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  • 1. Opportunities after B.Tech it is necessary for one to decide their career. Now that you have entered into B.Tech. So, now you have to start looking into your future. Study or Job ? There are two options you prefer after you complete your B.Tech degree. If you are economically efficient and don’t need a job, it is better you go for your further studies. A specialization will always earn you more salary as well as priority during interviews and of course sound grip over subject. Otherwise you can find some job. Further Studies: If you prefer to continue to studies, you can do Post graduate courses and then obtain a Ph.D. You have lots of options during this P.G course like M.S/ M.Tech, IAS/IPS, Navy/NDA and Finance related courses like MBA. M.S/M.Tech: Entrance exams for Post Graduation in Engineering Courses. If you prefer doing P.G in your field of study, you can go for M.S/M.Tech. If you are ready to go outside India and financially sound you can prefer M.S. You need to appear for GRE/TOEFL for doing M.S in Foreign countries. GRE: The Graduate Record Examination or GRE is a standardized test that is an admissions requirement for many graduate schools in English speaking countries. It is created and administered by the Educational Testing Service and is similar in format and content to the SAT. It is a computer based Online Test. The percentile scored in this exam will decide your future in doing M.S in foreign nations TOEFL: The Test of English as a Foreign Language (or TOEFL®, pronounced "toe-full" or sometimes "toffle") evaluates the potential success of an individual to use and understand Standard American English at a college level. It is required for non-native applicants at many English-speaking colleges and universities. A TOEFL score is valid for two years and then is deleted from the official database.
  • 2. The TOEFL® test is a registered trademark of Educational Testing Service (ETS®) and is administered worldwide. The test was first administered 1964 and has since been taken by nearly 20 million students. Since its introduction in late 2005, the Internet-based test (iBT) has progressively replaced both the computer-based (CBT) and paper-based (PBT) tests. The iBT has been introduced in phases, with the United States, Canada, France, Germany, and Italy in 2005 and the rest of the world in 2006, with test centers added regularly. The demand for test seats remains very high even after almost a year after the introduction of the test: Candidates have to wait for months since short-term test dates are fully booked. The four-hour test consists of four sections, each measuring mainly one of the basic language skills (although some tasks may require multiple skills) and focusing on language used in an academic, higher-education environment. Note-taking is allowed in the iBT. GATE: Conducted by one of seven Indian Institutes of Technology in rotation, Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) is an annual exam for admission to M.Tech and M.S. programmes in most engineering institutes in India[citation needed]. It is regarded as a benchmark test for engineering graduates in India [citation needed]. This examination is coordinated by a committee, comprising of Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore and seven Indian Institutes of Technology on behalf of the National Coordinating Board - GATE, Department of Education, and Government of India. The pattern and syllabus are usually based on a candidate's B.Tech. Or BE syllabus. Minimum eligibility for appearing in this exam is usually a B.Tech, BE, B. Arch. or Masc. The exam is usually conducted on second Sunday of February. PSU's like BARC, NPCIL, HAL etc. give importance to GATE scores for various job positions in their organizations. It is not worthy for anyone doing P.G in some college other than Foreign/Indian University Colleges, and Premiere Private Engineering Colleges MBA:
  • 3. Entrance exams for Post Graduation in Management Courses. If you prefer doing P.G in some finance related courses you can definitely go for MBA. GMAT: The Graduate Management Admissions Test, better known by the acronym GMAT (pronounced G-mat), is a standardized test for determining aptitude to succeed academically in graduate business studies. The GMAT is used as one of the selection criteria by most respected business schools globally, most commonly for admission into an MBA program. The GMAT is one of many factors schools use when reviewing applications for admission; it is typically balanced with work experience, grades in previous schools, recommendation letters and other admissions criteria. The fee to take the GMAT is currently US$250, worldwide. Global institutes like ISB require the entries to write GMAT. CAT: Common Admission Test is conducted by IIMs in India for entry to various IIMs present in India. Admissions are based on the scores in CAT exam. Indian Civil Service: write UPSC Exams The Indian Civil Service serves as the backbone of India and carries great respect and responsibilities. India's best brains vie for entry into the Indian Civil Services as officers. Even though corporate jobs may offer the best of salaries and perks, a majority of youngsters and their parents still crave entry to the prestigious Indian Civil Services held by the UPSC. The very fact that a big share of every year's top posts in the civil services exams are bagged by professionals from various streams, shows that the IAS is still the dream job for many These are most preferred routes by engineering students in education after B.Tech Job/ work:
