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With a network of more than 4 lakh Fair Price Shops (FPS) claiming to distribute annually commodities worth more than Rs 15,000 crore to about 16 crore families, the PDS in India is perhaps the largest distribution network of its type in the world.
PDS is operated under the joint responsibility of the central and state governments, with the former responsible for procurement, storage, transportation (upto the district headquarters) and bulk allocation of foodgrains.
The state governments are responsible for distributing these foodgrains to consumers through a network of Fair Price Shops.
The present procedure for selection of BPL beneficiaries is opaque, bureaucratic, and does not involve gram sabhas. The basis on which village wise cap on the maximum number of entitled beneficiaries is fixed, is not clear and not well defined.
Some states, such as Bihar, Jharkhand and UP are not being released the APL quota on the ground that they did not lift it in the past when the market price was low.
Fertiliser subsidy leakage may likely total to a shocking 10 percent plus of the country's massive subsidy bill this year(in 2010).
Back-of-the-envelope estimates by the department of fertilisers (DoF) have pegged fertiliser subsidy leakage at a mind boggling Rs 12-15,000 crore in 2008-09 alone, when subsidy levels touched alarming proportions of Rs 76,603 crore.
Significantly, much of the "leakage and over-charging," in the Centre's fertiliser subsidy may have been facilitated by the much-vaunted but highly porous fertiliser monitoring system or FMS.
A study by D K Pant of the National Council of Applied Economic Research, undertook a sample survey of 42,000 households across 23 states and union territories, with two-thirds of the households being rural
Taken together, Dr Pant has found the leakage of PDS kerosene to be nearly 40 per cent of the total sale of PDS kerosene in 2004. In some states in the northern and eastern regions, the leakage is more than 50 per cent.
It refers to the practice of government placing some amount of cash, based on requirement, into an individuals bank account in order to help him/her tide over a certain difficulty or to offset the removal of government subsidy that had been in place till then.
The state government’s incentive of a bicycle to a girl child joining the ninth standard under a scheme called Mukhyamantri Balika Cycle Yojana, started in 2006. Girls get Rs 2,000 to purchase bicycle and Rs 700 for uniforms. In three years, from 2007-08 to 2009-10, about 8,71,000 girls have received bicycles.
Mexico – PROGRESSA – transfer of cash to the woman heads of the extremely poor rural families