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Ramnath project Ramnath project Document Transcript

  • A STUDY ON INDUSTRIAL SAFETY MANAGEMENT INANGLO FRENCH TEXTILES PTC LTD., PUDUCHERRY SUMMER PROJECT REPORT Submitted by R. RAMKUMAR REGISTER NO: 27348303 UNDER THE GUIDANCE OF Mr. MEGALA Faculty, Department Of Management Studies in partial fulfillment for the award of the degree Of MASTER OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION DEPARTMENT OF MANAGEMENT STUDIES SYED AMMAL ENGINEERING COLLEGE ANNA UNIVERSITY RAMANATHAPUARAM JULY 2012 1
  • SRI MANAKULA VINAYAGAR ENGINEERING COLLEGE MADAGADIPET DEPARTMENT OF MANAGEMENT STUDIES BONAFIDE CERTIFICATE This to certify that the project work entitled “ A STUDY ON INDUSTRIALSAFETY MANAGEMENT IN ANGLO FRENCH TEXTILES PTC LTD.,PUDUCHERRY” is a confide work done by R. ANBARASAN [REGISTER NO:27348303] in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the award of Master of BusinessAdministration by Pondicherry University during the academic year 2007 – 2008.GUIDE HEAD OF DEPARTMENTSubmitted for Viva-Voce Examination held on ___________EXTERNAL EXAMINER ACKNOWLEDGEMENT 2
  • With the divine blessing of god, I take immense pleasure in stating theacknowledgement for this project. I express my deep gratitude to Mr. N.KESAVAN,Chairman, Mr.M.DHANASEKARAN, Managing Director and Mr.S.V.SUGUMARAN,Vice Chairman, Sri Manakula Vinayagar Engineering College. My special thanks to our college Principal, Mr.V.S.K.VENKATACHALAPATHYfor extending me moral support during the course of this work. My special thanks to Mr.S.JAYAKUMAR, Head of the Department of Managementstudies for his motivation and providing me the permission in doing this project. I wish to thank my internal guide Mr. G.BALA SENDHIL KUMAR for being soresource full from the beginning of this project and help to bring this project successfully. I thank my external guide Mr. N.VELAYUDHAM, Safety Officer of Anglo FrenchTextiles PTC Ltd, Puducherry for giving me this opportunity to do this project work in theirorganization and for guiding me throughout the project duration. I wish to thank all other faculty members of the department for their co-operation andencouragement throughout my project work. I am also thankful to all the employees of Anglo French Textiles PTC Ltd,Puducherry for providing me the details about the company for the completion of myproject. TABLE OF CONTENTS 3
  • LIST OF TABLESLIST OF CHARTS CHAPTER PAGE TITLE NO. NO. 1 INTRODUCTION 1 2 REVIEW OF LITERATURE 11 3 OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY 19 4 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 20 5 DATA ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION 23 6 FINDINGS, SUGGESTIONS, 46 RECOMMENDATIONS OF THE STUDY 7 CONCLUSION 49 8 LIMITATION AND SCOPE OF THE STUDY 50 ANNEXURES 1. BIBLIOGRAPHY 2. QUESTIONNAIRE Table No. List Of Tables Page No. 5.1 Age wise classification of Respondents 23 5.2 Departments in Anglo French Textiles 24 5.3 Service of Employees in the Organization 25 4
  • 5.4 Employees opinion regarding safety measures 26 5.5 Organization providing any personal protective 27 equipments 5.6 Frequency of training programme 28 5.7 Conservancy in case of accidents 29 5.8 Availability of Safety Equipments 30 5.9 Remedial measures taken by the organization 31 5.10 Major causes of accidents 32 5.11 Experienced person doesn’t need training 33 5.12 Disease affects workers in work environment 34 5.13 Frequency of accidents happening 35 5.14 Severity of accidents caused 36 5.15 Causes of great disturbance in work environment 37 5.16 Chemical content of Waste/Effluent 38 5.17 Working conditions provided by the Organization 39 5.18 Safety measures in Organization 40 5.19 Chi-Square analysis of Training on safety and First aid 41 and Met with accidents 5.20 Chi-Square analysis of providing personal protective 43 equipments and Methods to improve safety measures 5.21 Analysis of various facilities provided by the 45 organization using weighted average methodTable No. List Of Charts Page No. 5.1 Age wise classification of Respondents 23 5.2 Departments in Anglo French Textiles 24 5.3 Service of Employees in the Organization 25 5.4 Employees opinion regarding safety measures 26 5.5 Organization providing any personal protective 27 equipments 5.6 Frequency of training programme 28 5.7 Conservancy in case of accidents 29 5.8 Availability of Safety Equipments 30 5.9 Remedial measures taken by the organization 31 5.10 Major causes of accidents 32 5.11 Experienced person doesn’t need training 33 5.12 Disease affects workers in work environment 34 5
  • 5.13 Frequency of accidents happening 35 5.14 Severity of accidents caused 36 5.15 Causes of great disturbance in work environment 37 5.16 Chemical content of Waste/Effluent 38 5.17 Working conditions provided by the Organization 39 5.18 Safety measures in Organization 40 CHAPTER – I1.1 COMPANY PROFILE Is an Indian motorized vehicle-producing company. Bajaj Auto is a part of BajajGroup. Its founded by Jamnalal Bajaj at Rajasthan in the 1930. Bajaj Auto is the worldsthird-largest manufacturer of motorcycles and second-largest in IndiaIndustry AutomotiveHeadquarters Pune, Maharashtra, IndiaProducts Motorcycles,Net income 12.2 crore (2011)Employees 36 (2010-2011)Address No.2, Ayyasamy Club North Street, Railway Feeder Road, Ramanathapuram, Tamil Nadu,Phone number: +91-4567-227497, 2266411.1.1 History of Anglo French Textiles Bajaj Auto came into existence on 29 November 1945 as M/s Bachraj TradingCorporation Private Limited. It started off by selling imported two- and three-wheelers in 6
  • India. In 1959, it obtained license from the Government of India to manufacture two- andthree-wheelers and it went public in 1960. In 1970, it rolled out its 100,000th vehicle. In1977, it managed to produce and sell 100,000 vehicles in a single financial year. In 1985, itstarted producing at Waluj near Aurangabad. In 1986, it managed to produce and sell500,000 vehicles in a single financial year. In 1995, it rolled out its ten millionth vehicleand produced and sold one million vehicles in a year.ProductsBajaj has made a number of motorcycles, scooters and cars. Motorcycles in currentproduction are the XCD, Platina, Discover, Pulsar and Avenger. Bajaj also Distributesmany motorcycles in India for other manufacturers, such as the Kawasaki Ninja 250R,[11],the Ninja 650R and new for 2012, the KTM Duke 200. [citation needed] Cars include the BajajULC ultra-low-cost car. Unfortunately in the middle of July 1983 there was a persistent labour unrest, whichbrought down the performance of the mill. This situation gave way to sell the mill to SriJatia and Somania group of Mumbai. At that time the mill was facing financial crisis dueto mismanagement and the besieged by labour problem. This culminated into stoppage ofthe operation in the mill and ultimately the mill ceased to the function from July 1983. The closure of the mill adversely affected the economy of Union Territory ofPuducherry and caused social problems. The representation of the jobless employee, publicand reports of the press made the government of puducherry to reopen the mill. It alsopassed an act to nationalize the mill, which came into effect from 24th December 1985.(Thereafter it vested absolutely with the government of puducherry initially andimmediately, thereafter stands vested with Puducherry Textiles Corporation limited). Now Anglo French Textiles is functioning as three units. The Unit A and Unit Bare within the heart of the city on the Cuddalore highway, and the Unit C is located 10Kmsaway from the Puducherry city. 7
