Quoting, paraphrasing, and summarizing notes copyPresentation Transcript
Prepared by: Ms. Marj Gomez
When do we quote? In literary analysis paper In research papers
Adapted from the poem, “Unmitigated Hatred”I used to love himbut I had to kill himThrow him into the seaNever to surface againIn writing:In lines 1 to 4, illustrate the abhorrence thepersona has for the lover, given the words “Iused to…”
One should quote when: to show that an authority supports your point e.g. Similar to the idea stressed by Gomez (2012), writing is … to present a position or argument to critique or comment on e.g. Although Gomez (2012) stated that… this research say otherwise given the participants and site involved in the study. to present a particularly well-stated passage whose meaning would be lost or changed if paraphrased or summarized
Quoting, Paraphrasing, and Summarizing? Quotations must be identical to the original, must match the source document word for word; must be attributed to the original author
Why Paraphrase?1. The passage is too long to use as a quotation and you dont want to be accused of plagiarizing.2. The register of the writing is not suitable (for example informal rather than formal).3. The language is not suitable for your target audience (difficult to understand).
Sample text: How do you go about building a tech city? One thingyouve gotta have is the proper tude’. Silicon Valleys mostvaluable asset is its mind-set, a powerful merging of twobehavioral strains: the macho, riverboat-gambler swaggerof the original chipmakers who thought nothing of bettingthe company on a risky new idea, and the gentlysubversive high-tech idealism of early computer hackers.The resulting intellectual alloy counts you as a sellout ifyou dont try to make yourself a billionaire.Adapted from: Levy, S. (1998) The Hot New Tech Cities, Newsweek, Nov. 1998. http://newsweek.com/nw-srv/issue/19_98b/printed/int/wb/bz0119_1.htm
Suggested paraphrase apt for Academic Writing: It is the lack of these attitudes, especially insocieties outside the US, which may hold similarventures back. The very qualities upon whichSilicon valley is based, for example risk taking, jobmobility and lack of strict work hierarchy, may beprecisely the reverse of cherished values in moretraditional societies (Levy, 1998).
Quoting, Paraphrasing, and Summarizing? Paraphrasing in academic writing, is an effective way to restate, condense, or clarify another authors ideas while also providing credibility to your own argument or analysis
Reminders when paraphrasing: Reread the original passage you wish to paraphrase Write out the authors idea, in your own words, as if you were explaining it to your instructor or classmate Ask oneself: Have I accurately addressed the authors ideas in a new way that is unique to my writing style and scholarly voice? Have I tried to replicate the authors idea or have I simply changed words around in his/her original sentence(s)?
Sample Original Text: Differentiation as an instructionalapproach promotes a balance between astudents style and a students ability.Differentiated instruction provides the studentwith options for processing and internalizingthe content, and for constructing new learningin order to progress academically.
Bad Paraphrasing:Differentiation is a way to Differentiation as anencourage equality between instructional approachthe approach and talent of promotes a balance between a students stylethe student (Thompson, and a students ability.2009). This type of Differentiated instructioninstruction gives students provides the student withdifferent ways to deal with options for processing andand grasp information, and internalizing the content, and for constructing newfor establishing new learning learning in order toto move on in education progress academically.(Thompson, 2009).
Recommended Paraphrase:Teachers use Differentiation is a way todifferentiated encourage equality betweeninstruction to help the approach and talent of the student (Thompson,students learn, 2009). This type ofallowing the teacher instruction gives studentsto cater lessons to the different ways to deal withway each student and grasp information, andlearns and each for establishing new learning to move on in educationstudents skill (Thompson, 2009).(Thompson, 2009).
Quoting, Paraphrasing, and Summarizing? Summarizing involves putting the main idea(s) into your own words, including only the main point(s) attributes summarized ideas to the original source. has shorter take than the original has broad overview of the source material
Which is longer?Paraphrase or Summary?
Bottom Line: to paraphrase means to express someone elses ideas in your own language. to summarize means to distill only the most essential points of someone elses work.