08 Ayur Weekend 01

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08 Ayur Weekend 01

  1. 1. AyurvedaElements17OrchardRdChatswoodNSW20670061299047754 1 Ayurveda Lifestyle Certificate Course 2008 phone/fax 02 9904 7754 info@ayurvedaelements.com 17 orchard road chatswood 2067 • Ayurveda Elements • Ayurveda Health Resorts • Australian Sanskrit Institute www.ayurvedaelements.com www.ayurvedahealthresorts.com www.australiansanskritinstitute.com
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  3. 3. AyurvedaElements17OrchardRdChatswoodNSW20670061299047754 3 Commencing Mantra Om. saha naa-vavatu saha nau bhunaktu saha veeryam karavaa-vahai tejasvina-avadheetam-astu maa vidvisha-avahai om shaantih shaantih shaantih Om. May the divine protect us. May it nourish us. May we work together uniting our strengths for the good of humanity. May our wisdom be luminous. May our relationship be always harmonious. May there be peace, peace, perfect peace. Concluding Mantra Om. sarve bhavantu sukhinah sarve santu nir-aamayaah sarve bhadraani pashyantu maa kascit duhkha-bhaag bhavet om shaantih shaantih shaantih Om. May all be happy. May all be healthy. May all experience what is good and let no one suffer. May there be peace, peace, perfect peace.
  4. 4. 4 AyurvedaElements17OrchardRdChatswoodNSW20670061299047754 healer’s prayer Lord, Make me an instrument of your health Where there is sickness, let me bring cure; Where there is injury, aid; Where there is suffering, ease; Where there is sadness, comfort; Where there is despair, hope; Where there is death, acceptance and peace; Grant that I may not: So much seek to be justified, as to console; To be obeyed, as to understand; To be honoured, as to love … For it is in giving ourselves that we heal, It is in listening that we comfort, And in dying that we are born to eternal life Prayer of St. Francis ~ (Modified by Charles C. Wise)
  5. 5. AyurvedaElements17OrchardRdChatswoodNSW20670061299047754 5 Course Information Assessment Criteria 1. Classroom participation 30% of the total marks 2. Assignment, homework 20% of the total marks 3. Examination 50% of the total marks 4. Pass mark Minimum 60 % 5. Attendance Minimum 15 days is essential to qualify for the exam 6. Certificate Upon successful sufficient attendance & completion of assignments & exam. Suggested references 1. David Frawley Ayurveda and the Mind 2. Harish Johari Chakras 3. Invis Multimedia Ayurveda – Mantra of Niramaya (105 page book with innumerable colour plates) 4. Invis Multimedia Ayurveda – Mantra of Niramaya (CD Rom –around 4.5 hours of viewing) 5. Invis Multimedia Panchakarma (110 page book with innumerable colour plates) 6. Invis Multimedia Panchakarma (DVD 50 minutes) 7. MayaTiwari Ayurveda –a life of balance 8. MayaTiwari Ayurveda Secrets of Healing 9. Pratima Raichur Absolute Beauty 10. Robert Svoboda Ayurveda Life, Health and Longevity 11. Robert Svoboda Prakruti 12. Vasanth Lad Ayurveda –The Science of Self-healing 13. Vasanth Lad A Complete Guide to Clinical Assessment Other suggestions 1. Organize a monthly get together to share your experience & to discuss the subject covered over the previous weekend. 2. Try not to miss any class. But, if you miss one, please ensure a fellow student collects your notes. 3. Start an email account, if you don’t have one, so that we can have group discussions.
  6. 6. 6 AyurvedaElements17OrchardRdChatswoodNSW20670061299047754 Ayurveda Elements © 2008 Copying whole or part of this work should be performed only with the written permission from Rama Prasad or Caroline Robertson. Warning: The information in this workbook is only for general information. If you have any serious health condition you should cconsult your health practitioner.
  7. 7. AyurvedaElements17OrchardRdChatswoodNSW20670061299047754 7 Course Curriculum Module Topics 1. Ayurveda in daily life Life - Mind - Body Ayurveda as the art of living and the science of healing • Path to long, healthy living - daily routine • Five pillars of life •The three doshas • Body-types •Veda and Ayurveda • Vedic cosmology • Subtle body •Three modes of universe & the mind (satva, rajas and tamas) • Elements & doshas •Twenty attributes. 2. Dosha and Tissues Body Tree Ayurvedic physiology • Dosha rhythms • Branches of doshas • Prana,Tejas and Ojas -the source of doshas • Signs of doshic imbalance • Doshas & seasons • Structure of the body - the subtle tissues • Channels and wastes. natural urges, digestion and nutrition ~ Natural urges • Agni and metabolism • Doshic imbalances and Agni • Ayurvedic nutrition • Ayurvedic foods. 3. Ayurvedic nutrition Food is medicine • Diet during colds, diarrhoea, obesity, emaciation and pregnancy • Quiz. Ayurvedic cooking. 4. Kitchen herbs Actions of herbs • Kitchen remedies for common ailments •Traditional and powerful ayurvedic herbs. 5. Powerful Herbs Herbal formulations • Metal & mineral medicines • Cause and course of disease ~ Evolu- tion of diseases - six stages • Disease as healing • Quiz. 6. Diagnosis Tongue diagnosis • Doshic diagnosis • Elemental diagnosis • Clinical healing • Seasonal regimes • Lifestyle in dosha imbalance • Colour, aroma and gem therapy • Quiz. 7. Ayurvedic massage Marmas • Oils and formulas • Head, foot and body massage. 8. Therapeutics Ayurvedic body therapies • Beauty regimes • Rejuvenation therapies • Shatkriyas (Yogic purifications) • Pancakarma • Sodhana • Examination. 9. Hands on therapies Hands on therapies ~ Shirodhara • pichu • Nasya •Tarpana • Discussion • Farewell dinner.
  8. 8. 8 AyurvedaElements17OrchardRdChatswoodNSW20670061299047754 contents Weekend 01 Introduction 11 Flowing with nature 15 Four phases of life 19 Life pursuits 20 Behavioral tonics 21 Daily routine 25 Massage 31 Creative visualisation 35 Pillars of health 39 Health questionnaire 42 Natural urges 45 Life as spiritual practice 47 Evolution 49 Energy vortexes 51 Subtle and gross body 52 The modes of universe 53 Five elements 55 Doshas 58 Subtle qualities 60 Your mind-body type 61 Elemental types 62 Dosha types 65 Appendices Moment meditation 76 Flow with the seaason 87 Study of doshas 90 Gunas 91 Homework 94 ayurveda is the knowledge that indicates what is appropriate and inappropriate for a blissful life. as well as what is auspicious and inauspicious for longevity. charaka samhita 1.41
  9. 9. AyurvedaElements17OrchardRdChatswoodNSW20670061299047754 9 Weekend 01 Life, Mind and Body
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  11. 11. AyurvedaElements17OrchardRdChatswoodNSW20670061299047754 11 Introduction to Ayurveda Ayus ………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………… Veda ………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………… Ayurveda ………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………… Origin of Ayurveda Brahma ………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………… Prajaa pati ………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………… Ashwini twins ………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………… Sahasra aksha ………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………… Munis ………………………………………………………………………………………… ………………………………………………………………………………………… Tantraani ………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………
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  13. 13. AyurvedaElements17OrchardRdChatswoodNSW20670061299047754 13 Geographical Origin Japan < China < Tibet < India > Middle east > Greece …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… Literature Caraka samhita Caraka General medicine …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… Sushruta samhita Susruta Surgery …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… Asthaanga samgraha Vaagbhata General medicine …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… Ashtaanga hridaya Vaagbhata General medicine ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………
  14. 14. 14 AyurvedaElements17OrchardRdChatswoodNSW20670061299047754 Branches 1. Kaaya cikitsa …………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………… 2. Baala cikitsa …………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………… 3. Graha cikitsa …………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………… 4. Uurdhvaanga cikitsa …………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………… 5. Shalya cikitsa …………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………… 6. Visha cikitsa …………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………… 7. Rasaayana cikitsa …………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………… 8. Vrsha cikitsa …………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………… Ayurvedic scientists discovered and used o Over 100 surgical instruments o Various surgical methods o Artificial feeding o Intramuscular medication o Plastic surgery o Oxidised, safe metals as internal medicines o Over 11,000 herbs o Immobilisation techniques o Various types of bandages …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………
  15. 15. AyurvedaElements17OrchardRdChatswoodNSW20670061299047754 15 Flowing with nature A meaningful life promotes wisdom and evolution. We grow through changes, rhythms and move- ments. The universe is full of cycles and rhythms such as day and night, hot and cold, left and right, yin and yang. When we follow nature’s rhythms we enjoy health. Whenever we disobey nature, inwardly and outwardly, we fall into pain and suffering. To be healthy and happy, we need to flow nature’s rhythms.This is known as brahma carya (brahma = cosmos, carya = routine).“Flowing with the universe”can be divided into the following categories: 1. Aashrama Four phases of life …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 2. Purusha artha Four life pursuits …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 3. Brahma carya Cruising with the cosmos …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 4. Sadvritta Living in harmony …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 5. Dina carya Dancing with the day …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 6. Ritu carya At ease with the seasons …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………
  16. 16. 16 AyurvedaElements17OrchardRdChatswoodNSW20670061299047754 Wheel of Life The 8 sections represent a balanced wheel. Take the centre or hub, of the wheel as 0 (totally dissatis- fied) and the outer edge as 10 totally satisfied. Rank your level of satisfaction with each area of your life by putting a cross on the relevant spoke. Draw a line to join the crosses. How rounded does the perimeter of your wheel look?