  • 4. Software industry: What ever the branch you are in during your engineering you can get into a software industry with simply communication skills. It is good if you get a job during the campus placements itself because it is really difficult to find a job after you come out of the college. However there are various kinds of jobs in Software industry which you get accordingly as your course of study or your specialization. It is ok if you do job for sometime and start studying again for your P.G courses. Own Company: If you are financially sound, you can start your own company with a little experience in some other company. Still there are various choices in jobs like lecturer in some famous engineering college, call center jobs, etc. Conclusion: So decide your career now it self and prepare accordingly to reach your goal. Opportunities after B.Tech it is necessary for one to decide their career. Now that you have entered into B.Tech. So, now you have to start looking into your future. Study or Job ? There are two options you prefer after you complete your B.Tech degree. If you are economically efficient and don’t need a job, it is better you go for your further studies. A specialization will always earn you more salary as well as priority during interviews and of course sound grip over subject. Otherwise you can find some job. Further Studies: If you prefer to continue to studies, you can do Post graduate courses and then obtain a Ph.D. You have lots of options during this P.G course like M.S/ M.Tech, IAS/IPS, Navy/NDA and Finance related courses like MBA. M.S/M.Tech: Entrance exams for Post Graduation in Engineering Courses.
  • 5. If you prefer doing P.G in your field of study, you can go for M.S/M.Tech. If you are ready to go outside India and financially sound you can prefer M.S. You need to appear for GRE/TOEFL for doing M.S in Foreign countries. GRE: The Graduate Record Examination or GRE is a standardized test that is an admissions requirement for many graduate schools in English speaking countries. It is created and administered by the Educational Testing Service and is similar in format and content to the SAT. It is a computer based Online Test. The percentile scored in this exam will decide your future in doing M.S in foreign nations TOEFL: The Test of English as a Foreign Language (or TOEFL®, pronounced "toe-full" or sometimes "toffle") evaluates the potential success of an individual to use and understand Standard American English at a college level. It is required for non-native applicants at many English-speaking colleges and universities. A TOEFL score is valid for two years and then is deleted from the official database. The TOEFL® test is a registered trademark of Educational Testing Service (ETS®) and is administered worldwide. The test was first administered 1964 and has since been taken by nearly 20 million students. Since its introduction in late 2005, the Internet-based test (iBT) has progressively replaced both the computer-based (CBT) and paper-based (PBT) tests. The iBT has been introduced in phases, with the United States, Canada, France, Germany, and Italy in 2005 and the rest of the world in 2006, with test centers added regularly. The demand for test seats remains very high even after almost a year after the introduction of the test: Candidates have to wait for months since short-term test dates are fully booked. The four-hour test consists of four sections, each measuring mainly one of the basic language skills (although some tasks may require multiple skills) and focusing on language used in an academic, higher-education environment. Note-taking is allowed in the iBT. GATE: Conducted by one of seven Indian Institutes of Technology in rotation, Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) is an annual exam for admission to M.Tech and
  • 6. M.S. programmes in most engineering institutes in India[citation needed]. It is regarded as a benchmark test for engineering graduates in India [citation needed]. This examination is coordinated by a committee, comprising of Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore and seven Indian Institutes of Technology on behalf of the National Coordinating Board - GATE, Department of Education, and Government of India. The pattern and syllabus are usually based on a candidate's B.Tech. Or BE syllabus. Minimum eligibility for appearing in this exam is usually a B.Tech, BE, B. Arch. or Masc. The exam is usually conducted on second Sunday of February. PSU's like BARC, NPCIL, HAL etc. give importance to GATE scores for various job positions in their organizations. It is not worthy for anyone doing P.G in some college other than Foreign/Indian University Colleges, and Premiere Private Engineering Colleges MBA: Entrance exams for Post Graduation in Management Courses. If you prefer doing P.G in some finance related courses you can definitely go for MBA. GMAT: The Graduate Management Admissions Test, better known by the acronym GMAT (pronounced G-mat), is a standardized test for determining aptitude to succeed academically in graduate business studies. The GMAT is used as one of the selection criteria by most respected business schools globally, most commonly for admission into an MBA program. The GMAT is one of many factors schools use when reviewing applications for admission; it is typically balanced with work experience, grades in previous schools, recommendation letters and other admissions criteria. The fee to take the GMAT is currently US$250, worldwide. Global institutes like ISB require the entries to write GMAT.
