Spanish Empire in the Americas By Randy Hardin
Diego Vasicuio- Peru <ul><li>Tribal Group religious leader </li></ul><ul><li>Born approx. 1581, text says he was over 90 i...
Martin Ocelotl  Mexico-New Spain <ul><li>Born 1496 in Chinanta in present day Mexico, possibly died at sea 1537 </li></ul>...
Juan de Morga/Gertrudis de Escobar Mexico – New Spain <ul><li>Mulatto slaves </li></ul><ul><li>Lived in Central Mexico </l...
Isabel Moctezuma  Mexico-New Spain <ul><li>Indian, daughter of Moctezuma II </li></ul><ul><li>Born 1509 or 1510, died 1550...
Beatriz de Padilla Mexico/ New Spain <ul><li>Mulatta or Morsica (daughter of a white man and a mulatta) </li></ul><ul><li>...
Miguel Hernandez Mexico/ New Spain <ul><li>Free mulatto </li></ul><ul><li>Lived full life in 16 th  century Mexico </li></...
Enrico Martinez Mexico/ New Spain <ul><li>Born in Hamburg about 1557, died 1632 </li></ul><ul><li>Printer, Engineer, and S...
Aztecs Ch.1  <ul><li>Tula was a great anchient city about 56 miles north of Mexico City </li></ul><ul><li>Tula's power cru...
Aztecs ch. 2 <ul><li>In 1440 Moctezuma I came into power over the Aztecs </li></ul><ul><li>Moctezuma I decided to have a p...
Aztecs ch. 3 <ul><li>Ahuitzotl came to power in 1486 </li></ul><ul><li>When the great temple of Tenochtitlan was completed...
Aztecs ch. 4 <ul><li>In the first decade of the 16 th  century Moctezuma thought he was the “master of the world” </li></u...
Aztecs ch. 5 <ul><li>Cortes demanded that the Indians convert to Christianity </li></ul><ul><li>The “anti-Spanish party” r...
Aztecs ch. 6 <ul><li>In the 17 th  century the native society disintegrated </li></ul><ul><li>The 17 th  century saw the b...
Kingdom of Spain  <ul><li>The Kingdom of Spain was created in 1492 with the unification of the Kingdom of Castile and the ...
Spain and Portugal <ul><li>In the 16 th  century Spain and Portugal were at the top of global exploration and colonial exp...
Spanish Empire <ul><li>From 1580 until the 19 th  century, Spain had the largest empire in the world </li></ul>
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Spanish Empire in the americas

  1. 1. Spanish Empire in the Americas By Randy Hardin
  2. 2. Diego Vasicuio- Peru <ul><li>Tribal Group religious leader </li></ul><ul><li>Born approx. 1581, text says he was over 90 in 1671 </li></ul><ul><li>Lived in city called Salamanca, located in present day Peru </li></ul><ul><li>Chief priest and custodian of the god Sorimana </li></ul><ul><li>He was included in this collection because his story is an example of how the Indians had to survive through adaptation </li></ul>
  3. 3. Martin Ocelotl Mexico-New Spain <ul><li>Born 1496 in Chinanta in present day Mexico, possibly died at sea 1537 </li></ul><ul><li>Native priest, cult leader </li></ul><ul><li>Included because he was an example of the Indians trying to hold on to their faith during the Christianization effort. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Juan de Morga/Gertrudis de Escobar Mexico – New Spain <ul><li>Mulatto slaves </li></ul><ul><li>Lived in Central Mexico </li></ul><ul><li>Juan was born a slave in Oaxaca in about 1627 </li></ul><ul><li>Gertrudis was born around 1645, text states she was 14 in 1659 </li></ul><ul><li>They were both very harsh treated slaves </li></ul><ul><li>They were included in this collection as an example of the hardships that some slaves endured in that time period </li></ul>
  5. 5. Isabel Moctezuma Mexico-New Spain <ul><li>Indian, daughter of Moctezuma II </li></ul><ul><li>Born 1509 or 1510, died 1550 </li></ul><ul><li>Lived in Mexico </li></ul><ul><li>She was awarded the enomienda of Tacuba </li></ul><ul><li>Included to tell the story of the one remaining heir to the emperor of the Aztecs </li></ul>
  6. 6. Beatriz de Padilla Mexico/ New Spain <ul><li>Mulatta or Morsica (daughter of a white man and a mulatta) </li></ul><ul><li>Lived in Lagos, near Guadalajara in waestern New Spain </li></ul><ul><li>Mistress, mother to 4 children 2 boys and 2 girls, never married </li></ul><ul><li>Included in this collection as an example of a mulatta mistress </li></ul><ul><li>Lived mid 1600's </li></ul>
