhal-Tekes in the world, mostly in Turkmenistan and Russia, although they are also found throughout Europe, Australia and North America.
  54. • Turkmen rug • -A Turkmen rug (or Turkmen carpet) is a type of hand- made floor-covering textile traditionally originating in Central Asia (especially in Turkmenistan and Afghanistan). • -Such rugs are now mainly produced in, and sold from, Pakistan and Iran. • -Various vegetable and other natural dyes are used to produce the rich colors. Many patterns and colors are used, but the traditional and most typical is that of the octagonal elephant's foot (Bukhara) print, often with a red or tan background
  55. • Islam in Turkmenistan • -According to a 2009 Pew Research Center report, 93.1% of Turkmenistan's population is Muslim. • -Traditionally, the Turkmen of Turkmenistan, like their kin in Uzbekistan and Afghanistan, are Sunni Muslims. Shia Muslims, the other main branch of Islam, are not numerous in Turkmenistan, and the Shia religious practices of the Azerbaijani and Kurdish minorities are not politicized. • -The great majority of Turkmen readily identify themselves as Muslims and acknowledge Islam as an integral part of their cultural heritage
  56. • Uzbekistan • -is a landlocked country in Central Asia. It shares borders with Kazakhstan to the west and to the north, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan to the east, and Afghanistan and Turkmenistan to the south. • -Most of Uzbekistan’s population today belong to the Uzbek ethnic group and speak the Uzbek language, one of the family of Turkic languages. • -Capital(Tashkent or toshkent)
  57. Division Area (km²) Capital City Population (2008) Buxoro Viloyati Buxoro(Bukhara) 39,400 1,576,800 Jizzax Viloyati Jizzax 20,500 1,090,900 Navoiy Viloyati Navoiy 110,800 834,100 Qashqadaryo Viloyati Qarshi 28,400 2,537,600 16,400 3,032,000 Samarqand Viloyati Samarqand Sirdaryo Viloyati Guliston 5,100 698,100 Surxondaryo Viloyati Termiz 20,800 2,012,600 Toshkent(Tashkent) 15,300 2,537,500 Toshkent Viloyati
  58. Toshkent (Tashkent) ??? 2,192,700 Farg'ona Viloyati Farg'ona (Fergana) 6,800 2,997,400 Andijon Viloyati Andijon 4,200 2,477,900 Namangan Viloyati Namangan 7,900 2,196,200 Xorazm Viloyati Urganch 6,300 1,517,600 Qaraqalpaqstan Respublikasi Nukus 160,000 1,612,300 Toshkent Shahri Fergana Valley Region Karakalpakstan Regi on
  59. • Economy of uzbekistan • -Agriculture employs 28% of Uzbekistan's labour force and contributes 24% of its GDP (2006 data) • - While official unemployment is very low, underemployment – especially in rural areas – is estimated to be at least 20% • -till, at cotton-harvest time, all students and teachers are mobilized and enslaved as unpaid labour to help in the fields • The use of child labour in Uzbekistan has led several companies, including Tesco,C&A,Marks & Spencer, Gap, and H&M, to boycott Uzbek cotton.
  60. • Uzbekistan's economy relies mainly on commodity production, including cotton, gold, uranium, potassium, and natural gas. • -Uzbekistan's external position has been strong since 2003. Thanks in part to the recovery of world market prices of gold and cotton (the country's key export commodities).
  61. • Politics of Uzbekistan • -The politics of Uzbekistan take place in a framework of a presidential republic, whereby the President of Uzbekistan is both head of state and head of government. • -Executive power is exercised by the government. • -Legislative power is vested in both the government and the two chambers of parliament, the Legislative Chamber and Senate.
