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An alphabetic journey through Ancient Greece.

An alphabetic journey through Ancient Greece.

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    Abc Book Power Point Abc Book Power Point Presentation Transcript

    • Griffin Reynolds' Ancient Greece ABC Book Mr. Miller's Class 2010
    • A tlas The legend says that when the gods and the Titans went to war, Atlas fought on the Titan's side. When the gods defeated the Titans, Zeus punished Atlas by holding up the sky on his shoulders .
    • B eta Beta is the second letter in the Greek alphabet. There are twenty-six letters in the Greek alphabet. In fact, it was their idea for a twenty six letter alphabet, and we have one today. The Greek alphabet has been used since the late ninth or early eighth century B.C. Many of the Greek letters look similar to the English language letters.
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    • C erberus Cerberus, a three-headed hound, guards the gates of the the Underworld. He is positioned across the River Styx, the border between Earth and the Underworld. He is there so souls don't escape from the Underworld.
    • D emeter Demeter is the goddess of the harvest and the seasons. She has a daughter, Peresphone, the queen of the Underworld. The greatest gifts that Demeter gave were cereal and she also made man different from animals.
    • E picurus Epicurus was an ancient Greek philosopher. He founded a school of philosophy called Epicurism. He taught how to live a happy, tranquil, peaceful life without fear.
    • F ood Greek people grew lots of wheat, grapes, barley, and olives. During the Peloponnesian War, Sparta won by cutting off Athen's food supply. They surrendered due to starvation and a disease that killed nearly one third of Athen's food supply.
    • G aea Gaea was believed to be the mother of the Titans. The Titans were the parents of the Olympian gods. Gaea was also believed to be Mother Earth. She helped Zeus overthrow the Titans and take power.
    • H ermes Hermes was the messenger of the gods and the god of fertility. He guided souls to the Underworld. Hermes wore winged sandals and carried a caduceus, a winged staff with intertwined snakes. Snakes were believed to be a sign of fertility. On the day of his birth, he invented fire and stole the sacred cattle of Apollo, the god of the sun.
    • I nfertile Farming was very difficult in Greece because most of Greece was infertile, or not good for farming. Most popular Greek cities or towns were built around fertile areas, where farming was easier.
    • J anus Janus was the god of the future, past, doors, entrances, and exits. He had two faces on his head, one that looked into the past, and one that looked into the future. January, the first month of the year, was named after Janus. Janus's temple doors were always open when there was war. During the rare period of peace, the doors were closed.
    • K ronos Kronos is the son of Gaea, the earth, and Uranus, the sky. He is one of the Titans. He married his sister, Rhea. They had six children, but when Kronos feared his children's power, he ate them. Although he ate five of them, Rhea tricked him and fed him a large stone wrapped in baby clothes instead of the sixth child. The child was Zeus, and when Zeus grew up, he tricked Kronos into vomiting up his brothers and sisters.
    • L yre The lyre is a musical instrument used by Apollo, the god of the sun, music, prophecies, and medicine. It is famous for its quality and sound. It is strummed, like a guitar. There are usually four, seven, or ten strings. Some parts of it in ancient times were sometimes made of turtle shell.
    • M ount Olympus Although Mount Olympus is a real mountain that is the highest mountain in Greece, it was believed to be where the twelve Olympian gods lived. It is usually covered in snow and clouds. Mount Olympus is where Zeus's palace is believed to be. He shares the palace with his children: Athena, Apollo, Artemis, Hermes, Ares, his brother Poseidon, and the other Olympian gods: Aphrodite, Dionysus, Demeter, Hephaestus, and his wife, Hera.
    • N arcissus Narcissus was a Greek hero, known for his beauty and rudeness. Narcissus may have been named after the Greek word narke, meaning sleepless. Legend says that Narcissus once went to a creek, and sees a reflection. He does not know that it is his reflection, so he falls in love with it and dies there, unable to leave the handsome reflection.
    • O live Tree In the city of Athens, legend says that Athena, goddess of wisdom, and Poseidon, god of the sea and earthquakes, had a competition for the protection of the city. They each gave one gift. Poseidon gave a horse, a sign of war, and Athena gave an olive tree, a sign of peace. Athena won the competition and so they named the city after her.
    • P an Pan was the god of the wild, woods, and pastures. He was half man, half goat. He would run in fields making strange, frightening noises. That is believed to be the reason why the word panic was made. Pan's father is Hermes, the messenger of the gods. Pan was believed to live in caves or mountain slopes.
    • Q uince Quince is a small tree or shrub with fruit closely related to the apple or pear. This plant was popular in Greece. It has twisted branches and large pink or white flowers. The quince is bitter and had an acid taste, so they made jellies and also mixed it with other fruits.
    • R eligion Greek people worshiped many gods. This makes them polytheistic, meaning the belief in more than one god. The main twelve gods were believed to live in Mount Olympus. They went to temples to pray. They would pray when they had problems with crops, weather, or anything that needed help. censored oops! sorry! My bad ..
    • S atyr A satyr is half human, half goat. They followed Pan, the god of the wild, and Dionysus, the god of wine. They had goat legs, horns, pointed ears, and hooves in different combinations. Most satyrs are playful, mischievous, and young. Old satyrs were usually drunk, but considered very wise.
    • T artarus Tartarus is a pit in the Underworld where Zeus put the rebellious Titans. If anyone in the Underworld swore a false oath on the River Styx, the border of the Underworld and Earth, they would be imprisoned in Tartarus for nine years. Phlegethon, a river of fire, surrounds Tartarus to prevent prisoners from escaping.
    • U nderworld The Underworld is where people were believed to go when they die. River Styx, a gloomy river that serves as a border between Earth and the Underworld, was at the entrance. Styx is a word that means hateful . Charon was the rider of a boat that would bring people to the Underworld. Hades was the ruler of the Underworld and the god of the dead. His prison is in Tartarus.
    • V alues Ancient Greece had many values. Some were gold, ivory, even poetry, some by Homer the famous Greek poet. At some point in time, aluminum was even valued. Ancient Greeks valued sports, because they made Olympics as a way of honoring the gods.
    • W ine Wine was a big part of Greek culture. They even had a god, Dionysus, the god of wine. Grapes were one of the main crops grown in ancient Greece. They made wine by taking grapes that they have grown and putting them into jars so they could ferment. Grapes were usually harvested in September.
    • X -ports Ancient Greece had many exports. The main one was olive oil. Others were grapes, wheat, barley, and olives. They would travel on the Mediterranean Sea. This was a problem because there were usually no winds to push the boat, too much wind, rain, and too little water in the sea so they couldn't sail.
    • Y outh The youth in Ancient Greece was very different from Greece now. In Sparta, for example, at the age of seven, children would begin training for war. Most babies had a hard time surviving when they were born and young, so they received names when they were seven to ten days old. If they were deformed, they would usually be left on a mountain to die. Females were usually left to die more often than males.
    • Z eus Zeus was the god of thunder, lightning, rain, weather, and the god of all gods. The eagle and oak tree were Zeus's ancient symbols. When Zeus is calm or happy, there is fair weather. When he is angry, there is bad, unsettled weather. Zeus's wife is Hera, the goddess of marriage. One of the seven wonders of the world is the Statue of Zeus at Olympia. It is made of gold and ivory. Although it is gone, many people admire and study where it used to be in ancient times.
    • BIBLIOGRAPHY * www.worldbook.com * www.ask.com * www.wikipedia.com * www.ancientgreece.com * Mr. Miller's classroom
    • Thanks For Watching! By: Griffin Reynolds