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  • 1. SOLIDARITY Page |January 2014| 1 FIRST EDITON
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  • 3. SOLIDARITY Editorial! Did you ever thought about a way, where you can find entertainment, information, brain teasers and book reviews while sitting comfortably in your sofa at home.......??? Then "Solidarity" is what you've been looking for!!! "Solidarity" is a magazine consists of book reviews, Biographies, brain teasers, quizzes, sports news, shopping, latest developments in IT and motor vehicles, adverts Etc. It is a reading material that is suited for all ages. So readers are just pages away from gaining valuable information or being thoroughly enjoyed. Page 3 Our aim is to give the readers a complete package by covering every aspects and needs of the reader, and we hope that you will enjoy reading this magazine. By: Dilshan Perera
  • 4. SOLIDARITY Contents  [06]Travel Rio de Janeiro  [13]Future Transportation Mercedes Benz S-class 2014  [14]Fun and knowledge Crossword and Sudoku 22  [16]Gadgets  [17]Book Review Bachelor of Arts  [18]Astrology prediction 13  [21]Biography Zinedine zidane  [22]Leisure Hiking makes you smart  [25]Flying fish Michael Phelps  [27]American Music  [29]Book Review Around the world in 80 days  [30]Tea  [31]America’s Strength Barack Obama  [34]Health and fashion Health tips and fashion tips  [35]Book Review Village by the Sea 25  [36]Comic Corner  [38]Book Review Oliver twist  [41]Advice Guidance for a better life  [42]The Iron man Robert John Downey.Jr Indika De Saram  [49]Contributors Page 42 Page 4  [43]Recipe Corner  [46]Sports Center  [47]Exclusive interview
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  • 7. SOLIDARITY RIO DE JANEIRO Rio is located in Brazil which is the largest country in Latin America .Rio is considered to be the second largest city in Brazil with 6.32 million of population. This city also is very famous for the statue of Jesus Christ which is the largest Art Deco statue in the world. And Part of the city has been designated as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 2012. There are many places to visit and very attractive sites, from all these places here are four places which attracts the most number of tourists per year. Statue of Christ Redeemer and Corcovado Mountain Statue of Christ Redeemer is considered as the largest Art Deco Statue in the world, which is 30m tall. Located at the Peak of Corcovado Mountain. It is considered as a place where highest number of tourists are attracted. It’s a half-day tour, where cog trains are used to climb up to the mountain, over a dense Atlantic rain forest of Tijuca. While climbing up to the mountain you can also experience breathtaking views of one of the world's most beautiful cities Tijuca National Park A lush Atlantic rainforest. Its absolute wonder, considered as the world's largest Urban forest which covers an area of 32km2. It is situated in the Corcodova Mountain, consisting the Statue of Christ with some fantastic picnic areas and many waterfalls. Many species of animals, birds and insects live in this tick rainforest. The tourists are provided with a range of different packages and given with mini-cars to travel around the park spending the whole day. This place is also popular of attracting more foreign tourists. By: Achira Fernando Page Lagoa is a Lagoon and district in the Lagoa, Zona Sul of Rio. Lagoa is connected to the Atlantic Ocean, allowing sea water to enter by a canal along the edge of a park locally known as Jardim de Ala. It’s a place where most of the tourists are attracted in Rio, places such as; Statue of Christ Redeemer, Corcovado Mountain and Jardim Botnico is located. 7 Lagoa
  • 8. SOLIDARITY Things to do/Activities/Carnivals There are a loads of activities and exiting things to do in Rio, and we'll be showing you some of the few famous activities in Rio. The Plataforma show The Plataforma show this is not a show to miss. The plataforma show is a samba extravaganza! This often features the winning acts and dances of the previous year’s Rio carnival. It is a very colourful experience and an existing way to spend your nights in Rio. The Maracana Stadium If you are a sports fan, this is the place to be in Rio! Maracana stadium is the home ground of the famous Brazilian football team, which can hold up to 73,000 people. Watching a football match at Maracana with the Brazilians is a dream of many football fans. Historical places And beside the entertainment, Rio is filled with historical values. You can visit places such as Bento Monastery, The Imperial palace and the Metropolitan Cathedral to get to know about the historical facts about this city. Beaches Copacabana beach is one of the world’s famous beaches. Known mainly for its beauty, Copacabana beach is filled with people and activities, such as beach volleyball/football, surfing, sun bathing etc. It is a great way to spend your afternoons and to relax. Page It is the biggest carnival of the planet and it is the main event in Rio. The carnival lasts five days and millions of people around the world gathers to Rio to witness this colourful magnificent event. It is one of the greatest spectacles in the world, and a show that one have to see and live it! 8 The Rio Carnival By: Dilshan Perera
  • 9. SOLIDARITY CULTURE AND FOOD Culture Rio de Janeiro is a city which has a unique historical culture. Portuguese is the most widely used language in Rio. When it comes to dressing the people in Rio also known as the Cariocas likes to wear dresses which are light, casual and comfortable. The people in Rio share some unique and interesting social etiquette where when greeting, Women kiss men (two kisses, right cheek first), women kiss women. While men on the other hand exchanges a firm handshake and a tap on the back. They have their traditional dancing style of samba, which is colourful and entertaining. These are some facts about the culture in Rio. Food Arroz e feijao – It is the most traditional meal you can get in Rio. It consists with rice and beans with chicken or fish and French fries/salad. Rice and beans are commonly eaten as everyday lunch, along with a different variety of and vegetables meats in Brazil. Churrasco rodizio – It can be prepared with up to ten types of meat, including wild boar, chicken, and even alligator, accompanied with a salad or rice. Bobo de camarao – It is another type of famous food in Brazil which also known as shrimp bobó. Actually it’s a Brazilian dish of shrimp made of coconut milk, manioc puree. It’s traditionally served with white rice Feijoada – A black bean stew with beef and pork. This is known as the national dish Page 9 Moqueca – Fish or shrimp stew with coconut milk By: Jeevinojan Vijayakumaran
  • 10. SOLIDARITY Shopping in Rio de Janeiro Shopping is a number one item on the list for the tourists who comes to Rio, and Rio de Janeiro does not disappoint them. Rio De Janeiro is equipped with world class shopping malls, which are homes to world renown brands such as Chanel, Cartier, Lauboutin, Michael Kors, Tiffany's Etc., and also much popular for Brazilian gems and jewellery. Here are some of the famous places to shop in Rio de Janeiro. Village Mall – Was opened on December 2012 with the aim of becoming one of the lavishing shopping malls in the city. Equipped with 134 stores and restaurants. Fashion Mall – Situated in the south zone of Rio, between Leblon and Barra. Known as the icon of Carioca fashion and attracts crowd not only with their stores but also for its natural, beautiful environment and its greenery. Leblon – Also located towards the south of Rio, where it’s known as the “region that dictates Rio fashion”. It has over 200 stores. Page 10 Botafogo Praia – Botafogo Praia is located in the city of Copacabana, and known mainly for antiques. Has over 170 stores, cinemas and restaurants. Rio Sul shopping – Also situated at Copacabana, equipped with over 400 stores which speared over seven stories. By: Sasanka Kudagoda
