How to motivate our students to learn?
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How to motivate our students to learn?

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How to motivate our students to learn? How to motivate our students to learn? Document Transcript

  • INTRODUCTIONWhen I ask some people ‘what is motivation?’, they give different definitions.They havedifferent personalities and different needs and I think that’s why they give different definitionsfor motivation.However, no matter what are their personalities or needs,the definitions theygive are like the arms of a river.Exactly,we do know motivation,but in terms of its being used asa facilitator to achieve goals,I can’t say the same thing.I have been educated by many teachersuntil now and I have experienced their ways of motivating students.Some of them just lookdirectly into the student’s eyes while some of them threat students withgrade.Furthermore,some of them even use punishment like getting student out ofclassroom,waiting student in front of the classroom on just one of his/her her foot.Sometimesthey call for parental meeting so that the student can be punished or warned by his/herparents.The teachers sometimes use their voice as a gun.I mean they use their voice forshouting.In addition,some teachers are flexible in their teaching.They act in the way studentswant.I can give many other examples,but there is no point in mentioning all about.The teachersthat act as above may think taht they do well in this way,buut I don’t think so.When they doso,the situation get worse.They are unaware of the fact that punishment is a negative motivatorand people perform at alevel just sufficient to avoid punishment.What about you? Do you thinkthat you have different styles for motivating your students? If you have different objectivesfrom the ones taht I have already listed and if you think punishment is a negative motivator,Ithink you are in the right way and you can do well for your students.Now let’s have look what ismotivation and what it means for our teaching.MOTIVATIONMotivation is the force that initiates,guides and maintains goal - oriented behaviors.It iswhat causes us to take action,whether to grab a snack to reduce hunger or enroll in college toearn a degree.The forces that lie beneath motivation can be biological,social,emotional orcognitive in nature.In everyday usage,motivation is frequently used to describe why a persondoes something.For example,you might say that a student is so motivated to pass exam that heor she spends every night studying.Teories of MotivaitonResearchers have developed a number of different teories to explain motivation.Theseteories are instinc teory of motivation,incentive teory of motivation,drive teory ofmotivation,arousal teoty of motivation,and humanistic teory of motivation.However,betweenall tese teories,the humanistic teory of motivation is more valuable and appliable than others inmy opinion.Because humanistic teories of motivation are based on the idea that people alsohave strong cognitive reasons to perform various actions.This is famously illustrated in Abraham
  • Maslow’s hierarchy of needs,which presents different motivations at different levels.He thoughtthat the behavior of individuals at a particular moment is usually determined by their strongestneed and before fulfiling the strongest need,we can’t pass for another needs.According toMaslow,there seems to be a hierarchy into wihich human needs arrange themselves.Thephysiological needs are shown at the top of the hierarchy because they tend to have the higheststrength until they are somewhat satisfied.There are the basic human needs to sustain life itself-food,clothing,shelter.Until these basic needs are satisfied to the degree needed fort hesufficient operation of body,the majority of aperson’s activity will probably be at lower leveland the other needs will provide little motivation.But, what happens to a person’s motivation when these basic needs begin to be fulfilled?Instead of physiological needs,other levels of needs become important,and these motivate anddominate the behavior of the individual.And when these needs are somewhat satiated,otherneeds emerge,and so on down the hierarchy.Motivation ProblemsAs we live in a globalised knowledge society,the education that we take becomes moreimportant to be able to manage in this society.Inevitably,this knowledge society bringscompetition.We need not just education, but also economic,psychologic,physiologic,andsociological balance so as to compete with the others.I know some people that can’t completetheir education and have to give up at the middle of their education.And even,I know peoplethat have to work before or after school.While the situation is so,how can we talk aboutmotivation?.How can we expect these people to be successful? I mean that all the other factors
  • can somewhat effect the education we take.Therefore, in all parts of education system we findourselves more or less constantly in situations where the motivation of the participants is underpressure.In the concrete contexts it is usually a matter of double pressure on themotivation.This comes partly from within the individual in the form of uncertainty,about whatand how one should preferably try to learn and if one is goog enough at it.At the same time, italso comes from the outside in the foorm of requirements,expectations,stricter rules and morecontrol.There are probably some who likes this situation where the pressure makes them workharder,and there is positive reinforcement when they experience being able to manage it andimproving.But, especially those who are the weakest to start with have difficulty in handlingit.They become more in secure and their motivation becomes veryembivalent,at one and thesame time they would like to qualify themselves,because this is after all necessary,butthey