Islam 101


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  • Muslim believe that the Quran is God’s unaltered words that was revealed to Muahmmad (pbuh) through archangel GabrielA record of the exact words revealed by Allah through Angel Gabriel to Prophet Muhammad. Not one word of its 114 chapters, has been changed over the centuriesIt was memorized by Muhammad and then dictated to his Companions, and written down by scribes, who cross-checked it during his lifetime. The Quran gives the Muslim guidance to lead ones life and relate to God and socienty around him . The Quran talks about previous prophetsBorn in 570 CE in Macca, Muhammad was a descendant of Prophet Abraham and Ismail. He is considered the seal of God’s revelation, the Last Messenger.His father died when his mother was pregnant of him, lost his mother at age of 2, and his grandfatherAt age of 6. Raised by his uncle. His sunna is well documented through what is called as ahadeeth
  • Muhammad is the last messenger, and no other prophet or messenger between him and Jesus
  • So what’s the real meaning of jihad?Controlling oneself Serving othersFirefighters saving lives Defending one’s homeland Stopping transgression
  • Men required to lower their gaze when talking to women!Majority of Muslim's women want an Islamic lawHijab=modestyWho force women to wear Hijab in US or any western country?
  • Indonesia, Megawati Sukarnoputri as presidentPakistan, Benazir Bhutto as prime minsterBangladesh, Khaleda Zia and Hasina Wazed as prime ministersTurkey, Tansu Çiller as prime minister
  • Islam 101

    1. 1. Islam 101
    2. 2. Outline  Islam 101  Clearing Misconceptions  Around the world in 3 minutes (photo gallery)
    3. 3. Islam 101
    4. 4. What is Islam? • 'Islam' means 'submission', and derives from an Arabic word meaning 'peace'. In a religious context it means complete submission to the will of Allah. • 'Allah' is the Arabic name for God, which is used by Arab Muslims and Christians alike.
    5. 5. Do Islam and Christianity have different origins? No Together with Judaism, they go back to prophet Abraham, and their three prophets are directly descended from his sons. Muhammad from the eldest, Ishmael, and Moses and Jesus from Isaac.
    6. 6. • According to Islam, one is not born in “original sin’ • No one carries the sin of another • No salvation by race • Salvation is through one’s deeds and Allah’s mercy Salvation in Islam
    7. 7. • “God forbids you not, with regards to those who fight you not for [your] faith nor drive you out of your homes, from dealing kindly and justly with them; for God loveth those who are just.” (Quran, 60:8) • Islamic law protects the privileged status of minorities and grants freedom of worship to all religious groups. • Freedom of conscience is laid down by the Quran itself: 'There is no compulsion in religion'. (2:256) • The life and property of all citizens in an Islamic state are considered sacred whether a person is Muslim or not. • Racism is incomprehensible to Muslims Does Islam tolerate other beliefs?
    8. 8. 1. The Quran Sources of Divine Guidance in Islam This opening chapter of The Quran, the Fatihah, is central in Islamic prayer. It contains the essence of The Quran and is recited during every prayer.
    9. 9. 2. The practice and example of the Prophet 'God has no mercy on one who has no mercy for others.' 'None of you truly believes until he wishes for his brother what he wishes for himself.' 'He who eats his fill while his neighbor goes without food is not a believer. ' 'The truthful and trusty businessman is associated with the prophets the saints, and the martyrs.' 'Powerful is not he who knocks the other down, indeed powerful is he who controls himself in a fit of anger. ' 'God does not judge according to your bodies and appearances but He scans your hearts and looks into your deeds.' Collected sayings of Prophet Mohammad: the hadith collections of Bukhari, Muslim, and Tirmidhi
    10. 10. Most Muslims are Arabs who live in the Middle East. Of more than 1.6 billion Muslims worldwide, only about 18% are Arabs. False True or False?
    11. 11. Which country has the largest number of Muslims? Indonesia - with over 200 million Muslims.
    12. 12. Africa 450m Asia 1,116m Europe 51m North America 7.5m South America 2.5m Oceania 0.6 m 1.6 Billion Muslims(1 in 5) Approximately 60,000 Muslims in Western WA
    13. 13. True or False? In Islam, Muhammad is regarded differently from Jesus? In Islam, Muhammad and Jesus (pbut) are both messengers of God. False
    14. 14. 1. Declaration of faith The Five Pillars of Islam “There is no god but Allah, and Mohammed is the messenger of Allah."2. Five daily prayers 3. Fasting Ramadan 4. Alms: 2.5% of savings 5. Pilgrimage to Makah
    15. 15. 1. Eid -ul –Fitr Holidays In Islam 2. Eid-ul -Adha
    16. 16. Food in Islam “Your body has rights over you” ….Prophet Mohammad (pbuh) • Islam forbids the consumption of pig meat or any kind of intoxicating drink. • Healthy lifestyle is seen as a religious obligation
    17. 17. Clearing Misconceptions
    18. 18. Myth Islam is a cult and Muslims worship a god called Allah. Reality Islam is an monotheistic Abrahamic faith, and Muslims worship God same as Christians and Jews.
