Code of Practice                      and   Ethical Dilemmas       T.Y. LEE, Fieldwork Coordinator BSW1999                ...
The Code of Practice for Registered   Social Workers in Hong Kong       Prepared by       The Hong Kong Social       Worke...
The Code of Practice       is an operational statement of       the central values of the social       work profession.   ...
Contents of the Code of   Practice    1. Basic values and beliefs    2. Principles of practice1999       T.Y. LEE      4
Principles of Practice       Personal Conduct       Clients       Colleagues       Agency       Profession1999       Socie...
Violation of the Code of Practice       may lead to failure in fieldwork       assessment       if a placement student bre...
What is an ethical dilemma? It is   a Conflict between ...       one’s personal and professional values       two values/e...
Can ethical dilemma be avoided?       You can   avoid ethical       dilemmas! But...       You cannot completely       avo...
You can avoid ethical dilemmas!   An Example       Your placement is in a school, you should       give prior thought to h...
You cannot completely avoid   ethical dilemmas!       It is best to prepare yourself for       them       by examining you...
What are the behaviors that       will almost always be viewed as       unethical?1999                T.Y. LEE         11
Sexual intimacy with clients1999        T.Y. LEE       12
Libeling or slandering a client1999        T.Y. LEE        13
Sharing confidences without   compelling professional reasons1999        T.Y. LEE        14
Assaulting, causing physical   injuries, or placing clients in danger1999          T.Y. LEE            15
Discriminatory practices1999       T.Y. LEE     16
Withdrawing services precipitously   (abandoning a client)1999         T.Y. LEE          17
Failure to warn and protect the   victim of a violent crime1999         T.Y. LEE         18
Failure to exercise reasonable   precautions with a potentially   suicidal client1999         T.Y. LEE         19
Promising “cures” for problems1999        T.Y. LEE        20
How do I avoid rushing   into ethical dilemmas?       Develop a working knowledge       of the Code of Practice       (by ...
How do I                   resolve      ethical   dilemmas?       The first step is recognizing the problem       and iden...
Make sure you are constantly keeping in       mind the mission of the profession and       observing the client’s right to...
The priority ranking of ethical  principles (Lowenberg and Dolgoff ,1992) An  approach for ordering social work values tha...
How do I know whether I am   doing the right thing?       It is not always possible to know,       but there is a greater ...
A Decision-Making Model: 5   Steps (M.V. Joseph, 1983)       1. definition of the dilemma,1999           T.Y. LEE         26
A Decision-Making Model: 5   Steps (M.V. Joseph, 1983).       looking at all the       relevant facts       and developing...
A Decision-Making Model: 5   Steps (M.V. Joseph, 1983)                     3. consideration of                     practic...
A Decision-Making Model: 5   Steps (M.V. Joseph, 1983)       4. developing options,       exploring       compromises,    ...
A Decision-Making Model: 5   Steps (M.V. Joseph, 1983)       5. choosing a       position       that you can       defend....
The End       Read the Code of Practice and          keep a copy while you                 practice1999                T.Y...
