Furman multimedia presentation


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This is for a multimedia project for Texas Travel Studies class at SHSU.

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Furman multimedia presentation

  1. 1. Galveston 1900 Storm The Deadliest Natural Disaster in U.S. History
  2. 2. Galveston Before the Storm <ul><li>In 1900 Galveston was one of the wealthiest cities in the U.S. </li></ul><ul><li>It was quickly becoming the New York City of the south. </li></ul><ul><li>Families moved here in hopes of a better future. </li></ul><ul><li>By 1900 the population of Galveston was more than 35,000. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Galveston Before the Storm <ul><li>Galveston was the most important seaport in Texas. </li></ul><ul><li>More than 70 percent of the country's cotton crop at the time passed through the port of Galveston. </li></ul><ul><li>Galveston was first in the state to have first electricity and telephones. </li></ul>
  4. 4. September 8, 1900 <ul><li>The morning of the storm brought rain and bigger waves than usual. </li></ul><ul><li>But, no one was worried. They did not think anything of it and went on with daily life. </li></ul><ul><li>Kids continued to play in the sea and men went on to work just like they did every day. </li></ul>
  5. 6. September 8, 1900 <ul><li>The weather grew progressively worse as the day rolled on. </li></ul><ul><li>Isaac Cline, the local meteorologist, raised the storm flag and went up and down the beach warning everyone. </li></ul><ul><li>But by then it was too late. </li></ul><ul><li>The city was as flat as the beach and had no protection from the 15.7’ swell that swept over Galveston. </li></ul>
  6. 7. September 8, 1900 <ul><li>People sought shelter, but with over 120mph winds and a huge storm surge, no one was truly safe. </li></ul><ul><li>The storm hit late afternoon and carried on throughout the night. </li></ul><ul><li>When day broke residents were in disbelief of the destruction left from the storm. </li></ul>
  7. 8. A boy sits on top of all the debris after the 1900 storm. He is smiling and happy to be alive.
  8. 9. The Destruction of the Storm <ul><li>Over 6,000 people were dead </li></ul><ul><li>3,600 buildings were destroyed </li></ul><ul><li>Damage costs totaled over $20 million </li></ul>
  9. 10. Where thousands of buildings once stood, nothing was left but piles of rubble.
  10. 11. The inside of St. Patrick’s Church after the storm.
  11. 12. The Days After the Storm <ul><li>Thousands of bodies littered the town. </li></ul><ul><li>Makeshift morgues were created so that loved ones could identify the bodies. </li></ul><ul><li>But, the bodies were too numerous and people began to be buried were they lay. </li></ul><ul><li>Some were buried at sea, but soon washed back on to the shore. </li></ul><ul><li>There was no other choice than to begin burning the bodies. </li></ul>
  12. 13. Pathways were made through the debris so people could get around.
  13. 14. Those who could not bear the destruction and who had nothing left for them in Galveston, boarded ships to the mainland in hopes of starting over.
  14. 15. The Days After the Storm <ul><li>The bridge from the mainland to Galveston was destroyed in the storm but rebuilt in 11 days. </li></ul><ul><li>Food and supplies could now be sent to this devastated area. </li></ul><ul><li>People began picking up the debris and tried to locate loved ones. </li></ul>
  15. 16. 1900 Storm Memorial <ul><li>This statue sits along the sea wall in Galveston. </li></ul><ul><li>It is a memorial to all the lives lost in the 1900 storm. </li></ul>
  16. 17. Building the Sea Wall <ul><li>A sea wall was built to protect against future storms. </li></ul><ul><li>The sea wall measured 3 miles long, 16 feet at its base, and 5 feet wide on top, and 17 feet high. </li></ul><ul><li>The sea wall took two years to build from 1902-1904. </li></ul><ul><li>The outer face of the Seawall was curved to carry waves upwards. </li></ul>
  17. 18. The sea wall as it stands today. Murals were painted to make it more attractive to tourists.
  18. 19. Raising the City <ul><li>It was recommended the city be raised 17 feet at the sea wall and sloped downward at a pitch of one foot for every 1,500 feet to the bay. </li></ul><ul><li>Over 2,000 homes and buildings were raised. </li></ul><ul><li>Sand from the bay was pumped in to fill in under the raised structures. </li></ul>
  19. 20. Raising the City <ul><li>Residents put up with the muddy conditions for more than 7 years. </li></ul><ul><li>They built boardwalks from house to house and dealt with the flies and stench that came from the fill. </li></ul><ul><li>The cost of the grade raising totaled over $3 million dollars. </li></ul>
  20. 21. Houses were rebuilt and later raised by jackscrews to help them withstand future hurricanes.
  21. 22. Galveston Today <ul><li>The city never truly returned to its former glory. </li></ul><ul><li>It is no longer one of the wealthiest or largest cities in the nation. The 1900 of storm crushed its potential. </li></ul><ul><li>But, the determination of the residents, the sea wall, and raising the grade are the reasons why Galveston is still standing today. </li></ul>
  22. 23. Buildings in Galveston that are still standing from the 1900 storm are marked with a memorial plaque.
  23. 24. Tourist can watch a documentary retelling the events of September 8, 1900 at the Pier 21 Theater.
  24. 25. The Galveston storm of 1900 remains the deadliest natural disaster in U.S. history. Though it was a horrific and painful event for many, it is important that we learn and know about this experience so that we may better understand how the community of Galveston has bounced back from a most dreadful time.
  25. 26. Resources Cline, I.M. (1900, September 23). Special report on the Galveston hurricane of September 8, 1900 . Retrieved June 23, 2011 from http://web.archive.org/web/20070209050501/www.history.noaa.gov/stories_tales/cline2.html Heidorn, K. (2000, September 1). The 1900 Galveston hurricane . Retrieved June 23, 2011 from http://www.islandnet.com/~see/weather/events/1900hurr.htm City of Galveston 1900 Storm Committee, . (2011). The 1900 storm . Retrieved June 23, 2011 from http://1900storm.com/ Henderson, J. (Photographer). (2008). Hurricane Ike 2008 . [Web]. Retrieved June 22, 2011 from http://www.flickr.com/photos/bugginout/4661420571/ Galveston disaster I’m glad ise living c. 1900 . (2010). [Web]. Retrieved June 22, 2011 from http://www.flickr.com/photos/oldeyankee/5093052794/ Galveston disaster people leaving city after flood c. 1900 . (2077). [Web]. Retrieved from http://www.flickr.com/photos/oldeyankee/5156111806/ *All images licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License
  26. 27. Victorian homes post office . (2006). [Web]. Retrieved June 22, 2011 from http://www.flickr.com/photos/laurascudder/2671638621/ Peeks, M. (Photographer). (2007). (Mexican) wave . [Web]. Retrieved from http://www.flickr.com/photos/martinp23/999194130/ No known restrictions: Galveston hurricane damage: interior St. Patrick's church by M.H. Zahner, 1900 (loc) . (2007). [Web]. Retrieved June 22, 2011 from http://www.flickr.com/photos/pingnews/493262226/ Ripley, A. (2008, September 15). A brief history of: the 1900 Galveston hurricane . Retrieved June 21, 2011 from http://www.time.com/time/nation/article/0,8599,18414 42,00.html Rosenberg Library, . (2003, February 25). Frequently asked questions about the 1900 Galveston storm . Retrieved June 22, 2011 from http://www.gthcenter.org/exhibits/storms/1900/victims/stormfaq.htm Resources *All images licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License