  62. • Demographics • -Uzbekistan is Central Asia's most populous country. Its 28.1 million people (July 2011 estimate) • -The population of Uzbekistan is very young: 34.1% of its people are younger than 14 • -According to official sources, Uzbeks comprise a majority (80%) of the total population. Other ethnic groups include Russians 5.5%, Tajiks 5%(official estimate and disputed), Kazakhs 3%
  63. • Religion • -Islam is by far the dominant religion in Uzbekistan, as Muslims constitute 90% of the population while 5% of the population follow Russian Orthodox Christianity, and 5% of the population follow other religion according to a 2009 US State Department release. • -Although constitutionally maintaining rights to freedom of religion, Uzbekistan maintains a ban on all religious activities not approved by that state, with particularly harsh treatment of Protestant Christians being commonplace
  64. • Languages- The Uzbek language is the only official state language. • Transportation- Tashkent, the nation's capital and largest city, has a three-line rapid transit system built in 1977, Uzbekistan is currently the only country in Central Asia with a subway system • Military-Uzbekistan possesses the largest military force in the Central Asian region having around 65,000 people in uniform. Its structure was inherited from the Soviet Armed Forces' Turkestan Military District, although it is moving toward a fully restructured organisation, which is to be based on motor rifle troops
  65. • • • • • • • • • Holidays January 1 – New Year "Yangi Yil Bayrami" January 14 – Vatan Himoyachilari kuni March 8 – International Women's Day – "Xalqaro XotinQizlar kuni" March 21 – Navrooz – "Navro'z Bayrami" May 9 – Remembrance Day – "Xotira va Qadirlash kuni" September 1 – Independence Day – "Mustaqillik kuni" October 1 – Teacher's Day – "O'qituvchi va Murabbiylar" December 8 – "Constitution Day" – Konstitutsiya kuni
  66. • Sport• Uzbekistan is home to former racing cyclist Djamolidine Abdoujaparov. Abdoujaparov has won the points contest in the Tour de France- three times. • Football is the most popular sport in Uzbekistan. Uzbekistan's premier football league is the Uzbek League which features 16 teams • -Rugby, handball, baseball, ice hockey, basketball, and are becoming popular sports in Uzbekistan.
  67. Eastern asia • Hong Kong • Japan • Macau • Mongolia • North Korea • People's Republic of China • Republic of China Taiwan • South Korea
  68. South korea is a sovereign state in East Asia, located on the southern portion of the Korean Peninsula, It is neighbored by the People's Republic of China (Mainland China) to the west, Japan to the east, North Korea to the north, and the East China Sea and Republic of China (Taiwan) to the south. South Korea lies in a humid continental and humi subtropical climate region with a predominantly mountainous terrain. Its territory covers a total area of 99,392 square kilometers and has a population of almost 50 million. The capital and largest city is Seoul, with a population of 10,421,782.
  69. • After the invasion of South Korea by forces from the North on 25 June 1950, the resulting war between the two Koreas ended with an Armistice Agreement, but the border between the two nations is the most heavily fortified in the world. After the war, the South Korean economy grew significantly and the country had transformed into a major economy, a full democracy, and a regional power in East Asia.
  70. Name population Seoul 10,421,782 Busan 3,635,389 Daegu 2,512,604 Incheon 2,628,000 Daejeon 1,442,857 Gwangju 1,456,308 Ulsan 1,087,958 Gyeonggi-do 10,415,399 Gangwon-do 1,592,000 Chungcheongbuk 1,462,621 Chungcheongnam 1,840,410 Jeollabuk 1,890,669 Jeollanam 1,994,287 Gyeongsangbuk 2,775,890 Gyeongsangnam 2,970,929 Jeju-teukbyeoljachido 560,000
  71. Economy and resources of South Korea • South Korea is one of the Asian Tigers, and is the only developed country so far to have been included in the group of Next Eleven countries. South Korea had one of the world's fastest growing economies from the early 1960s to the late 1990s, and South Korea is still one of the fastest growing developed countries in the 2000s, along with Hong Kong, Singapore, and Taiwan, the other three members of Asian Tigers.
  72. • South Korea is still one of the fastest growing developed countries in the 2000s, along with Hong Kong, Singapore, and Taiwan, the other three members of Asian Tigers • South Koreans refer to this growth as the Miracle on the Han River. • The South Korean economy is heavily dependent on international trade, and in 2010, South Korea was the sixth largest exporter and tenth largest importer in the world.
  73. • South Korea suffers perpetual damage to its credit rating in the stock market due to the belligerence of North Korea in times of deep military crises, which has an adverse effect on the financial markets of the South Korean economy. • economic growth rate reached 6.2 percent in 2010 (the fastest growth for eight years after significant growth by 7.2 percent in 2002) • sharp recovery from economic growth rates of 2.3% in 2008 and 0.2% in 2009 when the global financial crisis hit. The unemployment rate in South Korea also remained low in 2009 at 3.6%
  74. Transportation and energy The KTX-II high-speed train can Banpo Bridge connects the travel at 350 km/h (220 mph). southern and northern parts of Seoul that are separated by the Han River.
  75. Incheon International Airport is the largest airport in South Korea. Nuclear power plants
  76. • Robotics Gynecoid EveR3 in a traditional hanbok Albert HUBO, developed by KAIST, can make expressive gestures with its five separate fingers.
  77. -Politics of the Republic of Korea takes place in the framework of a presidential representative democratic republic, whereby the President is the head of state, and of a multi-party system. -Executive power is exercised by the government. -Legislative power is vested in both the government and the National Assembly. -The Judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature and comprises a Supreme Court, appellate courts, and a Constitutional Court.
