Nuclear by RANA SAIFULLAH KHAN

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Nuclear power plant lecture 1

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Nuclear by RANA SAIFULLAH KHAN

  1. 1. NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS • COST- SITE SELECTION • SAFETY- TO AVOID POPULATION DENSITY- INTERFERANCE WITH OTHER BUILDING/ ACTIVITY • PROFILERATION- TO DENY ACCESS TO UNWANTED PERSONNEL • WASTE-IS STORED IN • BOROSILICATE GLASS AND THEN STORING IN LEAK TIGHT CAPSULES. THESE CAPSULES ARE STORED IN DEEP SALT MINES OR WELLS DRILLED IN OCEAN FLOORS. • LIQUID EFFLUENTS- PERSONNEL CLOTHINGS PASSED THROUGH ION EXCHANGE RESINS • GASEOUS EFFLUENTS-99 % OF 10 MICRON PARTICLES THROUGH FILTRATIONS
  2. 2. URANIUM
  3. 3. • GASEOUS DIFFUSION METHOD • ULTRA CENTRIFUGES • THERMAL DIFFUSION • ELECTROMAGNETIC DIFFUSION • URANIUM+ HYDRO FLOURIC ACID • URANIUM HEXAFLOURIDE WITH MORE % OF U 235. • CALCIUM + FLOURIDE AND REST IS ENRICHED URANIUM.
  4. 4. FUEL RODS
  5. 5. COMPONENTS
  6. 6. REACTOR CORE
  7. 7. ENERGY CALCULATIONS • HOW much electric energy could theoretically be produced by the destruction of 1 g of matter? • What is the energy equivalence of 1 amu? • What are the total binding energy and the binding energy per nucleon for the 8 O 16 isotope? • How much power is generated by fissioning of 1 g of U235 per day?
  8. 8. ASSIGNMENT • THE RATING OF A NUCLEAR POWER PLANT FOR SUBMARINE IS 5 MW. OVERALL EFFICIENCY IS 30 %. FUEL IS U 235. FIND THE AMOUNT OF NATURAL URANIUM NEEDED TO GENERATE THIS POWER IF THE AVERAGE ENERGY RELEASE PER FISSION FOR THIS FUEL IS 190 Mev?
  9. 9. NUMERICAL

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