  17. 17. AyurvedaElements17OrchardRdChatswoodNSW20670061299047754 17 Keeping your‘wheel of life’in mind, what are your short and long term goals or intentions? What do you most want for yourself in the following areas? 1. Physical environment 2. Friends/Family 3. Health 4. Career 5. Money 6. Partner/Relationship 7. Personal growth 8. Fun/Recreation
  18. 18. 18 AyurvedaElements17OrchardRdChatswoodNSW20670061299047754 The path to a long, healthy life. Art is defined as the dance of the goddess of wisdom. Every molecule in our body is dancing. Life is a vibrant, evolving art.
  19. 19. AyurvedaElements17OrchardRdChatswoodNSW20670061299047754 19 Four phases of life - aashrama Brahmacarya …………………………………………………………………………………………… Garhasthya …………………………………………………………………………………………… Vanaprastha …………………………………………………………………………………………… Sanyasa …………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………… I have achieved/want to achieve the following: Brahmacarya …………………………………………………………………………………………… 0-30 …………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………… Garhasthya …………………………………………………………………………………………… 30-60 …………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………… Vaanaprastha …………………………………………………………………………………………… 60-80 …………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………… Sanyasa …………………………………………………………………………………………… 80+ …………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………
  20. 20. 20 AyurvedaElements17OrchardRdChatswoodNSW20670061299047754 Life pursuits - purusha artha Dharma – Artha – Kama – Moksha What is my plan / dream / goal? What would I love to have? What excites me? What is my life-goal? …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… What are my resources? Books, training, references. What type of help do I need? Who can help me? …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… What is my strategy? My plan A / plan B. Is my plan well thought out? Is it logical, structured? …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… Am I pro-active? Am I focussed? Are there any distractions? Am I committed, detached? …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… How do I manifest my dreams? Day 1: Read. Write. Visualize. Day 2: Read. Rewrite. Visualize. Continue this for a month or as desired. …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………
  21. 21. AyurvedaElements17OrchardRdChatswoodNSW20670061299047754 21 Life pursuits in practice My main goal …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… My main resources …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… My strategy …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… I get my fulfilment from …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ljoieuljoieuljoieu
  22. 22. 22 AyurvedaElements17OrchardRdChatswoodNSW20670061299047754 Society and You - sad vrittam Yama Social rules: Active compassion, truthfulness, honesty, follow nature’s rules, minimise possessions …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… Niyama Personal rules: Fulfilled, cleanliness, perseverance, self-motivated, staying with the inner force …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… Aasana Physical fitness: Strength, suppleness, stamina …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… Praanaayaama Physiological fitness Adaptability, dynamic balance …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… Pratyaahaara Minimising distractions …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… Dhaarana Concentration …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… Dhyaana Meditation …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… Samaadhi Manifestation …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………
  23. 23. AyurvedaElements17OrchardRdChatswoodNSW20670061299047754 23 Behavioural tonics for a Long healthy life 1. Speak truth. 2. Stay away from addictive habits. 3. Practice active compassion. 4. Take time to rest and rejuvenate. Avoid over-exer- tion. 5. Speak pleasantly and carefully. Use gentle words. 6. Clean the body by regular bathing. 7. Be courageous and patient. 8. Always be charitable. 9. Follow religious and virtuous acts according to your own beliefs. 10. Always be calm. 11. Practice safe sex. 12. Respect your teachers, elders, nature and all animals. 13. Always be loving and caring. 14. Be merciful to all who are in need of your help. 15. Maintain balance in waking and sleeping in the night; do not stay awake long in the night and do not sleep in the daytime. 16. Take milk and ghee in moderation in your diet. 17. Understand the right action according to time, place and circumstances. 18. Develop the habit of planning and sticking with the plan. It is said that failing to plan is planning to fail. 19. Always be humble. 20. Behave according to the rules of society. 21. Do not be mean-spirited; be generous and sharing. 22. Strive towards pure consciousness. 23. Respect and serve your elders and wise people. 24. Respect and serve priests, sages, and saints who serve your religion and the Divine. 25. Respect and serve the people who have conquered their senses. 26. Practice spiritual activities. 27. Continually study new science, advances, research and philosophies. 28. Utilize the wisdom for the benefit of all beings. 29. Eat in a calm, settled atmosphere. 30. Always sit down to eat. 31. Eat only when hungry. If not correct your digestion. 32. Avoid ice-cold or extremely hot food and drink. 33. Don’t talk while chewing. 34. Don’t eat too slowly or too quickly. 35. Eat only if previous meal is digested. 36. Take a few sips of water with meals. 37. Eat freshly prepared foods whenever possible during meal times. 38. Sit quietly for a few minutes after eating. 39. Food should please all five senses. 40. Breathe deeply.
  24. 24. 24 AyurvedaElements17OrchardRdChatswoodNSW20670061299047754 Just For Today Just for today I will try to live through this day only & not tackle my whole life problems at once. Just for today I will be happy. This assumes to be true what Abraham Lincoln said, that “Most folks are as happy as they make up their minds to be.” Just for today I will adjust myself to what is & not try to adjust everything else to my desires. I will take my “luck” as it comes & fit myself into it. Just for today I will try to strengthen my mind. I will study; I will learn something useful; I will not be a mental loafer; I willread something thatrequires effort, thought & concentration. Just for today I will be agreeable. I will look as good as I can, dress becomingly, talk gently, act courteously, criticize not one bit, not find fault with anything & not try to improve orregulate anybody except myself. Just for today I will have a program. I may not follow it exactly, but I will have it. I will save myself from two pests: hurry & indecision. Just for today I will have a quiet half hour all by myself &relax. During this half hour, sometime, I will try to get a better perspective on my life. Just for today I will be unafraid. I will enjoy that which is beautiful & will believe that as I give to the world, so the world will give to me.