  • 7. CAT: Common Admission Test is conducted by IIMs in India for entry to various IIMs present in India. Admissions are based on the scores in CAT exam. Indian Civil Service: write UPSC Exams The Indian Civil Service serves as the backbone of India and carries great respect and responsibilities. India's best brains vie for entry into the Indian Civil Services as officers. Even though corporate jobs may offer the best of salaries and perks, a majority of youngsters and their parents still crave entry to the prestigious Indian Civil Services held by the UPSC. The very fact that a big share of every year's top posts in the civil services exams are bagged by professionals from various streams, shows that the IAS is still the dream job for many These are most preferred routes by engineering students in education after B.Tech Job/ work: Software industry: What ever the branch you are in during your engineering you can get into a software industry with simply communication skills. It is good if you get a job during the campus placements itself because it is really difficult to find a job after you come out of the college. However there are various kinds of jobs in Software industry which you get accordingly as your course of study or your specialization. It is ok if you do job for sometime and start studying again for your P.G courses. Own Company: If you are financially sound, you can start your own company with a little experience in some other company. Still there are various choices in jobs like lecturer in some famous engineering college, call center jobs, etc. Conclusion: So decide your career now it self and prepare accordingly to reach your goal. Career Options for Engineering Graduates
  • 8. It has been known without doubt that Engineering has remained as one of the most sought after career option for bright students over years. Mushrooming of several hundered engineering colleges in the recent years, along with presence of Ivy League colleges across the length and width of the country is a testimony to engineering being considered as the hottest career option among conventional and non conventional careers available. There is no dearth of opportunities for aspirants after graduation in engineering. The career options (for engineers) can range from esteemed Indian Engineering Services (IES) or, jobs in Public Sector Units (PSU) offering diversified, challenging and stable career options, to research and development, teaching and Prestigious private sector lucrative jobs after Masters in respective discipline in engineering after qualifying Graduate aptitude test in engineering (GATE). Post engineering degree there are other options for engineers like Civil Services, State Engineering Services, MBA, Banking Sector, Defence Services, higher study abroad through GRE and GMAT. In the light of above, the MADE EASY has been standing tall as an undisputed best coaching/training centre for Engineering Services Examination, GATE and PSU's. MADE EASY was established way back in 2001 under the able guidance of its Managing Director Mr. B. Singh (Ex. IES), who himself has distinction of qualifying Engineering Services Examination thrice and has wide experience in providing guidance to engineering graduates. Mr. Singh is an alumnus of prestigious IT -BHU and a renowned educationist. Mr. Singh's visionary leadership has transformed MADE EASY from a humble education start-up in to a renowned education power house, known for churning toppers consistently year after year. Within a decade of existence, MADE EASY has become a synonym for “toppers factory” (as its students call it). In fact all this has become achievable through sheer consistent, committed, focused, systematic, well coordinated and untiring efforts of specialized and expert faculty members under guidance of Mr. Singh. The dedication and commitment of Mr. Singh and his entire team is so contagious that the students find themselves more than motivated to achieve their goal. In its decade- long presence, MADE EASY has constantly been chosen as success partner by several thousand students each year. The ensuring of success at MADE EASY is resting on the