  • 1.1.2 The Reasons for the success of the mill are:- Standard new work norms Working all 24 hours in a day and 6 days in a week Various welfare schemes for the workers.1.1.3 Present Context of Anglo French Textiles At present AFT encompasses 3 units where 3000 employees are employed. Themanagement has planned to modernize the company by installing new machineries in orderto produce super fine quality fabric for the export purpose. It has also set up a “qualityterm” whose main objective is to get qualification certificate like the ISO 9000 and EN29000 with its dedicated team with its manifold and materialistic development it is forgranted that AFT will become the pride of the Union Territory of Puducherry during the21st century.1.1.4 OBJECTIVES OF AFT The main objectives of the company can be generally stated as manufacturing andselling of cotton yarn and cotton fabrics. • To manufacture and market cotton yarns. • To manufacture and market cotton fabrics. • To manufacture garments and uniforms for various agencies and service organizations. • To protect the interest of the employees through welfare measures. • To modernize the mills and its systems including computerization. 8
  • 1.1.5 DEPARTMENTS OF AFT The various departments of AFT are1.1.5.1 Production Department:- The Production Department is subdivided into five departments, which are asfollows. Spinning Department – Blow room, Carding and spinning. Weaving Preparatory Department – Winding, Warping and Sizing. Processing Department – Bleaching, Printing and Dyeing. Weaving Department – Loom shed. Warehouse Department – Examining, Packing and Baling.1.1.5.2 Service Department:- The Service Department comprises six departments, namely, Marketing Department Finance and Accounts Department Purchase and Stores Department Quality Assurance Department Engineering Department Personnel Department 9
  • 1.1.6 GENERAL INFORMATION ABOUT ANGLO FRENCH TEXTILESCompany Name : Anglo French Textiles (A Unit of Puducherry Textiles Corp. Ltd.)Registered Office : A.F.T Premises, Cuddalore Road, Puducherry – 605 004.Location of the MillA & B Units : Mudaliarpet, Puducherry – 605 004.C Unit : Ayyankutipalayam, Puducherry – 605 009.Date of Incorporation : 23rd December 1985 (Originally in 1898)Commencement of Business : 10th June 1986 (after taken over by Puducherry Government).Authorized Capital : Rs. 240 CroresIssued & Paid up capital : Rs. 220 CroresLicensed Capacity : 63,240 spindles and 1613 looms.Telephone No. : 2358951 and 2359075Fax : 0413-2357710E-mail : Aftmd2.vsnl.net.in 10
  • 1.1.7 HEALTH AND SAFETY MANAGEMENT Safety increases productivity, reduces accidents, acts as moral booster foremployees, enables them to work fearlessly with confidence when they are assured of worksafety. Safety measures develop team spirit and the sense of belongingness amongemployees, as they see no hazards to their lives and health.1.1.7.1 The Safety Policy of AFT The occupational safety and health are primarily a management function like qualityand production, having total participation of all workmen with the objective of reducingdeterioration and losses of resources of Men, Machines and Materials ensuring productsafety. “Quality Through Safety”. The commitment of management towards safety has envisaged constituting safetycommittee headed by the chief safety officer. The safety policy is published among allemployees through play cards, instructions and exhibits. 11
  • 1.1.8 Methods followed to provide safety to employees in Anglo French Textiles 1. Safety Inspections. 2. Job safety analysis. 3. Safety education and training. 4. Investigation of accidents. 5. Wet drills.1.1.8.1 Safety Inspection Periodical Inspection of work spots are carried out by the safety officers from theangle of health and safety of employees. Any unusual sound, smell or any otherobservation are bought to the notice of the concerned department in charge. The workmethods of employees are observed and recorded. Also House-keeping, electricalappliances, high pressure operations and the use of heat and fore are studied with specialattention and appropriate warning are issued. The number of fire extinguishers, theirmaintenance and refill status are observed and recorded. (Once in a month, in theconcerned department).1.1.8.2 Job Safety Analysis In this the critical jobs are studied in detail especially the jobs causing frequentaccidents and damages. All the possible causes of accidents are analyzed and appropriatemethods are advised.1.1.8.3 Safety Education and Training Here the employees are informed about the various hazards in the works and themethods of using safety equipments and other personal protective equipments. In additionfirst-aid training, fire fighting methods are taught to the employees. Safety trainingprogramme are conducted at certain intervals by the experts who come from variousinstitutions and employees were sent to attend training programme and seminars conductedby the various institutions at the expenses of the company. 12
  • 1.1.8.4 Investigation of Accidents Case studies are being carried out to investigate the various causes of accidents byappropriately choosing accidents cases. In this the causes are broadly classified as 3categories as below. 1. Unsafe act of men. 2. Unsafe conditions of machines. 3. Unsafe environment.1.1.8.4.1 Accident Investigation Report The following is the sample of report noted during 2006 in Unit A of AFT isconsidered for the cause of accidents.Name: xxxxxx Code No.: xxxxx Category: Beam CarrierDate: 05-06-2006. Place: Weaving Preparatory.Report: When working as beam carrier and while removing the empty warp from the beamstand, unfortunately the roll slipped and his right hand middle finger and ring finger werecaught in between the roll shaft and beam bracket and caused cut and bleeding injury.1.1.8.4.1.1 Nature of Injury: Cut and bleeding injury (Right hand middle and ringfinger).Investigation: The empty warp weighing about 100 kgs was lifted by two operatives one ateach end from the beam bracket. While carrying the empty warp, the flange of the beam atone end was struck by the M.S. rail and due to this shock the man at the other end lostcontrol thereby got his right middle finger crashed against the bracket. 13