  • 11. SOLIDARITY Places to stay Page 11 Rio De Janeiro city has plenty of great accommodation. Among those places bringing a new concept in hospitality, Miramar Hotel by Windsor which ranks 1st in hotels in Rio, provides you 201 luxurious and comfortable apartments and guarantee a magnificent view of Copacabana beach at a rate of $800 onwards. For beach lovers Hotel Copacabana Palace which ranks 2nd will suits best since it is located just in front of the world famous Copacabana beach. It’s a five star hotel with all the luxury facilities which was put up in 1923. Hotel Fasano is another five star hotel which provides you accommodation for $700 per night. The hotel itself provides you with best rooms with balconies overlooking the crashing of waves of Ipanema beach. Also it provides you with a lovely rooftop pool. Hotel Rlais & Chataux Santa Teresa is probably the finest boutique hotel in Rio. It provides you with artfully designed rooms, in a lavishly restored building (building (part of a coffee plantation in the 19th century) at a fair rate of $460 per night. For nature lovers the one and only place to stay is the hotel das Cataratas located in the middle of the Tijuca forest near the Grumari Beach. Also surrounded by Atlantic Rainforest and full of leisure infrastructure. Also it provides you with indoor games like volleyball, swimming, tennis as well as some adventurous activities such as hiking and boat riding at a rate of $600 onwards. There are many hotels in Rio such as Ipanema Inn, Marina Hotel, Promenade Casa de Mar, Apa Hotel Rio de Janeiro , Atlantico Copacabana Hotel Rio De Janeiro, Golden Tulip Ipanema Plaza Rio De Janeiro ,Hotel Astoria Palace Copacabana ,Mar Palace Copacabana Hotel Rio de Janeiro, Promenade Casa Del Mar Hotel Rio De Janeiro, Rio Presidente Hotel Rio de Janeiro, Orla Copacabana, Augusta’s Paysandu and much more awaiting your arrival. By: Sasanka Kudagoda
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  • 13. SOLIDARITY Future of Transportation Mercedes Benz S-Class 2014 The S-Class is a series of luxury cars produced by German automaker Mercedes-Benz. The classification first started on 1972 with the W116 S-Class. It has served as the flagship model for Mercedes Benz for almost over fifty years. It has ranked as the world's best-selling luxury sedan. Mercedes-Benz S -Class 2014 is the latest modal of the S-Class franchise. It has a 455 horse-power, Twin-turbo V8 engine with a top speed of 130 MPH. The exterior body design of the new S-Class is setting with an impressive composition of exciting lines and dynamic contours. Both the exterior and interior lights are coloured LEDs which is efficient and very attractive. Page There is a huge progress in the technology after the earlier version of the S-Class. The new S-Class is more than just the sum of breath-taking technical innovations. The new S-Class is the first vehicle in the world capable of identifying bumps and holes in the road and adjusting the suspension to the situation with the help of ‘MAGIC BODY CONTROL’ feature. 'AIRMATIC' feature is an advanced air suspension feature which offers even greater comfort. The ‘PRE-SAFE impulse’ feature is one of the most valuable features which are inbuilt to the car. It is fixed to the front seat belt system, in a heavy collision the seat belts pulls the occupants to the opposite direction to the impact and keeps the occupants safer. One of the biggest needs of a luxurious sedan is its interior. The new S-Class turns every journey into a comfortable and relaxing one. The seats are covered with high quality leather and have adjustable air cushions in lumbar and shoulder areas which make an energizing experience. 13 Sound system plays an important role in every luxurious sedan. In the new S-Class it is in-built with Burmester High-End 3D Surround Sound system provides an unparalleled experience, offering 3D sound in a vehicle for the first time. By: Achira Fernando
  • 14. SOLIDARITY Fun & Knowledge Did you know... Crossword Did you know all the blinking in one day equates to having your eyes closed for 30 minutes Did you know your brain uses between 20 - 25% of the oxygen your breathe Did you know the longest street in the world Across is Yonge street in Toronto Canada measuring 1,896 1 Captivate (7) km (1,178 miles) 5 Ride a bike (5) Did you know all the planets in our solar system could fit inside Jupiter Did you know a cat uses its whiskers to determine if a space is too small to squeeze through Did you know Monopoly is the most played board game in the world 8 Take an oath (5) 9 Leaf vegetable (7) 10 Afternoon show (7) 11 Penurious (5) 12 Worthless (2,4) 14 Kidnap (6) 18 Fencer's weapon (5) 20 Japanese art of paper folding (7) 22 Given a reprimand (7) 23 Copious (5) 24 Breakwaters (5) 25 Glowing (7) Down 1 Bridegroom's attendant (4,3) 2 Cereal (5) 3 Capital of Ontario (7) 4 Team game (6) 5 Room on board (5) 6 French castle (7) 7 Foe (5) 13 Farewell (7) 15 Bandit (7) 16 Cut into three parts (7) 17 Marvel (6) 18 Disrobe (5) 19 Noblemen (5) 21 Greek vowel (5) Sudoku Page 14 Did you know it took Leonardo Da Vinci 10 years to paint Mona Lisa By: Dilshan Perera
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  • 16. SOLIDARITY These special binoculars can be attached to an iPhone to enable easy viewing and recording. Transferring of the viewing image to the phone's camera lens is done by the eyepiece of the binocular, turning the iPhone into a viewfinder. The binocular provides a magnification of 8X for a 465foot field of view at 1,000 yard since it is equipped with 36mm lenses. The screen displays magnified images similar to that of an external monitor when the camera mode of the phone is switched on. When detached from the iPhone, the field glasses also functions as a regular binocular. The Acupressure Foot Massager The ideal massager Orbotix Sphero The Scoreboard Lights Air Hockey Table The illuminated rail will show who is ahead, the Air Hockey Table is embedded with LED’s in the rail. When the scores are tied these LED’s stay white while turning blue or red as the player pulls ahead. The LED’s blink in the colour of the leading player until the trailing player catches up, while a powerful blower motor attached under the table keeps the hurtling puck moving fast. The adjustable legs ensure that the playing surface remains an even plane regardless of the floor surface. Whistle Key Finder comes with fingertip-like acupressure massage, alleviating heat and compression. Users will only have to insert their feet into the Acupressure Foot Massager’s footwalls and select the time where you left your keys. As the name suggests you need to simply whistle and it will light up and start beeping until it’s located successfully. It is very easy to carry around since it is very light similar to a key tag. Make sure to have the Whistle Key Finder on your key ring if you’re one of those people who always forget ’Sphero’ is considered to be the first robotic ball that can be controlled by smartphone. It enables you to move it around the furniture or drive your family pet crazy by moving it around with a simple tilt, touch or tap on your smartphone. Flying Alarm Clock Does the recurrent alarm that you keep switching off make your work late almost every day? Then the Flying Alarm Clock will suits you best. This interesting alarm clock has a propeller key which will takes off as soon as the alarm starts to ring and the clock will release a continuous noise that will only be silenced by the propelled key. So you are compelled to get up and fetch the key By: Sasanka Kudagoda 16 The IPhone Binoculars from the digital control panel as 10, 15 or 20-minute session. The 192 acupressure nodes in the Foot Massager will knead the trigger points arrayed with three speeds, at the bottom of the feet to counter fatigue. 24 red LED’s emit far infrared heat increasing the blood flow to relieve soreness of muscles, penetrating deep into tissue. The device has soft inflatable chambers and three pressure levels for the top of the feet. Page Gadgets
