Civic Problems and Solutions for Perambalur Town, TN, India
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Civic Problems and Solutions for Perambalur Town, TN, India

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contains suggestions for solving civic problems in Perambalur. The District Collector (Dr. Darez Ahamed) has already asked the civic officials to act on most of them. This is being shared to invite ...

contains suggestions for solving civic problems in Perambalur. The District Collector (Dr. Darez Ahamed) has already asked the civic officials to act on most of them. This is being shared to invite comments and solicit co-operation from residents for effective implementation

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Civic Problems and Solutions for Perambalur Town, TN, India Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Dr. T. Rajaram Professor in Civil - Environmental Engineering Sustainable Technologies Lab M.A.M. COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING SIRUGANUR, TRICHY. Dr. T. Rajaram Professor in Civil - Environmental Engineering Sustainable Technologies Lab M.A.M. COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING SIRUGANUR, TRICHY.
  • 2. Nature of collaboration Planned with various departments of District Administration 2 Joint Research Projects on specific local problems involving faculty and students Joint Research proposals for funding from Govt. Agencies like DST, Earth Science, Water Resources, etc. Joint Development of Technologies for unique local problems such as removal of Iron, Nitrate from Ground water Joint workshops, training programs and seminars focused on specific problems in the District. 9-Jun-13Sustainable Technologies Lab - MAM College of Engineering
  • 3. Objectives of this proposal for joint collaboration 3 9-Jun-13Sustainable Technologies Lab - MAM College of Engineering The primary objective of this exercise is to contribute the technical resources available with MAM College of Engineering for the betterment of the local community in the immediate vicinity of the institution Further this joint collaboration will enhance knowledge sharing between the field professionals and academic community resulting in mutual benefits for both. By involving students in these problems affecting the society, they stand to gain a deep insight into the role they have to play in future as pillars of our country.
  • 4. Identified problems and suggested action 4 Problems have been identified based on a primary survey of natural resources and civic infrastructure in Perambalur town Identification of problems were also based on the project co-ordinator’s (Dr. T. Rajaram) experience of having witnessed the evolution of this town right from 1970s as a native of this town. As urban areas around India are witnessing enormous problems due to migration from rural areas, solutions developed have high potential of being useful for a majority of towns in our country and elsewhere. 9-Jun-13Sustainable Technologies Lab - MAM College of Engineering
  • 5. Resources expected from District Administration 5 For joint study projects access to department laboratory for analysis of samples, access to data available with the departments For Joint R&D projects with external funding letter of intent indicating interest and non-financial support For Joint workshops, training programs with external funding letter of intent indicating interest and financial support if possible. 9-Jun-13Sustainable Technologies Lab - MAM College of Engineering
  • 6. 6 Problems Identified Deficient rains Climate change – projected deficit of -50% in rainfall in the coming years Sewage collection and transfer outside the town limits Impervious paving of streets and drains Inadequate recharge mechanisms in houses and town Action Required Precise estimation of water available in the aquifers Design of system for pumping of treated sewage from STP back to upper lake Identification of recharge points on Govt. land throughout the town and design of appropriate recharge structures Study of rainfall runoff pattern in the town and design of adequate connections to recharge points (temple ponds, percolation ponds, etc) Future planning for STPs in each zone of the town and reuse in the same location to avoid costs of centralized wastewater treatment and recycling 9-Jun-13Sustainable Technologies Lab - MAM College of Engineering