  • 1.1.8.4.1.2 This has occurred due to the following reasons. 1. The injured person was not probably holding the beam shaft rigidly. 2. The other man did not lift the empty roll well above the M.S. rail so as to avoid obstruction to the flange. This requires considerable strength in the workmen.1.1.8.4.1.3 Remedies 1. Every workman should be instructed about the possible dangers of the work. 2. Whenever huge weights are handles manually, persons of physical soundness should be employed there on. 3. Lifting of heavy beams must be handled with the help of pulley.1.1.8.5 Wet Drills This is an exercise carried out by the coordinated activities of the personnel inEngineering, Security and Personnel Departments. This is carried out to maintain thepreparedness for fire fighting. This is also called mock fire drill. Once in a Quarter the security personnel are informed suddenly, break out of fire atsome department without prior intimation and the time is noted down, also the Engineeringdepartment is informed the CSO arrives at this spot mentioned. The Security personnel areexpected to be present at the spot as soon as possible and arrange for extinguishing (mockfire) by making ready with the fire hoses nozzles protective equipments etc. 14
  • 1.1.9 Types of Accidents Happening in Anglo French Textiles S.N0. Types of Accidents Percentage of Accidents 1 Slipping of limbs into the machines 26% 2 Shuttle fly 19% 3 Falling of Objects 15% 4 Bobbin cut 13% 5 Trolley hit 11% 6 Chemical flash 7% 7 Eye Affection 5% 8 Slipping and falling 2% 9 Others 2%1.2 INTRODUCTION TO INDUSTRIAL SAFETY 15
  • Life of Industrial workers is becoming more and more prone to danger. TheIndustries are becoming more in number, size and sophistication. Every year, lakhs andlakhs of workers meet accidents in factories, mines and workshops leading to injuries,permanent disabilities and sometime deaths. Accidents may be caused by unsafe working environments, defective plant andequipments, poor supervision, careless acts etc., Industrial safety management is a vital partof the human resources management in any industry because it ensures job satisfaction, jobsecurity and motivates the employees for higher productivity. Also, it helps in loss controlfor the overall benefit of the organization. Hence, industrial safety is beneficial to theworkers as well as management.1.2.1 SYNOPSIS A good organization not only gives importance to the sales, profit, increaseproduction etc., but also provide safety measures to achieve the best results. This studyhighlights the various safety activities carries out at the Anglo French Textiles PTC (LTD)for the employees and the organization as a whole. Also, it would help the management toknow about the feelings of the workers about the safety measures. Industrial engineers are concentrating their attention to improve the design ofworkplace, layout, selection of equipment and machines. Employees also should layemphasis on safety measures in their plants. Moreover, rules and regulations, laid down in the labour laws, make it obligatory onthe part of industrialist to provide certain minimum measures of safety to employees. Thisstudy is based on collection of data from records of the Anglo French Textiles, Puducherryand also personal interviews with the employees. CHAPTER - II 16
  • REVIEW OF LITERATURE2.1 Introduction An organization is made up of four resources, namely men, material, money andmachinery. Of these, the first one is living one and the other three are non-living i.e., non-human. It is the human or people that make use of non-human resources. Hence, peopleare the most significant resources in an organization. It is man who makes all thedifference in organizations. According to Peter F. Drucker, “man, of all the resourcesavailable to man, can grow and develop”. Human resources are heterogeneous in the sensethat they differ in personality, perception, emotions, values, attitudes, motives and modes ofthoughts.2.1.2 Safety Safety, in simple terms, means freedom from the occurrence or risk of injury orloss. Industrial safety or Employee safety refers to the protection of workers from thedanger of industrial accidents.2.1.3 Accidents An Accident, is an unplanned and uncontrolled event in which an action or reactionof an object, a substance, a person, or a radiation results in personal injury.2.1.4 Causes of Accidents The industrial safety experts have classified the various causes of accidents intothree broad categories: 1. Unsafe Conditions 2. Unsafe Acts 3. Other Causes2.1.5 STATUTORY PROVISIONS FOR INDUSTRIAL SAFETY 17
  • The International Labour Organization (ILO) organized a Tripartite TechnicalConference in 1948 to formulate a ‘Model Code’ of Safety Regulations for IndustrialEstablishments for the guidance of governments and industry. The code covers variousareas of unsafe conditions and unsafe acts. In India, The Factories Act, 1948 lays down safety provisions contained in Sections21 to 41. These provisions are obligatory on the part of industrial establishments. A briefresume of these is presented as follows.2.1.5.1. Fencing of Machinery (Section 21): It is obligatory on the part of the management to fence machinery with guards of asubstantial construction. The same shall be constantly maintained and kept in its properposition when any part of the machine is in motion or movement.2.1.5.2. Work on or Near Machinery in Motion (Section 22): A trained adult male worker wearing tight fitting clothing should examine andoperate the machine in motion. He should not handle a belt on a moving pulley more thanfifteen centimeters in width. No young children or women should handle a machine whichis in motion.2.1.5.3. Employment of Adolescents on Dangerous Machines (Section 23): Young persons should not be allowed to work on dangerous machines unless he hasbeen fully instructed as to the dangers involved and he has received sufficient training towork on the machine under the supervision of a person having thorough knowledge andexperience of working on that machine.2.1.5.4. Striking Gear or Device for Cutting off Power (Section 24): 18