  25. 25. AyurvedaElements17OrchardRdChatswoodNSW20670061299047754 25 Daily Routine - dinacarya dina …………………………………………………………………………………………………… carya …………………………………………………………………………………………………… AcAra …………………………………………………………………………………………………… 01 • Awakening …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 02 • Affirmation & visualisation …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 03 • Answering nature’s calls …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 04 • Oil-massage and exercise …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………
  26. 26. 26 AyurvedaElements17OrchardRdChatswoodNSW20670061299047754 05 • Daily bodily cleanses …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 06 • Shower/bath …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 07 • Breathing exercise …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 08 • Meditation …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 09 • Prepare & eat food …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………
  27. 27. AyurvedaElements17OrchardRdChatswoodNSW20670061299047754 27 10 • Work …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 11 • Retiring from work …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 12 • Family time …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 13 • Head & foot massage …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 14 • Bath/shower …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………
  28. 28. 28 AyurvedaElements17OrchardRdChatswoodNSW20670061299047754 15 • Gentle stretch …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 16 • Light dinner …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 17 • Reflection …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 18 • Reading from an enlightening book …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 19 • Sleep/rest …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………
  29. 29. AyurvedaElements17OrchardRdChatswoodNSW20670061299047754 29 My Daily routine The following is a sample day with some suggested times. Adjust it according to your schedule’s convenience. A steady routine gives your physiology a healthy rhythm. Once we resonate with the rhythm of Mother Nature, she embraces us in the cosmic dance of growth and vitality. Your programs 1. Awakening.Visualisations and affirmations. 2. Emptying bowels bladder. 3. Brushing teeth, scraping tongue, cleansing nose eyes and ears. 4. Exercise. 5. Massaging body, face and scalp. Shower. 6. Yoga asanas -Pranayama. 7. Meditation/ reading from a spiritually enlivening text. 8. Dressing and grooming. 9. Prepare and take breakfast. 10. Perform daily duties in the most positive con- sciousness. 11. Lunch and a gentle walk, appreciating nature. 12. Continue daily duties. 13. Plan the schedule for the following day. 14. Give yourself a foot massage. Have a shower or bath. 15. Meditation & pranayama. 16. Prepare and have dinner. 17. Spend some time with family. 18. Have a gentle walk. 19. Assess your performance during the day and contemplate the lessons given. 20. Prepare to sleep. 21. Go to bed Yesterday is but a shadow. Tomorrow is only a dream. But today well lived makes every yesterday a memory of happiness and every tomorrow a vision of hope. Live well therefore this day. -Anonymous.
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  31. 31. AyurvedaElements17OrchardRdChatswoodNSW20670061299047754 31 Massage - Abhyanga Ayurveda recommends the practice of daily self-massage, called Abhyanga. Mas- sage helps to keep one feeling young, beautiful, vital and healthy. Among it’s many other benefits, massage gives the skin a beautiful lustre, tones muscles, improves circulation, flushes out toxins, soothes the nervous system, provides deeper sleep and stimulates the growth of strong, thick hair on the scalp. Self- massage is an easy, grounding meditation that promotes wellbeing at all levels. WHICH OIL? Ayurveda, generally recommends oil massage. Sesame oil is consid- ered the ideal massage oil. Almond, coconut, jojoba, coconut or olive oil can also be used. A few drops of essential oil suited to your constitution and condition may be added to the massage oil to enhance the effect of the massage. Coconut oil is better if you have sensitive skin or tendency to develop rashes or boils. THE SEQUENCE: The three most important organs to be massaged everyday are the head, ear lobes and feet. Commence self-massage on your scalp then move on to your face and finish by massaging your body. The direction of strokes is away from the heart, generally following the flow of the hair growth. If massage is not possible everyday perform it on alternate days or at least on the weekends. PROCEDURE: The most effective self-massage is practiced with a loving and nur- turing mind-set. Tap into your tactile sensitivity, moulding and stroking your body like a sculptor creating a masterpiece. Keep the pressure firm but not pain- ful beyond tolerance. Following are comprehensive instructions on the practice of self-massage. 1. SCALP MASSAGE Coconut oil is the ideal oil for scalp massage as it is like rich, nourishing fertiliser for thirsty grasslands. It prevents hair loss, premature greying and dryness. METHOD 1. Apply oil to the whole scalp by systematically parting the hair and squeez- ing oil onto the area. Using the pads of your fingers massage the oil onto the scalp. 2. Use both fists to gently tap the head all over. 3. Gently pull small tufts of hair from the roots and twist clockwise three times. 4. Comb through hair with a wide toothed comb. 5. Leave the oil in your hair for 1-24 hrs then wash out. 6. When rinsing avoid conditioner. Conditioners are not considered conducive to healthy hair as they build up an oily residue on the scalp, trapping dirt and impeding growth by blocking hair follicles. 7. Avoid external heat on the hair in the form of sunshine, hair driers or hot water. Heat on the head encourages early balding, greying and dryness. BENEFITS • Increases rate of hair growth and gives a glossy, strong quality to the hair. • Relieves neck and back tension. • Improves mental clarity, memory & co-ordination. • Regulates hormone release by stimulating the pituitary and pineal glands; fa- cilitates the release of mood elevating serotonin and relieves mental tension. • Relieves dizziness and tinnitus, reduces blood pressure.
  32. 32. 32 AyurvedaElements17OrchardRdChatswoodNSW20670061299047754 2. FACIAL MASSAGE You may use oil or the following cleanser for facial massage. INGREDIENTS - 1 cup jojoba/ almond oil - 1cup glycerine - 5 drops tea tree oil - 2 tsps lemon juice METHOD Mix 2 tsps of this combination with water. Apply morning and evening with smooth upward strokes. Wash off with cool water. Also spend time pressing and pulling ears. BENEFITS * Dissolves facial tension and bodily stress, smoothing wrinkles. * Stimulates lymphatic drainage, enhances circulation, creating a glowing complexion. * Promotes tissue elasticity, which helps to maintain youthful con- tours. 3. BODY MASSAGE Sesame oil is said to be the most nourishing and toning oil to use on the body. It is slightly warming and specifically soothes the nervous sys- tem. METHOD Practice before a shower or bath, once or twice daily. Pour cold-pressed warm sesame oil into your cupped palm and apply to the body in the direction given in the illustration. Massage each part in the given se- quence, applying circular movements over the joints and long strokes over other areas. Leave oil on for 10 - 60 minutes then wash off in a warm shower or bath. The residual oil is sufficient to moisturise your skin so there is no need to apply extra moisturiser. BASIC SEQUENCE The massage should be started with the umbilical region. Follow the following sequence. Umbilical region - abdomen - heart - breasts - shoulders - neck - arms - hands - hips - legs - feet - legs - back - neck. BENEFITS * Tones the skin, muscles and strengthens the bones. * Increases suppleness and circulation, noticeably reducing cellulite. * Corrects the flow of electromagnetic energy. Increases stamina, en- ergy and immunity. * Balances the function of all internal organs. PRECAUTIONS If you have a cold, fever, diarrhoea, severe indigestion or any other seri- ous health problem, consult your Ayurvedic physician before perform- ing self-massage. Avoid heavy pressure over varicose veins, bruised or fractured areas.
  33. 33. AyurvedaElements17OrchardRdChatswoodNSW20670061299047754 33
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  35. 35. AyurvedaElements17OrchardRdChatswoodNSW20670061299047754 35 Creative Visualisation Though Western medicine is reluctant to accept that the mind can alter the body, it already firmly believes the reverse - that the physical can affect the mental - and it regularly utilises this connection. Tranquillisers, anti depressants, and anaesthetics are all examples of this. Since it is obvious that the body can affect the mind, doesn’t it stand to reason that the use of mental power such as imagery can affect the body. The medical use of imagery has existed in many cultures around the world for centuries (in Tibet, India, Africa, among Eskimos and American Indians). Imagery provides a technique to generate new experiences. Instead of simply reacting to experi- ences, you create them - as you do in your life when you intentionally set a new goal. Try to see your life as a garden that needs to be tended. We are essentially gardeners entrusted with our own reality - gardens. As gardeners we must attend to the weeding, seeding and harvesting. Gar- dens that are full of weeds cannot be harvested properly. Weeds will over run the seeds and prevent them from taking root and blossoming. Illness, disease, and negative beliefs are weeds that we have allowed to grow in our personal gardens. Emotions such as anxiety, depression, fear, panic, worry and despair are also weeds. Negative beliefs and emotions are intimately connected with illness and disease. It’s no surprise to anyone who recognises the basic unity of the body-mind that research- ers have found a correlation between negative emotions and lowered immunity. Similarly, positive beliefs bring us positive emotions such as humor, joy and happiness, and researchers have show that positive emotions are tied into the healthy immune responses. Mental imagery is a technique for clearing out the old, negative weed-beliefs and replacing them with new, positive seed-beliefs. By becoming a gardener of your own reality, self-heating becomes possible. PREPARATION Imaging is directly and dramatically connected to intention, the mental action that directs our atten- tion and our actions. When we do an imagery exercise, we always begin by defining and clarifying our intention - what we want to achieve with the exercise. Intention is directed will, and it is essential to all self healing work generated through the imagination. By using the imagination, we direct the will inward to find new pathways for ourselves, creating better health and richer lives. Imagination involves the use of the right side of the brain, opening ourselves to change and renewal. The key to the process of imagery work lies in the connection between emotions, sensations and images. An image is a mental form of feeling. In imagery work, you use your images to change your emotions or your sensations. Using images we have the capacity to create something new, influenc- ing the physical materials of our bodies by utilising our unique creative imagination. Imagery is possibly the most powerful yet easy method of self-healing. Focussing your capacity for day dreaming through a distinct intention is the key to successful imagery. It is very important that you feel a sensation with your imagery, the stronger the sensation, the more powerful the imagery. Once an initial imagery exercise has triggered a sensation, it takes less effort to stimulate that sensa- tion which triggers the healing intention. A positive example of this is when Pavlov conditioned dogs to salivate at the sound of a bell, because it triggered the vision of food in their minds. Another example how an imaging trigger can set loose a powerful physiological effect is an experiment performed in a New York hospital. A group of 30 former heroin addicts, free of drugs for 10 years, agreed to board a bus that would take them to the New York street corner where a decade earlier they had bought their drugs. As soon as they saw the image of the street corner the ex-addicts went into a state of drug withdrawal.