pillars of ethics, attitude and aptitude and no less, with an eye to perfection. The institute has a pan India presence with centres at Delhi, Noida, Hyderabad and Bhopal and offers career guidance through Classroom and Postal Coaching Programmes in all the branches of core engineering viz.., Civil Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Electrical Engineering, Electronics Engineering, Computer Science/IT and Instrumentation Engineering. Apart from that, MADE EASY conducts Classroom Test Series, Postal Test Series, Online Test Series and Interview Guidance courses. Besides that MADE EASY has a publishing unit called MADE EASY Publications which publishes several competitive books for IES, GATE and PSUs which are available
  • 9. at leading book stalls across India. Our readers will find it convenient to understand the things in a better perspective, if they go through the following. Career Prospects in IES , Every Second Selection in IES 2010 is from MADE EASY Through Indian Engineering Services (IES) a candidate gets a career in most reputed government departments like Indian Railways, Military Engineering Services, Central Engineering Services, Telecommunication Department, Central Water Services etc. In these services an Engineer gets an opportunity to handle technically challenging roles and tasks which have a direct bearing on the building up of infrastructure and services of our nation. The job is doubly- rewarding not only in terms of fulfillment and happiness achieved by serving one's own people through technological innovations but also in terms of a high social status attached to Engineering Services. For entering Engineering Services, a candidate has to appear in an Engineering Services Examination conducted by the UPSC every year in the month of May/June. The Engineering Services Examination is a combined competitive examination ,conducted in four categories (i) Civil Engineering (ii) Electrical Engineering (iii) Electronics and Telecommunication ( iv) Mechanical Engineering .For success in Engineering Services Exam a candidate is required to have excellent fundamentals in the core subjects ,along with thorough update on general awareness, current affairs and no less ,all the traits of matured personality. In Engineering Services 2010 examinations MADE EASY students secured more than half of the seats ( every second selection in IES 2010 is from MADE EASY) including toppers. Details are available at www.madeeasy.in . Career Options in Public Sector Units (PSUs) PSU are a government-owned corporations, state-owned companies, state enterprises, publicly-owned corporations or government business enterprises. PSUs are legal entities created by a government to undertake commercial activities on behalf of an owner government. Public Sector Enterprises (like NTPC, ONGC, IOCL, BPCL, HPCL, BARC, DRDO etc), a aspirant is required to have good technical knowledge, apt general aptitude and reasoning and a pleasing personality. PSUs jobs can be considered as a perfect blend of highly professional work environment (as of private jobs) and stable career (as in government jobs). An employee gets the best of the both world as he is able to manage work- life balance and as well take on challenging technical and managerial assignments head on. The added advantage is banquet of health, medical and other facilities and services that an employee and family enjoys all throughout. Best part of these services is high job satisfaction and career growth due to proper use of technical knowledge and management capabilities. PSUs recruit through individual entrance Examinations having technical and non technical questions. Generally there is individual cut off of either section. To sum, the salient attractive features of these jobs are modernization in technology, Corporate Work Culture, Salary Structure, Facilities and job satisfaction and above all stable and secure future and career growth. Most of these PSUs require 60 to 65 % aggregate marks (which may vary from one to other PSU) in qualifying engineering degree. Most of PSU will conduct their own entrances barring couple of them which intake through GATE.
