HistoryBody art itself has had many purposes. Aesthetics is the one thing every form has in common. However, those forms not originating from aesthetics are originated from cultural ritual. Sometimes both.This is especially true for tattoos whose origin is traced back to pagan rituals, and are considered about 5,000 years old. aes·thet·ics [es-thet-iks] –noun (used with a singular verb ) 1.the branch of philosophy dealing with such notions as the beautiful, the ugly, the sublime, the comic, etc., as applicable to the fine arts, with a view to establishing the meaning and validity of critical judgments concerning works of art, and the principles underlying or justifying such judgments. 2.the study of the mind and emotions in relation to the sense of beauty.
The physical tattoo was believed to have power.
Traditionally in Thailand, tattoosare a symbol of power andinvincibility.<- an example of the traditional “Thai” tattoo style.
Part of this belief holds over to present day.
Other primary historical uses of body modifications had to do with slavery and marking criminals.
Criminals In Australia this tattoo is forcibly given to convicted child molesters. Throughout history, tattooing criminals was common practice. Almost all cultures who took part in the practice marked on the face of the convicted. Usually the forehead.The teardrop has entirely different meaningselsewhere.
Other practices of Body ModificationAssociationSecret societyRebellionAdvertising
Brief American HistoryWilliam Dampher in 1690’s Sailor1891, Samuel ORiely patented the first electric tattooingmachineTattoos became more popular because of newaffordabilityIn 1920’s tattoo people began to travel with the circus as“side-show freaks”Began to lose it’s appeal, went underground1961 outlawed because of hepatitis outbreakseverywhere except for New Jersey and PhiladelphiaMost did not want a tattoo after this but those who didgot them illegally; this was a new way of associatingtattoos with illegality, rebellion, the outlaw and criminalbehavior.