  • 7. Lake System and Sewage flows (with Municipality and TWAD Board) 7 Lakes Present sewage outflow to sewage treatment Plant from final pumping station Required return pipeline of treated sewage for sustainable water resources 9-Jun-13Sustainable Technologies Lab - MAM College of Engineering
  • 8. 8 9-Jun-13Sustainable Technologies Lab - MAM College of Engineering
  • 9. 9 Problems identified Most of the wells are saline / non-potable Increased household expenditure on purified water/ water filters Blockage and fouling of water pipes Uncertainty in Cauvery water supply due to climate change and power cuts Incidence of kidney stones and other ailments Action Required Water quality survey to identify the level of contaminants Design of low cost system to remove these contaminants at household level 9-Jun-13Sustainable Technologies Lab - MAM College of Engineering
  • 10. Problems identified Inflow of sewage for many decades Improper sanitation around the lake Middle lake fully eutrophied Lower lake fully eutrophied Upper lake relatively in good condition but needs desilting of lake area and inflow and outflow channels Action Required Assessment of pollutant level in Water and sediments Implementation of appropriate remediation technique to remove the pollutants Design of constructed wetland to stop sewage From entering the lakes 10 9-Jun-13Sustainable Technologies Lab - MAM College of Engineering
  • 11. 11 Problems identified Traffic problems predicted to get worse due to increase in vehicular registration Current Bottlenecks at Roever Arch, Sangupettai, Kamarajar arch, Municipal office, Old bus stand Unregulated traffic lanes and speed from Pallakarai Roundturn to Roever Arch Rash driving of three wheeled public carriers (Share Autos) Action Required Traffic survey at bottlenecks for design of traffic Islands and optimization of signals Planned phase out of three wheeled public carriers (share autos) 9-Jun-13Sustainable Technologies Lab - MAM College of Engineering
  • 12. Current Traffic Bottlenecks 12 7 6 5 3 2 1 4 9-Jun-13Sustainable Technologies Lab - MAM College of Engineering
  • 13. 13 Problems Identified Same problems faced by other towns and cities No segregation Burning of garbage Open dumping and burning on the outskirts Action Required Research and planning of policy measures Ban / control on use of plastic bags/ packaging Adoption of various measures which have succeeded in other cities Sustainable Technologies Lab - MAM College of Engineering 9-Jun-13
  • 14. 14 Dissemination of information through SMS various projects/ schemes RTI related information Grievance logging and redressal Contracts issued and stages of completion Availability of information on websites of Collectorate, Municipality regarding funds allocated, contracts assigned, stages of completion, etc 9-Jun-13Sustainable Technologies Lab - MAM College of Engineering
  • 15. 15 9-Jun-13Sustainable Technologies Lab - MAM College of Engineering
  • 16. PachamalaiPachamalai and other lake systemsand other lake systems 16 Assessment of Water quality, Ground water usage and recharge based on GPS tagged Geographical Information System (GIS) Sustainable Technologies Lab - MAM College of Engineering 9-Jun-13
  • 17. 17 9-Jun-13Sustainable Technologies Lab - MAM College of Engineering
  • 18. Millennium Development Goal – 7 (with DRDA, TWAD) 18 9-Jun-13Sustainable Technologies Lab - MAM College of Engineering
  • 19. 19 Problems identified Major portion of rainfed farmland hit by deficit rains Irrigated farmlands adopting inefficient irrigation techniques Decrease in farmland due to conversion for other profitable activities Action required Wider adoption of sprinklers and rainguns Development of low cost rainguns through local entrepreneurs Insitu testing and consultation for water and soil quality 9-Jun-13Sustainable Technologies Lab - MAM College of Engineering
  • 20. Research road map of PG Centre in Environmental Engineering Sustainable Technologies Lab 20 LCA , EIA Sustainable Materials – Technology - Strategy Water Resources Mgt. – Ground water recharge, assessment, planning Concrete Technology - Alternative waste materials for cement, sand and aggregates SEA, SA Environmental Engg.- biomass energy, low energy wastewater recycling Infrastructure Engg.- more durable materials, low carbon footprints, green buildings 9-Jun-13Sustainable Technologies Lab - MAM College of Engineering