  36. 36. 36 AyurvedaElements17OrchardRdChatswoodNSW20670061299047754 BEGINNING THE EXERCISE Imagery is very potent at the three transitional points of your day. Upon waking, at twilight and be- fore sleep. Ideally creative visualisation (imagery) is performed in a quiet room at a time when you won’t be disturbed, however imagery can be done anywhere at any time. If you prefer to sit while visualising, place your feet flat on the floor, your palms in your lap or by your side, keeping your spine straight and your head in alignment with your body. You may prefer to lie down in which case keep your legs slightly apart, your palms by your side, facing upwards and your head in alignment with your body. Gently close your eyes and relax your whole body. Bring your awareness to your breathing. Feel your whole body becoming heavy and sinking into the floor as if you were resting in a warm cloud. RIVER OF LIFE Close your eyes. Breathe deeply three times to completely relax. See your eyes becoming clear and very bright. Then see them turning inward, becoming two rivers flowing down from the sinuses into the nasal cavity and throat down to flush out all the channels of the body. Their currents carrying away all the waste products, pain and congestion. The rivers are flowing through your chest and ab- domen, into your legs and exiting as murky coloured water through your urinary tract. Place special attention on the kidney and urinary channels. Visualise your breath exhaling as black air and waste products flowing out of all orifices. Sense the river pulsating rhythmically through the body and see light coming from above, filling up the sinuses, nose, throat, respiratory channels, prostate, kidneys and urethra all the tissues are becoming pink and healthy. When you sense both the rhythmic flow and the light filling the cavities, breathe out and open your eyes. EGYPTIAN HEALING Close your eyes. Breathe out three times, relaxing our whole body. Imagine yourself standing in a large open field or green grass. See yourself stretching up toward the bright golden sun in a cloudless blue sky. Your arms are becoming very long as you stretch your palms up toward the sun.
  37. 37. AyurvedaElements17OrchardRdChatswoodNSW20670061299047754 37 The sun’s rays enter your palms, circulating through the hands and finger tips so that there is a ray of sunshine from each finger. If you are right handed at the end of each ray of the fingers of your right hand see a complete small hand. At the end of the ray of each finger of your left hand, see an eye. Now you see five hands and five eyes. If you are left handed, see the hands on your left fingers and eyes on your right fingers. Now turn these hands and eyes towards your body and use the eyes to see your body, emitting light in or on the area you are investigating. Each small hand holds a different instrument. There is a gold bristled brush for cleaning, a laser light tube for healing, golden scalpel for surgery, cans of golden ointment for healing, as well as gold thread for sewing. After completing your work come out of your body the same way you entered. Waste materials you collected with the small hands should be thrown away behind you. Hold your hands up toward the sun, allowing the small hands and eyes to absorb back into your palms to be stored there for future use. PURIFICATION PROCESS Close your eyes and breathing deeply three times relax your whole body. Visualise yourself on a beautiful calm beach, preferably a place that you have visited or seen before. There is golden sand, a cloudless blue sky and the sun is shining warm and golden. Walk to the shoreline, where the water meets the sand. Gazing at the endless expanse of clear blue ocean relaxes your body and clears all thoughts from your mind. Lie down on your back with the soles of your feet towards the water and gently smooth your body over with the sand and water mix- ture, cleansing your skin. The tide enters the soles of feet and creates spiral currants of water wash- ing away all the toxins from your body, dissolving any deposits or nodules. As the water flows out through the soles of your feet see the waste product emerging as black or grey stands being carried away by the out going tide. Repeat this sequence of the water flowing into your body and carrying all the toxins from your body twice more. Feel all your muscles being massaged and your ligaments, tendons and joints stretching. Make sure the water flushes through your whole body from the tips of your toes to the tips of your fingers up to the crown of your head. One last time see the water exit from your body through the soles of your feet and the water is crystal clear. See all joints, tendons and cartilages are perfectly formed strong and glowing white. Sense a new strength and vitality flowing through the body. Stand up and dive into the warm crystal clear ocean, swimming out confidently to out the hori- zon. Your arms, legs and torso are becoming long as you swim free style in smooth, flowing strokes. As you reach the horizon, turn over onto your back and swim to the shore using backstroke.Your arms, legs and torso feel stretched, strong and flexible. Reaching the shore you walk out of the water. To- tally revived and refreshed you say to yourself with a contented smile“I am now experiencing real love, real health and real happiness. All positive forces in the universe are creating joy in my life, now and al- ways.” Affirmations Repeat your favourite from the following phrases at the end of each visualisation: I comfortably and easily release the old and wel- come the new in my life. I am safe. I only create joyful experiences in my life. I accept and rejoice in myself.
  38. 38. 38 AyurvedaElements17OrchardRdChatswoodNSW20670061299047754 1. nidra Rest 1. What are the three signs of healthy sleep? 2. What should the direction of head be when you sleep? 3. What is the best time to go to sleep? 4. What are the techniques to optimise quality of sleep? 5. What are the activities included in nidra? 6. What are the best positions for sleep? 7. Who should have a siesta? What are the effects of regular day sleep? …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 2. maithuna Relationship 1. What is the most important relationship? 2. What are the techniques to optimise relationship with your partner? 3. How do you improve your relationship with your family and friends? 4. How do you improve your relationship with society? 5. How do you improve your relationship with nature? …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………………
  39. 39. AyurvedaElements17OrchardRdChatswoodNSW20670061299047754 39 3. vyaayaama Exercise 1. What are the three forms of exercise? 2. What are your favourite forms of exercise? 3. What is your best time to exercise? 4. How many hours do you exercise? 5. What are the signs of the right amount of exercise? …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 4. aahaaram Nutrition 1. Are you just what you eat? 2. What is the force behind digestion? 3. What is the reason behind eating? 4. What is by-product of bad digestion? 5. Is drinking permitted while eating? …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… 5. karma Work 1. Do you feel like your effort is reciprocated? 2. Do you feel like you are contributing positively? 3. Do you feel like your strength is challenged? 4. Do you feel satisfied at the end of the day? 5. Does it help you grow in wisdom? …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… Pillars of health - sthambha Make your vocation your vacation- Mark Twain
  40. 40. 40 AyurvedaElements17OrchardRdChatswoodNSW20670061299047754 Digestion Signs of Perfect Digestion …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… Signs of Poor Digestion …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… By practicing the following tips you will create perfect digestion. Remember to eat your liquids and drink your solids! 1. BEFORE EATING Am I really hungry? It is best to eat only when you are really hungry and when the previous meal has been fully digested (roughly 5 hours). Do I need to go to the toilet first? It is recommended to empty one’s bowels and bladder be- fore eating. It is a sign of ill health to empty one’s bowels immediately after eating. Did I wash my hands, face & feet? Simple hygiene is important to avoid illness. Avoid a full shower or swim within 3 hours after eating as it draws the circulation away from the digestion. Am I in congenial surroundings? Good company, conversation & surroundings are conducive to a contented mind, which assists proper digestion. Did I express my gratitude? This may be in the form of a prayer to a higher power or at least to the people who helped to provide the meal. 2. DURING EATING Am I rushing? Eat at a moderate speed, taking care to chew each mouthful at least 10-20 times. Am I appreciating this meal? Take time to appreciate the sound, the aroma, the texture, ap- pearance & the taste. Do I need a drink? Small quantities of warm drinks encourage efficient assimilation and elimi- nation. Am I satisfied? It is important to remember that the stomach is only the size of a fist. In order to avoid over eating make it a practice to fill your stomach half with solid food, a quarter with liquids and leave the remaining one quarter empty for space to circulate to aid digestion. 3. AFTER EATING Avoid heavy labour, exercise or mental work for at least thirty minutes after eating. However, one may lie on the left side for up to fifteen minutes to optimise the digestion. A yoga pose known as Vajrasana is a good sitting posture to aid digestion. A slow walk for five minutes is advised. Sleep is best avoided for 3 hours after eating.
