UNIVERSITY OF CARABOBO SCHOOL OF EDUCATION MODERN LANGUAGES DEPARMENTPHONETICS AND PHONOLOGY 8TH SEMESTER Authors: Mariana Henríquez Geromar Ramos Jeanfrank Gutierrez July, 2012
A.- Orthographic Relationship of /t/ sound The / t/ sound is represented in writing by: INITIAL MEDIAL FINALLETTER POSITION POSITION POSITION t task, tell, time hotel,student, boat, rest, late dentist tt acquittance, boycott, mitt, Ø attack, butter scuttlebutt th Thailand, Thai, Ø Ø Thomas
The particle “th” can also sound as the voiceless dentalfricative /Ø/ E.G: athlete, theft, depth
B.- Orthographic Relationship of /d/ sound The /d/ sound is represented in writing by: INITIAL MEDIAL FINAL LETTER POSITION POSITION POSITION d day, dear,die ride, order, lady kind, ended, red added, cheddar, add,missadd dd Ø cuddle
The “d and –ed ending” can have three differentpronunciations depending on the sound that comes beforethe inflection: /t/, /d/or /ǝd/. WORD ENDINGS PRONUNCIATION (without the inflection “d (With the inflection “d or or ed”) ed”) Voiceless sounds except /t/ /t/ sound Voiced sounds (including /d/ vowel sounds) except /d/ sound /t/ or /d/ ending sounds /ǝd/
EXERCISE 20. S D1. S D2. S D3. S D4. S D5. S D6. S D7. S D8. S D
EXERCISE 2B0. (a. ten b. den)1. (a. cart b. card)2. (a. cite b. side)3. (a. warts b. wards)4. (a. “Beats” b. “Beads”)5. (a. mate b. maid)6. (a. site b. side)7. (a. tress b. dress)8. (a. tram b. dram)
EXERCISE 3A: I just met Ted. He looked terrible! and he was sweating a lot, too.What’s wrong with him? Do you know?B: I just talked to him, too. He told me that he had a bad cold and asore throat. He said he ached all over. He has an appointment withhis doctor tomorrow morning.A: Oh my God. That is so bad. Well, I called Ted during my dinnerand he said he was outside and it was raining so he is really downB: Well, I hope the doctor makes him feel better. He missed classesyesterday.A: Yes, our semester is about to finish. We are stressed out!