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Field6 code1188

  1. 1. Code of Practice and Ethical Dilemmas T.Y. LEE, Fieldwork Coordinator BSW1999 T.Y. LEE 1
  2. 2. The Code of Practice for Registered Social Workers in Hong Kong Prepared by The Hong Kong Social Workers Registration Board1999 T.Y. LEE 2
  3. 3. The Code of Practice is an operational statement of the central values of the social work profession. Social work students should be thoroughly familiar with it. Represents standards of ethical behavior for social workers.1999 T.Y. LEE 3
  4. 4. Contents of the Code of Practice 1. Basic values and beliefs 2. Principles of practice1999 T.Y. LEE 4
  5. 5. Principles of Practice Personal Conduct Clients Colleagues Agency Profession1999 Society T.Y. LEE 5
  6. 6. Violation of the Code of Practice may lead to failure in fieldwork assessment if a placement student breaches the Code, when evidence for the malpractice is upheld, his/her fieldwork will be given a failure or zero mark1999 T.Y. LEE 6
  7. 7. What is an ethical dilemma? It is a Conflict between ... one’s personal and professional values two values/ethical principles two possible actions each with reasons strongly favorable and unfavorable two unsatisfactory alternatives one’s values/principles and one’s perceived role the need to act and the need to reflect1999 T.Y. LEE 7
  8. 8. Can ethical dilemma be avoided? You can avoid ethical dilemmas! But... You cannot completely avoid ethical dilemmas!1999 T.Y. LEE 8
  9. 9. You can avoid ethical dilemmas! An Example Your placement is in a school, you should give prior thought to how you would respond when a child reveals abuse or neglect. Find out how your field instructor wants you to handle these situations. What information does the school expect you will share with concerned teachers? The principal?1999 T.Y. LEE 9
  10. 10. You cannot completely avoid ethical dilemmas! It is best to prepare yourself for them by examining your own values from time to time and learning all you can about: how past ethical problems in your placement settings were resolved.1999 T.Y. LEE 10
  11. 11. What are the behaviors that will almost always be viewed as unethical?1999 T.Y. LEE 11
  12. 12. Sexual intimacy with clients1999 T.Y. LEE 12
  13. 13. Libeling or slandering a client1999 T.Y. LEE 13
  14. 14. Sharing confidences without compelling professional reasons1999 T.Y. LEE 14
  15. 15. Assaulting, causing physical injuries, or placing clients in danger1999 T.Y. LEE 15
  16. 16. Discriminatory practices1999 T.Y. LEE 16
  17. 17. Withdrawing services precipitously (abandoning a client)1999 T.Y. LEE 17
  18. 18. Failure to warn and protect the victim of a violent crime1999 T.Y. LEE 18
  19. 19. Failure to exercise reasonable precautions with a potentially suicidal client1999 T.Y. LEE 19
  20. 20. Promising “cures” for problems1999 T.Y. LEE 20
  21. 21. How do I avoid rushing into ethical dilemmas? Develop a working knowledge of the Code of Practice (by necessity they cannot be specific to every possible ethics violation) By anticipating likely trouble spots before they occur.1999 T.Y. LEE 21
  22. 22. How do I resolve ethical dilemmas? The first step is recognizing the problem and identifying the source of the conflict. You also must keep all parties informed of your legal and ethical obligations. Engage clients or involved parties in dialogue, and brainstorm the “best” course of action.1999 T.Y. LEE 22
  23. 23. Make sure you are constantly keeping in mind the mission of the profession and observing the client’s right to self- determination. If you are still unclear about what to do, discuss the situation with your field instructor. Protect the identity of the client if necessary, and present the situation as a “hypothetical” case if you need external help.1999 T.Y. LEE 23
  24. 24. The priority ranking of ethical principles (Lowenberg and Dolgoff ,1992) An approach for ordering social work values that might help you get off the “horns of a dilemma.” Protection of life Equality Autonomy and freedom Least harm Quality of life Privacy and confidentiality Truthfulness and full disclosure1999 T.Y. LEE 24
  25. 25. How do I know whether I am doing the right thing? It is not always possible to know, but there is a greater chance that we can feel good about the decision we have to make if we go through a deliberate process where we examine our values, seek additional information, and1999 consult others. T.Y. LEE 25
  26. 26. A Decision-Making Model: 5 Steps (M.V. Joseph, 1983) 1. definition of the dilemma,1999 T.Y. LEE 26
  27. 27. A Decision-Making Model: 5 Steps (M.V. Joseph, 1983). looking at all the relevant facts and developing valid arguments for various courses of action,1999 T.Y. LEE 27
  28. 28. A Decision-Making Model: 5 Steps (M.V. Joseph, 1983) 3. consideration of practice wisdom, personal beliefs and values, and how these might influence the final decision,1999 T.Y. LEE 28
  29. 29. A Decision-Making Model: 5 Steps (M.V. Joseph, 1983) 4. developing options, exploring compromises, evaluating alternatives in an attempt to find a course of action with the least negative effects, and1999 T.Y. LEE 29
  30. 30. A Decision-Making Model: 5 Steps (M.V. Joseph, 1983) 5. choosing a position that you can defend.1999 T.Y. LEE 30
  31. 31. The End Read the Code of Practice and keep a copy while you practice1999 T.Y. LEE 31
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