  • Every factory must provide suitable striking gear to move driving belt to and fromfast and loose pulleys which form part of transmission machinery. There should also be alocking device to prevent accidental starting of transmission machinery to which the deviceis fitted.2.1.5.5. Self-Acting Machines (Section 25): No traversing part of a self-acting machine and no material carried thereon shall beallowed to run within a distance of 45 centimeters from any fixed structure which is not apart of the machine.2.1.5.6. Casting of New Machinery (Section 26): All machinery driven by power and installed in any factory after April 1 1949,every set crew, bolt or key, spindle shall be sunk or securely guarded to prevent any danger.Further, all spur, worm and toothed or friction gearing while in operation shall becompletely unease unless it is safely situated.2.1.5.7. Prohibition of Employment of Woman and Children near Cotton Openers(Section 27): Women and children shall not be employed in any part of a factory for pressingcottons when cotton opener is in operation. However, women and children may beemployed in a room which is separated from opener.2.1.5.8. Hoists and Lifts (Section 28): In every factory, hoists and lifts should be in good condition and should beexamined once in every six months.2.1.5.9. Lifting Machines, Tackles, Chains and Ropes (Section 29): 19
  • Similarly, in every factory, lifting machines chains, ropes and lifting tackles must bein good construction and should be examined once in a year.2.1.5.10 . Revolving Machinery (Section 30): In every room where grinding work is going on, a notice indicating the maximumsafe working peripherals speed of the machine shall be affixed near it. Effective measureswill also be taken in every factory to ensure that the safe working peripheral speed of everyrevolving vessel, cage, basket, flywheel, pulley, or similar other appliances driven bypower is not exceeded.2.1.5.11. Pressure Plants (Section 31): If in any factory, any plant or its part is operated at a pressure above atmosphericpressure, the pressure should not be allowed to exceed by taking effective measures in thisregard.2.1.5.12. Floors, Stairs and other means of Access (Section 32): In every factory, all floors, steps, stairs, passage and gangway shall be of soundconstruction and be properly maintained.2.1.5.13. Pits and Openings in Floors (Section 33): Since every fixed vessel, sumps, tank, pit, or opening in a floor may be a source ofdanger, therefore, shall be securely covered or fenced.2.1.5.14. Excessive Weights (Section 34): 20
  • No person shall be employed in the factory to lift or carry excess load/weight so asto cause him/her physical injury.2.1.5.15. Protection of Eyes (Section 35): In every factory, adequate provisions of goggles or screen to protect personsworking on machine which might cause damage to their eyesight, shall be made.2.1.5.16. Precaution against Dangerous Fumes (Section 36): No employee in any factory shall be allowed to enter any chamber, tank, pit, vat,pipe, flue or such other confined place in which any gas or fume is present.2.1.5.17. Explosive or Inflammable Gas or Dust (Section 37): In any factory which produces through its manufacturing process dust, gas, fume orvapour of such nature exploding on ignition, effective measures such as enclosure of theplant or machinery used in the process, removal of accumulated dust or fume and effectiveenclosure of all possible source of ignition, should be taken to prevent explosion likely tobe caused by gas or fume.2.1.5.18. Precaution in case of Fire (Section 38): In every factory, effective measures to be taken to prevent outbreak of fire and itsspread. These may include exit door to escape in case of fire, necessary equipments andfacilities for extinguishing fire and adequate arrangement to raise alarm in case of fire,preferably a siren.2.1.5.19. Power to Require Specification of Defective Parts or Tests of Stability 21
  • (Section 39): If it appears to the factory inspector that any building or part of it is in such acondition that it is dangerous to human life, he/she may ask for details about them or insiston suitable tests to determine their safety.2.1.5.20. Safety of Building and Machinery (Section 40): Where unsafe condition of building and machinery is reported, the inspector havingbeing satisfied may ask the occupier or manager to repair it suitably.2.1.5.21. Power to Make Rules (Section 41): The State Government is empowered to make rules requiring the provision in anyfactory of such further devices and measures for securing safety of persons employedtherein.2.1.5.22. The other acts covering statutory provisions of safety are: • Mines Act, 1952 • Plantation Labour Act, 1961 • Bidi and Cigar Workers (Conditions of Employment) Act, 1966. • Contract Labour (Regulation and Abolition) Act, 1970 • Motor Transport Workers Act, 19612.2 Articles from Journals THE PUDUCHERRY FACTORY RULES 1964 22
  • (As Amended up to 31.12.1993) Government of Puducherry Labour Department Notification S.O.84 – In exercise of the powers conferred by the Sec.112 of the Factories Act,1984 (Central Act 63 of 1948), the Lieutenant – Governor, Puducherry hereby makes thefollowing rules, the same having been previously published as requires by Sec.115 of thesaid act, viz. Rule 106 of the Puducherry Factory Rules notification of accidents and dangerousoccurrences. When any accident which results in the death or bodily injured to any person or anydangerous occurrence specified in the schedule takes place in a factory, the manager of thefactory shall forthwith send a notice there of by a special messenger or by telephone, or bytelegram to 1. The Inspector and Chief Inspector. 2. The District Magistrate or sub divisional officer. 3. The Officer in charge of the nearest police station. 4. The relatives of the injured or deceased person. Any notice given as required shall be confirmed by the manager of the factory to theauthorities within 12 hours of the accident or the dangerous occurrence by sending them awritten respond in Form 17. When any accident or dangerous occurrence specified in the schedule takes place infactory and it causes such bodily injury to any person as prevents the person injured fromworking for a period of 48 hours or more immediately following the accident on thedangerous occurrence, as the case may be, the manager of the factory shall send a reportthereof to the inspector in form 17 within 24 hours after the expiry of 48 hours from thetime of the accident on the dangerous occurrence.2.2.1 LEGAL ASPECTS RELATING TO INDUSTRIAL SAFETY 23