  • 21. Profile of Project Co-ordinator from MAMCE Dr. T. Rajaram, B.E., M.E., Ph.D. 21 Educational Qualifications: Ph.D. Environmental Engineering, SASTRA University, April 2010. Class/ Achievement : Six international journal publications Thesis title: Enhancement of Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) in India through integrated assessment and simulation of sustainability linkages M.E. Environmental Engineering, NIT, Surat, 1998. Class/ Achievement : 75.4 (I with Distinction), First Rank overall. B.E. Civil Engineering, NIT, Surat, 1996. Class/ Achievement : 70.5 (I with Distinction), Gold medal in Environ. Engg. Research Area: Sustainability Assessment of coupled human-natural systems, Sustainable technologies, Green buildings, Wastewater recycling. Recognised Ph.D. Supervisor of Anna University, Chennai Details of professional and research experience May 2011- till date: Professor in Department of Civil Engineering, M.A.M. College of Engineering, Tiruchirapalli. Teaching & Research in Civil, Environmental Engineering. Jan 2004 –April 2011: Lecturer (till Aug 2008), Assistant Professor –III (till July 2010), Senior Assistant Professor (till April 2011) in School of Civil Engineering SASTRA University, Thanjavur. Teaching & Research in Civil, Environmental Engineering. Was a member of research team for two DST Sponsored Research projects. 9-Jun-13Sustainable Technologies Lab - MAM College of Engineering
  • 22. Dr. T. Rajaram ( contd….) 22 May 2001 – Dec 2003: Engineer – Projects, VA Tech Wabag Ltd.,Chennai. (MNC Ranked No. 3 globally in the field of Water Solutions). Execution of Sewage treatment plants, Water treatment plants, Demineralization plants for Chennai Metro, Bangalore Metro, Chennai Petroleum Corporation. Dec 1999 – April 2001: Engineer-Technical Support, Enviro Science & Engg. Pvt. Ltd., Chennai. As a consultant in Environmental Engineering. Preparation of Environmental Impact Assessment Reports for Industrial projects. Research & development of treatment schemes for Industrial Effluent & Sewage Treatment (Pesticides, Fine Chemicals, Metal Treatment, etc). Aug 1998- Dec 1999: Lecturer in Civil Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Surat, Gujarat. Teaching and Consultancy in Environmental Engineering, Wastewater treatment, environmental auditing for industries. Professional Recognition: Reviewer for the following International Journals 1. Journal of Infrastructure Systems. American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE) 2. Knowledge-Based Systems, Elsevier 3. International Journal of Sustainable Energy, Taylor & Francis, UK 4. Sustainability Science, Springer – Univ. of Tokyo & United Nations University. 5. Journal of Ecology and the Natural Environment, Academic Journals (open access) 9-Jun-13Sustainable Technologies Lab - MAM College of Engineering
  • 23. List of significant publications : List of papers published from Ph.D. work in refereed International Journals with Impact Factor: 23 Rajaram T. and Das Ashutosh, ‘Screening for EIA in India: enhancing effectiveness through Ecological Carrying Capacity approach’, Journal of Environmental Management, Vol. 92, Issue 1, Jan 2011, pages 140-148, Elsevier. Impact Factor-2.367. Rajaram T. and Das Ashutosh, ‘Modeling of interactions among sustainability components of an agro-ecosystem using local knowledge through cognitive mapping and fuzzy inference system’, Expert Systems with Applications, Volume 37, Issue 2, March 2010, Pages 1734-1744, Elsevier, Impact Factor- 2.908. Rajaram T. and Das Ashutosh, ‘A methodology for integrated assessment of rural linkages in a developing nation’, Impact Assessment and Project Appraisal, volume 26, number 2, June 2008, pages 99-113, International Association for Impact Assessment (IAIA)-Beech Tree Publishing, UK. SNIP – 0.320. Rajaram T. and Das Ashutosh, ‘Water Pollution by Industrial Effluents in India: Discharge Scenarios and Case for Participatory Ecosystem Specific Local Regulation’, Futures, Elsevier, Volume 40, Issue 1, February 2008, Pages 56-69. SNIP-0.454. Rajaram T. and Das Ashutosh, ‘Sustainable Frugality through EIA: Role of Socio-ecological linkages in poverty alleviation’, Management of Environmental Quality: An International Journal, Emerald Publishing, UK. Vol. 18. No. 5. 