  • 10. Selection process will involve a written test followed by Interview, Group Discussion and Case Studies. Though another classification can be done based on their financial standings like gross turnover, operating profits and variety of other parameters. The classification of PSUs can be as Maharatnas , Navratnas and Miniratnas. Career Opportunities through GATE GATE is an all India Examination for admission in post graduate courses ( ME, MS and MTech )in various engineering colleges conducted by the GATE committee comprising Faculty Members From IISc (Indian Institute Of Sciences) and various IITs ( Indian Institute of Technology) on behalf of the National Coordinating Board, Department of Education, MHRD. GATE is normally conducted on 2nd Sunday of February each year. MADE EASY is renowned for consistently producing toppers in GATE. POST GATE CAREER OPPORTUNITIES 1.Campus placements in best of national and international private/public engineering and technology companies. 2.PSU placements based on GATE score : Various PSUs like IOCL, BARC etc shortlist and recruit candidates on the basis of GATE score 3.Teaching assignments like Professors, Assistant Professors at IIT's, NIT's and various engineering colleges. 4.Senior and Junior Research Fellow at ISRO, DRDO, BARC, IIT's etc. 5.Research Associates and Senior Project Associate at various institutes and organizations. 6.Scientists at various national and international organizations 7.Research and Development Wing of various multinational corporations. COLLEGE PREFERENCES On the basis of qualitative analysis based on faculty, infrastructure, contribution in research, international standings, and campus placements technological Institutions may be classified into following categories: CATEGORY-A IISC Bangalore, IIT Mumbai, IIT Delhi, IIT Kanpur, IIT Kharagpur, IIT Chennai, IIT Roorkee, NITIE Mumbai
  • 11. IISc Bangalore being the best in its class in research. Various IITs can also offer cross domain placements in Information technology, Investment banking and consultancy. NITIE Mumbai offers post graduate degree in Industrial Engineering (PGDIE) through GATE and post graduate degree in Industrial management (PGDIM) through CAT. Both course are par excellence and will require valid scores followed by GDs and interviews. Few of these institutions will also conduct interview apart from high valid GATE scores. CATEGORY–B IIT Guwhati, IIT Hyderabad, IT BHU, NIT Warangal, NIT Trichy, NIT Calicut, NIT Rourkela, NIT Allahabad CATEGORY-C NIT Bhopal, NIT Kurukshetra, NIT Jalandhar, NIT Nagpur, NIT Jaipur, IIIT Allahabad and Gwalior, BITS Pilani, NSIT Delhi CATEGORY–D Dhirubhai Institute of Technology Gandhinagar (Gujrat), Manipal Institute of Technology, Jadhavpur University, Punjab Engineering College, JNTU Hyderabad, ISM Dhanbad, Anna University Chennai, BIT Meshra Ranchi, VJIT Mumbai, Thapar University Patiala, Jamia Milia Islamia Delhi, NIT Hamirpur, I.P University Delhi, NIT Surat, NIT Silchar, MBM Jodhpur, Osmania University Hyderabad, MITS Gwalior, BIT Patna, BIT Sindari, G.B Pant Engineering College U.P, BIT Jhansi Based on specialization in various branches a candidate can prioritize as referenced below. But we will also advise aspirants to take care of individual liking, understanding and passion for a subject before blindly following recommended list. ELECTRONIC ENGINEERING VLSI Design Tool Technology (* Open for other stream also), Integrated Electronics and Circuits, Micro Electronics, Microwave Engineering, Communication Engineering, Telecommunication Technology and Management, Optoelectronics and Optical Communication, Computer Technology, Digital Signal Processing, Control and Automation, Nanotechnology ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING VLSI Design (Core branch of EC), Integrated Electronics and Circuits (Core branch of EC), Power Electronics, Machine and Drives, Power Systems, Telecommunication Technology and Management (Core branch of EC), Control and Automation, Digital Signal Processing, Instrumentation Technology (Core branch of IN), Communication Engg. (Core branch of EC), Computer Technology (Core branch of CS)
  • 12. MECHANICAL ENGINEERING Design of Mech. Equipment or Machine Design, Thermal Engineering, Manufacturing Science and Engineering, Production Engineering, Industrial Engineering, Material Science and management CIVIL ENGINEERING Structural Engineering, Geotechnical Engineering, Construction Engineering and Management, Transportation Engineering, Environmental Engineering, Earthquake Engineering, Water Resources Engineering, Rock Engineering and Underground Structure COMPUTER SCIENCE and IT ENGINEERING PRIORITY SPECIALIZATION Computer Science and Engineering, VLSI Design (Core branch of EC), Integrated Elect. and Circuits (Core branch of EC), Computer Architecture, Operating System, Computer Security and Algorithm, Information System, Network and Mobile Communication, Software Technology, Information Technology and Computer Applications. Question-1 What are the broad options available after completing an Engineering Degree from India? You have multiple options depending on your interest, abilities and long term goals. These are: 1) Get a job: Best chances for fresh engineers are via campus placement. Most of the campus placement involves Aptitude Test and Personal Interview. It’s necessary to clear Aptitude test as it is used as a method to shortlist candidates from engineering background. Personal interview involves answering basic as well as technical questions depending on the nature of the job. For example, for a position of maintenance engineer, questions related to specific area of expertise may be asked. If it’s maintenance of digital electronics equipments then knowledge in that area becomes important. It’s same with mechanical engineering. For Design engineer jobs, more fundamental level understanding may be checked. Conceptual understanding is important to succeed as a design engineer. Other option is to approach local SMEs as many of these companies need engineers who are willing to work hard and demand only reasonable salary. This is a great way to gain some work experience. You will need to write an effective resume and approach these companies in person. Come back to www.whatafterengineering.com for guidelines on building your resume.
