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CLASSIFICATION with Holt and UnitedStreaming
Classification <ul><li>Classification is:  the grouping of organisms by similar characteristics </li></ul><ul><li>Taxonomy...
Who did it and how? <ul><li>Carl Linnaeus (1700):  this scientist classified things by  form  and  structure </li></ul><ul...
<ul><li>Latin :  the language commonly used for classification </li></ul><ul><li>Because it does not  change  and can be u...
What order is that?
 
Binomial Nomenclature examined <ul><li>Species:  a group of  organisms  that can produce viable  offspring  (viable means ...
Binomial Nomenclature
Six kingdoms <ul><li>Two  prokaryotic  kingdoms: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Archaebacteria </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eubacteri...
Kingdoms, in depth
<ul><ul><li>Both are  Unicellular  with No  Nucleus  ( Prokaryotes ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Archaebacteria can live wh...
Protists <ul><li>Unicellular (one celled) and multi-cellular eukaryotic </li></ul><ul><li>have a  nucleus </li></ul><ul><l...
 
Fungi <ul><li>unicellular  and  multicellular </li></ul><ul><li>Heterotroph  (obtains energy from other source) </li></ul>...
 
Animals <ul><li>multicellular but no cell wall </li></ul><ul><li>heterotrophs - does not make own food </li></ul><ul><li>h...
Plants <ul><li>multicellular  or  unicellular  eukaryotic with a  cell wall </li></ul><ul><li>have a  nucleus </li></ul><u...
Do you know plants? The Plant Kingdom:  A quick overview
Plants <ul><li>Plants are multicellular </li></ul><ul><li>Plants make their own food ( autotrophs )  </li></ul><ul><li>The...
2 main groups <ul><li>Plants are either  vascular  or  nonvascular </li></ul><ul><li>Vascular tissue is like tubes that ca...
Nonvascular plants <ul><li>Have no  pipes to transport water </li></ul><ul><li>They rely on  diffusion and osmosis </li></...
nonvascular <ul><li>Examples are mosses and liverworts </li></ul>                                  
Vascular plants <ul><li>Have tissues or pipes to  transport  water </li></ul><ul><li>Have   stems, roots and leaves </li><...
2 categories <ul><li>There are 2 types of vascular plants, those that  have seeds  and those that  have no seeds </li></ul>
Seedless vascular plants <ul><li>Examples are ferns, club mosses and horsetails. </li></ul>                               ...
Vascular plant with seeds <ul><li>The vascular plants with seeds are divided into 2 categories: </li></ul><ul><li>Nonflowe...
Nonflowering seeded  plants <ul><li>Called  gymnosperms </li></ul><ul><li>Examples are  conifers  (trees that produce cone...
Flowering seeded plants <ul><li>Called  angiosperms </li></ul><ul><li>Examples are corn, tulips, water lillies, peach tree...
Angiosperms
How can I learn more? <ul><li>More information on all of these plants can be found in your book in Chapter 12, pages 270-2...
What are the 2 main groups of plants?
Answer: Vascular  and  Nonvascular Which of these two groups includes plants that are large and have pipes to carry water?
Answer:  Vascular Is a moss vascular or nonvascular?
Answer:  Mosses are nonvascular What are the 2 main  groups of vascular plants?
Answer:  gymnosperms and angiosperms Are pine trees gymnosperms or angiosperms? G: nonflowering A: flowering
Answer:  Pine trees are gymnosperms . Which one is not an angiosperm? Water lily Tomato plant Cactus Fern Palm tree Corn T...
Answer:  Only the fern is seedless and nonflowering .
Plants:  We can’t survive without them! 6 correct:  you’re an expert! 4-5:  You are knowledgeable about plants. 3:  You ar...
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Classification including plants

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Transcript of "Classification including plants"

