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MLA Style 2009


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  • 1. MLA 2009
    Liza Palmer, Randall Library
    January 14, 2010
  • 2. Liza’s Contact Info
    Office Hours:
    Randall #2080 M 3-5pm
    CAB #1048 W 4-5pm
    Phone: 910-962-4234
    AIM: lizajpalmer
  • 3. Overview of Workshop
    MLA Style
    MLA Paper Format
    MLA Citing Sources
    Works Cited List (Works Consulted)
  • 4. Caveats
    MLA manual (7th edition) is always chief source of information
    Your professor grades your work – not me
    Recommendation that you work also with the University Learning Center
  • 5. MLA Style
    Created by the Modern Language Association
    7th edition
    Tends to be the default citation system
    Offers guidelines on the entire writing process
  • 6. MLA Handbook
    Randall Library has multiple copies at the Reference Desk
    Call Number:  LB2369 .G53 2009  
    Randall Library has some older editions available to check out
    Online guide
  • 7. MLA Paper Format
    Chapter 4 of 7th edition
    Word process or type paper
    use standard font (like Times New Roman) and font size (12 point)
    do not justify your paper at the right margin
    turn off automatic hyphenation feature
    Use 8.5 x 11 paper
  • 8. MLA Paper Format, cont.
    one inch all the way around (N.B. this is not the default in Microsoft Word)
    indent the first word of every paragraph by one-half inch (or five spaces)
    indent offset quotes by one inch (10 spaces)
    double spaced throughout, including works cited page
    leave one space after a period (unless prof specifies two)
  • 9. MLA Paper Format, cont.
    Heading & Title
    no title page
    instead, put name, instructor’s name, course number, and date at top of page – flush with left margin & double spaced
    after a double space, center your title – do not underline or put in quotes unless referencing a title
    Page Numbers
    flush with right margin
    last name page number (i.e. Smith 1)
  • 10. MLA Citing Sources
    Chapter 6 of 7th edition
    Parenthetical references in text (as opposed to endnotes or footnotes)
    Must clearly point to works listed in bibliography or works cited page
  • 11. MLA Citing Sources, cont.
    Use following format
    (author name page number)
    Remember, direct relation between your text and the parenthetical reference – no need to duplicate info
    Place them where a pause would naturally occur
    If they occur at the end of your sentence, period comes after parenthetical reference
  • 12. MLA Citing Sources, cont.
    Examples from handbook (216)
    Tannen has argued his point (178-85).
    This point has already been argued (Tannen 178-85).
  • 13. MLA Citing Sources, cont.
    Examples from handbook (216)
    Others, like Jakobson and Waugh (210-15), hold the opposite point of view.
    Others hold the opposite point of view (e.g. Jakobson and Waugh 210-15).
  • 14. MLA Citing Sources, cont.
    Examples from handbook (217)
    It may be true, as Robertson maintains, that “in the appreciation of medieval art the attitude of the observer is of primary importance…” (136).
    It may be true that “in the appreciation of art the attitude of the observer is of primary importance…” (Robertson 136).
  • 15. Quotations
    Chapter 3 of 7th edition (start page 92)
    If quote formally introduced, use colon
    If quote is integrated into a sentence, use comma or nothing
    Use double quotation marks for main quotes
    Use single quotation marks for quotes within quotes
    Short quotes vs. long quotes
    If quote is more than four lines long, offset it
    Maintain double spacing
    Indent 10 spaces from left margin
    Do not use quotation marks
    In this instance, the period will come before the parenthetical reference
  • 16. Quotations, cont.
    . . . (“three periods with a space before each and a space after the last”)
    Use when deleting words or truncating quotes
    Be fair to the original work (do not pervert its meaning)
    But also pay attention to the “grammatical integrity of your work”
    If the ellipsis is at the end of your sentence, use four periods
    Adding/Altering words
    Place new word or words in brackets []
    This signals to your reader that you have made a change to the source text
    Use when there is an error in the original source text that you have had to reproduce
  • 17. Works Cited Page
    Chapter 5 of 7th edition
    ALWAYS want to credit works that have directly or indirectly influenced your work or paper
    “Works Cited Page”
    Only list works that you have parenthetical references to in your paper text
    “Works Consulted Page”
    Acknowledge influence of a work, whether you have directly quoted from or paraphrased it or not
  • 18. Works Cited Page, cont.
    Alphabetize by author’s last name (or by title of work, if no author)
    Use letter-by-letter system (not word-by-word)
    Descartes, Rene
    De Sica, Vittorio
    Begin at left margin
    If the citation goes onto a second line, indent the second line by five spaces (hanging indent)
    Double space within and between entries
    Italicize titles (no underlining anymore)
  • 19. Understanding citation components
    Randall Library catalog record
    Database record
    Academic Search Premier
  • 20. Book by single author (nonperiodical)
    Author’s name. Title of book. Publication
    Chief source of information
    Title page
    Vogel, Michelle. Gene Tierney: A Biography.
    Jefferson, NC: McFarland, 2005. Print.
  • 21. Chapter from a book (nonperiodical)
    Franco, Veronica. “To the Painter Jacopo
    Tintoretto.” Poems and Selected Letters. Ed.
    and trans. Ann Rosalind Jones and Margaret F.
    Rosenthal. Chicago: U of Chicago P, 1998. 35-
    37. Print.
    Hansberry, Lorraine. A Raisin in the Sun. Black
    Theater: A Twentieth-Century Collection of the
    Work of Its Best Playwrights. Ed. Lindsay
    Patterson. New York: Dodd, 1971. 221-76. Print.
  • 22. No information available
    Use these abbreviations
    n.p. No place of publication given
    n.p. No publisher given
    n.d. No date of publication given
    n. pag. No pagination given
    Punctuate accordingly to differentiate
  • 23. Scholarly Periodical
    Author’s name. “Title of the article.” Publication
    Mann, Susan. “Myths of Asian
    Womanhood.” Journal of Asian Studies
    59.4 (2000): 835-62. Print.
  • 24. Article from a magazine
    Mehta, Pratap Bhanu. “Exploding Myths.”
    New Republic 6 June 1998: 17-19. Print.
    If article is not printed on consecutive pages, list only start page number, followed by a plus sign (e.g. 50+)
    “Do not give the volume and issue numbers, even if they are listed”
  • 25. Article from a database
    “Cooling Trend in Antarctica.” Futurist May-
    June 2002: 15. Academic Search
    Premier. Web. 22 May 2002.
  • 26. Website
    Name of author. Title of work (italicized, or in quotes if part of a larger work). Title of the overall site (italicized, if different from previous). Version or edition used. Publisher or sponsor of site, date of publication. Medium of publication (i.e. Web). Date of access. <Optional URL>.
    Example from handbook (186)
    Quade, Alex. “Elite Team Rescues Troops Behind Enemy Lines.” Cable News Network, 19 Mar. 2007. Web. 15 May 2008.
  • 27. Further information
    7th edition of MLA Style Guide
    University Learning Center: Writing Services
    NCSU Citation Builder
    OWL at Purdue
    Referencing in Microsoft Word 2007
  • 28. Any questions?