alsostrongly wish they could escape it,because it is a strain and they are afraid of adding yet moredefeats to those they have already experienced.As we already know that motivation is a key factor to achieve our goals and to complete ourneeds,what if our students are unmotivated or less motivated in the learning process? Then, Ithink the question should be ‘how to motivate our students to learn?How to motivate our students to learn?Motivation,arouses,sustains,directs,and determines the intensity of learningeffort.Therefore,it is said that without motivation learning is not possible at anylevel.Motivation is at the hearth of learning.motivated students are excited to be atschool,eager to learn,and focused on lessons.So, as teachers why not to use some motivationstrategies to support our teaching and to get best results.Following are some researched-basedstrategies for motivating students to learn;• Create a positive atmosphere.The classroom should be a place where students enjoyspending time and feel safe.Avoid using negative words and classroom disciplinemeasures;instead teach students how to encourage one another.• Praise student often.Frequent praise that tells student what they are doing well canmotivate them to try harder in areas where they don’t do well.Even if a child is notfollowing directions or does not comprehend a lesson,find something small to praisealong with the gentle correction or re-teaching when necessary.For example,if a childdoesn’t understand a concept,praise him for his effort and explain the concept again.• Connect concepts to your students’ lives.Lessons that hold little meaning to a studentwill not be as motivating as lessons to which she can relate personally.Find ways to applyeach lessons to the individual situations in which your students might find themselves.
  • • Involve students in lessons.By keeping students active participants in the learningprocess,they will be more involved and motivated to learn.Use projects,groupdiscussions,games etc.• The pressure on the student must be minimized,for example,remove the competition orsocial comparison,revişe the grading system.• Ensure that the task is often appropriate level of challenge for students’ age and abilitylevel.If it is too easy,the student will be bored and unmotivated.A level of difficultyabove the student’s ability could lead to frustration and giving up.• The structure of the learning exercise effects the level of motivation.There must be clearinstructions given.The student must be sure of what is expected of him or her.• Use peer models. Students can learn by watching a peer succeed at a task. In thiscontext, a peer means someone who the student identities with, not necessarily anyother student. Peers may be drawn from groups as defined by gender, ethnicity, socialcircles, interests, achievement level, clothing, or age.• Adopt a supportive style. A supportive teaching style that allows for student autonomycan foster increased student interest, enjoyment, engagement and performance.Supportive teacher behaviors include listening, giving hints and encouragement, beingresponsive to student questions and showing empathy for students.• Establish a sense of belonging. People have a fundamental need to feel connected orrelated to other people. In an academic environment, research shows that students whofeel they belong have a higher degree of intrinsic motivation and academic confidence.According to students, their sense of belonging is fostered by an instructor thatdemonstrates warmth and openness, encourages student participation, is enthusiastic,friendly and helpful, and is organized and prepared for class.• Make it real. In order to foster intrinsic motivation, try to create learning activities thatare based on topics that are relevant to your students lives. Strategies include usinglocal examples, teaching with events in the news, using pop culture technology (iPods,cell phones, YouTube videos) to teach, or connecting the subject with your studentsculture, outside interests or social lives.CONCLUSIONBefore anything,we should know that once upon a time we were also student and we caneasily assume what a student might need.We can predict a students’ like,dislikes and what can
  • be boring or funny for the student,too.In that case,we can help them for better learning.If weknow the student physchology,we can help him or her be ready for the learning process.Weshould know whether our students are motivated for learning or not.As teachers,we are tospeak with our students.We should be aware of the fact that interaction between the teacherand students is crucial.We shouldn’t forget that we can be a good model to our students.We areto know that motivation,arouses,sustains,directs,and determines the intensity of learningeffort.Therefore,it is said that without motivation learning is not possible at anylevel.Motivation is at the hearth of learning. In short, when students are treated well, respected,encouraged and the work has meaning high levels of motivation will automatically develop.
  • be boring or funny for the student,too.In that case,we can help them for better learning.If weknow the student physchology,we can help him or her be ready for the learning process.Weshould know whether our students are motivated for learning or not.As teachers,we are tospeak with our students.We should be aware of the fact that interaction between the teacherand students is crucial.We shouldn’t forget that we can be a good model to our students.We areto know that motivation,arouses,sustains,directs,and determines the intensity of learningeffort.Therefore,it is said that without motivation learning is not possible at anylevel.Motivation is at the hearth of learning. In short, when students are treated well, respected,encouraged and the work has meaning high levels of motivation will automatically develop.