  • 13. b) Higher Education in Technical Field: You can go for higher studies either in India (M. Tech.) or abroad (MS in US, Australia, Canada etc.) in an engineering discipline. In case you have aptitude for some research and can work on a project for a year or two then this is a good option. In India, M.Tech. done from IITs, IISc Bangalore, BITS Pilani and few other NITs has good value. However getting only the degree may not be advisable as jobs are mostly in private and there may be saturation in teaching field. As for MS, US followed by Canada and Australia are good options. There is some chance that you may get a job after MS in those countries but be prepared to come back to India in case you don’t get a job. After M.Tech. or MS, Ph.D. becomes another possibility depending on your interest and ability of doing deeper research. c) Higher Education in Non-Technical Field: Most common degree in this category is MBA or equivalent such as PGDM. A small percentage of engineering graduates also pursue higher degree in CA or ICWA because of comfort with numbers. As for MBA, most common disciplines which offer successful career are Marketing/Sales in industrial or high tech industry and Finance. Many of the successful financial analysts come from engineering background again because of aptitude in quantitative analysis and comfort with numbers. Career in IT industry is another strong area for BE graduates in IT, CS, CE, EXTC and EE. The jobs are in Marketing/Sales/Business Development, Business Analysis and HR. d) Certifications: Certifications such as SAP may increase your chances of employment particularly for Mechanical Engineers. SAP specialization modules suitable are Materials Management, Plant Maintenance, and Production Planning. Those with specialization in IT/CS/CE may join 6-month courses in Database management, Unix administration, C++ or Java programming etc. While these certifications may not guarantee jobs, if done from good institutes and with lot of efforts and learning, they will certainly increase the chances. There are many such courses suitable for various disciplines and you may choose the same if you are interested in those fields. Question 2 What are the job opportunities for Engineers in Government Sector/PSU Jobs and what chances do I have to get one? For Central Government jobs through Engineering Services Examination a candidate is required to have good technical knowledge, general awareness and a sound personality. Through Engineering Services a candidate will get a job in government departments like Indian Railways, Military Engineering Services, Central Engineering Services, Telecommunication Department, Central Water Services etc. Engineering Services Examination is a combined examination for engineering graduates conducted by UPSC every year in the month of May/June. You can find more information on http://www.upsc.gov.in/ for Central Government jobs. Information on
  • 14. Maharashtra state level jobs for engineers can be found at http://www.mpsc.gov.in/ Also, if you preparing for GATE, then you are through with 60% of your preparation for Engineering services exam. Question 3 On what parameters should one decide on the right college for M. Tech.? M.Tech. is about getting deeper in a particular area of your engineering discipline. As an example, if you are Mechanical Engineer, then you may do your M.Tech. in Thermal Engineering, CAD / CAM, Design Engineering, Automotive technology / Engineering, Mechatronics, Computer Integrated Manufacturing etc. For graduates in Electronics it could be VLSI, Digital Electronics, Embedded systems, Analog devices etc. Most important aspects to choose a college is quality of Professors and Guide as well as lab facilities. The project you do during M. Tech. is probably the most important part of your 2-year education. Typically Ph.D. research topic is an extension of M.Tech. project. Your first option should be IITs (Indian Institute of Technology), IISc Bangalore, BITS Pilani and certain NITs. There are more than 10 IITs and you should not rule them out. In case you plan to apply for an admission in any other institute then do write to us and we will guide you further. Question 4 I want to do MS from US. How do I select a good college? Fortunately, all good colleges in US try to give as much information on the web site as possible. First of all you need to appear for GRE examination and may also need to appear for TOEFL depending on your proficiency in English. It’s not about going to the best University but to the one which is most suitable for you, your interest, financial capabilities etc. Various universities and colleges are ranked by US News and online information is available at http://www.usnews.com/education . In this case Internet based research is your best friend. You should also check the blogs and news for the shortlisted colleges. Typically it is impossible to apply for more than 5 or 6 colleges and hence the short listing is very important. Come back to www.whatafterengineering.com for more information.