2007. SNIP-0.176. Rajaram T. and Das Ashutosh, ‘Need for participatory and sustainability principles in India’s EIA system: lessons from the Sethusamudram Ship Channel Project’, Impact Assessment and Project Appraisal, volume 24, number 2, June 2006, pages115-126, International Association for Impact Assessment (IAIA)-Beech Tree Publishing, UK. SNIP – 0.320. Other International publications Rajaram T. and Suribabu C.R., Discussion of "Evaluating Environmental Impact in Water Distribution System Design" by L. M. Herstein, Y. R. Filion, and K. R. Hall. Journal of Infrastructure Systems. American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE), March 2011, pp 52. SNIP-0.758 Ravichandran K.S., Rajaram T., and Ashutosh Das, ‘A Fuzzy Based Ranking of Dominance among Water Quality Parameters for Modeling: A Case Study’, International Journal of Ecology & Development (ISSN 0972-9984), Volume 4, No. S06, Summer 2006, pp 51-64. Rajaram T. and Das Ashutosh, ‘Study on Suitability of Water Quality for Mass Bathing in Southern Kumbha Mela Festival (Mahamaham) Using Fuzzy Inference System’, Pollution research, Issue No. 2, 2006. SNIP-0.028 Das Ashutosh, Rajaram T., Srihari V., & Subramanyam B, Water Quality Assessment of Tsunami (26th December, 2004)-affected Regions of Tamil Nadu, India (Nagapattinam-Vedaranyam Stretch), Journal of Haematology & Ecotoxicology 1(1), 2006: pp 35-39. 9-Jun-13Sustainable Technologies Lab - MAM College of Engineering
  • 24. List of Research Projects Dr. T. Rajaram ( contd….) 24 Research Projects 1. Key Team Member for two DST Sponsored projects- a) Study at Mahamaham tank to monitor the water quality and to derive a model on the variants of water quality, DST- SERC, 2003-2004, Rs. 3,60,000. b) Water Quality Assessment in the Tsunami Affected Coastal Areas of Tamil Nadu – Nagapattinam to Vedaranyam, DST-ESS, April –Sept, 2005, Rs. 3,33,000. 2. Co-Investigator, Design of Water Purification System for Temple Tank at Vaitheeswaran Kovil, Tamil Nadu, Sponsored by SASTRA Deemed University, 2006-2007, Rs. 2,00,000. 3. Sustainability Assessment of Urban Transportation System – Tiruchirapalli City – Sponsored by MAM College of Engineering, 2012-2013, Rs. 50,000. ongoing. Unpublished Reports: Environmental Impact Assessment Reports submitted to the Ministry of Environment & forests, Govt. of India, for the following Industrial projects: - Amrutanjan Fine Chemicals Ltd., Orchid Chemicals & Pharmaceuticals Ltd., Tagros Chemicals India Ltd., Snowcem India Ltd., Alstom Ltd., Nelcast ltd. 9-Jun-13Sustainable Technologies Lab - MAM College of Engineering
  • 25. Dr. T. Rajaram ( contd….) 25 Books Published International :Rajaram T., Ashutosh Das, 2012, Sustainability Assessment of Coupled Human-Natural Systems, ISBN-10: 3848490994, 236 pages, LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing, Germany. Research work engaged in at present Sustainability Assessment with special focus on coupled human-natural systems prevalent in India. Assessment of EIA system in India Application of cognitive mapping and fuzzy inference system for simulation of sustainability scenarios Treatment and reuse of sewage through constructed wetlands Vulnerability assessment of agro-ecosystems due to climate change Ph.D. Guidance (Ongoing) Currently guiding two scholars on: Vulnerability Assessment of Agro-ecosystems to Climate change Sustainability Assessment of a Watershed Consultancy Projects Executed. Environmental Impact Assessment for Industries : Amrutanjan Fine Chemicals Ltd., Orchid Chemicals & Pharmaceuticals Ltd., Tagros Chemicals India Ltd., Snowcem India Ltd., Alstom Ltd., Nelcast ltd. Environmental Management Plan for Amrutanjan Fine Chemicals Ltd., ., Tagros Chemicals India Ltd., Snowcem India Ltd., Nelcast ltd., Amaravathi Paper mills Ltd. Effluent treatment Plant for Tagros Chemicals India Ltd., Pioneer Miyagi Chemicals Ltd. Sewage Treatment Plants for SASTRA Deemed University 9-Jun-13Sustainable Technologies Lab - MAM College of Engineering
  • 26. Highlights about M.A.M College of Engineering Siruganur, Tiruchirappalli, patronized by Maluk Educational, Health and Charitable Trust The college was established on 10.02.1999 Janab. M. Abdul Majedu is the founder Chairman. Dr. S. Sathikh, former Vice Chancellor of the University of Madras is the Chairman of the College Governing Council Dr. M.A. Maluk Mohamed, Ph.D. (IIT Madras), is the Principal and also one of the managing trustees. • Dr. Mohideen Ibramsha, Ph.D. (IIT Kanpur), is Dean-Research.