  • There are legal provisions too for undertaking safety measures. There are lawscovering occupational health and safety and penalties for non-compliance have becomequite sever. The responsibility extends to the safety and health of the surroundingcommunity too. The civil law establishes the extend of damages or compensation. Under thecriminal law, sentences are prescribed under the pollution control laws. There is no ceilingon the extend of liability.2.2.2 The various acts involved in Industrial safety are: 1. The Factories Act, 1984. 2. The Employees State Insurance Act 1948. 3. The Indian Explosive Act, 1884. 4. The Explosive Substance Act, 1908. 5. The Inflammable Substance Act, 1952. 6. The Petroleum Act, 1934. 7. The Indian Electricity Act, 1910. 8. The Indian Boilers Act, 1932. 9. The Fatal Accident Act, 1885. CHAPTER – III 24
  • OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY1. To Study the Industrial safety measures followed in Anglo French Textiles.2. To Study the different types of accidents happening inside the organization.3. To analyze the causes of accidents.4. To measure the effectiveness of the safety and first-aid training programme provided by the organization.5. To find the ways to reduce the different types of accidents and pollutions inside the organization. CHAPTER – 4 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 25
  • 4.1 RESEARCH – MEANING Research is an art of scientific investigation. According to Redmen and Marydefines research as a “systematic effort to gain knowledge”. Research methodology is way to systematically solve the research problem. It is aplan of action for a research project and explains in detail how data are collected andanalyzed. This research study is a descriptive research study.4.2 RESEARCH DESIGN A research design is a plan that specifies the objectives of the study, method to beadopted in the data collection, tools in data analysis and hypothesis to be framed.“A research design is an arrangement of condition for collection and analysis of data in amanner that aims to combine relevance to research purpose with economy in procedure”.4.3 NATURE OF DATA4.3.1 Primary data The primary data are collected from the employees of Anglo French Textiles PTCLtd., through a direct structured questionnaire.4.3.2 Secondary data Company profiles, Company registers, websites, magazines, articles were usedwidely as a support to primary data.4.4 SAMPLING SIZE AND TECHNIQUE4.4.1 Size of the sample 26
  • It refers to the number of items to be selected from the universe to constitute as asample. In this study 100 employees of Anglo French Textiles PTC Ltd., was selected assize of sample.4.4.2 Sample design The sampling technique used in this study is simple random sampling method.This method is also called as the method of chance selection. Each and every item ofpopulation has equal chance to be included in the sample.4.4.3 Questionnaire The questions are arranged logical sequence. The questionnaire consists of avariety of questions presented to the employees for the response. Dichotomous questions,multiple choice questions, rating scale questions were used in constructing questionnaire.4.5 STATISTICAL TOOLS USED To analyze and interpret collected data the following statistical tools were used. 1) Percentage method 2) Weighted average method 3) Chi-square analysis 4.5.1 Percentage method: The percentage is used for making comparison between two or more series of data. It can be generally calculated as No. of respondents favorable x 100 Percentage of respondent = Total no of respondents 4.5.2 Weighted average method 27
  • The weighted average method can be calculated by the following formula XW = ∑ WX / ∑ XHere XW represents the weighted average X represents the value of variable W represents the weight given to the variable.4.5.3 Chi-square analysis: Chi-square analysis in statistics is to test the goodness of fit to verifythe distribution of observed data with assumed theoretical distribution.Therefore it is a measure to study the divergence of actual and expectedfrequencies.The formula for computing chi-square is as follows. Chi-square = ∑ {(O-E)2 / E} The calculated value of chi-square is compared with the table of chi-square for the given degrees of freedom at the specified level of significance. If the calculated value is greater than the tabulated value then the difference between the observed frequency and the expected frequency are significant. the degrees of freedom is (n-2) where ‘n’ is number of observed frequencies and in case of contingency table the degrees of freedom is (C-1) (R-1) where C is number of columns and R is number of rows. 28
  • CHAPTER – V DATA ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION Age wise classification of Respondents Table 5.1S.No. Age in Years No. of Respondents Percentage 1 20-30 35 35.0 2 31-40 10 10.0 3 41-50 3 3.0 4 Above 50 year 2 2.0 Total 50 50.0 Age wise classification of Respondents Chart 5.1 29
  • Inference: The above table indicates 11 percentages of the respondents belong to 30-40 yearsold category, 39 percentages of the respondents belongs to 41-50 years category, 50percentages of the respondents belongs to 51-60 years category. Departments in Anglo French Textiles Table 5.2 S.No. Department Frequency Percentage 1 Spinning 22 22.0 2 Weaving Preparatory 13 13.0 3 Weaving 29 29.0 4 Processing 14 14.0 5 Engineering 16 16.0 6 Warehouse 6 6.0 7 Total 100 100.0 Departments in Anglo French Textiles Chart 5.2 35 29 30 25 Spinning 22 Weaving Preparatory percentage 20 Weaving 16 14 Processing 15 13 Engineering 10 Warehouse 6 5 0 DepartmentsInference: The above table indicates 22 percentage of the respondents belong to spinningdepartment, 13 percentage of the respondents belong to Weaving Preparatory department,29 percentage of the respondents belong to Weaving department, 14 percentage of the 30
  • respondents belong to Processing department, 16 percentage of the respondents belong toEngineering department, 6 percentage of the respondents belong to Warehouse department. Service of respondents in the organization Table 5.3 S.No. Service in the organization Frequency Percentage 1 Below 10 yrs 1 1.0 2 10 - 20 yrs 29 29.0 3 20 - 30 yrs 35 35.0 4 above 30 yrs 35 35.0 Total 100 100.0 Service of respondents in the organization Chart 5.3 1 35 29 Below 10 Yrs 10 - 20 Yrs 20-30 Yrs Above 30 Yrs 35Inference: The above table indicates 1 percentage of respondent belong to below 10 years, 29percentage of respondents belong to 10-20 years, 35 percentage of respondents belong to21-30 years, 35 percentage of respondents belong to above 30 years of service in theorganization. 31
  • Opinion of respondents regarding safety measures Table 5.4 S.No. Opinion regarding safety measures Frequency Percentage 1 Very much satisfied 10 10.0 2 Satisfied 30 30.0 3 Dissatisfied 34 34.0 4 Very much dissatisfied 26 26.0 Total 100 100.0 Opinion of respondents regarding safety measures Chart 5.4 10 26 Very much satisfied 30 Satisfied Dissatisfied Very much dissatisfied 34Inference: The above table indicates 10 percentages of the respondents are very much satisfied,30 percentages of the respondents are satisfied, 34 percentages of the respondents aredissatisfied, 26 percentages of the respondents are very much dissatisfied. Providing any personal protective equipment 32
