Transcript of "How to Create a Learning Managment System"
If you are an educator or business trainer, youhave probably heard all the talk about......21st Century Schools Social Software and e-Learning
When the buzz dies down and its time to dosomething for your organization, what do youwant from an online learning system? Easy creation of courses from existing resources? Course content which can be re-used with different learners, including content from other vendors. Learner involvement? Enrollment and learner authentication which is simple yet secure? Intuitive online learner and teacher management features? An active support community to help solve problems and generate new ideas? Affordability?
Introducing...... Moodle!Moodle is an alternative to proprietary commercial online learning solutions,and is distributed free under open source licensing. An organization hascomplete access to the source code and can make changes if needed.Moodle’s modular design makes it easy to create new courses, addingcontent that will engage learners.modular object-oriented dynamiclearning environment Many schools such as UCLA have extensively used Moodle to power their courses.
Moodle ArchitectureActivities are at the heart of a course managementsystem. Moodle was designed by an educator andcomputer scientist, with “social constructionist” principlesin mind. “Constructionism asserts that learning is Martin Dougiamasparticularly effective when constructing something for Creator & Lead Developerothers to experience. This can be anything from aspoken sentence or an internet posting, to more complexartifacts like a painting, a house or a software package.The concept of social constructivism extends the aboveideas into a social group constructing things for oneanother, collaboratively creating a small culture ofshared artifacts with shared meanings. When one isimmersed within a culture like this, one is learning all thetime about how to be a part of that culture, on manylevels.”
Promoting Learner Involvement“A constructivist perspective views learners as activelyengaged in making meaning, and teaching with thatapproach looks for what students can analyze, investigate,collaborate, share, build and generate based on what theyalready know, rather than what facts, skills, and processesthey can parrot. Some of the tenets of constructivism inpedagogical terms include:” Students come to class with an established world-view, formed by years of prior experience and learning. Even as it evolves, a student’s world-view filters all experiences and affects their interpretations of observations. For students to change their world-view requires work. Students learn from each other as well as the teacher. Students learn better by doing. Allowing and creating opportunities for all to have a voice promotes the construction of new ideas.
Moodle has a "modular" design so adding the activities that form a course is a simple process:Getting Started 1. Click the "Turn editing on" button at the top right of the course page. 2. Select an activity from the "Add an activity" dropdown menu. The resource menu enables teachers to add a page, link, and more. The activity menu allows teachers to add assignments, lessons, and more.
Course Management Features - ModulesAssignmentUsed to assign online or offline tasks; learnerscan submit tasks in any file format (e.g. MSOffice, PDF, image, a/v etc.).ChatAllows real-time synchronous communicationby learners.ChoiceInstructors create a question and a numberof choices for learners; results are posted Teachers can enter a description of the assignment andfor learners to view. Use this module to set how many points it is worth.do quick surveys on subject matter.DatabaseAllows the teacher and/or students to build, display and search a bank ofrecord entries about any conceivable topic.
Course Management Features - ModulesForumsThreaded discussion boards for asynchronous group exchange on sharedsubject matter. Participation in forums can be an integral part of thelearning experience, helping students define and evolve theirunderstanding of subject matter.Students are able to communicate amongst each other with the discussion board.
Course Management Features - ModulesGlossaryCreate a glossary of terms used in acourse. Has display format optionsincluding entry list, encyclopedia, FAQ,dictionary style and more.LabelAdd descriptions with images in any areaof the course homepage.LessonAllows instructor to create and manage aset of linked "Pages". Each page can endwith a question. The student chooses oneanswer from a set of answers and either Students are presented with an easy to use interface whilegoes forward, backward or stays in the browsing glossary words.same place in the lesson.
Course Management Features - ModulesQuizCreate all the familiar forms of assessment including true-false, multiple choice,short answer, matching question, random questions, numerical questions,embedded answer questions with descriptive text and graphics. Teachers have the ability to create many types of quizzes. They also are able to import questions from a variety of sources.
Course Management Features - ModulesResourceThe primary tool for bringing content into acourse; may be plain text, uploaded files,links to the web, Wiki or Rich Text (Moodlehas built-in text editors) or a bibliographytype reference.SurveyThis module aids an instructor in makingonline classes more effective by offering avariety of surveys (COLLES, ATTLS),including critical incident sampling.WorkshopAn activity for peer assessment ofdocuments (Word, PP etc.) that studentssubmit online. Participants can assess eachother’s project. Teacher makes final studentassessment, and can control opening andclosing periods. Moodle supports adding math expressions to a Resource activity, using the built-in HTML editor.
Learner Management FeaturesCreating learning content is only part of what a goodcourse management system (CMS) must do. TheCMS must manage learners in a variety of ways.Learner management includes: Access to information about learners in a course. Ability to segment participants into groups. Site, course and user calendar event scheduling. And so much more…e.g. applying scales to different learner activities, managing grades, tracking user access logs and uploading external files for use within the course etc.
Learner Management Features – ParticipantsOne click and you can view activity from all participantsenrolled in the course. Learners create a personal profilethat can include a picture, helping connect studentssocially in the online learning community. Learners complete a personal profile page that helps build the online learning community. Adding a picture and details to the profile creates a social connection.
Learner Management Features - GroupsAssigning learners to a group is a common practice ineducation and business. Moodle allows the courseinstructor to easily create group categories, anddetermine how members will interact with each otherand within various activities. Creating distinct group names is easy. Learners and teachers are assigned to a group by clicking a single button.