  78. • Dance • Jinju geommu • As with music, there is a distinction between court dance and folk dance. • The traditional clothing is the genja, it is a special kind of dress that women wear on festivals.
  79. • According to Buddhist belief, the lighting of a lotus-shaped lantern symbolizes a devotion to performing good deeds and lighting up the dark parts of the world that are filled with agony. • The lantern-lighting practice was developed throughout the Goryeo and Joseon dynasties and has been preserved through public demonstrations such as the lotus lantern service (a Buddhist memorial service held nationwide) and the lotus lantern parade. • The modern-day Lotus Lantern Festival is designed to bring multiracial and multicultural crowds together through an array of festive programs. This year’s event offers visitors the chance to make their own lantern, taste temple dishes, produce rubbings of various Buddhist shapes, and much more.
  80. • Tea in Korea dates back over 2000 years • It was part of a number of worship recipes, hoping that the good scents would reach the heavenly gods. Although the origin of tea is obscure, tea was introduced in Korea, and later gave rise to the Korean tea ceremony, of which Korea has over 3000. • Originally tea was used for ceremonial purposes or as part of traditional herbal medicine. Green tea, as it is used in China and Japan, is not the only kind of tea drunk in Korea. A great number of teas made of fruits, leaves, seeds or roots are enjoyed. Five tastes of tea are distinguished in Korea: sweet, sour, salty, bitter, and pungent.
  81. A celadon incense burner from the Goryeo Dynasty with Korean kingfisher glaze Seokguram Grotto
  82. Traditional house, hanok
  83. JAPAN Located in the Pacific Ocean, it lies to the east of the Sea of Japan, China, North Korea, South Korea and Russia, stretching from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea and Taiwan in the south. The characters that make up Japan's name mean "sun-origin", which is why Japan is sometimes referred to as the "Land of the Rising Sun". . Japan is an archipelago of 6,852 islands The four largest islands are Honshū, Hokkaidō, Kyūshū and Shikoku, together accounting for ninety-seven percent of Japan's land area. Japan has the world's tenth-largest population, with over 127 million people.
  84. GDP $5.458 trillion (2010 est.) (2010) (nominal; 3rd) $4.309 trillion (2010 est.) (PPP; 3rd) GDP growth 4.0% (2010) -3.5% (2011 Q1) $42,820 (2010 est.) (nominal; 16th) GDP per capita $33,805 (2010 est.) (PPP; 24th) GDP by sector agriculture: 1.5%, industry: 22.8%, services: 75.7% (2010 est.) Inflation (CPI) 0.3% (April 2011) Population below poverty line No data% Gini index 38.1 (2002) Labour force 65.64 million (2010 est.) Labour force by occupation agriculture: 4%, industry: 28%, services: 68% (2009 est.) Unemployment 4.7% (April 2011) Main industries motor vehicles industrial and transportation equipment, electronics, chemicals, steel, machine tools, processed foods, non-ferrous metals
  85. • Economy of Japan Shinkansen Japan Airlines,
  86. Japan Airlines, though faced with massive debts as of 2010, is considered one of the largest airlines in the world.
  87. Lexus LS. The rapid growth and success ofToyota's Lexus and other Japanese automakers reflects Japan's strength and global dominance in the automobile industry.
  88. • Fishery • -Japan ranked second in the world behind the People's Republic of China in tonnage of fish caught—11.9 million tons in 1989, up slightly from 11.1 million tons in 1980. • Agriculture • -Only 12% of Japan's land is suitable for cultivation. Due to this lack of arable land, a system of terraces is used to farm in small areas. • -Japan's small agricultural sector, however, is also highly subsidized and protected, with government regulations that favor small-scale cultivation instead of large-scale agriculture as practiced in North America.
  89. Yellow Camaro Chevrolate
  90. • • • • • Constitution Emperor National Diet Government Judiciary • constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary government
  91. paintings Painting has been an art in Japan for a very long time: the brush is a traditional writing tool, and the extension of that to its use as an artist's tool was probably natural Sculpture Traditional Japanese sculptures mainly consisted of Buddhist images, Wood has traditionally been used as the chief material in Japan, along with the traditional Japanese architectures.