  41. 41. AyurvedaElements17OrchardRdChatswoodNSW20670061299047754 41 The Ideal Diet Check these eating aspects to optimise your nutrition 1. Why do I eat? 2. Is the food appropriate for me? * 3. Do I have enough time to enjoy a meal? 4. What is the quality of the ingredients? 5. How was the cook and quality of cooking? ** 6. How many textures are there in my meals? 7. Am I enjoying my meal with all senses? 8. How many flavours are there in my meals? …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………………………………… * Good appearance, tastes and smells delicious. ** Heavier foods should be eaten earlier in the meal and lighter foods towards the end. Fresh, locally grown, seasonal and organic ingredients. Has a good balance between heavy and light, moist and dry, cooked and raw, cooling and heating foods. Season and local food. Prepared lovingly in hy- gienic conditions.There are complementary proteins such as rice & dhal. Cooking in healthy earthen, ceramic, bronze, copper or stainless steel vessels. Happy chef. Boosting Your Fire: Before eating: 15 minutes before eating try the following recipe. Mix half a teaspoon grated ginger with half a tsp. lemon juice and a pinch of rock salt. After eating: Chew 1/2 teaspoon of equal parts of fennel seeds, cumin seeds, cardamom seeds, black pepper and rock sugar. Fasting: Fasting is often the most effective way to purify your body of toxins. In Ayurveda, fasts are tailored according to the individual’s degree of toxic accumulation, their strength and specific imbal- ance. To maintain health one is advised to have a cleansing tea fast or a warm water fast one day a fortnight in order to give the digestive system a rest, to re-establish proper eating habits and to expel accumulated toxins. A mental purification is followed at the same time, which involves silence other than prayers or affirmations, avoiding exposure to television, radio or noise and adherence to the principles of honesty, celibacy, cleanliness and service to others. Heavy mental and physical exer- tion is avoided at this time, however short walks in nature and self-massage are considered highly beneficial. The most common dietary indiscretion in developed countries is over eating. This is causing a phenomenon known as “the under-nutrition of overconsumption” Optimise your Nutrition.
  42. 42. 42 AyurvedaElements17OrchardRdChatswoodNSW20670061299047754 Health questionnaire HEALTH QUESTIONNAIRE I How much can I improve? If a following statement is applicable choose higher numbers. If not ap- plicable choose‘0’. 1. I get headaches often 5 4 3 2 1 0 2. I feel heavy/tired when I wake up 5 4 3 2 1 0 3. I feel sleepy/tired after a meal 5 4 3 2 1 0 4. I get shaky/irritable/tired if I miss a meal 5 4 3 2 1 0 5. I get gas/bloated with some food 5 4 3 2 1 0 6. I get diarrhoea /constipation 5 4 3 2 1 0 7. I get tired in the afternoon 5 4 3 2 1 0 8. I have negative/upsetting dreams in my sleep 5 4 3 2 1 0 9. I get sore joints/back/neck 5 4 3 2 1 0 10. I have weight problems (loss/gain) 5 4 3 2 1 0 11. Though I eat fairly well, my energy is low 5 4 3 2 1 0 12. I get mouth ulcers/ coldsores 5 4 3 2 1 0 13. I get sinusy/hay fever in winter 5 4 3 2 1 0 14. My scalp is itchy / my nails are ridged 5 4 3 2 1 0 15. I get stiff/tight joints 5 4 3 2 1 0 16. My hair falls especially under stress 5 4 3 2 1 0 17. I have difficulty making decisions 5 4 3 2 1 0 18. I get pain/blood with my bowel movement 5 4 3 2 1 0 19. I get rashes/itchy skin/psoriasis/eczema 5 4 3 2 1 0 20. I think the world is a very bad place 5 4 3 2 1 0 Total: I can improve another /100 HEALTH QUESTIONNAIRE II Digestion 1. I don’t get hungry periodically 7 5 4 2 1 0 2. I never feel satisfied after a meal 7 5 4 2 1 0 3. I don’t feel energised and relaxed after a meal 7 5 4 2 1 0 4. I crave sugar/salt/carbohydrate after a meal 7 5 4 2 1 0 5. Many times I feel sick after a meal 7 5 4 2 1 0 6. I take a long time to recover from a meal 7 5 4 2 1 0 7. I feel hypoglycaemic if a meal is delayed 7 5 4 2 1 0 8. I get headaches if a meal is missed or delayed 7 5 4 2 1 0 9. I get headaches during fasting 7 5 4 2 1 0 10. I tend to overeat 7 5 4 2 1 0 11. I am in a hurry and don’t chew my food at all 7 5 4 2 1 0 12. I worry a lot during eating 7 5 4 2 1 0 13. I talk a lot during eating 7 5 4 2 1 0
  43. 43. AyurvedaElements17OrchardRdChatswoodNSW20670061299047754 43 14. I watch TV/read while eating 7 5 4 2 1 0 15. I get gas/bloating often 7 5 4 2 1 0 Total: I can improve another /100 HEALTH QUESTIONNAIRE IIa How did I get Poor Digestion? 1. Taking the wrong foods at the wrong time, in the wrong amount. 5 4 3 2 1 0 2. Eating too frequently. 5 4 3 2 1 0 3. Eating without awareness. 5 4 3 2 1 0 4. Eating too late. 5 4 3 2 1 0 5. Eating in a negative mental or physical environment. 5 4 3 2 1 0 6. Premature stimulation, suppression or failure to attend to the body’s natural urges such as thirst, hunger, urination, defecation, sleep, passing flatus and sneezing. 5 4 3 2 1 0 7. I have lots of cold drinks and / or cold foods (ice cream). 5 4 3 2 1 0 8. Addictions. 5 4 3 2 1 0 9. Exposure to external toxins such as air pollutants, domestic chem- icals, chemical beauty products and perfumes. 5 4 3 2 1 0 10. Prolonged emotional strain (stress, grief, anger and denial). 5 4 3 2 1 0 Total: I can improve another /50 HEALTH QUESTIONNAIRE III Sleep 1. My sleep is light, any noise can disturb me 9 7 5 3 1 0 2. I sleep late (e.g: after 11pm) 9 7 5 3 1 0 3. It is difficult to fall asleep 9 7 5 3 1 0 4. I don’t sleep well 9 7 5 3 1 0 5. I toss and turn 9 7 5 3 1 0 6. I get night sweats 9 7 5 3 1 0 7. I get bad dreams / nightmares 9 7 5 3 1 0 8. I wake up many times at night 9 7 5 3 1 0 9. I don’t wake up refreshed, energised / positive 9 7 5 3 1 0 10. I am slow, sluggish and cranky in the morning 9 7 5 3 1 0 11. I feel like having more sleep in the morning 9 7 5 3 1 0 12. I need a regular siesta 9 7 5 3 1 0 Total: I can improve another /100
  44. 44. 44 AyurvedaElements17OrchardRdChatswoodNSW20670061299047754 Bring forth what is within you, what you bring forth will save you. If you do not bring forth what is within you, what you do not bring forth will destroy you. -Jesus Christ
  45. 45. AyurvedaElements17OrchardRdChatswoodNSW20670061299047754 45 Natural Urges - vega vega …………………………………………………………………………………… …………………………………………………………………………………… dharaneeya …………………………………………………………………………………… adharaneeya …………………………………………………………………………………… Not to be suppressed There are innumerable vegas, and fourteen of them are listed below with the signs and symptoms of their prolonged suppression. Signs of prolong suppression 1. Sleep Heaviness, yawning, fatigue, body pain, memory problems. 2. Thirst Wasting, fatigue, dizziness, deafness and heart disorders. 3. Hunger Headache, malfunctioning of vital organs, stiff neck and hemiplegia. 4. Flatus Bloating, constipation, anuria, shifting pain in abdomen and heart, reverse peristalsis, fatigue, loss of appetite and diseases of eyesight. 5. Faeces Cramps, rhinitis, headache, burping, cutting pain in abdo- men and heart disorders. 6. Urine Same as suppression of faeces and flatus. 7. Belching Tremor, anorexia, tight heart/chest, bloating, cough and hiccup. 8. Sneezing Headache, debility, stiff neck and palsy. 9. Cough Heaviness of head and eyes, lassitude, yawning, body pain and diseases of memory. 10. Gasping Tumours, heart disease and delusion. 11. Yawning Headache, debility, stiffness of the neck and facial paralysis. 12. Tears Rhinitis, pain in the eyes, diseases of the heart and head, stiff neck, loss of appetite, giddiness & abdominal tumours. 13. Vomiting Dermatitis, neuritis, dry eyes, anaemia, cough, nausea, pig- mentation and oedema. 14. Sexual fluids Uncontrollable discharge, premature ejaculation, pain and swelling of the genitals, fever, palpitation, dysuria, anuria, body ache, hernia, seminal calculi and infertility. Urges that are to be controlled Mental Intention to harm/quarrel, jealousy, finding fault, misunderstanding. Verbal Obscene language, nasty abusive words, harsh speech, lying, breaking up other people’s relationships. Bodily Cruelty, dishonesty, unlawful desires.