  • Table 5.5 S.No. Organization providing personal Frequency Percentage protective equipments 1 Yes 70 70.0 2 No 30 30.0 Total 100 100.0 Providing any personal protective equipment Chart 5.5 30 Yes No 70Inference: The above table indicates 70 percentages of the respondents says that theorganization is providing personal protective equipments and 30 percentages of therespondents says that the organization does not provide any personal protective equipment. Frequency of the training programme Table 5.6 33
  • S.No. Training programme Frequency Percentage 1 Monthly 8 8.0 2 Quarterly 17 17.0 3 Half yearly 20 20.0 4 Annually 19 19.0 Total 64 64.0 Missing System 36 36.0 Total 100 100.0 Frequency of the training programme Chart 5.6 8 Monthly 36 17 Quarterly Half yearly Annually 20 None 19Inference: The above table indicates 8 percentages of the respondents says that every monththe training on safety and first-aid programme is conducted, 17 percentages of therespondents says that every quarter the training on safety and first-aid programme isconducted, 20 percentages of the respondents says that half yearly once the training onsafety and first-aid programme is conducted, 19 percentages of the respondents says thatannually once the training on safety and first-aid programme is conducted. Also 36percentages of the respondents says that the training on safety and first-aid programme isnot at all conducted. Conservancy in case of accidents Table 5.7 S.No Conservancy Frequency Percentage 1 Loss of production 13 13.0 34
  • 2 Disability of labour 70 70.0 3 Analysis of the causes of accidents 17 17.0 Total 100 100.0 Conservancy in case of accidents Chart 5.7 80 70 70 60 Percentage 50 40 30 17 20 13 10 0 Loss of production Disability of labours Analysis of the causes of accidents conservancyInference: The above table indicates that 13 percentages of the respondents says loss ofproduction, 70 percentages of the respondents says disability of labour and 17 percentagesof the respondents says analysis of the causes of accidents will be the considerations of themanagement in the case of accidents. Availability of Safety equipments Table 5.8 S.No. Safety Equipments Frequency Percentage 1 Abundant 5 5.0 2 Sufficient 30 30.0 3 good/ok 35 35.0 4 Lacking 30 30.0 35
  • Total 100 100.0 Availability of Safety equipments Chart 5.8 5 30 Abundant 30 Sufficient Good/Ok Lacking 35Inference: The above table says that 5 percentages of the respondents says abundant, 30percentages of the respondents says sufficient, 35 percentages of the respondents saysgood/ok, 30 percentages of the respondents says lacking. Remedial measures taken by organization Table 5.9 S.No. Remedial Measures Frequency Percentage 1 Highly Satisfactory 13 13.0 2 Satisfactory 37 37.0 3 Good 41 41.0 4 Poor 9 9.0 Total 100 100.0 Remedial measures taken by organization 36
  • Chart 5.9 45 41 40 37 35 percentage 30 25 20 15 13 9 10 5 0 Highly Satisfactory Good Poor Satisfactory remedial measuresInference: The above table indicates 13 percentages of the respondents are highly satisfied, 37percentages of the respondents are satisfied, 41 percentages of the respondents says goodand 9 percentages of the respondents says poor regarding the remedial measures taken bythe organization in case of accidents. Major causes of accidents Table 5.10 S.No. Major causes of accidents Frequency Percentage 1 unsafe act of men 32 32.0 2 unsafe condition of machines 19 19.0 3 unsafe environment 34 34.0 4 Improper implementation of safety measures 15 15.0 Total 100 100.0 Major causes of accidents Chart 5.10 37
  • 40 36 35 31 30 24 25 Percentage 20 15 9 10 5 0 Major Minor Fatal Disability causes of accidentInference: The above table indicates 32 percentages of the respondents says unsafe act of men,19 percentages of the respondents says unsafe condition of machines, 34 percentages of therespondents says unsafe environment, 15 percentages of the respondents says improperimplementation of safety measures were the major causes of accidents. Experienced person doesnt need training Table 5.11 S.No. Training for experienced persons Frequency Percentage 1 Yes 39 39.0 2 No 61 61.0 Total 100 100.0 Experienced person doesnt need training Chart 5.11 38
  • 39 No Yes 61Inference: The above table indicates 39 percentages of the respondents agrees that theexperienced person doesn’t need training on safety and 61 percentages of the respondentsappose it. Diseases affect you in work environment Table 5.12 S.No. Diseases affects in work environment Frequency Percentage 1 Byssionosis 46 46.0 2 Skin disease 21 21.0 3 eye affection 29 29.0 4 others 4 4.0 Total 100 100.0 Diseases affect you in work environment Chart 5.12 39
  • 50 46 45 40 35 29 Byssionosis Percentage 30 Skin disease 25 21 Eye affection 20 Others 15 10 4 5 0 1 Diseases affects the respondentsInference: The above table indicates 46 percentages of the respondents affected byByssionosis, 21 percentages of the respondents affected by skin diseases, 29 percentages ofthe respondents gets eye affection and 4 percentages of the respondents gets affected withother types of diseases such as ear problems. Frequency of Accidents happening Table 5.13 S.No Frequency of accidents Frequency Percentage . 1 Monthly 18 18.0 2 Quarterly 23 23.0 3 Half yearly 25 25.0 4 Annually 34 34.0 Total 100 100.0 Frequency of Accidents happening Chart 5.13 40
  • 40 34 35 30 25 25 23 Percentage 20 18 15 10 5 0 Monthly Quarterly Half yearly Annually Frequency of accidentsInference: The above table indicates 18 percentages of the respondents says every month, 23percentages of the respondents says every quarter, 25 percentages of the respondents sayshalf yearly once and 34 percentages of the respondents says annually once the accidents arehappening in their department. Severity of Accidents caused Table 5.14 S.No. Severity of accidents Frequency Percentage 1 Major 36 36.0 2 Minor 31 31.0 3 Fatal 9 9.0 4 Disability 24 24.0 Total 100 100.0 Severity of Accidents caused Chart 5.14 41
  • 24 36 Major Minor 9 Fatal Disability 31Inference: The above table indicates 36 percentages of the respondents says major, 31percentages of the respondents says minor, 9 percentages of the respondents says fatal, 24percentages of the respondents says disability regarding the severity of the accidents. Causes of great disturbance in work environment Table 5.14 S.No. Causes of great disturbance Frequency Percentage 1 Noise pollution 18 18.0 2 air pollution 45 45.0 3 water pollution 25 25.0 4 all the above 12 12.0 Total 100 100.0 Causes of great disturbance in work environment Chart 5.15 42