  1. 1. CLASSIFICATION with Holt and UnitedStreaming
  2. 2. Classification <ul><li>Classification is: the grouping of organisms by similar characteristics </li></ul><ul><li>Taxonomy: the science of classification </li></ul><ul><li>We use a Dichotomous Key which consists of several pairs of descriptive statements where only one will apply to the unknown organism </li></ul>
  3. 3. Who did it and how? <ul><li>Carl Linnaeus (1700): this scientist classified things by form and structure </li></ul><ul><li>He gave organisms a genus and species name (binomial nomenclature) </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>Latin : the language commonly used for classification </li></ul><ul><li>Because it does not change and can be used worldwide </li></ul>
  5. 5. What order is that?
  6. 7. Binomial Nomenclature examined <ul><li>Species: a group of organisms that can produce viable offspring (viable means it can have its own offspring) </li></ul><ul><li>Genus: a group of different species that are similar </li></ul><ul><li>Felis catus ( household cat ) </li></ul>
  7. 8. Binomial Nomenclature
  8. 9. Six kingdoms <ul><li>Two prokaryotic kingdoms: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Archaebacteria </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eubacteria </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Four Eukaryotic kingdoms: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Protist </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Plantae </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fungi </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Animalia </li></ul></ul>
  9. 10. Kingdoms, in depth
  10. 11. <ul><ul><li>Both are Unicellular with No Nucleus ( Prokaryotes ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Archaebacteria can live where most organisms could not survive (deep ocean vents, hot spring) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eubacteria make up most of the other kinds of bacteria on earth. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Example: E. coli, Hot springs algae </li></ul>Archeabacteria & Eubateria
  11. 12. Protists <ul><li>Unicellular (one celled) and multi-cellular eukaryotic </li></ul><ul><li>have a nucleus </li></ul><ul><li>autotrophs and heterotrophs </li></ul><ul><li>Example: euglena, paramecium, slime molds </li></ul>
  12. 14. Fungi <ul><li>unicellular and multicellular </li></ul><ul><li>Heterotroph (obtains energy from other source) </li></ul><ul><li>Example: mushrooms, yeasts, molds </li></ul>
  13. 16. Animals <ul><li>multicellular but no cell wall </li></ul><ul><li>heterotrophs - does not make own food </li></ul><ul><li>have tissues, organs, organ systems </li></ul><ul><li>Most move </li></ul>
  14. 17. Plants <ul><li>multicellular or unicellular eukaryotic with a cell wall </li></ul><ul><li>have a nucleus </li></ul><ul><li>autotrophs- makes own food ( photosynthesis ) </li></ul><ul><li>Example: sequoia, flowers </li></ul>
  15. 18. Do you know plants? The Plant Kingdom: A quick overview
  16. 19. Plants <ul><li>Plants are multicellular </li></ul><ul><li>Plants make their own food ( autotrophs ) </li></ul><ul><li>There are lots of examples! </li></ul>
  17. 20. 2 main groups <ul><li>Plants are either vascular or nonvascular </li></ul><ul><li>Vascular tissue is like tubes that carry water through the plant </li></ul>
  18. 21. Nonvascular plants <ul><li>Have no pipes to transport water </li></ul><ul><li>They rely on diffusion and osmosis </li></ul><ul><li>Have no true stems, roots or leaves </li></ul><ul><li>They are small </li></ul>
  19. 22. nonvascular <ul><li>Examples are mosses and liverworts </li></ul>                                
  20. 23. Vascular plants <ul><li>Have tissues or pipes to transport water </li></ul><ul><li>Have stems, roots and leaves </li></ul>
  21. 24. 2 categories <ul><li>There are 2 types of vascular plants, those that have seeds and those that have no seeds </li></ul>
  22. 25. Seedless vascular plants <ul><li>Examples are ferns, club mosses and horsetails. </li></ul>                                                     
  23. 26. Vascular plant with seeds <ul><li>The vascular plants with seeds are divided into 2 categories: </li></ul><ul><li>Nonflowering </li></ul><ul><li>Flowering </li></ul>
  24. 27. Nonflowering seeded plants <ul><li>Called gymnosperms </li></ul><ul><li>Examples are conifers (trees that produce cones) and ginko trees </li></ul>                                     
  25. 28. Flowering seeded plants <ul><li>Called angiosperms </li></ul><ul><li>Examples are corn, tulips, water lillies, peach trees, magnolia trees, grass, palm trees, cactus, cotton plants and much more! </li></ul>
  26. 29. Angiosperms
  27. 30. How can I learn more? <ul><li>More information on all of these plants can be found in your book in Chapter 12, pages 270-283. </li></ul><ul><li>Now, let’s see what you remember… </li></ul>
  28. 31. What are the 2 main groups of plants?
  29. 32. Answer: Vascular and Nonvascular Which of these two groups includes plants that are large and have pipes to carry water?
  30. 33. Answer: Vascular Is a moss vascular or nonvascular?
  31. 34. Answer: Mosses are nonvascular What are the 2 main groups of vascular plants?
  32. 35. Answer: gymnosperms and angiosperms Are pine trees gymnosperms or angiosperms? G: nonflowering A: flowering
  33. 36. Answer: Pine trees are gymnosperms . Which one is not an angiosperm? Water lily Tomato plant Cactus Fern Palm tree Corn Tulip
  34. 37. Answer: Only the fern is seedless and nonflowering .
  35. 38. Plants: We can’t survive without them! 6 correct: you’re an expert! 4-5: You are knowledgeable about plants. 3: You are learning… 1-2: Study up! 0: Shame on you!
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