Un zugrav A Housepainter (self-portrait), 1907 Romanian National Art Gallery, Bucharest
Ştefan Luchian - (n. 1 februarie 1868, Ştefăneşti, Botoşani - d. 28 iunie 1916, Bucureşti), pictor român, denumit poetul plastic al florilor . La sf â r ş itul secolului XIX ş i î nceputul secolului XX Ş tefan Luchian era deja recunoscut drept pictorul rom â n cel mai important. Un succesor inspirat al lui Nicolae Grigorescu ş i Ion Andreescu, considera ţ i "p ă rin ţ ii" picturii rom â ne ş ti, Luchian îş i f ă cuse sim ţ it ă prezen ţ a î n peisajul artistic prin lucr ă rile sale remarcabile. A pictat peisaje, portrete, naturi moarte, mai ales flori. Peisajele sale demonstreaz ă interesul s ă u pentru natur ă ş i pentru simbioza dintre vegeta ţ ia abundent ă ş i fiin ţ a uman ă .
G ă lbenele Yellow garden flowers Art Museum in Cluj, Romania
He was born in Ştefăneşti, a village of Botoşani County, as the son of Major Dumitru Luchian and of Elena Chiriacescu. By the end of the 19th century and beginning of the 20th century, Stefan Luchian was the Romanian painter with the most remarkable creation. He was an inspired follower of Nicolae Grigorescu and Ion Andreescu, the two famous fathers of the Romanian painting. He did paint landscapes and portraits as much as he did paint compositions and still life, especially flowers. His landscapes equally show the interest in picturesque sights of nature for once and in the symbiosis between abundant vegetation and human appearances for another.
Starting autumn 1889 Luchian studied for two semesters at the Munich Fine Arts Academy, where he created copies of the works by Correggio and Rembrand housed in the Kunstareal. After his return to Romania, he took part in the first exhibition of the Cercul Artistic art group. He showed himself unable to accept the academic guidelines imposed by the Bavarian and Romanian schools. The following year, he left for Paris, where he studied at the Académie Julian, and, although taught by the academic artist William-Adolphe Bouguereau, became acquainted with impressionist works of art. Luchian's painting Ultima cursă de toamnă shows the influence of Édouard Manet and Edgar Degas, but also echoes of the Société des Artistes Indépendants, Modernism, and Post-impressionism (also obvious in works created after his return to Bucharest).