1. intro to computers
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  • 1. 1. Introduction to Computers M. Shakeel Anjum [msa.courses@gmail.com] Department of Business Management Sciences University of Agriculture, Faisalabad
  • 2. Introduction to the Course
    • Acquiring the basic knowledge of Computer system, Hardware Components and Software Packages
    • Using Windows Operating system
    • Using Microsoft Office
    • Using Internet in Daily Life
    • Perform basic Windows administration
    • Basic knowledge of Computer Networks
  • 3. Evolution of Computing Devices
    • 1833, Design of Analytical Engine
    • 1939, ABC (First Electronic Computer)
    • 1943, Harward-Mark-1 (Based upon the design of Analytical Engine)
    • 1946, ENIAC (For US Military, consisting of 19000 Vacuum Tubes, Dimensions 9’x200’)
    • 1951, UNIVAC (First Commercial Computer)
    • 1971, Intel-4004 (First Microprocessor as powerful as ENIAC, Computes 2000 instructions/second)
    • 1981, IBM-PC shipped with MS-DOS
    • 1984, Apple-MAC shipped with GUI
  • 4. What is a Computer?
    • [Norton] An Electronic Device that processes Data and converts it into Information that is useful for People
  • 5. Parts of Computer System
    • Hardware – Physical parts of the computer
    • Software – Instructions to the computer
    • Data – Raw facts the computer can manipulate
    • People – also known as users
  • 6. Parts of Computer System
  • 7. Computer Hardware
    • Physical components of the computer
    • Any part of the computer you can touch
      • Processor
      • Memory
      • Input and Output Devices
      • Storage Devices
  • 8. Computer Hardware Output Storage Input Processor Input and Output Memory
  • 9. Computer Software
    • Electronic Instructions to the computer. Also known as a ‘program’.
    • These Instructions are written in some language which computer can understand. E.g.
      • Assembly Language
      • Java
      • C++
      • Visual Basic
      • VB.Net, etc.
  • 10. Types of Computer Software
    • System Software
    • Application Software
    • Both works together to produce useful output.
  • 11. System Software
    • Operating Systems
      • MS DOS, Windows 9x, NT, Vista, 7
      • IBM OS/2, OS 390/400
      • Apple MAC
      • Linux / Unix
      • Google Chrome OS
      • MAC OS-X, Android, Symbian
    • Disk Utilities
      • Fdisk, PartitionMagic
    Microsoft Windows Linux Apple Mac
  • 12. Application Software
    • ERP
    • MIS
    • CRM
    • Word Processing
    • Spreadsheets
    • Presentation
    • Databases
    • Graphics
    • Multimedia
    • Games
    • Anti Virus
    • Firewalls
    • Communications
    • Project Management
    • Mission Critical System
    • Decision Support System
    • Productivity Software
    • Entertainment Software
  • 13. Productivity Software Packages
    • Word Processing
    • Spreadsheets
    • Presentation
    • Databases
    • Desktop Publishers
    • Website Builder
    • Project Management
    • Emailing
    • Instant Messengers
  • 14. Word Processing
  • 15. Spreadsheets
  • 16. Presentations
  • 17. Databases
  • 18. Desktop Publisher
  • 19. Website Builder
  • 20. Project Management
  • 21. Emailing
  • 22. Instant Messengers
  • 23. Types of Computers
    • Supercomputer
    • Mainframe Computer
    • Minicomputer
    • Microcomputer
  • 24. Supercomputers Columbia Sequioa
  • 25. Mainframe Computers IBM VAX II IBM 704
  • 26. Minicomputers IBM MicroVax Shuttle XPC
  • 27. Microcomputers
  • 28. Microcomputers
  • 29. Two Computer Giants Steve Jobs Bill Gates
  • 30. Who Uses Computers?
    • Military
    • Scientists
    • Doctors
    • Educators
    • Engineers
    • Architects
    • Businesses
    • Developers
    • Designers
    • Musicians
    • Filmmakers
    • Bankers
    • Stock Ex.
    • Stores/Malls
  • 31. Computer Setup in Today’s Business Manager CEO Salesman Salesman Salesman Salesman Salesman Mainframe Internet
  • 32. Computer Usage at Stock Exchange
  • 33. A Militant’s Computer
  • 34. A Robodoc at Cardiographic Surgery
  • 35. CAD Applications for Architects
  • 36. Computers in Software Development
  • 37.
    • List the four parts of a computer system.
    • Identify four kinds of computer hardware.
    • List the two major categories of software and exemplify each
    • List some of the productivity software packages
    • List the four most common types of computers available today
    • List some of the professions in which computers are routinely used and their effect on day-to-day work
    Lecture Review