  • 17. SOLIDARITY Book: Bachelor of Arts Writer: R.K Narayan Publisher: Nelson Genre: Novel Country: India Bachelor of Arts is a story which is set in Indian culture, where a boy called Chandran is the main character. It is about his life style and how he faces his educational work with the disturbances from his family background. It starts with his college life when he has no plans for his future. He considered 'love' as a distant dream, he doesn’t have a career to think about! When the novel opens he is yet to learn many things in life. Cultural aspects make his love life ruined hence his love life ends in disappointment. This disappointment makes him go crazy and he ends up becoming a Sanyasi. After eight months he realizes that everything about him is fake and hence plans to return to his parents. After returning, he carries out his career well and his love life continues again and he ends up falling in love with Susila. Chandran is a very ambitious man; he is a student of history and his aim was to get the degree of Bachelor of Arts. His best friend was Ramu. Chandran is very lazy and although he had exams coming up he roams around with his friend Ramu and somehow manages to waste his time. Chandran's college days are similar to ours, it gives us a flashback into our past, planning out and scheduling the time for studying, but similar to our plans he too couldn't follow the schedule according to his plan. There are four members in his family including his brother. It is a typical Indian family. But even though his plans for studying don't work out still he is very good at debates and other written work in history studies. This book clearly reveals the effectiveness of the realistic issues that Chandran faces, giving a clear expression of the emotional aspects of the characters in the book. As R.K Narayan has the experience of the Indian culture he expresses the family background in a way that no other author can do the same. He hasn’t used difficult words but has clearly explained the story in simple language which show the exact feelings of the writer. With his experience and his ability he has managed to provide the reader with the exact emotional feelings which Chandran faces in the story. I think this is a great book for everyone to read, especially for the ones who are schooling and as well as for adults, as Chandran is a good example for us. The book shows us how to build a successful career. It explains the Indian cultural aspects and of cultural beliefs very well. Page 17 Star Rating: By: Achira Fernando
  • 18. SOLIDARITY Astrology prediction 2014 Jupiter starts the year in your home zone. In other words expect some very fortuitous events involving either (or both of) your home and family. Travel with your family is possible too. As of July 16 you're going to have extra luck on your side when it comes to your romantic life, a child (you’re own or someone else's) and/or in regards to a creative project you have on the boil. You have one of the greatest Jupiter blessings happening in your chart right now. Jupiter is in your mind zone which means that, in theory, it's easier for you to think positively than it has been in years. If you're not finding this, try hard to focus on the best possible outcomes in your life. As of mid-July, Jupiter moves into your home zone resulting in a happier home and family life. GEMINI CANCER Jupiter is currently in your money box. Since Jupiter is the planet of plenty, you would think this is a surefire good thing. And it's true that this placement can bring money out of the blue. However it can also see you over-spending, if you have a propensity for blowing your budget. As of mid-July, Jupiter moves into your mind zone increasing your ability to manifest your dreams. Jupiter is currently in your sign and will stay there until July. So is the departure of lucky Jupiter from your sign a bad thing? Thankfully not, because as Jupiter leaves, he moves into your money box. This only happens once every 12 years and as Jupiter is the planet of plenty it can signal a time when your fortunes increase no end. LEO VIRGO Hopefully the past six months or so have helped you see the bright side of life. Jupiter has been in your fear zone, doing what he can to make you realize that many of your fears are unfounded and certainly not worth spending your time on. Now as lucky Jupiter moves into Leo, you can expect to feel like life is just that much easier. You haven't had this blessing in your chart since 2003, so make the most of it! If you haven't been getting out and about and having fun with your friends recently, now you can make up for lost time. Jupiter is a very popular planet and he's in your friends zone until July, so give and accept as many social invitations as you can. This is a great time to make new friends and contacts. As of mid-July, he starts to boost your spiritual appreciation of life. 18 TAURUS Page ARIES
  • 19. SOLIDARITY SCORPIO Here's some good news. One of the things you are being challenged to do now is to learn to love yourself again. You should, in theory, be settling down after a rather tumultuous few years when you had to forgive yourself and others for all sorts of things. And now here comes Jupiter moving from your work zone into your friends zone, taking your popularity to a 12-year high, as of mid-July. Use the time between now and then to work hard so you can play hard later There's a certain serendipity about the move of Jupiter into your career zone. It is happening just at a time when you need it most. The reason? You have been dealing with Saturn for so long, working like a dog, that your career probably feels as much of a drag as anything else. Happy Jupiter's move from your travel zone into your career zone in July means the rewards and the fun at work can actually start to kick in now too. SAGITTARIUS CAPRICORN Jupiter has spent the past few months in your eighth house which is a rather weird part of your chart, connected to sex and money and anything you consider taboo. If you have had a bit of strangeness in your life lately, now you know why. But now? He's re-emerging into the light and into your ninth house; your travel zone. Yes, your chances of going off to see the world (or studying) soar in July. You have had lucky Jupiter in your love zone for a while now. How's it going? If you're single have you at least had more offers and suitors? If you're attached, hopefully your love life has improved – and if it hasn't, hopefully you have found the courage to flee! Now Jupiter moves into your sex zone. And remember, he's the planet of opportunity and fun (This new position is also good for you finances). AQUARIUS In theory, Jupiter is the reason why you are still standing, despite the rather undue pressures that have been heaped upon you in the work department of late. He made things bearable. Now, he's about to make things even better. As of mid-July, he moves into your love zone for the first time in over a decade. Basically, even relationships which have suffered recently have the chance to improve. Lucky you and lucky lovers! Single? Great time to mingle. PISCES Page Jupiter has been aiding and abetting you where romance, creativity and kids are concerned. As of mid-July, he will be moving into the part of your chart related to your work and health. In other words, when he moves, he will help you to enjoy your work more (or find a job you love, if you are not happy where you are now) and/or he will help you sort out any health concerns. 19 LIBRA By: Dilshan Perera
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  • 21. SOLIDARITY By: Dilshan Perera Page Zinedine Yazid Zidane was born on the 23rd of June 1972 in Marseille, France. Nicknamed Zizou, he started playing soccer at an early age. At the age of 10 Zidane joined the US Saint-Henri football club. He played as an attacking midfielder. Even regarded as a brilliant player since Zizou was a kid, nobody imagined him as a perfect contender to take the place of the great French player Platini. Zidane moved to Cannes from US-Saint-Henri and to Bordeaux from Cannes. In the year 1996 Zidane moved to the Italian giants Juventes, where his career as a professional footballer started to blossom. He played for two champions league finals for Juventus, and led them to two Italian league titles with 24 goals and 24 assists. This caught the eye of the footballing giants Real Madrid. Madrid bought Zidane for a then world record transfer fee of £46 million. So at that time Zidane was the most expensive player in the world. He flourished at Real Madrid and he helped Madrid to win the champions league in 2002 and the Spanish league. Zidane has won the world footballer of the year award four times. Zidane played in Madrid in their Galacticos era where the world famous players such as Raul, Beckham, Ronaldo, Figo and Roberto Carlos played in Real Madrid. Zidane's greatest achievement was winning the world cup and the Euro's in 1998 and 2000 respectively with France. He scored two goals in the world cup final against Brazil. Winning the world cup in his home country in front of his home crowd was one of the limelight’s of his career. Then he captained and led France to the 2006 world cup final where they lost to Italy on penalties. That was the last match of Zidane's career but it was a tragic day for him and France where Zidane was sent off in extra time for punching Italian defender Materazzi with his head. But Zidane won the golden ball award which is given for the best player in the world cup. Zidane has played 681 matches in his club career and has scored 125 goals and has capped by France 108 matches where he scored 31 goals. In 2001 Pele included Zidane in the list of 125 greatest living footballers. Zidane is known as a footballing legend and will be remembered for generations to come as one of the greatest footballers ever to have played the game. 21 Zinedine Zidane