  46. 46. 46 AyurvedaElements17OrchardRdChatswoodNSW20670061299047754 When we learn to see the sacred essence of our actions every day becomes a “holi- day.” Even simple daily routines can be invested with meaning when we view them from a spiritual perspective. Ritual of gratitude Offering food to the divine and others Ritual of humility Giving service to others Ritual of resolve Clearing out unnecessary things & keeping away from neg- ative influences Ritual of purity Cleansing mind, body and surroundings Ritual of unity Connecting with others Ritual for revitalisation Cooking, gardening and exercising Ritual of renewal Shopping Ritual of contemplation Meditating, writing thoughts and spending time in nature. Recharging your elements Ether, air, fire, water and earth are the five elements. In order to support a balanced flow of elements vastu shaatra offers specific design and placement principles. Ways in which we can ensure a healthy connection with these forces that weave our exis- tence are simple. Following are the balancing exercises for elemental deficiency. Even though you may lead a very busy life it is worth taking 5 minutes every morning to energise the elemental balance in your home. This very simple yet profound prac- tice channels supportive energies into your life so your day will be much smoother and easier to cope with. Many households in India, Bali and Asia practice this every morning. The best time to do this is before breakfast, after you have gone to the toilet, brushed your teeth, had a shower and dressed in fresh clothes. Set aside a small area of your home. All the utensils used are preferably not used for any other purpose.
  47. 47. AyurvedaElements17OrchardRdChatswoodNSW20670061299047754 47 For the practice you will need the following articles: A bell, preferably with a deep ring or a conch shell, Lighter or matches, 3 sticks of pure incense, an incense holder, a small candle or lamp which you may add 1/2 tsp camphor crystals to, a small open container of water, a fresh, sweet smelling, stemless flower, do not smell or taste any of the articles before the ceremony. Ideally your symbol of divinity is placed in such a way that you are near an open window in the north-east and so that you can face east. This symbol acts as a medium, accepting your offerings and passing them on to the spirit of the home. 1. Place your palms together in prayer position and sense the vibration in your body. 2. Visualise a protective white aura enveloping the house, including yourself. You may also pray for your divinities presence to pervade the home. 3. In your left hand ring the bell in three clockwise circles around the divinity or blow the conch shell three times. This purifies the element ether. 4. Light the three sticks of incense, holding them in your right hand. Ring the bell in your left hand whilst offering the incense clockwise around the divinity for 3 circles. Then place the incense in the holder. This purifies the air element. 5. Light the candle or lamp and ringing the bell in the left hand offer the flame in three clockwise circles. This purifies the fire element. 6. Ringing the bell in the left hand hold the water in the right hand and offer it three times around the divinity.You can then place the water at the base of the picture or statue and sprinkle a little water on the flower with your right hand fingers. 7. Offering the flower in three clockwise circles ring the bell with the left hand. Place the flower in front of the divinity. Ether Playing inspiring music (suitable mantras, classical Indian ragas, Mozart andVivaldi are recom- mended), singing and chanting can harmonise ether. Avoid disturbing noises such as creaky doors, loud television and alarms. Air Burn uplifting scents, keep windows open whenever it is possible, install a skylight in the centre of the building, avoid air conditioning, use a negative ionisor, practice yogic breathing (pranayama), walk in nature and keep indoor plants. Fire Watch the sunrise, gaze at a candle flame (Trataka, a yogic practice), let the morning sun into the house, install a fireplace, use bright colours for clothing or as curtains and exercise to sweat to harmonise fire. Water Place a fountain in the north-east of the room or garden, keep indoor plants to balance hu- midity, make sure poor guttering, plumbing or rising damp is addressed, have an epsom salts essential oil bath. Earth Walk in the garden/beach with bare feet, check the house foundations are stable, fix any gaps or cracks in walls and ceiling, do weight bearing exercise, eat nourishing meals. Life as spiritual practice
  48. 48. 48 AyurvedaElements17OrchardRdChatswoodNSW20670061299047754
  49. 49. AyurvedaElements17OrchardRdChatswoodNSW20670061299047754 49 Evolution Field of consciousness & the unmanifest Purusha – Prakrti t Intelligence -That is“I” Mahat t Ego - I am“That” Ahamkara t Harmony Action Resistence Satva Rajas Tamas t t t Sense & motor organs 5 elements & sense faculties Organ of perception Senses & Motor t Power & From t t …………… …………… …………… …………… …………… …………… …………… …………… …………… …………… …………… …………… …………… …………… …………… …………… …………… …………… …………… …………… t Individual Universe & Body A living being is a reflection of the universe –Vedas Principle Planetary Energies Physiological units Vaayu ~ knowledge Vaayu ~ Air Praana ~ immunity Vata ~ regulation, wisdom Agni ~Transformation Soorya ~ Sun Tejas ~ immunity Pitta ~ digestion, transformation Soma ~ Essence Candra ~ Moon Ojas ~ immunity Kapha ~ stability, flexibility
  50. 50. 50 AyurvedaElements17OrchardRdChatswoodNSW20670061299047754
  51. 51. AyurvedaElements17OrchardRdChatswoodNSW20670061299047754 51 Energy Vortexes - chakras The following is another way of looking at evolution. Chakra Seat Gland/region Emotions Colour Gems Note Mantra Instruments Elemnets Symbol Saha- srara Brain Pineal gland, hair, top of head, central nervous system Compassion, peace, acceptance, detachment, divine love Violet Amethyst, diamond, alexandrite B Ksham Wisdom White light 1000 petals Ajna Brow Pituitary, eyes, hypo- thalamus, autonomic N.S. Intuition, clairvoyance, equanimity, psychic powers Indigo Lapis lazuli, clear quarts, fluorites A Aum Visualization Awareness 2 petals Vis- huddhi Throat Thyroid, parathyroid, neck ears, sinus, throat and atlas Communica- tion, creativ- ity, com- prehension, respiration, expression Blue Turquoise, crysocolla, aquamarine G Hum Vocal Ether 16 petals Anahata Heart Thymus, lungs, heart, immune function Giving and receiving, trust, joy, expression Green Emerald, tourmaline, jade, rose quartz F Yum Flute Air 12 petals Manipura Solar plexus Organs of diges- tion Pancreas, liver, stomach, small intestine, gall bladder Power, clarity, willpower, per- fectionism, digestion. Yellow Topaz, amber, citrine, tiger’s eye E Rum Horn Fire 10 petals Swadhi- shthana Spleen kidney Sex organs Spleen, ovaries, uterus, kidneys, urinary tract, adrenals Emotional needs, boundaries, attachment, warmth, sense gratification Oran- ge Coral, moonstone, fire opal D Vum Strings Water 6 petals Mula- dhara Base Reproductive organs, perineum, sacrum, legs, feet Security, sexuality, material needs, physical space Red Ruby, pyrite, garnet, hematite C Lum Drums Earth 4 petals
  52. 52. 52 AyurvedaElements17OrchardRdChatswoodNSW20670061299047754 Subtle and Gross body Suukshma and Sthuula shareera Sthuula shareera Anna-maya ……………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………… How to strengthen? ……………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………… Praana-maya ……………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………… How to strengthen? ……………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………… Suuksha shareera Mano-maya ……………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………… How to strengthen? ……………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………… Kaarana shareera Vijñaana-maya ……………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………… How to strengthen?……………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………… Aananda-maya ……………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………… How to strengthen? ……………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………… Atman is comprised of sad-maya - ultimate reality, essence or purity, cid-maya - the state of transcen- dent self-awareness or divine consciousness and Ananda-maya - total bliss.