  92. Traditional Japanese clothing Kimono
  93. Country Population contrast China 1.3 billion people (1,330,044,605 as of mid-2008) North Korea 21.4 million Macau 542,400 Male: 245,600 Female: 257,400 Mongolia 3.5 million Hong Kong 7,026,400 Taiwan 23,063,027
  94. • China • - The People's Republic of China is the world's second largest economy after the United States. It is the world's fastest-growing major economy, with average growth rates of 10% for the past 30 years. China is also the largest exporter and second largest importer of goods in the world. • - All power within the government of the People's Republic of China is divided among three bodies: • 1. Communist Party of China • 2. Central People's Government(State Council) • 3. People's Liberation Army (PLA)
  95. • Culture of China • The Culture of China is one of the world's oldest and most complex cultures. The area in which the culture is dominant covers a large geographical region in eastern Asia with customs and traditions varying greatly between towns, cities and provinces. • Most social values are derived from Confucianism and Taoism. The subject of which school was the most influential is always debated as many concepts such as NeoConfucianism, Buddhism and many others have come about. Reincarnation and other rebirth concept is a reminder of the connection between real-life and the after-life.
  96. Demonstrating Kung Fu at Daxiangguo Monastery, Kaifeng, Henan. A Luohan, one of the spiritual figures of Chinese Buddhism.
  97. • Taiwan • - also known, especially in the past, as Formosa Energy resources • - Taiwan has significant coal deposits and some insignificant petroleum and natural gas deposits. Electrical power generation is nearly 55% coalbased, 18%nuclear power, 17% natural gas, 5% oil, and 5% from renewable energy sources. • Taiwan is rich in wind energy resources, with wind farms both onshore and offshore, though limited land area favors offshore wind resources
  98. • Hong Kong • - special administrative regions (SARs) of the People's Republic of China (PRC) • - With a land mass of 1,104 km2 (426 sq mi) and a population of seven million people, Hong Kong is one of the most densely populated areas in the world • - Hong Kong has a major capitalist service economy characterised by low taxation and free trade, and the currency, Hong Kong dollar, is the ninth most traded currency in the world
  99. • The Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, commonly the Hong Kong Government, is led by the Chief Executive as Head of the Government, who is also the head of the Hong Kong SAR. The affairs of the Government are decided by secretaries, who are appointed by the Chief Executive and endorsed by the Central People's Government in Beijing. Under the "One Country, Two Systems" policy, Hong Kong has a high degree of autonomy.
  100. • Macau • is, along with Hong Kong, one of the two special administrative regions of thePeople's Republic of China. It lies on the western side of the Pearl River Delta, bordering Guangdong province to the north and facing the South China Sea to the east and south. • - Macau's economy is based largely on tourism. Other chief economic activities in Macau are export-geared textile and garment manufacturing, banking and other financial services
  101. • - The clothing industry has provided about three quarters of export earnings, and the gaming, tourism and hospitality industry is estimated to contribute more than 50% of Macau's GDP, and 70% of Macau government revenue • - Under the policy of "one country, two systems", the PRC's Central People's Government is responsible for the territory's defense and foreign affairs, while Macau maintains its own legal system, police force, monetary system, customs policy, and immigration policy. • - According to the CIA factbook, Macau has the second highest life expectancy in the world
  102. • Government of Macau • -are headed by secretariats or commissioners and report directly to the Chief Executive of Macau. • - The affairs of the Government are decided by secretaries, who are appointed by the Chief Executive and endorsed by the Central People's Government in Beijing. As a special administrative region of the PRC, Macau has a high degree of autonomy, in light of the "One Country, Two Systems" policy. The Macau Government, financially independent from the CPG, oversees the affairs of Macau.
  103. • North Korea • - is a country in East Asia, occupying the northern half of the Korean Peninsula. Its capital and largest city is Pyongyang. • - The North Korean Government is the executive branch of the state. • - North Korea's Songun "Military First" policy elevates the Korean People's Army within North Korea as an organization and as a state function, granting it the primary position in the North Korean government and society. It guides domestic policy and international interactions
  104. • Mongolia • - is a landlocked country in East and Central Asia. It is bordered by Russia to the north and the People's Republic of China to the south, east and west. Although Mongolia does not share a border with Kazakhstan, its western-most point is only 38 kilometres (24 mi) from Kazakhstan's eastern tip • - Ulan Bator, the capital and largest city, is home to about 45% of the population. Mongolia's political system is a parliamentary republic.
  105. • Government and politics • - Mongolia is a parliamentary republic • - The parliament is elected by the people and in turn elects the government. • Mongolia's constitution guarantees full freedom of expression, religion, and gives other freedoms • - Mongolia's president has a largely symbolic role, but can block the Parliament's decisions. • - Mongolia's constitution provides three requirements for taking office as president; the candidate must be a native-born Mongolian, be at least 45 years of age, and have resided in Mongolia for five years prior to taking office. The president is also required to formally resign his or her party membership.
  106. • The current president is Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj, a former two-time prime minister and member of the Democratic Party. He was elected as president on May 24, 2009 and inaugurated on June 18.
  107. Thank you for listening  Mark Raven G. Cancino Bachelor of Secondary Education Social Science Major

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