  • 22. SOLIDARITY HIKING Source: http://www.hawaiireporter.com/wpcontent/uploads/2011/06/julyhike.png http://netdna.webdesignerdepot.com/uploads/2013/01/6.jpg Source: http://i190.photobucket.com/albums/z 205/JekyllnHyde_photos/June%2028th/09 0625-_Governor_Sanford.jpg 22 Yes, the fresh air, views and exercise make each backpacking trip worthwhile. Not only that now, new research have proved that, staying at home is just plain dumb. Read this exclusive article and learn how backpacking boosts brainpower? Source: Page HOW HIKING MAKES YOU SMART? MOST DANGEROUS HIKES
  • 23. SOLIDARITY Hiking makes you smart The neurology researchers from Stanford University hypothesize that the exposure to nature causes are important for number of changes to the brain. These changes usually let you focus more acutely, think more clearly and let you perform your maximum in your cognitive ability. Shortly:” Wilderness makes you smarter”. The longer you are out there (up to a particular point), the smarter you will get. Recent studies have proved that wilderness also affect stress reduction and overall happiness. Just imagine a world where backpacking becomes the science-recommended method to prepare for chess tournaments, SATs and all biggest mental challenges of life. The idea that comes out is something about being in the wilderness causes the physiological changes: the release of certain hormones or the switch of activity from one per of the brain to another. If you’re a backpacker, you’ve probably noticed that some changes has occur after a few days on the trail. Stress tend to melt away. You become more and more focused in thoughts. Your mind just feels calm, clearer. Top Risky Hiking #1: Huayna Picchu, Peru This is considered to be the most dangerous hikes. The real danger starts when you walk the trail past the mythical city which is also known as the “Hike of Death.” The Inca staircases are carved out of granite and climbs about 1,000 feet less than a mile, nevertheless the route is completely full of slippery stones, crumbling rock and exposed corners. #2: The Maze The most remote section of Canyon lands National Park. More than 2000 visitors are received in each year. The red rock labyrinth which is also known as “The Maze” is very difficult to navigate and very difficult to reach, full of dead-end gullies, and always the danger of rock falls are presents. #3: El Caminito Del Rey El Chorro is another dangerous hike located in Spain. It hangs on sheer cliffs over 100 feet up. The two-mile steel and concrete path was built over 100 years ago in order to serve workers in a hydroelectric plant, but with the time it has become a destination for adventure seekers By: Sasanka Kudagoda Page If you love all those Lord of the Rings locations, you have to travel Mt. Aspiring National Park on New Zealand’s South Island. Despite these views, within last few years more than 12 people have lost their valuable lives when hiking in this island. 23 #4: Cascade Saddle
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  • 25. SOLIDARITY “Records are always made to be broken no matter what they are” Page Michael Phelps was born on the 30th of June 1985 as the youngest of a family with three children. His mother was Deboran Sue, a middle school principal and his father was Michael Fred Phelps a retired State Trooper. His parents divorced in 1994 when he was just 9 years old. Though he became an Olympic medalist he was a little scared to put his head under water when he was 7 years old. As a result he started with the backstroke first so that he didn’t need to worry about being underwater. Though he started to swim at the age of 7, within 3 years he held a National record in his age group with his commitment and effort. With all his talents he qualified for the 2000 Summer Olympics when he was 15 years old and became the youngest male to make a United States Olympic swimming team in 68 years. Unfortunately he couldn't win a medal but was able to become 5th in the 200m Butterfly stroke race. However, ,he didn't gave up , he practiced more and more with his trainer Bob Bowmen who had trained him since he was 11 years old. As a result of his commitment, he was able to set a swimming record in the 200m Butterfly stroke race in 2001 when he was 15 years and 9 months, breaking the record previously held by Lan Throne, in 400m Freestyle at 16 years and 10 months. With his courage and commitment he was able to accomplish a number of achievements. 25 -Michael Phelps-
  • 26. SOLIDARITY Then again in the same year he was able to establish a new record in the 200m Individual Medley and 100m Butterfly events. The following year, at the same event he broke his own record in the 400m Individual Medley with a time of 4:09:09. When he graduated from Townson at the age of 17 he was able to set five world records. In the 2004 Summer Olympics he broke his own record in the 400m Individual Medley. He became world famous by winning 8 medals including 6 Gold medals in the 2004 Olympic Games in Athens. But unfortunately he was arrested in the same year for driving under the influence of alcohol in Salisbury. Phelps continued to establish world records in Pan Pacific Championship in 2006. In the 2008 Olympics in Beijing he won 8 Gold medals. In every Gold medal performance he set a new world record. He was very self-confident. In the 2008 Olympics all the 7 other swimmers in his event were looking around to check if Phelps was around but he was not. In the 2012 Olympics Phelps was able to increase his number of Gold medals to 22. However, after London Olympics Phelps announced that he was retiring from his sport. He used to listen to Eminem on his headphones and once he said that he doesn't know even the name of the song but it just fired him up. He has big feet and big hands which made it easy for him to swim and his coach once said that he didn’t like to lose easily. Currently Phelps is 28 years old and is 6ft and 4inches tall. He mostly swims the backstroke, butterfly, freestyle and individual medley. He is also called as “MP”, “The Balimore Bullet” and as “Flying Fish.” 1st 2nd 3rd Olympic Games 18 2 2 World Championships(LC) 26 6 1 World Championships(SC) 1 0 0 Pan Pacific Championship 13 3 0 Total 58 11 3 Page 26 Event By: Sasanka Kudagoda
  • 27. SOLIDARITY American Music Eminem, Rihanna Remain Atop Hot 100 with 'The Monster' Eminem feat. Rihanna the song 'The Monster' has pulled up to the No.1 on the Billboard Hot 100 which holds off Pitbull and Kesha's "Timber" at the No.2. Mirror UK originally reported potential legal action for similarities between "Midnight Memories" and "Pour Some Sugar on Me" The crew of One Direction may have tough situation on their hands over chorus of group's new song "Midnight Memories", which topped Billboard 200 last week. As three-chord hook that is similar to Def Leopard’s classic "Pour Some Sugar On Me" "I Got To Write, Sing, Act & Bring It All Together": Justin Timberlake on His 'Milestone' Role for 'Inside Llewyn Davis' Justin Timberlake accepts Favourite Pop/Rock Male Artist award onstage during the 2013 American Music Awards on November 24, 2013 in Los Angeles Page 27 Counting Stars by One Republic On to the No.1 Adult Pop Song of the year. By: Achira Fernando