  • 12 18 Noise Pollution Air Pollution 25 Water Pollution All the above 45Inference: The above table indicates 18 percentages of the respondents says Noise pollution,45 percentages of the respondents says Air pollution, 25 percentages of the respondentssays water pollution and 12 percentages of the respondents says all the above as the greatdisturbance in their work environment. Chemical content of Waste/Effluent Table 5.16 S.No. Chemical content of waste/Effluent Frequency Percentage 1 Highly harmful 6 6.0 2 harmful 35 35.0 3 Permissible limit 44 44.0 4 harmless 15 15.0 Total 100 100.0 Chemical content of Waste/Effluent Chart 5.16 43
  • 6 15 Highly Harmful Harmful 35 Permissible limit Harmless 44Inference: The above table indicates 6 percentages of the respondents says as highly harmful,35 percentages of the respondents says as harmful, 44 percentages of the respondents saysas permissible limit and 15 percentages of the respondents says as harmless regarding thechemical content of the waste/Effluent. Working conditions provided by organization are good Table 5.17 S.No. Working conditions in organization Frequency Percentage 1 Strongly agree 5 5.0 2 agree 35 35.0 3 strongly disagree 26 26.0 4 disagree 34 34.0 Total 100 100.0 Working conditions provided by organization are good Chart 5.17 44
  • 40 35 34 35 30 26 Percentage 25 20 Series1 15 10 5 5 0 Strongly Agree Strongly Disagree Agree Disagree Working Condition is goodInference: The above table indicates 5 percentages of the respondents strongly agree, 35percentages of the respondents agree, 26 percentages of the respondents strongly disagreeand 34 percentages of the respondents disagree. Safety measures in organization . Table 5.18 S.No. Safety measures in Organization Frequency Percentage 1 Very much satisfied 7 7.0 2 satisfied 34 34.0 3 dissatisfied 33 33.0 4 Very much dissatisfied 26 26.0 Total 100 100.0 Safety measures in organization Chart 5.18 45
  • 7 26 Very much satisfied Satisfied 34 Dissatisfied Very much dissatisfied 33Inference: The above table indicates 7 percentages of the respondents are very much satisfied,34 percentages of the respondents are satisfied, 33 percentages of the respondents aredissatisfied and 26 percentages of the respondents are very much dissatisfied. Chi-Square Analysis of Training on Safety & First-aid and Met with accidents Null Hypothesis: HO – There is no significant difference between the Training on safety And first aid and employees meet with accidents. Observed Frequency Table 5.19 Training on safety Met with any accidents Total and first aid Yes No Yes 45 19 64 46
  • No 30 6 36 Total 75 25 100 Expected Frequency Table 5.19.1 Training on safety Met with any accidents Total and first aid Yes No Yes 48 16 64 No 27 9 36 Total 75 25 100 Chi-square analysis Table 5.19.2 S.No. Observed Expected (O-E) (O-E)^2 (O-E)^2/E Frequency (O) Frequency (E) 1 45 48 -3 9 0.1875 2 19 16 3 9 0.5625 3 30 27 3 9 0.3333 4 6 9 -3 9 1.0000 Total 100 100 0 36 2.0833Degrees of Freedom: (m-1) * (n-1) (4-1) * (2-1) 47
  • =3Tabulated value of degrees of freedom (3) @ 5% level of significance = 3.841The Calculated value < The Tabulated value.Therefore H0 is accepted.Inference: There is no significant difference between the training on safety and first aid andEmployees meet with accidents. Chi-Square Analysis of Providing personal protective equipments and Methods to improve safety measures Null Hypothesis: HO – There is no significant difference between Providing any personal protective equipment and methods to improve safety measures Observed Frequency Table 5.20 Providing Methods to improve safety Total personal protective Posters Slogans Wearing Safety Above equipments Equipments all Yes 21 19 11 19 70 No 3 4 16 7 30 Total 24 23 27 26 100 48
  • Expected Frequency Table 5.20.1 Providing Methods to improve safety Total personal protective Posters Slogans Wearing Safety Above equipments Equipments all Yes 16.8 16.1 18.9 18.2 70 No 7.2 6.9 8.1 7.8 30 Total 24 23 27 26 100 Chi-square analysis Table 5.20.2 S.No. Observed Expected (O-E) (O-E)^2 (O-E)^2/E Frequency (O) Frequency (E) 1 21 16.8 4.2 17.64 1.05 2 19 16.1 2.9 8.41 0.5224 3 11 18.9 -7.9 62.41 3.3021 4 19 18.2 0.8 0.64 0.0352 5 3 7.2 -4.2 17.64 2.45 6 4 6.9 -2.9 8.41 1.2188 7 16 8.1 7.9 62.41 7.7049 8 7 7.8 -0.8 0.64 0.0821 Total 100 100 16.3655Degrees of Freedom: (m-1) * (n-1) 49
  • (4-1) * (2-1) =3 Tabulated value of degrees of freedom (3) @ 5% level of significance = 7.815 The Calculated value > The Tabulated value. Therefore H0 is Rejected. Inference: There is significant difference between providing personal protective equipment and methods to improve safety measures. An analysis of various facilities provided by the organization using Weighted Average Method Table 5.21S.No Factors Excellent Very Good Fair Poor Total Total/N Rank. good o.of sample 1 First-aid 80 168 102 14 1 365 3.65 1 facilities 2 Safety training 0 28 129 42 29 228 2.28 4 facilities 3 Machines/tools 5 64 81 82 15 247 2.47 2 availability 4 Work 0 24 105 88 15 232 2.32 3 environment Inference: 50
  • The above table indicates the various facilities provided by the organization to theworkers. According to the opinion, given by the workers First-aid facilities provided by theorganization ranks first. CHAPTER – VI 6.1 FINDINGS OF THE STUDY The most significant findings of the study are the high level of awareness about thevarious available safety measures among all the classes of the respondents. 50 percentages of the employees lies above the age of 50 and their experience inthis organization is found to be above 20 years. The training on safety and first aid are given to 70 percentages of the respondents.The management’s conservancy in the case of accidents lies on the disability of the laborsand also the respondents are satisfied with the remedial measures taken by the organization. The Working conditions provided by the organization are not up to the mark, andthe severities of the accidents caused are major. The major cause of the accidents is due tothe unsafe environment and the unsafe act of the labour. 51
  • 45 percentages of the respondents says that the air pollution is the major disturbancein their work atmosphere and the chemical content of the waste/Effluent are of permissiblelimits. The Byssionosis is the major disease which affects the most of the workers workinginside the organization. Building and machinery not built safety. All the building and machinery are oldand there is lot of danger of human life or safety. Above 60 percentages of the respondents feels that all the employees must be givenproper training on safety and first aid. From the chi-square analysis it is found that there is no significant differencebetween the training on safety and first aid provided by the organization and employees metwith any accidents. From the chi-square analysis it is found that providing personal protectiveequipments is one the methods to improve the safety inside the organization. From the weighted average method it is found that the First-aid facility ranks firstamong the various facilities provided by the organization. 52
