MLA 2009 Liza Palmer, Randall Library January 14, 2010
Liza’s Contact Info Office Hours: Randall #2080 M 3-5pm CAB #1048 W 4-5pm Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Phone: 910-962-4234 AIM: lizajpalmer http://library.uncw.edu/web/faculty/palmerl/index.html
Overview of Workshop MLA Style MLA Paper Format MLA Citing Sources Quotations Works Cited List (Works Consulted) Questions
Caveats MLA manual (7th edition) is always chief source of information Your professor grades your work – not me Recommendation that you work also with the University Learning Center
MLA Style Created by the Modern Language Association 7th edition Tends to be the default citation system Offers guidelines on the entire writing process
MLA Handbook Randall Library has multiple copies at the Reference Desk Call Number: LB2369 .G53 2009 Link: http://uncclc.coast.uncwil.edu/record=b2121197~S4 Randall Library has some older editions available to check out Online guide http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/747/01/
MLA Paper Format Chapter 4 of 7th edition Word process or type paper use standard font (like Times New Roman) and font size (12 point) do not justify your paper at the right margin turn off automatic hyphenation feature Use 8.5 x 11 paper
MLA Paper Format, cont. Margins one inch all the way around (N.B. this is not the default in Microsoft Word) indent the first word of every paragraph by one-half inch (or five spaces) indent offset quotes by one inch (10 spaces) Spacing double spaced throughout, including works cited page leave one space after a period (unless prof specifies two)
MLA Paper Format, cont. Heading & Title no title page instead, put name, instructor’s name, course number, and date at top of page – flush with left margin & double spaced after a double space, center your title – do not underline or put in quotes unless referencing a title Page Numbers flush with right margin last name page number (i.e. Smith 1) Example
MLA Citing Sources Chapter 6 of 7th edition Parenthetical references in text (as opposed to endnotes or footnotes) Used when PARAPHRASING and when DIRECTLY QUOTING Must clearly point to works listed in bibliography or works cited page
MLA Citing Sources, cont. Use following format (author name page number) http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/747/02/ Remember, direct relation between your text and the parenthetical reference – no need to duplicate info Place them where a pause would naturally occur If they occur at the end of your sentence, period comes after parenthetical reference
MLA Citing Sources, cont. Examples from handbook (216) Tannen has argued his point (178-85). This point has already been argued (Tannen 178-85).
MLA Citing Sources, cont. Examples from handbook (216) Others, like Jakobson and Waugh (210-15), hold the opposite point of view. Others hold the opposite point of view (e.g. Jakobson and Waugh 210-15).
MLA Citing Sources, cont. Examples from handbook (217) It may be true, as Robertson maintains, that “in the appreciation of medieval art the attitude of the observer is of primary importance…” (136). It may be true that “in the appreciation of art the attitude of the observer is of primary importance…” (Robertson 136).
Quotations Chapter 3 of 7th edition (start page 92) Punctuation If quote formally introduced, use colon If quote is integrated into a sentence, use comma or nothing Use double quotation marks for main quotes Use single quotation marks for quotes within quotes Short quotes vs. long quotes If quote is more than four lines long, offset it Maintain double spacing Indent 10 spaces from left margin Do not use quotation marks In this instance, the period will come before the parenthetical reference
Quotations, cont. Ellipsis . . . (“three periods with a space before each and a space after the last”) Use when deleting words or truncating quotes Be fair to the original work (do not pervert its meaning) But also pay attention to the “grammatical integrity of your work” If the ellipsis is at the end of your sentence, use four periods Adding/Altering words Place new word or words in brackets  This signals to your reader that you have made a change to the source text [sic] Use when there is an error in the original source text that you have had to reproduce
Works Cited Page Chapter 5 of 7th edition ALWAYS want to credit works that have directly or indirectly influenced your work or paper “Works Cited Page” Only list works that you have parenthetical references to in your paper text “Works Consulted Page” Acknowledge influence of a work, whether you have directly quoted from or paraphrased it or not
Works Cited Page, cont. Format Alphabetize by author’s last name (or by title of work, if no author) Use letter-by-letter system (not word-by-word) Descartes, Rene De Sica, Vittorio Begin at left margin If the citation goes onto a second line, indent the second line by five spaces (hanging indent) Double space within and between entries Italicize titles (no underlining anymore)
Understanding citation components Randall Library catalog record http://uncclc.coast.uncwil.edu/record=b1727512 Database record Academic Search Premier http://0-search.ebscohost.com.uncclc.coast.uncwil.edu/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=24910689&site=ehost-live
Book by single author (nonperiodical) Format Author’s name. Title of book. Publication information. Chief source of information Title page Example Vogel, Michelle. Gene Tierney: A Biography. Jefferson, NC: McFarland, 2005. Print.
Chapter from a book (nonperiodical) Examples Franco, Veronica. “To the Painter Jacopo Tintoretto.” Poems and Selected Letters. Ed. and trans. Ann Rosalind Jones and Margaret F. Rosenthal. Chicago: U of Chicago P, 1998. 35- 37. Print. Hansberry, Lorraine. A Raisin in the Sun. Black Theater: A Twentieth-Century Collection of the Work of Its Best Playwrights. Ed. Lindsay Patterson. New York: Dodd, 1971. 221-76. Print.
No information available Use these abbreviations n.p. No place of publication given n.p. No publisher given n.d. No date of publication given n. pag. No pagination given Punctuate accordingly to differentiate
Scholarly Periodical Format Author’s name. “Title of the article.” Publication information. Example Mann, Susan. “Myths of Asian Womanhood.” Journal of Asian Studies 59.4 (2000): 835-62. Print.
Article from a magazine Example Mehta, Pratap Bhanu. “Exploding Myths.” New Republic 6 June 1998: 17-19. Print. NOTE If article is not printed on consecutive pages, list only start page number, followed by a plus sign (e.g. 50+) “Do not give the volume and issue numbers, even if they are listed”
Article from a database Example “Cooling Trend in Antarctica.” Futurist May- June 2002: 15. Academic Search Premier. Web. 22 May 2002.
Website Format Name of author. Title of work (italicized, or in quotes if part of a larger work). Title of the overall site (italicized, if different from previous). Version or edition used. Publisher or sponsor of site, date of publication. Medium of publication (i.e. Web). Date of access. <Optional URL>. Example from handbook (186) Quade, Alex. “Elite Team Rescues Troops Behind Enemy Lines.” CNN.com. Cable News Network, 19 Mar. 2007. Web. 15 May 2008.
Further information 7th edition of MLA Style Guide University Learning Center: Writing Services http://www.uncw.edu/stuaff/uls/writing.htm NCSU Citation Builder http://www.lib.ncsu.edu/lobo2/citationbuilder/citationbuilder.php OWL at Purdue http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/747/01/ Referencing in Microsoft Word 2007 http://www.fgcu.edu/support/office2007/word/references.asp