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  • 29. SOLIDARITY AROUND THE WORLD IN 80 DAYS Book: Around the World in 80 Days by Jules Verne Publication year: 1873 Genre: Adventure Around the World in 80 Days by Jules Verne which falls under the category of, adventure stories, is a very interesting book. It is an unusual and a unique story which is of course the specialty of the author Jules Verne. The story takes place in the late 1800's in London but it spreads throughout the world. The story is mainly based on three characters. The main character of the story is a very rich, but a generous man named Phileas Fogg. Fogg is a very calm and a quiet man who likes to keep his distance from social life. He is a man who plans and schedules every activity of his day and he never went above his schedule. As the story moves forward you will see how Mr. Fogg thinks ahead and plans his work accordingly. The story begins when an argument began among a group of people whether anyone can go around the world in 80 days. With the challenge issued accepted by Mr. Fogg, he began the 80 day journey around the world. That brings out the second character, Jean Passpartout, Mr. Fogg’s servant. Passpartout was looking for a job when he met Mr. Fogg. He had just got the job with Mr Fogg when he found out that Mr. Fogg had decide to travel around the world, which came as shocking and disturbing news to him as he was trying to settle down to his new job. Passpartout is a humble and a faithful man. As the story goes on we can see how he helps out his master on his journey. Now we come to another important character in this story, Mr. Fix the policeman. Mr. Fix's entrance to the story is an interesting one, and it changes the readers’ mindset about the main character, Mr. Fogg. A huge bank robbery takes place in London and Mr. Fogg becomes the main suspect of the robbery. Mr. Fix, a determine policeman is after Mr. Fogg to bring him to justice. Besides those three main characters there is another character in the story that appears halfway through the story, but is an important actor. This is a girl named Aouda who, in the middle of these adventures manage to steal the heart of Mr. Fogg gives a romantic approach to the story line. In my view one of the strong points of the story is that a lot of scenes and adventures happen in a short period of time, which keeps the story moving at a rapid pace with excitement. The only small weak point of the story for me is the information given of the journey. For a journey around the world, the writer could have added more scenes and descriptions about the locations. But Jules Verne has done extremely well writing the story in a short way. All in all, Around the World in 80 Days is a very good book to read. It has all aspects of a story like excitement, adventure, romance etc. It is written in a manner which anyone can enjoy, from kids to adults. So I would recommend everyone to read the book and enjoy the 80 days around the world! Page 29 STAR RATING: By: Dilshan Perera
  • 30. SOLIDARITY Tea The world’s green gold Tea making Tea is made only from the succulent leaves the tender buds of the plant known as Camellia Sinensis. Tender leaves are mostly handpicked by female plantation staff now a days, as the quality of the end product of both green and black depend on good harvesting practices and the proper method of transportation of the green leaves from field to factory. Harvest of the green tea is weighed and placed on sheets where warm air is allowed to passed through to reduce the humidity of the leaf The withered leaves are rolled on traditional Tea rollers and the rolled wet leaves are known as “The Dhool”.For the oxidation process “Dhool” which is rich in enzymes, is placed on tiled with a natural draft to fresh the air to allow optimum enzyme activities to take place with controlled temperature and humidity for a specified duration. In order to arrest the oxidation and removed moisture down to 3%, this Dhool is then allowed to pass through hot air blown driers. Then the “Drier Mouth “tea is created which is a mixed dry crisp mass of a variety of tea leaf sizes known as “Drier Mouth “tea. TEA TIPS Page 30 Good quality strong tea is always pleasant to enjoy with milk. No sugar is needed when excellent quality tea is used. Presence of Anti –oxidants in brewed tea helps to protects organs and cells from harmful cell damaging free radicals. Consumption of well-made tea perfectly brewed in good water is a quite pleasant drinking experience on its own. Addition of any sweeteners are unnecessary. Fresh brewed green and black tea have strong anti-bacterial properties. Presence of Fluorides in tea promotes oral health, reducing gum diseases and tooth decay Drinking brewed tea without any additives of milk or sweeteners helps expedite fat reduction. By: Sasanka Kudagoda
  • 31. SOLIDARITY Barack Obama Barack Obama was born August 4, 1961. His parents were both students at the University of Hawaii. He is biracial. His father, Barack Obama Sr., was a black man from Kenya, and his mother Ann Dunham, a white woman, had grown up in Kansas. Barack's grandfather had been a soldier in the army in WorldWarⅡ. His parents separated when he was two years old and his father returned to Kenya. After the divorce his mother remarried, this time to a student from Indonesia, and the family moved to Jakarta where Barack was enrolled in an Indonesian school. When he was ten years old he went to live with his grandparents (his mother's parents) who had moved to Hawaii. While attending school in Hawaii he was one of only three black students in the school. Page In 1992 he married Michelle Robinson, a young woman who had been his adviser when he started working at the Chicago law firm. Six years later their first daughter Malia Ann was born. Three years after that they had a second daughter, Natasha whom they call "Sasha". Young children have not lived in the White House in over 25 years. Amy Carter was nine years old when her father, Jimmy Carter became President. Barack's mother Ann died of cancer in 1994 at the age of fifty-two. In 1996 he was elected to the Illinois State Senate, and eight years later he was elected to the United States Senate. 31 He only had contact with his father on one occasion after that, and then for only a month. His father die in a car accident in 1982. After graduating from high school he attended college in Los Angeles and then graduated from Columbia University in New York. In Chicago he worked with low-income families and housing development. Next he attended law school at Harvard and became a civil rights lawyer. He also taught at the University of Chicago Law School.
  • 32. SOLIDARITY Page 32 In 2004, the year John Kerry was nominated to run for President on the Democratic ticket, Obama gave the keynote speech at the Democratic convention. He gave a very impressive speech, and people at that time took note of his leadership ability. In 2007 he announced he would run for the Democratic nomination for President of the United States. Hillary Clinton also wanted to be the Democratic nominee. After months of campaigning Obama won the nomination. Then he and John McCain, the Republican candidate, campaigned tirelessly for months. On Election Day November 4, 2008 an early victory was achieved and Barack Obama became the first African American to ever be elected to the highest office in the land, the presidency. It was a truly historical event in the country. Unfortunately his beloved grandmother, Madelyn Dunham did not live to see her grandson elected. She died on November 3rd, the day before the election. After the election people began naming their new-borns after Barack and Michelle. The story of Barack Obama has only begun to be written. The nation and the world watch as he starts to accomplish the goals he has set for the betterment of Americans. By: Jeevinojan Vijayakumaran