  • 6.2 SUGGESTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS1. The statutory provisions on safety are adequate for the time being. Effective enforcement is the current need.2. The organization should provide sufficient personal protective equipments to employees working in all the departments.3. Every fatal accident should thoroughly be enquired into and given wide publicity among workers.4. The Organization should arrange for the medical check- ups at regular period of time.5. If the Organization follows material handling principles and the machines are guarded properly there is a chance to reduce majority accidents happening inside their organization.6. The factory inspectorate should advise and assist employers in drawing up induction and training programme in safety.7. Workers reluctance to use safety equipment either because it is inconvenient or because it has been used by others should be removed through education. 53
  • 8. Analyzing each accident and including what safety practice was violated. Management must come forward to reward the department which considerably reduced the number of accidents in addition to some financial incentive etc. 9. To reduce dust from the cotton good quality cottons may be used. 10. The using of exhaust fans will reduce the steam inside the weaving preparatory department. CHAPTER – VII CONCLUSION The Study on Industrial Safety Management in Anglo French Textiles PTC Ltd.,tells that most of the employees are dissatisfied with the safety management practicedinside the organization. The organization has to concentrate more on safety measures andcan provide safety equipments like goggles, gloves, shoes, masks, etc., to improve thesafety inside the organization. The safety training must be given properly and compulsorily to avoid accidentsinside the organization. The first aid training must be given to both the labour andsupervisors who are working in various departments. This will improve the safety of theorganization. 54
  • CHAPTER - VIII 8.1 LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY• The time period of the study is short, so detailed study was not made.• Only certain factors are considered in this study to measure the Safety Measures provided inside the Anglo French Textiles.• Some false information might be given by the employees due to fear of their superiors. 55
  • 8.2 SCOPE FOR FURTHER STUDY• The sample size taken for this study is only 100; it can be extended to a larger sample.• The study can be done by considering some other factors to measure the Industrial Safety Measures inside the Anglo French Textiles.• This study can be extended to measure the satisfaction level of employees on Health and hygiene also. 56
  • ANNEXURE – IBibliography Khanka, S.S., Human Resource Management (Text & Cases), New Delhi, S. Chand & Company Ltd., 2003. Kharbanda, V.K., Commentaries on The Factories Act, 1948, Allahabad, Law Publishing House, 1996. Kothari C.R., Research methodology, Tata Mc Graw-Hill Publishing Company Ltd., 1982.Websites www.safety.com 57
  • www.anglofrenchtextiles.com ANNEXURE- II QUESTIONNAIRE A STUDY ON QUALITY OF SAFETY MEASURES IN G.H.C.L. LTD1) Name: _______________________________ Code No.: _____________2) Designation: __________________________ Dept.:_________________3) Age a) 30 – 40 yrs b) 41 – 50 yrs. c) 51 – 60 yrs4) Service in this Organizationa) Below 10 yrs. b) 10 – 20 yrs. c) 20 – 30 yrs. d) Above 30yrs1) What is your opinion regarding safety measures in your work spot?a) Very much satisfied b) satisfied c) Dissatisfied d) Very much dissatisfied2) Whether the organization is providing any personal protective equipment? If yes specify, a) Yes b) No Specify _____________ 58
  • 3) Whether the organization provides you training on safety & first-aid measures? a) Yes b) No4) How frequent the safety & first-aid training programme is conducted? a) Monthly b) Quarterly c) Half yearly d) Annually5) Which of the following is the major consideration in case of accidents by theconservancy? a) Loss of Production b) Loss of materials c) Disability of labour d) Analysis of the Causes of Accident6) Rank the following safety training, based on their effectiveness? a) Class room b) On the job c) P.P.T d) Audio-visual7) The availability of safety equipments in your organization is a) Abundant b) Sufficient c) Good/ Ok d) Lacking8) The remedial measures taken by the organization in case of accidents are a) Highly satisfactory b) Satisfactory c) Good d) Poor9) What is the major cause of an accident? a) Unsafe act of men b) Unsafe condition of machines c) Unsafe environment d) Improper implementation of safety measures10) Whether you met with any accident? If yes specify the location? a) Yes b) No Location _________11) Best place for giving first-aid in case of accidents? Please rank them accordingly toyour opinion? a) On the spot b) Dispensary c) Rest Room d) Hospital12) Which of the following methods will improve the safety measures inside theorganization? 59
  • a) Posters b) Slogans c) Wearing safety equipments d) above all13) Do you think that the experienced person doesn’t need training on safety measures? a) Yes b) No14) Which of the following disease affects you in your work environment? a) Byssionosis b) Skin disease c) Eye affection d) Others15) How frequent the accidents are happening in your department? a) Monthly b) Quarterly c) Half yearly d) Annually16) The severity of the accidents caused in your department is a) Major b) Minor c) Fatal d) Disability17) Which of the following causes great disturbance in your work environment? a) Noise Pollution b) Air Pollution c) Water Pollution d)All the above18) The Chemical content of the Waste/Effluent are a) Highly Harmful b) Harmful c) Permissible limit d) Harmless19) The working conditions provided by your organization are good a) Strongly agree b) agree c) Strongly disagree d) disagree20) Rate the following facilities in your organization? Factors Excellent Very good Good Fair PoorFirst-aid facilitiesSafety training facilitiesMachines/Tools AvailabilityWork Environment21) Considering the above answers the safety measures in your organization are a) Very much satisfied b) satisfied 60
  • c) Dissatisfied d) Very much dissatisfied Thank You! 61