  53. 53. AyurvedaElements17OrchardRdChatswoodNSW20670061299047754 53 The modes of Universe Tri-guna Tri Guna Manas Antah-karana Satva qualities ………………………………………………………………… examples ………………………………………………………………… signs of excess ………………………………………………………………… example ………………………………………………………………… Rajas qualities ………………………………………………………………… examples ………………………………………………………………… signs of excess ………………………………………………………………… example ………………………………………………………………… Tamas qualities ………………………………………………………………… examples ………………………………………………………………… signs of excess ………………………………………………………………… example ………………………………………………………………… Controlled senses, wisdom acquired from experience, knowledge of the space, time and personal goals, following good conduct, using a mantra, performing aritual daily and being hygienic prevent diseases of external and internal origin.~ vAgbhaTa. 1. How do tri-gunas work in a particle? 2. How do tri-gunas work in a person? 3. Explain the nature of an excess tamas mind. 4. Explain the nature of an excess rajas mind. 5. Why are tri-gunas known as the modes of the universe? 6. Why are rajas and tamas considered to be etiological factors?
  54. 54. 54 AyurvedaElements17OrchardRdChatswoodNSW20670061299047754 How is my mind today? Category Your Score Your Score Your Score 1. Mental clarity Very clear Hyperactive Cloudy 2. Concentration Good Moderate Poor 3. Memory Good Moderate Poor 4. Will power Strong Variable Weak 5. Honesty Always Most of the time Rarely 6. Peace of mind Generally Occasionally Rarely 7. Creativity High Moderate Low (I don’t use it now) 8. Spiritual study Daily Occasionally Never (I don’t have time) 9. Mantra/ Prayer Daily Occasionally Never 10. Meditation Daily Occasionally Never 11. Selfless service Often Occasionally Rarely 12. Relationships Harmonious Passionate Disturbed 13. Anger Rarely Sometimes Frequently 14. Fear Rarely Sometimes Frequently 15. Desire Little Some Uncontrollable 16. Pride Modest Some ego Vain 17. Depression Never Sometimes Frequently 18. Love Universal Personal Lacking in love 19. Violent behaviour Never Sometimes Frequently 20. Attachment Materially detached Occasionally Attached 21. Forgiveness Forgive easily With effort Long term grudges 22. Diet Vegetarian Some meat Frequent meat 23. Addictive nature Never Occasionally Frequently 24. Sensory impressions Calm Mixed Disturbed 25. Sleep requirement Little Moderate Excessive 26. Sexual activity Controlled Intense passion Uncontrollable 27. Control of senses Good Moderate Low 28. Speech Calm, peaceful Agitated Dull 29. Cleanliness standard High Moderate Low 30. Work Selfless Reward centred Aimless SATWA >> RAJAS >> TAMAS >> ………… is my current mental state, which can be improved. How can I strengthen my Satwa? Diet Emotions Thoughts Activity Attitude
  55. 55. AyurvedaElements17OrchardRdChatswoodNSW20670061299047754 55The five elements - Panca bhuuta
  56. 56. 56 AyurvedaElements17OrchardRdChatswoodNSW20670061299047754 Elements, functions & attributes Elements Principle Functions Powers States Ether Vacuity Space Sound Ether Air Motion Rhythm + Touch Gas Fire Luminosity Transformation + Form Energy Water Liquidity Flexibility + Taste Fluid Earth Solidity Gravity + Smell Solid Elements Sensory Motor Ether Hearing-Ears Expression-Vocal cords, tongue Air Touch-Skin Locomotion-Legs Fire Vision-Eyes Action-Hands Water Taste-Tongue Creation-Reproductive organs Earth Smell-Nostrils Excretion-Bowels Elements Qualities Manifestation Ether Subtle, clear, light, porous awareness, wisdom Air Mobile, dry, subtle, light, cold mobility, rhythm, balance Fire Hot, intense, subtle, light power to interact Water Unctuous, cold, heavy, slow bonding ability, flexibility Earth Solid, heavy, stable, cold, rigid integrity, stability Notes: Even an atom is composed of these elements.The space occupied by an atom is its space, the coordinated and rhythmic movements of it is Vata, the energy or heat without which it cannot interact is the fire, the cohesive force within the atom is the water and the gravity or weight is the earth.
  57. 57. AyurvedaElements17OrchardRdChatswoodNSW20670061299047754 57 Applied elements Elements in nature Ether Air Fire Water Earth Space Gas Heat Fluidity Structure Wisdom Rhythm Transformation Flexibility Dense, Firmness Bliss Circulation Assimilation Liquid, Cohesion Solid Knowledge Mobility, Cycles Warmth Sensitivity Stability Creativity Motion Drive, Passion Compassion Support Elements & your permanant body constitution Ether Air Fire Water Earth Tall Small Triangular Rounded Rectangular Delicate Short Muscular Curvaceous Solid Slender Slight Angular Soft Heavy bones Elements & your permanant mental constitution Ether Air Fire Water Earth Philosopher Communicator Marketer Nurturer Hands on Scientist Easy going Sharp, Precise Tolerant Coach,Trainer Creative, Open Adaptable Challenging Gentle Methodical Adviser Multitasking Forceful Carer Routine lover Charitable Teacher Analytic/result based Nurse/parental Administrator Thinker Performer Driven/forceful Parental Supervisor, Manager Exercise: Classify nutrients, food, cooking, exercises, hobbies etc based on five elements.
  58. 58. 58 AyurvedaElements17OrchardRdChatswoodNSW20670061299047754 Doshas -biological units Dosha …………………………………………………………………………………………… Dush …………………………………………………………………………………………… Physiological functions Vata Pitta Kapha Ether+Air Fire Water+Earth Controls, regulates. Creates and mobilises. Excites and stimulates. Activates and transforms. Heats and expands. Motivates and encourages. Bonds and integrates. Lubricates and stabilises. Calms and solidifies. Enthusiasm, creativity, control, movement, activities, awareness, rhythms and perception. Metabolism, temperature, lustre, courage, digestion and efficiency of body and mind. Stability, endurance, flexibility, lubrication, compactness, forbearance and tolerance. Qualities & work- ing of doshas Cold, light, dry Hard / stiff Subtle, subtle Rough, porous Hot, light, moist Intense / sharp Fast, active Odorous, liquid Cold, heavy, oily Gentle, soft Dense, stable Slow, smooth Food is Brought to intestine Digest the food Fluids Information Brought to brain Process/analysis Record/memories Discuss the following topics: Dosha as functional and structural units. Is dosha just body type?