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  • 34. SOLIDARITY Health Tips Tip #1. Eat a Nutritious Breakfast A nutritious breakfast will be very important after a long night sleep. It will help you to do better in your work. For quick, healthy breakfast: Yogurt with fruit, Peanut butter on toasted whole-grain bread, Toast with Cheese slices, and fruit on cereals. Tip #2. Drink plenty of water. 65% of your body contains water. It has been proved that a large number of diseases are caused by the lack of water we add to the human body. Make sure you drink at least 8 glasses of water each day. Tip #3. Don’t be a couch potato… Get moving Walk, ride bicycles or jog when going somewhere. Instead of taking an escalator to climb stairs. Try to do something active at least for 30 minutes every day. Five Fashion Shopping tips for you Spend money on shoes that will suit you because they may make or break an outfit. Even you can wear them with jeans and look fabulous! Tip #4. Meditation Meditation is very good for the health as it develops both physical as well as spiritual condition and calms one’s mind. Tip #5. snacks. Choose Don't buy something that you will not need due to its fantastic sale price. I know we all usually do this but it decreases closet space and is a waste of money. healthy When you eat snacks it is wise to choose nutritious snacks from different food. Some choices would be: celery sticks with raisins and peanut butter an apple or graham crackers. Buy items that matches your lifestyle. If you usually live in your jeans then it doesn’t matter you spend $150. Tip #6. Include fibre and whole grains in your diet. Eat breads such as bagels, whole-wheat and pita. Oatmeal and Spaghetti are also good selections. Tip #7: Copy your kitty. Learn to do stretching exercises when you wake up. It helps to boosts circulation and digestion, and eases back pain. Spend money on staples on bags, shoes, a black pair of pants, a cashmere sweater and skimp on belts, socks, scarves, trendy tops, sunglasses and hats. By: Sasanka Kudagoda Before you shop it is better to know what you really own. It is better to make a point your closet to go through in every season and make sure you enter the shop knowing your belongings. Page Smoking basically threaten your health, wrinkle your skin and makes your skin look older. Smoking narrows the tiny blood vessels in the layers of skin, which lead to decreases blood flow. Stopping this bad habit will lead you to a healthy life. 34 Tip #8: Avoid smoking
  • 35. SOLIDARITY Village By The Sea Page “Village By The Sea “by Anita Desai was the Guardian Children's Fiction Prize winner in 1983. It relates a story about a poor family that lives in a village called Thul which is 14Km away from Bombay. The characters in the book are comprised of a bedridden sick mother, a drunkard father, Lila, a 13 year old girl, Hari, a 12 year boy, Bela, Kamal and their dog Pinto. This family lives in a very small hut on a very small piece of land which is not adequate to make a living on. Due to their father's ill habit of drinking and mother's inability to work, Lila and Hari had to run the whole family giving up their schooling. In the story these small children have to bear much more responsibilities with the critical condition of their mother's illness and with the increase of debts. Though this book is tagged as a “Children's Fiction” it brings out much more serious, worthy, important messages. The most prominent is “change is inevitable in life and society”. So the writer herself use the characters to show that the only solution is to adapt to the change. She also shows the living condition and simplicity of people in village Thul, the complexity, the crowd, and the hard living conditions of city life in Bombay. She shows the contrast between rich and poor, the city man and villager, the educated and uneducated. In some chapters she highlights the superstitious beliefs that still prevail in Indian rural life. In each chapter Anita Desai has described the beauty of the nature, the beauty of natural phenomena whenever she gets the chance. Also the writer, uses an IndianEnglish way of writing which make the book much simpler and make the reader easy to understand .She uses many Indian terms such as “bhai,sahab,babhu,kunkum powder” etc. To be honest I myself wept while reading some chapters because of some tough conditions they went through, their wisdom and sometimes because of the success of them which gave me an inner happiness, victory and joyful tears. I'd like to recommend this book for all of you of any age group because it talks about universal aspects that one can take many advice from such as being optimistic and keeping hope on life. This book is really sensitive and very emotional, in fact, I think you should have that feeling otherwise you will not enjoy the book. You may think that the kids like Lila, Hari, Bela and Kamal growing up in depth of poverty, with non-existing bed ridden mother and an alcoholic father, with no proper guidance or supervision would end up as bad a lot. What do you think will be their destiny? I don't think of revealing anymore about the book. You will have to read it so it will be more interesting and understandable. 35 Author: Anita Desai Publication Year: 1982 Publisher: Heinemann Number of pages: 156(1st edition) Genre/s: Realistic young-adult novel RATING By: Sasanka Kudagoda
  • 36. SOLIDARITY Comic Corner Ricky: This new watch I got is waterproof and can tell time underwater Rocky: That's nothing dropped my watch into Mississippi river three years ago and is still running. Ricky: The same watch? Rocky: Nope, the Mississippi. Music Student: Do you think I will ever be able to do something with my voice? Music teacher: It might come in handy in case of a fire. Teacher: What's the formula for water? Mike: HIJKLMNO Teacher: who told you that? Mike: You did, you said it was from H to O (H2O) Teacher: What did the dinosaurs eat? Student: Judging from the ones I saw in the museum, they didn’t eat anything. If George Washington were alive today, what would he be famous for? Old age Teacher: Can you tell me what happened in 1776? Student: I can't even tell you what happened last night. Page 36 What's the most important thing about the 8th century scientists? They are all dead. By: Jeevinojan Vijayakumaran
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  • 38. SOLIDARITY Oliver Twist Author: Charles Dickens Publication Year: 1838 Publisher: Richard Bentley Genre/s: Fiction Page England. Oliver's mother dies moments after his birth, and since no one knew her name or the identity of Oliver's father, the baby is considered an orphan and sent to a baby farm. At the baby farm, Ms Mann gives minimal care to the boys underfeeding and mistreating them. When Oliver turns 9 years old, Mr Bumble, the parish beadle takes him from the baby farm to live in the workhouse and work picking oakum. The boys in the workhouse have difficult lives, and after suffering slow starvation for months, they become desperate and draw lots to see who will ask the master for more food. The job falls to Oliver, who nervously requests more food after the next meal. The master and the board, a group of men who oversee the workhouse, are aghast at Oliver's request. After ordering the boy into immediate confinement, they offer a reward of five pounds to anyone who will take Oliver off the parish's hands. An abusive chimney sweep offers to apprentice Oliver, but when Oliver begs the magistrate in charge of making the decision not to send him with the man, the magistrate denies the chimney sweep's request. Later, an undertaker, Mr Sowerberry, takes Oliver from the parish as an apprentice and treats him better than anyone has before. Mr Sowerberry’s wife, however, underfeeds Oliver and treats him poorly, as does Noah Clay pole, another of the undertaker's apprentices, and Charlotte, the Sowerberrys' maid. Noah constantly bullies Oliver. After Oliver is promoted by Mr Sowerberry, Noah is filled with jealously and insults Oliver's birth mother by calling her names. In a fit of anger, Oliver throttles Noah and beats up the bigger boy. Mrs Sowerberry and Charlotte come to Noah's defense, restraining and beating Oliver. They convince both Mr Sowerberry and Mr Bumble to beat him when they arrive in the aftermath of the fight. When Oliver is sent to his room that night, he cries and decides to run away. Oliver escapes the Sowerberry home, but after walking every day for a week, he is exhausted and starving. Oliver then meets a boy named Jack Dawkins, nicknamed the Artful Dodger. Dodger is friendly to Oliver, giving him food and offering him a place to stay in London in the home of an old gentleman. The gentleman turns out to be a man named Fagin, nicknamed the Jew, the leader of a gang of young pickpockets. Oliver naively believes the boys make wallets and handkerchiefs to support themselves. One day, thinking they are going to make goods in a factory, Oliver asks to go with Dodger and another boy, Charley Bates. It's only after the two boys have picked a man's pocket that Oliver realizes what they do. Terrified, Oliver flees the scene. When the victim, Mr. Brownlow, sees Oliver fleeing, he realizes that he has been robbed. He pursues Oliver, and an angry mob follows. Oliver is caught and 38 Oliver Twist is born in a workhouse in a small town in