    19. 19. Myth Muslims believe it is OK to kill civilians in a holy war (“Jihad”). Reality Killing anyone is a great sin for Muslims. Allah told us in the Quran: “if anyone slay a person - unless it be for murder or for spreading mischief in the land - it would be as if he slew the whole people: and if any one saved a life, it would be as if he saved the life of the whole people”5-32
    20. 20. Jihad = Strive or Struggle  Struggle with oneself against evil and sins  The greatest jihad is speaking the truth in the face of a tyrant  No “holy war”
    21. 21. Liberation Square, Cairo - Egypt (2011) 16441 ne 74th street
    22. 22. Reality  Modesty in Islam is required for both men and women  Women wear hijab as an act of worship Myth Most Muslim women are :  Forced to wear hijab (head cover)  Oppressed by society
    23. 23. What’s the difference?
    24. 24. So, who is the Muslim in these pictures?
    25. 25.  In Islam women and men are equal, not similar and they complement each others.  Women have the right to own and dispose of their property and earnings.  A Woman has the right to choose her husband and to keep her own family name rather than taking her husband's.  Islam gave women their due rights and dignified status over 1400 years ago. Women didn’t have to fight, sacrifice, or struggle to earn those rights.  Many Muslim women are of great influence and achievements in all walks of life. Women in Islam
    26. 26. Tawakul Karrman Yemen Israa AbdelFattah Egypt Tal Almalouhi Syria
    27. 27. Around the World in 3 minutes
    28. 28. “Read in the name of your Lord who created. Created man, out of a leech-like clot.” First verse of the Quran (96:1-2) revealed in year 610 Quran and Science
    29. 29. “…then We made the leech-like clot into a chewed-like lump of flesh...” The Quran 23:14
    30. 30. Al-kawarizmi (787 – 850) Muslim Mathematician ‘ •Introduced the decimal positional number system •First systematic solution of linear and quadratic equations
    31. 31. Ibn Sina or Avicenna (980 – 1037) Muslim Physician ‘ Composed 14-volume The Canon of Medicine, which was a standard medical text in Europe and the Islamic world up until the 18th century
    32. 32. Malcolm X (1925 – 1965) “America needs to understand Islam, because this is the one religion that erases from its society the race problem”
    33. 33. Muhammad Ali (1942 - “I believe in the religion of Islam. I believe in Allah and peace”
    34. 34. Lupe Fiasco “Well, I was born Muslim, so Islam plays a part in my everything I do, to a certain extent ”
    35. 35. Football Players at Fordson High School Dearborn, Michigan
    36. 36. Noha Abd Rabo Taekwondo champion from Egypt 2008 Olympics
    37. 37. Hakim Olajuwon Houston Rockets
    38. 38. Prof. Ahmad Zewail California Institute of Technology Nobel Prize Winner in Chemistry -1999
    39. 39. A father and son wash themselves before praying, Srinagar, Kashmire, August 2011
    40. 40. A miniature mosque made of 21,000 pieces of wafer biscuits Surabaya, Indonesia, August 2011
    41. 41. A boy celebrating the beginning of Ramadan Rafah, Palestine, July 31, 2011
    42. 42. Chinese Hui boys waiting to break their fast Beijing, CHINA, August 2011
    43. 43. Woman reading Quran, Jakarta , Indonesia ( 2009)
    44. 44. Iftar dinner at the White House Washington DC – USA (2010)
    45. 45. Night prayers, South Sulawesi - Indonesia (2009)
    46. 46. A boy reads from the Quran, Amman – Jordan (2009)
    47. 47. Friday prayers, Beijing - China (2009)
    48. 48. A child reads from the Quran, Nairobi - Kenya (2009)
    49. 49. Children pray, Manila - The Philippines (2009)
    50. 50. Eid Prayer, Sarajevo - Bosnia (2008)
    51. 51. Ramadan Crescent, Amman - Jordan (2009)
    52. 52. Larabanga Mosque - Ghana
    53. 53. Islamic Architecture - Taj Mahal, Agra , India
    54. 54. Muhammad Ali Mosque, Cairo - Egypt
    55. 55. Beit-al-Islam Mosque, Alberta - Canada
    56. 56. Blue Mosque – Istanbul, Turkey
    57. 57. Kul Sharif Mosque, Kazan - Russia
    58. 58. Dome of the Rock, Jerusalem – Palestine
    59. 59. The Prophet Mosque, Al-Medina – Saudi Arabia
    60. 60. Al-Haram Mosque, Mecca – Saudi Arabia
    61. 61. O mankind! We created you from a single soul, male and female, and made you into nations and tribes, so that you may come to know one another. Truly, the most honored of you in God's sight is the greatest of you in piety. God is All- Knowing, All Aware (49:13)