Learner Management Features - CalendarKeeping a calendar of events is important to both the learnerand course instructor. Events can be created for differentcategories, including: Global events that appear in all courses (system admin). Course events set by an instructor. Group events set by instructor relative only to a group. User events set by learner (e.g. due dates, personal etc.).Upcoming Events appear on the course homepage, alerting thelearner across all courses they are enrolled in of differentcategory events. Alerts are color-coded by category.
Learner Management Features - RolesRoles for specific participants can be defined for each course An admin account controls the creation of courses and creates teachers by assigning users to courses. Course creators can create courses, teach in them, and assign others to teacher roles. Teachers are a role in a specific course. Non-editing teacher roles are available for adjuncts, and part- time tutors.
Learner Management Features - Blogs Blogs in Moodle are user based - each user has their own Blog. Admins, teachers, and students can create Tags - Admins can create site level tags, teachers can create Course level tags, and students can create their own list of tags. When a blog entry is created, a user can select which tags they wish to associate with their new entry. Multiple tags can be selected. Users can also select who they want the blog entry to be available to (depending on the blog visibility site setting).Users can attach files toBlog posts. These postsare in HTML format,enabled users to insertimages.
Learner Management Features – AdminThe Administration control panel puts all important learnermanagement functions a single click away. Teachers andStudents can be manually enrolled or removed from a course.Configuration of course Backup and Restore is achieved on asingle screen. Restoring an existing course or Uploading a file archive from storage is accomplished with a single mouse click. Moodle makes it easy to re-use and share courses with other teachers. Backup can include or exclude student files and course data.
Learner Management Features - ScalesInstructors may define custom Scales to be used for gradingForums and Assignments. Standard scales include assigninga value from 1-100% for each submission (or no grade), andindicating whether the learner was demonstrating one of threecharacteristics in the activity: Shows mostly CONNECTED knowing. Shows mostly SEPARATE knowing. Equally separate and connected. Custom scales allow the instructor to fine tune their grading for specific content. Easily create several types of scales, and connect them with different activities you Add to the course.
Learner Management Features - Grades The Grades feature in Moodle provides a quick view of all Forum, Assignment, Quiz, Lesson and Workshop grades. The grading scale applied to a learner’s submission is shown, along with a cumulative total, on a single page.Grades can also be downloaded in Excel or plain text for inclusion into an existing electronic gradebook.
Learner Management Features - GradesViewing Assignment submissions and adding Grades andcomments, are done from a single page that displays allenrolled students. Managing student submissions are done from one central screen. This cuts down on the time it takes to assess many students work.
Learner Management Features - LogsMonitor when and what course resources the learner hasaccessed. Moodles Logs provide detailed learner activity. Logs can be accessed from the “Reports” section.Logs pin-point when actions are done. Easily locate specific course, student, date and moduleactivity access.
Learner Management Features - FilesCentrally locate all course resources within the Files areaof Moodle so they are available when creating newactivities. Files storage area resembles your computer, making it easy to add, move, zip and delete resources.
Learner Management Features - HelpAn extensive Moodle Help file is a button click away. Coursesinclude a Teacher only forum, where colleagues cancollaborate on tasks and share ideas. These buttons appear throughout your Moodle and leads to a help article regarding the topic. The help files cover a variety of topics and can be accessed by clicking the yellow button such as the one above.
Learner Experience - LoginLearners find it easy to navigate a Moodle coursehomepage in their browser; intuitive “breadcrumb”links are always present. Login occurs on a familiarscreen. Initial account set up may be handled by thelearner or administrator. Navigation bar provides breadcrumb links from course homepage to activities.
Learner Experience – Enrollment KeysInstructors can require an “enrollment key” to allowparticipation in a class. Enrollment keys are providedto learners separately from the log in process.Courses requiring an enrollment key are indicated in“Course categories” description. Course category displays descriptions of each course. Symbols on description page indicate when a course requires an enrollment key and allows Guest entry. Students see a list of courses they are enrolled in (My courses) on site homepage after login.
Learner Experience – 24/7/365 Anywhere!Learners can login any time, anywhere to interact withcoursework, and can specify the Time Zone andLanguage they wish to use. Moodle has interfacesupport for over 70 languages. Learners can select from 70 languages at Login
Learner Experience – E-Mail NotificationWhen learners “subscribe” to forums they are notified by e-mailof new postings. Additionally, instructors can set e-mailnotification for assignments.Rich text e-mail is sent to each learner “subscribed” to different Forums.
Who is Using Moodle?Over 37250 organizations in 204 countries had registered Moodlesites by January 2008 (http://moodle.org/sites). This number isgrowing by about 10% each month as educators and trainers learnthe value of implementing open source Moodle.Moodle is an ideal online learning solution for: K-12 Schools Colleges Universities Governmental Agencies "My first live class just ended and it was a tremendous success, both in the behavior of the program and the Businesses quality and longevity of my participants. Moodle has been terrific to work with. Somehow it doesnt seem to Trade Associations be as tedious to work with as other courseware programs such as Blackboard and WebCT." Hospitals Libraries - Paula Edmiston, Trainer Employment Agencies
Who Will Help You Use Moodle?Hundreds of knowledgeable open-source users have joined with Moodledevelopers in a community of learners. Meet a few new friends!
Why Not Try Moodle Right Now?If your organization is ready or needs to support anonline learning population, here is an opportunity totake your research to the next level. These Moodlesites are open for you to explore either as a learner,or teacher with course creator privileges.Free software, community, information: http://moodle.org/Commercial support and other services: http://moodle.com/Moodle demonstration site: http://demo.moodle.org/Moodle documentation: http://docs.moodle.org/
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