  • 39. Page taken to the magistrate, but Mr Brownlow begins to have second thoughts about Oliver's guilt. Just as Oliver is about to be sentenced to hard labor, a bookstall owner arrives and clears his name by telling the magistrate that he saw the other boys pick Mr Brownlow's pocket. By this time, Oliver is sick and passes out in the courtroom. Mr Brownlow takes Oliver home, and with the help of his housekeeper, Mrs Bedwin, nurses Oliver back to health. Mr Brownlow and Mrs Bedwin show Oliver more kindness than he has ever experienced. In Mr Brownlow's house, Oliver sees a portrait of a woman, and it has a strange effect on him. Even Mr Brownlow remarks on the resemblance between Oliver and the woman in the portrait. Fagin is furious when Dodger and Charley return without Oliver. He throws a pot of beer at them, but it misses and hits a visitor, Bill Sikes. Sikes is a brutal thief and an associate of Fagin's. Both men agree that they must find Oliver before he reveals their criminal operation to the authorities. They send a girl named Nancy, a member of Fagin's gang, to the police station. She pretends to be Oliver's distraught sister to get information on his whereabouts. The gang finds out where Oliver has been, and when the boy goes out to pay for some books for Mr Brownlow, Nancy and Sikes kidnap him. They bring Oliver to Fagin's hideout. The gang steals his new clothes and takes the five pounds Mr Brownlow gave to him. Nancy feels bad for Oliver and defends him. Determined to force Oliver into becoming a criminal, Fagin sends him to help Sikes with a burglary. Sikes tells Oliver to go through the small window of a house and open the front door for them. Sikes threatens to kill Oliver if he does not cooperate. Oliver goes into the house with the intention of warning the sleeping occupants but finds them awake instead. Oliver is shot in the arm. Sikes helps Oliver get back through the window, but he leaves the boy in a ditch. Oliver wakes up delirious and knocks on the front door of the house he was to help rob. He ends up being taken care of by the wealthy owner, Mrs Maylie, and her niece, Rose. After the botched robbery, Monks, a mysterious associate Fagin has been working with, confronts Fagin and admonishes him for his inability to turn Oliver into a criminal. He would like to have Oliver thrown in jail, but he does not want to be involved if the boy is killed. In a scheme to become master of the workhouse, Mr Bumble marries the workhouse's wealthy matron, but the marriage is not a happy one. After having an argument with his wife, Mr Bumble goes to a local pub where he meets Monks. Monks questions him about Oliver, and Mr umble arranges to exchange information about Oliver for money. Mrs Bumble, who heard the deathbed confession of the nurse who delivered Oliver, tells Monks what she knows and gives him a locket and a wedding ring with the name "Agnes" engraved on it. Monks throws the jewelry in the river. Monks tells Fagin everything he learned from the Bumbles, unaware that Nancy is eavesdropping. Feeling guilty about her involvement in Oliver's kidnapping and determined to help the boy, Nancy goes to Rose and Mr Brownlow to let them know that Oliver is in danger. Suspicious of Nancy's behaviour, Fagin has Noah, who by this time has stolen from Mr Sowerberry, fled to London and now works for Fagin's gang, spy on Nancy. Fagin learns that Nancy has secretly met with Rose and Mr Brownlow. He tells Sikes but twists the truth to make it seem as if Nancy has informed on Sikes. In a fit of rage, 39 SOLIDARITY
  • 40. SOLIDARITY Sikes beats Nancy to death. Sikes tries to hide from the police but is eventually pursued by an angry mob demanding justice. He accidentally hangs himself on a rope that he was using to escape a rooftop. Based on the information that Nancy provided about Monks, Mr Brownlow is able to find him and force the man to explain his relationship to Oliver. Monks is really Edward Leeford, Oliver's half-brother. Mr Brownlow was a close friend of Monks' and Oliver's father, Mr Leeford, which is why he has a picture of Agnes (Oliver's mother) in his house. Mr. Leeford and Monks' mother had an arranged marriage, and although they separated, they never divorced. Mr. Leeford met and fell in love with Agnes. She became pregnant, but he died before the child was born. Mr. Leeford left a stipulation in his will that his unborn child would receive an inheritance only if he did not commit a crime. Monks has been trying to find Oliver and ruin his chances of inheriting. Mr. Brownlow convinces Oliver to give half his inheritance to Monks, who takes it, moves to the New World, squanders it and ends up in prison where he dies. Fagin is arrested and sentenced to death for his crimes, and Noah is pardoned because he testifies against Fagin. The Bumbles admit their part in hiding Oliver's identity, and Mr. Brownlow sees to it that they never hold public office again. The couple is disgraced, loses everything and ends up in the workhouse they once ran. Rose turns out to be Agnes younger sister, and therefore, Oliver's aunt. Mr. Brownlow adopts Oliver as his son. Page 40 RATING: By: Jeevinojan Vijayakumaran
  • 41. SOLIDARITY Guidance for a better Life Respect one and other Respect each and everyone's opinion. They might not be right, but we should protect their right to say it. Also it helps us to have healthy relationships. Page 41 Never give up Life will through a lot of challenges for us that will make us fall, but remember to archive your goals you should be able to stand up to them no matter what! By: Dilshan Perera
  • 42. SOLIDARITY Robert John Downey, Jr. Page 42 Robert Downey, Jr was an American actor born in April 4, 1965. He made his screen debut at the age of five appearing in the film Pound, which was written by his father Robert Downey, Sr. His father is a famous American actor, writer and film director and his mother Elsie Downey was also a famous actress. He has a sister called Allyson Downey. His father was a drug addict and exposed Downey to drugs at a very early age. He struggled with drug addiction which led to numerous arrests and eventually end up with him being admitted to SATF (Substance Abuse Treatment Facility) and state Prison in California in 2000. Robert Downey's first relationship was with Sarah “As Sherlock Holmes in Jessica Parker after meeting at the movie Fistborn. But in Sherlock Holmes, Tony Stark 1991 they separated, after Jessica realized that Downey in Iron Man and Avengers” was heavily addicted to drugs. On May 29th, 1992, Downey married Deborah Falconer who was a very popular actress. One year after their marriage, in September 7th 1993, Falconer Downey had a son with her; Indio Falconer Downey. As Downey was arrested after their son was born due to drug addiction, Falconer left Downey and took Indio with her. At last Robert Downey and Deborah Falconer got divorced on April 26th 2004. Since their divorce Downey now sees his son very frequently. In 2003 when the film Gothika was filming, Downey met the executive producer Susan Levin. Throughout the shooting of the film Susan and Downey quietly got together, First Susan refused but at the end of the filming, relationship between Susan and Downey grew. As the relationship continued, the night before Susan's 30th birthday Downey proposed to her. On 27th August 2005 the couple got married at Amagansett, New York. On 7th February 2012 they had a son, Exton Elias Downey. His wife Susan helped him out to drop his addiction to his drugs and alcohol. As a tribute to his wife he tattooed one of his biceps with the words "Suzie Q". He has been drug-free since July 2003 thanks to his wife Susan. In the past he used to be a Christian but now he is a "Jewish-Buddhist". He starred as Charlie Chaplin where he earned his first Academy Award for Best Actor for the 1992 film ‘Chaplin’. He has a successful career; he has earned many credits and honors throughout his career which lead him to be awarded two Academy Awards, three Golden Globe awards and numerous other awards and nominations with a tremendous popularity and commercial success. The most popular roles he performed were as Sherlock Holmes in Sherlock Holmes (2009), Sherlock Holmes: A Game Of Shadows (2011), as Tony Stark in Iron Man (2008), Iron Man 2 (2010), The Avengers (2012), Iron Man 3 (2013). After the movie Sherlock Holmes in 2009 he became popular throughout the world. He is an actor who can act perfectly for action movies as well as in comedy movies and drama too. He was spectacular in Iron Man movie starring as Tony Stark, and this is why he has become the favorite actor of most people. By: Achira Fernando