  • 27. HIGHLIGHTS continued…….. 27 17% of our faculty members are Ph.D. qualified and 69% PG qualified. Obtained Research Projects worth 2 Crores. Anna University of Chennai has recognized MAM College of Engineering to be Centres for Research in areas of Electrical Sciences (which includes dept of EEE and EIE) , IT/ CSE, Mechanical Engineering and Management studies. Institute has provided laptop computer for all faculty members with wi-fi connectivity for enhanced teaching and research Institute has the highest number of faculty in the country trained under Wipro’s Mission 10x programme in pedagogy and high impact teaching skills Separate server providing NPTEL e-learning material developed by IIT professors available for students through intranet. To induce interest on research among students and faculty members, a GRID research lab has been established in association with University of Melbourne, Australia. 20 Unified learning kits have been installed by which students of any circuit branch can do their project in 18 different domains 32 Mbps leased line Internet connectivity. Wi-Fi connectivity all over the campus. Microsoft certified campus agreement. 9-Jun-13Sustainable Technologies Lab - MAM College of Engineering
  • 28. HIGHLIGHTS of MAM College of Engineering (contd…) 28 Comprehensive placement oriented training is given to our students right from first year by our Training and Placement department. Best academic practices are adopted leading to development of personality and excellence in career. All class rooms are enabled with Hi-tech digital equipments. Fully equipped laboratories. Modern library with more than 32,000 volumes of books and more than 1500 international journals. Uninterrupted power supply with stand by generator of 460 KVA. 9-Jun-13Sustainable Technologies Lab - MAM College of Engineering
  • 29. Department of Civil Engineering 29 Date of establishment: July 2009 Department with the most experienced faculty team in the zone Faculty student ratio – 1:14 Faculty cadre : 4 Prof. + 2 Assoc. Prof. + 10 Asst. Prof. Full fledged laboratories for teaching and research PG program in Environmental Engineering All faculty members provided with laptop and wi-fi connectivity by institute for enhanced teaching and research Collaborative interdisciplinary research focus among various departments of MAMCE Synergistic research focus through special interest groups for each discipline among engineering, architecture and management institutes within the campus 9-Jun-13Sustainable Technologies Lab - MAM College of Engineering
  • 30. 9-Jun-13 Research council at MAMCE 30 A Research council has been active at MAMCE with the objectives of expediting research at two major fronts. To from a group for brainstorming and preparation of research proposals for external funding To monitor and encourage innovative research by doctoral research scholars This council is headed by Dr. Mohideen Ibramsha, Ph.D. (IIT Kanpur), Dean-Research and chaired by Dr. M.A. Maluk Mohamed, Ph.D. (IIT Madras), Principal. Special Interest groups have also been formed for each disciple of engineering comprising of doctorates from all departments under MAM group of institutions to expand the scope of research review and brainstorming. Sustainable Technologies Lab - MAM College of Engineering