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Classification notes blank Classification notes blank Document Transcript

  • Classification NotesClassification is: __________________________________________________________________Taxonomy: ________________________________________________________________________We use a __________________________________ which consists of several pairs ofdescriptive statements where ________________________ will apply to the unknownorganismWho did it and how?Carl Linnaeus (1700): this scientist classified things by____________ and__________________. He gave organisms a genus and species name(_____________________________________)___________________: the language commonly used for classificationBecause it does not _______________and can be used _________________________What order is that?Binomial Nomenclature examinedSpecies: a group of ___________________________ that can produce viable____________________________ (viable means it can have its own offspring)Genus: a group of different ____________________________________________________Felis catus (____________________ __________) Six kingdomsTwo ___________________________ kingdoms: •Archaebacteria •Eubacteria
  • Four __________________________ kingdoms: •Protist •Plantae •Fungi •AnimaliaArcheabacteria & Eubateria Both are _____________________ with No _____________________ (______________________________) Archaebacteria can live where most organisms could not survive (deep ocean vents, hot spring) ______________________________ make up most of __________________________ ______________________________________________________ Example: E. coli, Hot springs algaeProtists • ______________________________________________________________________ ________ • have a _______________________ • ___________________________ and _________________________________ Example: euglena, paramecium, slime moldsFungi • __________________________ and _____________________________ • __________________________________ (obtains energy from other source) Example: mushrooms, yeasts, moldsAnimals • ________________________________________________________________ • heterotrophs- ______________________________________________ • have _______________________, ______________________, ________________________ • Most ______________Plants
  • • ___________________________or __________________________________________ with a __________________________________________________ • have a _______________________________ • _________________________________- makes own food (________________________) Example: sequoia, flowersThe Plant Kingdom: A quick overviewPlants are multicellularPlants make their own food (_________________________________)2 main groupsPlants are either ________________________ or _______________________________Nonvascular • Nonvascular plants have no ______________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________. • They rely on ________________________________and __________________________. • They have _____ true ________________, _____________________ or _______________. • They are ______________. Nonvascular Examples are mosses and liverwortsVascular plants • Have tissues or pipes to ____________________________water • Have_________________________, ___________________ and __________________There are 2 types of vascular plants 1. those that ________________________________ 2. those that _________________________________________Seedless vascular plantsExamples are ferns, club mosses and horsetails.Vascular plant with seedsThe vascular plants with seeds are divided into 2 categories: 1. ____________________________________
  • 2. ____________________________________Non-flowering seeded plants Called _____________________________________________ Examples are _______________________________ (trees that produce cones) and ginko treesFlowering seeded plants Called __________________________________ Examples are corn, tulips, water lilies, peach trees, magnolia trees, grass, palm trees, cactus, cotton plants and much more!Now, let’s see what you remember…What are the 2 main groups of plants?Answer: ___________________________________________________________________________Which of these two groups includes plants that are large and havepipes to carry water?Answer: _______________________________________________Is a moss vascular or nonvascular?Answer: _______________________________________________________________What are the 2 main groups of vascular plants?Answer: __________________________________________________________________________Are pine trees gymnosperms or angiosperms?Answer: __________________________________________________________________________Which one is not an angiosperm?Water lilyTomato plantCactusFernPalm treeCornTulipAnswer: Only the fern is seedless and non-flowering.