  59. 59. AyurvedaElements17OrchardRdChatswoodNSW20670061299047754 59 The dosha clock Doshas, the physiological units, are more active during certain periods of the day, night, seasons, emotions and stages of growth. They are like the tides, which depend on the moon and the sun. They always begin with Kapha, followed by Pitta and end with Vata. They are parallel to the twelve meridians in Chinese medicine. The following is the brief form of the dosha clock. Kapha Pitta Vata Day Night Age Digestion Disease Body region
  60. 60. 60 AyurvedaElements17OrchardRdChatswoodNSW20670061299047754 Subtle Qualities - Vimshati gunas Twenty gunas Criteria Qualities Gravity Heavy Light Intensity Slow Intense Temperature Cold Hot Emoliency Oily Dry Texture Smooth Rough Viscosity Dense Liquid Rigidity Soft Hard Fluidity Stable Mobile Density Subtle Gross Adhesion Clear Sticky Write down the qualities of the following: Ether …………………………………………………………………………………………… Air …………………………………………………………………………………………… Fire …………………………………………………………………………………………… Water …………………………………………………………………………………………… Earth …………………………………………………………………………………………… Vata …………………………………………………………………………………………… Pitta …………………………………………………………………………………………… Kapha …………………………………………………………………………………………… Spinach …………………………………………………………………………………………… Ginger …………………………………………………………………………………………… Potato …………………………………………………………………………………………… Cold pasta …………………………………………………………………………………………… Steamy pasta ……………………………………………………………………………………………
  61. 61. AyurvedaElements17OrchardRdChatswoodNSW20670061299047754 61 prakriti Your Mind-body type From birth until death, each of us possesses an individual biological blueprint, termed our prakruti Ayurveda. The specific predominance of elements composing our being since birth determines our unique psycho-physiological tendencies. The predominant elements are ascertained by scrutinising the nature of one’s structural and func- tional tendencies, drives, feelings and all other psychophysical signs. Determining one’s prakruti the first step towards effective preventative and curative health care. It is similar to distinguishing between a plastic, glass and ceramic bottles. Each is different. Yet each is special. Each has its own function. No body-type is inferior or superior to another. Body type analysis doesn’t aim to put you in certain compartments, but it is to create an awareness of one’s fundamental nature, initiating an inward jour- ney of self-discovery and acceptance. This wisdom guides us to understand the most suitable daily routine, nutrition, colours, essential oils, herbs, colours and other lifestyle and therapeutic substances needed to bring us to a state of optimum health and harmony. Everything in this universe is made of all the three biological units (doshas) in various proportions. They are classified based on elements or doshas. Doshas are the functional aspects of the five ele- ments namely ether, air, fire, water and earth. The following pages will discuss the general tendencies of classical five elemental types and single- dosha body types.
  62. 62. 62 AyurvedaElements17OrchardRdChatswoodNSW20670061299047754 Elemental body types Elements in nature Ether Air Fire Water Earth Space Gas Heat Fluidity Structure Wisdom Rhythm Transformation Flexibility Dense, Firmness Bliss Circulation Assimilation Liquid, Cohesion Solid Knowledge Mobility, Cycles Warmth Sensitivity Stability Creativity Motion Drive, Passion Compassion Support Your permanant body constitution Ether Air Fire Water Earth Tall Small Triangular Rounded Rectangular Delicate Short Muscular Curvaceous Solid Slender Slight Angular Soft Heavy bones Your permanant mental constitution Ether Air Fire Water Earth Philosopher Communicator Marketer Nurturer Hands on Scientist Easy going Sharp, Precise Tolerant Coach,Trainer Creative, Open Adaptable Challenging Gentle Methodical Adviser Multitasking Forceful Carer Routine lover Charitable Teacher Analytic/result based Nurse/parental Administrator Thinker Performer Driven/forceful Parental Supervisor, Manager Current Physical Excess Ether Air Fire Water Earth Depletion Irregular Over heated Sluggish Rigid Loss Improper Acidity Lethargic Clot Thinning Aches, pain Inflammation Heavy/weight gain Growth Waning Dehydrated Acidic discharges Excess fluid Spur Current Psychological Excess Ether Air Fire Water Earth Absence Fluctuating/shifty Irritable Clingy Stubborn Loss Blocked Easily angered Sluggish Inflexible Irrational Confused/worried Easily aggravated Greedy Overpowering Anxious Insecure/fear Frustrated Procrastinating Rigid/stiff
  63. 63. AyurvedaElements17OrchardRdChatswoodNSW20670061299047754 63 Ether Air Fire Water Earth Recording body types Record the level of five elements in your body with horizontal lines. The stronger the element, the line will be higer. Then record the current imbalance, using 1-2 arrow marks.
  64. 64. 64 AyurvedaElements17OrchardRdChatswoodNSW20670061299047754
  65. 65. AyurvedaElements17OrchardRdChatswoodNSW20670061299047754 65 Vata type Nature These are people composed mostly of ether and air. On the other hand, they have relatively less fire, water and earth in their constitution. They have the lightness and subtlety of air and ether. They exhibit their nature through lightness, swiftness, mobility and sensitivity. Creativity, enthusiasm and mobility are from Vata. Displaying fluctuation in almost everything, they represent the transient nature of the world. Deers, butterflies and hares are Vata animals. Preference Love warm climate, food and drink. Tired in heat, hate to be cold. Mind Very active; millions of ideas and plans; fast thinkers, quick learners with swift re- sponse; theorists; revivers; they are not into remembering something for a long time or holding on to things for ages; adapt their minds or change their attitudes and opinions frequently based on reasons and feeling; they don’t stagnate, yet at times they get caught up in a mental web for ages; likes and dislikes change periodi- cally; If they know how to direct their thoughts, they will be extremely successful. Most planners, ideologists, thinkers, philosophers (Ether) teachers, communicators, dancers and musicians (Air) are Vata types. Personality Being changeable, they constantly change their likes, dislikes, work and lifestyle; sensitive, high-strung; creative, love to do many things at a time; very mobile, active people; jack of all trades; adapt to totally different people easily; have many friends; travel lovers; they start many things, need someone else to complete; unlimited flow of creative ideas and plans. Relationship Good communicators; easily overindulge in anything, including sex; may start & finish relationships quickly. Body Thin, lean, slender; small frame; can be tall (ether) or short (air). They are light, with small or thin bones with prominent joints. Endurance Enjoy low impact exercises. Long distance runners and fast bowlers are Vatas. Weight Light. Tall, slim or both. Voice Fast, uneven according to the importance of the matter; broken sentences; love to speak and can speak on most subjects to anyone. Pulse Fast, thin, shallow and fluctuating pulse. Compared to the movements of a snake. Eyes Relatively small, placed well apart or close together; slate blue, grey or violet
  66. 66. 66 AyurvedaElements17OrchardRdChatswoodNSW20670061299047754 coloured, scratchy iris; greyish or blue sclera; eyes turn quickly dull during weak- ness. They can also be dark brown to black eyes. Skin Thin skin, showing the veins and often easily pigmented; relatively darker than oth- ers in the same race / family; generally their skin is cool and hence love short periods of sunbathing, as it improves their circulation; their skin may demands moisture and oils; they may have a few wrinkles and moles. Hair Thin, course and dark hair; could be curly or even frizzy which kinks easily; often dry or rough in texture. Body hair is either too much or too less. Nails Hard, brittle nails; they can also be ridged and rough often; nails may be uneven in size. Mouth Small teeth, or teeth with gaps in between; either small or big. Metabolism Variable appetite, sometimes they are not hungry, and at other times they are rav- enous; they often overestimate their hunger; If they eat while they are hungry, they function better. Sleep Light sleepers; may have difficulty in falling asleep if mind is busy. Dreams Vivid, travelling, journeys, flying, motions of various kinds; they have lots of dreams and nights with not even a single dream; they usually don’t remember their dreams. Elimination Elimination fluctuates; won’t sweat a lot; easily miss a day or two of bowel move- ments. Periods can be short. Examples Gwyneth Paltrow, Kylie Mingoue, Audrey Hepburn, David Bowie, MK Gandhi. Negative Tendencies Vata people tend to over use their physiological Vata when under pressure. If they do, this can result in the following tendencies. Under stressful situations they may stop eating, loose weight easily, are prone to worry, fear and anxiety and develop the habit of biting their finger nails; may develop cold and dry skin and dry hair. If careless they experience erratic memory, constipation, insomnia and aches and pains and diseases like deviated nasal septum, scoliosis, neuromuscular disorders and bow-legs; receding gums; can get numbness; can overindulge in anything, tir- ing and wearing them out; dreams may turn anxious and fearful, anxious and even depressing; careless eating often results in gas and bloating. They also tend to over use their vocal energy. Osteoporosis is common in them during their late 40s or early 50s.

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