Male infertility


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all that you need to know about male infertility

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Male infertility

  1. 1. DEPARTMENT OF UROLOGY EDUCATION. MALE INFERTILITY Production Team Dr Abraham Benjamin - Manager Medical Informatics Mr. Naresh Kumar - Coordinator Medical Informatics
  2. 2. What does it mean??  Infertility is defined as a disease of the reproductive system that impairs the body's ability to perform the basic function of reproduction.  It should not be confused with Impotence which is the inability to achieve or maintain an erection long enough to engage in sexual intercourse.
  3. 3. Who is affected by Infertility??  Infertility affects about 10 percent of couples of childbearing age.  Infertility is not just a woman's concern.  About one-third of infertility can be attributed to male alone factors and about one-third to female alone factors.
  4. 4. What is Male Factor??  Infertility is often believed to be a woman's problem. However, studies indicate that 35% of infertility is related to male factor problems.  Such as structural abnormalities, sperm production disorders, ejaculatory disturbances and immunologic disorders.  When a male is forced to contend with male factor infertility, he is facing an emotional journey. A man often associates his sense of masculinity with the ability to conceive a child.
  5. 5. What are the risk factors for Men regarding Infertility??  History of prostatitis, genital infection, testicular trauma or torsion.  History of precocious puberty (puberty occurring at a young age) or delayed puberty (puberty occurring at an older age).
  6. 6. What are the risk factors for Men regarding Infertility??  Exposure to toxic substances or hazards on the job, such as lead, cadmium, mercury, ethylene oxide, vinyl chloride, radioactivity, and x-ray.  Cigarettes, tobacco or marijuana smoke.  Heavy alcohol consumption.
  7. 7.  Exposure of the genitals to high temperatures especially workers near furnaces, soaking in hot water bath for a long time everyday.  Surgical injury to vas especially after inguinal hernia repair on both sides.  Undescended testicles. What are the risk factors for Men regarding Infertility??
  8. 8. What are the Causes of Infertility??  Infectious diseases such as mumps .  Pituitary problems.  Immunological disorders in which some men produce antibodies to their own sperms.
  9. 9. What are the Causes of Infertility??  Environmental and lifestyle factors like tobacco, alcohol, stress at work or home.  Genetic diseases.  Anatomical abnormalities.
  10. 10. What are the Causes of Infertility??  Inability to deliver sperms into the female genital tract, which could be caused by impotence or vaginismus.  Chronic liver disease.  Chronic Renal disease.
  11. 11. How to diagnose the Problem??  Medical history.  If a couple wishing to have a child and is practicing unprotected intercourse for a year without success the couple should see a specialist in Infertility and sexual dysfunction clinic.  For more information Click on the link below: dysfunction-clinic.html
  12. 12. Superior and Compassionate care