  • 15. Question 5 I want to do MBA from USA, UK or Australia and want to work there. What are my chances? There is no doubt that these countries, and in particular USA, have some of the best management institutes in the world but they are small in number. As an example, if you do your MBA from Harvard, Stanford, Wharton, Cambridge etc. then you will get a job in any country. However there are thousands of other institutions which are average and are primarily driven by profit motives. Please note that, large percentage of people who do MBA in these countries and from good colleges are required to have work experience before taking admission. Since the education industry is completely privatized and that they are short of students, they are open to give admission to fresh graduates. India is a good source for such students. As a result when you complete your MBA you compete with experienced people as many of your classmates may have come with prior work experience. Second major issue is that of work visa. Unless your employer sponsors you, there is a little chance that you will have a valid work visa. Hence first you have to find a job then find the employer who will sponsor your visa. But, in case you are willing to take your chances and have strong financial position then it’s certainly worth a try. Come back to www.whatafterengineering.com for more information. Question 8 How are the career prospects for engineers in defense sector? Engineers can apply directly for jobs in defense via Services Selection Board (SSB). All 3 branches viz. Indian Army, Navy and Air Force need engineering graduates. If you like disciplined life then this is the career for you. In Indian Navy, as a Submarine Technical Officer you may be responsible to run & maintain modern submarines and its weapon systems. In Air Force you will join the Technical Branch. Much of technical work in Defense is that of running and maintenance of equipments and systems. The Defense promises Job Security, Economic Stability, pension and in general good quality of life. Question 9 I am a non-IT engineer, how fare are my chances of getting into an IT company? IT companies hire all types of engineering graduates, even though graduates with specialization in
  • 16. IT, CS or CE may get some preference because they may need much lesser training. It’s a supply and demand problem. If IT companies cannot find sufficient number of good quality IT, CS, CE graduates then they will look for graduates from other disciplines. To increase your chances, you should learn programming languages such as C++ and Java, either by taking classes or on your own. You should have general interest in software and programming which will help you during the job interview. Of course, you will need to clear the aptitude test so as to be shortlisted for an interview. Question 10 Should I take up a job or continue with my education? It all depends on the options available and your financial condition. As an example, if you get a good job offer during campus placement, something you like and will be able to perform, then you should go for a job. If not then you should explore higher education option. Depending on your interest which you would have discovered in last 3-4 years, you should decide either on Technical or Non-Technical route. Whatever you choose, make full commitment to the same. Question 11 Where are the job opportunities for Mechanical Engineers? Most mechanical engineers are employed in a wide range of industries, including automotive, aerospace, chemical, computer, electronic, industrial machinery, manufacturing, mining, oceanographic, petroleum, pharmaceutical, power, printing, publishing, and textile. Mechanical engineers typically engage in one or more of the following: research, development, design, testing, manufacturing, operation and maintenance, and marketing, sales and administration. Question 13 I am a student of final year in Mechanical Engineering. I want to know about SAP course and also the specialization that will suit my field. Please suggest the names of some of the best institutions.
  • 17. Since your BE is in Mechanical engineering, specialization modules in SAP which are most suitable for you are Materials Management, Plant Maintenance, and Production Planning. As for the best institutes in this field, here are some of the addresses:

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