  • 43. SOLIDARITY Page 43 Recipe Corner
  • 44. SOLIDARITY Fried Rice Ingredients - 2 cups cooked rice 2 Tbs sesame oil 1 small white onion, chopped ½ frozen peas and carrots, thawed 2-3 Tablespoons soy sauce (more or less to taste) 2 eggs, lightly beaten 2 Tbsp chopped green onions (optional) Instructions - Preheat a large skillet or wok to medium heat. Pour sesame oil in the bottom. Add white onion and peas and carrots and fry until tender. Slide the onion, peas and carrots to the side, and pour the beaten eggs onto the other side. Using a spatula, scramble the eggs. Once cooked, mix the eggs with the vegetable mix. Page 44 Add the rice to the veggie and egg mixture. Pour the soy sauce on top. Stir and fry the rice and veggie mixture until heated through and combined. Add chopped green onions if desired
  • 45. SOLIDARITY Devilled Egg Ingredients -:        1 dozen eggs 2 teaspoons dijon mustard 1/3 cup mayonnaise 1 Tbsp minced onion or shallot 1/4 teaspoon tabasco Salt and pepper Paprika Page 45 Method-: First hard boil the eggs. (See how to make hard boiled eggs.) Fill up a large saucepan half-way with water and gently add the eggs. Cover the eggs with at least an inch of water. Add a teaspoon of vinegar to the water (this will help contain egg whites from leaking out if any of the shells crack while cooking). Add a pinch of salt to the water. Bring the water to a boil. Cover, and remove from heat. Let sit covered for 12-15 minutes. Drain hot water from pan and run cold water over the eggs. (At this point if you crack the egg shells while the eggs are cooling, it will make it easier to peel the shells.) Let sit in the cool water a few minutes, changing the water if necessary to keep it cool. Peel the eggs. Using a sharp knife, slice each egg in half, lengthwise. Gently remove the yolk halves and place in a small mixing bowl. Arrange the egg white halves on a serving platter. Using a fork, mash up the yolks and add mustard, mayonnaise, onion, tabasco, and a sprinkling of salt and pepper. Spoon egg yolk mixture into the egg white halves. Sprinkle with paprika. By: Jeevinojan Vijayakumaran
  • 46. SOLIDARITY Sports Center Sri Lankan former captain and Wicketkeeper batsman Kumar Sangakkara won the ICC ODI Cricketer of the year award in the recently held ICC awards ceremony. Sanga has scored 1033 runs in 18 innings during the year with an average of 73.78 and a strike rate of 93.82. Sangakkara cracked and career best 169 against the proteas at the R. premadasa stadium. All Blacks completes an unbeaten year The New Zealand all blacks continued their dominance by going 2013 unbeaten. They beat the likes of England, Ireland, and spring box and beat the wallabies three times in 2013. It is the first time that a team remained unbeaten throughout a year. 46 It was May 19th 2012, where the biggest football match of the year was held in the Alliance Arena in Munich, Germany. Bayern Munchen took on Chelsea. The home team dominated the game from the beginning as expected, but the spirited Chelsea team held them for 83 minutes until Thomas Muller scored and put the German Giants on top. With only 7 minutes to go everyone thought the match was out of hand for Chelsea. But it was not to be, Didier Drogba managed to equalize to Chelsea just 2 minutes into the 90 minutes leaving the score 1-1 at 90 minutes leading to extra time. Bayern won a penalty, but Robben's spot kick was saved by Petr Cech. So it came down to the penalty shootout. Chelsea managed to score 3 out of their first 4 penalties with Lampard, Luiz, Cole converting the spot kicks while Mata missed his penalty. But Bayern missed 2 from their 5 penalties with Olic and Schweinsteiger missing their spot kicks. Finally Didier Drogba scored the final penalty that earned the title for Chelsea. It was a memorable night for Chelsea as they were Crowned the Champions of Europe for the first time. Sangakkara snatches the ODI cricketer of the year award Page Champions league Final 2012 By: Dilshan Perera
  • 47. SOLIDARITY Interview with Indika De Saram We had the privilege to meet up with Indika de Saram, one of the top cricketing talents this country has seen, and we would like to share that experience with you. He made his debut in the National side in 1999 tour of Zimbabwe. He is a hard hitting middle order batsmen and also a handy wicket keeper and also bowls right arm off breaks. Full name -: Edirisuriya Mohottige Samantha Indika De Saram Date of birth -: 2nd September 1973 Hometown -: Matara School -: St. Thomas College, Matara Ques: When did you start playing cricket and why have you chosen this path? Answ: "At the age of 7, and I was directed towards cricket from my family background. Where my father and brothers all player cricket at school level." Ques: What are the highlights of your schooling cricket career? Answ: "I scored 304 runs of 149 balls with 25 six's and 19 boundaries at Uyanwatte stadium against Sri Devananda College. That was an unforgettable moment in my cricketing life." Ques: Did you take part in any other sporting activities in school? Answ: "Yes, I took part in 100m/400m relays and put and disks throw events in the college athletic meet." Ques: What was your ambition when you were a kid? Answ: "To play for Sri Lanka and bring honour and glory to my country." Page 47 Ques: Who was your role model when you were growing up? Answ: "Sir Vivian Richards"
  • 48. SOLIDARITY Ques: Tell us a little bit more about your cricketing career and achievements after school. Answ:"I played for Bloomfield Cricket and Athletic Club, Colts Cricket Club, Moors Sports Club, Ragama Cricket Club, Tamil Union Cricket and Athletic Club and currently plays for the Colombo Cricket club. I have scored 12115 runs in 208 first class at an average of 39.20 and the highest score being 237. I have scored 65 fifties and 28 centuries. And I played 4 test matches and 15 ODI's for Sri Lanka." Ques: What would you recall as your happiest and saddest moments in your cricketing life? Answ: "The happiest moment of my life is when I captained the Sri Lanka team that won the Hong Kong six's tournament in the year 2007 for the first time. And saddest moment would be when I was overlooked by the selectors when I was in top form and scoring runs at the first class level." Ques: What are your future plans? Answ: “I am planning to retire from first class cricket after this season and to take on umpiring and coaching." Ques: What is your advice for youngster who play cricket? Answ: "You cannot go forward in this game only with talent. You also need discipline, hard work and dedication. And also you should give more priority to your studies as well as the game. Thank you very much for dedicating your valuable time sir and all the best for your future. Interviewed by: Dilshan Perera Achira Fernando Sasanka Kudagoda Page 48 Jeevinojan Vijayakumaran
  • 49. SOLIDARITY Sasanka Kudagoda Hi! I’m Sasanka Kudagoda from Kaluthara. I’m 17 years old and I’m currently studying at IIT. I’m a simple minded person who loves to help others and to enjoy my life with sensitive, humble, kind, trustworthy, loyal and lovely people. I love to watch movies, listen to music, read interesting articles and photography. Swimming is a big part of my life, I’d love to swim and has taken part in many swimming events during my schooling life. Michael Phelps is my favourite swimmer. My ambition is to be a better person and to do an honest service to the community and to my country Achira Fernando I’m Achira Fernando and I’m 16 years old. I’m a big fellow of 6”1 feet tall. I’m interested in playing video games and hates fashion. I love listening to music and waste time sleeping. I live in Panadura and it’s the city I hate the most. When I’m free I use to watch movies while finishing a bowl of popcorn. Jeevinojan Vijaykumaran Page 49 I'm Jeevinojan Vijayakumaran. IIT Foundation Student. I enjoy keeping up with the developments of the world of technology and the entertainment industry. I enjoy exploring the rich variety of cuisine this country has to offer. It has been a great pleasure contributing to this magazine from the exotic cuisine of Rio, Brazil to stimulating book reviews to the life and time of Barrack Obama. There won't be any shortage of great material.
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