“ARE THE STEPS TAKEN BY GOVERNMENT TOCOUNTER NAXALISM ENOUGH ? ”
• The term Naxalites comes from Naxalbari that isa small village in West Bengal. In thisvillage, Communist Party of India (Marxist)leaders Charu Majumdar and Kanu Sanyal hadtried to develop a revolutionary oppositionagainst the CPI (M) leadership in the state. OnMay 25, 1967, the revolt started in Naxalbariwhen some local authorities attacked a tribalover a land issue. Then, the tribals attacked thelandlords and the violence escalated
• Since then, the Naxal insurgents have been influencedfrom 76 districts in nine states to 118 Districts in 12States. On September 21, 2004, the CPI (Maoists)was formed after the merger of two major naxal outfitssuch as the CPI (Marxist-Leninist) People’s War(PWG) and the Maoist Communists Center of India(MCCI).• Now, it has created a ‘Red Corridor’ from AndhraPradesh, through eastern Maharashtra, MadhyaPradesh, eastern UttarPradesh, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, to West Bengaland Bihar. The report says that the ‘Red Corridor’unites the left-extremists of India with their comradesin Nepal too.
STEPS TAKEN BY GOVERNMENT• The government has constituted an Empowered Group ofMinisters to counter the problem of Naxalism headed by theHome minister and select chief ministers.• The government under the Unlawful Activities Prevention Act(UAPA), 1967 amended in 2004 has banned the CommunistParty of India (Marxist-Leninist) - Peoples War and all itsassociated formations, and the Maoist Communist Centre(MCC) and its front organizations.• The government has also constituted a Task force which willcomprise of Nodal officers from the Naxal affected areas andofficers from the IB, SSB and the CRPF.• There is also a Coordination Centre that was set up in 1998headed by the Union home minister with Chief Secretaries andDGPs of the Naxal affected areas for the coordination of stepstaken to control Naxal activities.• The government has laid down a clear plan to tackle the leftwing extremism.
Government has formulated a two pronged strategy tosolve the problem of Naxalism.• Law and Order approach• Social Integration approach
Law and Order approach• The government has launched a Police ModernizationScheme in areas affected by Naxal movements. Likeprovided Mine Protected Vehicles (MPV).• Central Para Military Forces have been deployed on a longterm basis by the government to help the stategovernments to fight against the Naxals.• The government, to strengthen the security network in thestates, has set-up the Indian Reserve (IR) battalions.• Plans have been set in motion for the formation of three tofour specialized Anti-Maoist Centres at critically importantlocations at inter-state boundaries which will be equippedwith five helicopters each and would be manned by theCRPF and the pilots would be called from theArmy/BSF/Air Force.• Even the Central government has formed the COBRAwhich is a special force formed to deal with Naxalism inany state.
Social Integration approach The government started the Backward Districts initiative in2003-2004 and the Backward Regions Grant Fund (BRGF)under which 55 of the worst affected areas in 9 states wereto be provided with funds to the tune of Rs. 2475 crores totackle the problem of Naxalism. Various schemes have been launched by the governmentlike :- Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana (PMGSY) The National Rural Employment GuaranteeProgramme (NREGP) National Rural Health mission (NRHM). Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA), other income generating and social security schemesof the Ministry of Rural Development, Agriculture,Panchayati Raj and Tribal affairs.
The Laws Made by the Government• Rehabilitation and Resettlement Policy, 2007.• Forest Rights Act, 2006.
The Central Government views the naxalite menace as anarea of serious concern. The Government remains firmlycommitted and determined to address the problem. Thecurrent strategy is :-• To strengthen intelligence set-up at the state level.• Pursue effective and sustained intelligence driven policeaction against naxalites and their infrastructure individuallyand jointly by the states.• Accelerate development in the naxal affected areas.
conclusion• It is clear from the above statistics that the stepstaken by government is effective as the violence isdecreased as compare to previous year butnaxalites are still active. So we can say that stepsare not enough to end naxalism from India. Onlywith consolidated efforts on the part of the legaland political framework socio-economic reformscan be implemented, and the problem of Naxalismcan be tackled.