  7. 7. Miguel Hernandez Mexico/ New Spain <ul><li>Free mulatto </li></ul><ul><li>Lived full life in 16 th century Mexico </li></ul><ul><li>Literate </li></ul><ul><li>Born in Mexico city, died 1604 </li></ul><ul><li>He was a muleteer and later in life became a senor de recuas ( master of mule trains) </li></ul><ul><li>Included in this collection as an example of a mulatto that survived and trived in Spanish society </li></ul>
  8. 8. Enrico Martinez Mexico/ New Spain <ul><li>Born in Hamburg about 1557, died 1632 </li></ul><ul><li>Printer, Engineer, and Scientist </li></ul><ul><li>Lived in Mexico </li></ul><ul><li>He is included in this collection because of his desire for science and astrology and the restriction of the Church on those matters.Also because he was the lead engineer in building the desague ( a major drainage canal for Mexico City) </li></ul>
  9. 9. Aztecs Ch.1 <ul><li>Tula was a great anchient city about 56 miles north of Mexico City </li></ul><ul><li>Tula's power crumbled and finally collapsed in the mid 12 th century, the people (Toltecs) migrated </li></ul><ul><li>Many people claimed to be the descendants of the Toltecs </li></ul><ul><li>“ Aztecs” are also known as “Mexitin” or “Mexica” </li></ul><ul><li>The Mexica migrated to the Valley of Mexico </li></ul><ul><li>The Mexica chose Acamapichtli as their leader </li></ul>
  10. 10. Aztecs ch. 2 <ul><li>In 1440 Moctezuma I came into power over the Aztecs </li></ul><ul><li>Moctezuma I decided to have a perpetual war with the people of Puebla and Tlaxcala in order to gain people for sacrifice to the gods </li></ul><ul><li>He set out to conquer the tropics and forced cities to pay tribute </li></ul><ul><li>Some difficulties to true control of the empire was the enormous distances and rudimentary means of communication </li></ul>
  11. 11. Aztecs ch. 3 <ul><li>Ahuitzotl came to power in 1486 </li></ul><ul><li>When the great temple of Tenochtitlan was completed its inauguration consisted of thousands of human sacrifices </li></ul><ul><li>To the Aztecs human sacrifice was necessary, they believed their gods were mortal and needed to be fed. Once fed things would continue as normal but if not fed the world would come to an end. </li></ul><ul><li>Ahuitzotl continued to increase the empires borders </li></ul><ul><li>The empires size began to cause problems </li></ul><ul><li>In 1503 Moctezuma II began to reign </li></ul>
  12. 12. Aztecs ch. 4 <ul><li>In the first decade of the 16 th century Moctezuma thought he was the “master of the world” </li></ul><ul><li>There were prophecies of destruction for the Aztecs before Cortes arrived </li></ul><ul><li>Moctezuma was unsure about how to treat the Spaniards </li></ul><ul><li>He submitted to the Spaniards but was betrayed </li></ul><ul><li>Cortes defeated the Aztecs then took control of the area then called New Spain </li></ul>
  13. 13. Aztecs ch. 5 <ul><li>Cortes demanded that the Indians convert to Christianity </li></ul><ul><li>The “anti-Spanish party” rejected Cortes and Christianity </li></ul><ul><li>The conquerors began to intermarry with the daughters of the Indian Aristocracy, this furthered the transition between the two worlds </li></ul><ul><li>Epidemics brought by the Spaniards killed many Indians </li></ul>
  14. 14. Aztecs ch. 6 <ul><li>In the 17 th century the native society disintegrated </li></ul><ul><li>The 17 th century saw the beginning of a unique Christianity which allowed the Indians to express what remained of their original identity </li></ul><ul><li>In the cities the Indians began to assimilate the negative aspects of “culture” brought by the Spaniards, such as drunkenness </li></ul>
  15. 15. Kingdom of Spain <ul><li>The Kingdom of Spain was created in 1492 with the unification of the Kingdom of Castile and the Kingdom of Aragon </li></ul>
  16. 16. Spain and Portugal <ul><li>In the 16 th century Spain and Portugal were at the top of global exploration and colonial expansion and opening trade route across the ocean </li></ul>
  17. 17. Spanish Empire <ul><li>From 1580 until the 19 th century, Spain had the largest empire in the world </li></ul>

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